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ACT V. SCENE II. Line 143. Are idly bent-] That is carelessly turned, thrown without attention. This the poet learned by his attendance and practice on the stage.

JOHNSON, Line 171. bear you well—] That is, conduct yourself with prudence.

JOHNSON Line 179. What seal is that, that hangs without thy bosom?] The seals of deeds were formerly impressed on slips or labels of parchment appendant to them.

Malone, Line 181. Yea, looks't thou pale ? let me see the writing. ] Such harsh and defective lines as this are probably corrupt, and might be easily supplied, but that it would be dangerous to let conjecture loose on such slight occasions.

JOHNSON

ACT V. SCENE III.

Line 261. Inquire at London, &c.] This is a very proper introduction to the future character of Henry the Fifth, to his debaucheries in his youth, and his greatness in his manhood. Johns.

Line 329. Thou sheer, immaculate, &c.] Sheer is pure, transparent.

STEEVENS. Line 352. -the Beggar and the King.] The King and Beggar seems to have been an interlude well known in the time of our author, who has alluded to it more than once. I cannot now find that any copy of it is left.

JOHNSON. The King and Beggar was perhaps once an interlude; it was certainly a song. The reader will find it in the first volume of Dr. Percy's collection. It is there intitled, King Cophetua and the Beg,

STEEVENS. Line 397.

-Pardonnez moy.) That is, excuse me, a phrase used when any thing is civilly denied. The whole passage is such as I could well wish away.

JOHNSON. Line 421. But for our trusty brother-in-law,] The brother-inlaw meant, was John duke of Exeter and earl of Huntingdon (own brother to king Richard II.) and who had married with the lady Elizabeth sister of Henry of Bolingbroke. THEOBALD.

gar Maid.

ACT V. SCENE V.

on;

Line 455.

-people this little world ;] i.e. his own frame; the state of man.

MALONE. Line 496. For now hath time made me his numb'ring clock:

My thoughts are minutes; and, with sighs, they jar

Their watches to mine cyes, the outward watch, &c.] Watch seems to be used in a double sense, for a quantity of time, and for the instrument that measures time. I read, but with no great confidence, thus :

“My thoughts are minutes, and with sighs they jar
« Their watches mine

eyes

the outward watch, “ Whereto,” &c.

JOHNSON. Line 506. -his Jack o'the clock.] That is, I strike for him. One of these automatons is alluded to in King Richard the Third:

“ Because that like a Jack thou keepst the stroke,

“Between thy begging and my meditation." STEEVENS. Line 511.

-and love to Richard

Is a strange brooch in this all-hating world.] i. e. is as strange and uncommon as a brooch which is now no longer

MALONE. Line 512. in this all-hating world-] I believe the meaning is, this world in which I am universally hated. JOHNSON.

Line 517. Where no man never comes, but that sad doy-] It should be remembered that the word sad was in the time of our author used for grave. The expression will then be the same as if he had said, that grave, that gloomy villain. STEEVENS.

Line 543. by jauncing Bolingbroke.] Jaunce and jaunt were synonymous words.

STEEvens.

worn.

END OF THE ANNOTATIONS ON THE LIFE AND DEATH

OF KING RICHARD II.

[blocks in formation]

LINE 2. Find we a time for frighted peace to pant,

And breathe short-winded accents of new broils-] That is, let us soften peace to rest a while without disturbance, that she may recover breath to propose new wars.

JOHNSON. Line 5. No more the thirsty Erinnys of this soil

Shall daub her lips with her own children's blood;] If there be no corruption in the text, I believe Shakspeare meant, however licentiously, to say, No more shall this soil have the lips of her thirsty entrance, or mouth, daubed with the blood of her own children.

MALONE. By Erinnys is meant the fury of discord.

Line 19. As far as to the sepulcher, &c.] The lawfulness and justice of the holy wars have been much disputed ; but perhaps there is a principle on which the question may be easily determined. If it be part of the religion of the Mahometans to extirpate by the sword all other religions, it is, by the laws of selfdefence, lawful for men of every other religion, and for Christians among others, to make war upon Mahometans, simply as Maho

metans, as men obliged by their own principles to make war upon Christians, and only lying in wait till opportunity shall promise them success.

JOHNSON Line 33. this dear expedience.] For erpedition. WARB.

-35. And many limits-] Limits for estimates. WARB.

45. By those Welshwomen done,] See Holinshed, p. 528 : -such shameful villanie executed upon the carcasses of the dead men by the Welshwomen; as the like (I doo believe) hath never or sildome beene practised.”

STEEVENS. Line 104. Which makes him prune himself,} The metaphor is taken from a cock, who in his pride prunes himself; that is, picks off the loose feathers to smooth the rest. To prune and to plume, spoken of a bird, is the same.

JOHNSON. Line 113. Than out of anger can be uttered.] That is, “ More is to be said than anger will suffer me to say : more than can issue from a mind disturbed like mine."

JOHNSON.

ACT I. SCENE II.

Line 119

-to demand that truly which thou would'st truly know.] The prince's objection to the question seems to be, that Falstaff had asked in the night what was the time of the day. Johns.

Line 138. -let not us, that are squires of the night's body, be called thieves of the day's beauty;] This conveys no manner of idea to me. How could they be called thieves of the day's beauty? They robbed by moonshine; they could not steal the fair day-light. I have ventured to substitute booty: and this I take to be the meaning. Let us not be called thieves, the purloiners of that booty, which, to the proprietors, was the purchase of honest labour and industry by day.

THEOBALD. Line 151.

-got with swearing-lay by ;] i.e. swearing at the passengers they robbed, lay by your arms; or rather, lay by was a phrase that then signified stand still, addressed to those who were preparing to rush forward.

WARBURTON. Line 151. - and spent with crying-bring in :) i. e. more wine.

MALONE Line 158. And is not a buff jerkin a most sweet robe of dura ance?] To understand the propriety of the Prince's answer, it must be remarked that the sheriff's officers were formerly clad in

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