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some breast that bleeds already for your injured you. Her arms, 'tis true, have filled the world country.
with terror: her troops have reaped the laurels of
the field: her feets have road triumphant on the The storm subsides a solemn pause ensues
sea and when, or where, did you, my countrymen, you spare, upon condition they depart. They go depart inglorious from the field of fighti* you too -they quit your city-they no more shall give
can shew the trophies of your forefather's victories offence. Thus closes the important drama.
and your own; can name the fortresses and battles And could it have been conceived that we again you have won; and many of you count the honor. should have seen a British army in our land, sent able scars of wounds received, whilst fighting for to enforce obedience to acts of parliament destruc- your king and country. tive of our liberty. But the royal ear, far distant Where justice is the standard, heaven is the from this western world, has been assaulted by warrior's shield: but conscious guilt unnerves the the tongue of slander; and villains, traitorous alike arm that lifts the sword against the innocent. Bri. to king and country, bave prevailed upon a gracious tain, united with these colonies, by commerce and prince to cloath his countenance with wrath, and affection, by interest and blood, may mock the to erect the hostile banner against a people ever threats of France and Spain: may be the seat of affectionate and loyal to him and his illustrious universal empire. But should America, either by predecessors of the house of Hanover. Our streets force, or those more dangerous engines, luxury and are again filled with armed men: our harbor is corruption, ever be brought into a state of vassalage, crowded with ships of war; but these cannot Britain must lose her freedom also. No lager intimidate us; our liberty must be perserved; it is shall she sit the empresa of the sea: ber ships no far dearer than life, we hold it even dear as our more shall waft her thunders over the wide ocean: allegiance; we must defend it against the attacks the wreath shall wither on ber temples: her weaken. of friends as well as enemies; we cannot suffer even ed arm shall be unable to detend her coasts: and BRIToks to ravish it from us.
she, at last, must bow her venerable head to some No longer could we reflect with generous pride, proud foreigner's despotic rule. on the heroic actions of our American forefathers,
But if, from past events, we may venture to form -no longer boast our origin from that far-famed
a judgment of the future, we justly may expect island, whose warlike sons have so often drawn that the devices of our enemies will but increase their well tried swords to save her from the ravages
he triumphs of our country. I musi indulge a of tyranny; could we, but for a moment, entertain hope that Britain's liberty, as well as ours, will the thought of giving up our liberty. The man
eventually be preserved by the virtue of America. who meanly will submit to wear a'shackle, contemns The attempt of the British parliament to raise a the noblest gift of heaven, and impiously affronts
*The patience with which this people have borne the God that made him free.
the repeated injuries which have been heaped
upon them, and their unwillingness to take any It was a maxim of the Roman people, which sanguinary measures, bas, very injudiciously, been eminently conduced to the greatness of that state, in Great Britain. I most heartily wish, that an
ascribed io cowardice, by persons both here and never to despair of the commonwealth. The maxim opinion, so erroneous in itself, and so fatal in its may prove as salutary to us now, as it did to them. consequences, might be utterly removed before it Short-sighted mortals see not the numerous links be too late: and I think nothing farther necessary
to convince every intelligent man, that the con. of small and great events, which form the chain duct of this people is owing to the tender regard on which the fate of kings and nations is suspended. which they have for their fellow-men and an utter
abhorrence to the shedding of human blood, than Ease and prosperity (though pleasing for a day)
a little attention to their general temper and dishave often sunk a people into effeminacy and sloth. position, discovered when they cannot be supposed Hardships and dangers (tho' we forever strive to to be under any apprehension of danger to them. shun them) have frequently called forth such tion which they shew to every act of cruelty, by
selves.-I will only mention the universal detesta virtues, as have commanded the applause and whom, and upon whomsoever committed; the roill reverence of an admiring world. Our country spirit of their laws; the very few crimes to which
capital penalties are annexed; and the very great loudly calls you to be circumspect, vigilant, active backwardness which both courts and juries disand brave. Perhaps, (all gracious heaven avert cover, in condemning persons charged with capital it) perhaps, the power of Britain, a nation great in crimes.—But if any should think inis observation
not to the purpose, I readily appeal to those gen. war, by some malignant influence, may be employ llemen of the army who have been in the camp, or ed to enslave you; but let not even this discourage in the field, with the Americans.
revenue from America, and our denial of their himself, would breed a serpent to destroy his child.
But, pardon me, my fellow-citizens, I know you of British subjects in particular; the necessary want not zeal or fortitude. You will maintain your result of which must be such a liberality of senti rights or perish in the generous struggle. How. ment, and such a jealousy of those in power, as will, ever difficult the combat, you never will decline better than an adamantine wall, secure us against it when freedom is the prize. An independence the future approaches of despotism.
of Great Britain is not our aim. No, our wish is,
that Britain and the colonies may, like the oak and The malice of the Boston port-bill has been
ivy, grow and increase in strength together. But defeated in a very considerable degree, by giving
whilst the infatuated plan of making one part of you an opportunity of deseroing, and our brethren
the empire slaves to the other is persisted in, the in this and our sister-colonies an opportunity of
interest and safety of Britain, as well as the colonies, bestowing, those benefactions which have delighted
require that the wise measures, reconmended by your friends and Astonished your enemies, not only
the honorable the continental congress, be seadily in America but in E rope also. And what is more valuable still, the sympathetic feelings for a brother pursued; whereby the unnatural contest between
a parent honored, and a child beloved, may proba. in distress, and the grateful emotions excited in
bly be brought to such an issue, as that the peace the breast of him who finds relief, must forever
and happiness of both may be established upon a endear each to the other, and form those indissolu
lasting basis. But if these pacific measures are ble bonds of friendship and affection, on which the
ineffectual, and it appears that the only way to preservation of our rights so evidently depend.
safety, is through fields of blood, I know you will The mutilation of our charter, 'has made every not turn your faces from your foes, but will, other colony jealous for its own; for this, if once
undauntedly, press forward, until 1; ranny is trod. submitted to by us, would set on float the property
den under foot, and you have fixed your adored and government of every British settlement upon goddess LIDERTI, fast by a Bruxswick's side, on
the American throne. the continent. If charters are not deemed sacred, how miserably precarious is every thing founded
You then, who nobly have espoused your coun
try's cause, who generously have sacrificed wealth Even the sending troops to put these acts in and ease--roho have despised the pomp and shew execution, is not without advantages to us. The of tinseled greatness-refused the summons to the exactness and beauty of their discipline inspire festive board--been deaf to the alluring calls of our youth with ardor in the pursuit of military luxury and mirth—who have forsaken the downy knowledge. Charles the invincible, taught Peter pillow, to keep your vigils by the midnight lamp, the great, the art of war. The battle of Pultowa for the salvation of your invaded country, that you convinced Charles of the proficiency Peter had might break the fowler's snare, and disappoint the made.
vulture of his prey; you then will reap that barvest
of renown which you so justly have deserved. Your Our country is in danger, but not to be despaired country shall pay her grateful tribute of applause. of. Our enemies are numerous and powerful--but Even the children of your most inveterate enemies, we have many friends, determining to BE FREE, and ashamed to tell from whom they sprang, while Heaven and earth will aid the RESOLUTIOX. On you they, in secret, curse their stupid, cruel parents, depend the fortunes of America. You are to decide shall join the general voice of gratitude to those the important question, on which rest the happiness who broke the fetters which their father's forged. and liberty of millions yet unborn. Act worthy of yourselves. The faltering tongue of hoary age. Having redeemed your country, and secured the calls on you to support your country. The lisping blessing to future generations, who, fired by your infant raises its suppliant hands, imploring defence example, shall emulate your virtues, and learn against the monster slavery. Your fathers look from you the heavenly art of making millions happy: from their celestial seats with smiling approbation with heart.felt joy--with transports all your own, on their sons, who boldly stand forth in the cause
rou eny, the GLORIOUS WORK IS DONE. Then drop of virtue; but sternly frown upon the inhuman the mantle to some young Euisua, and take your miscreant, who, to secure the loaves and fishes to locate with kindred spirits in your native skies.
ORATION DELIVERED AT WATERTOWN,* March 5, 1776, mandates; but the baneful influence which they BY PETER THICHER M. A.
now have upon the interests of individuals, and of Asellum in prato timidos pascebat senes
society, would come to a period: they would not I., hostinm elamore subito territus, Suadebat afino fugere, he poss-lit capi.
revel in the spoils of nations, nor trample upon the. At ille lentus: queso, num binas mihie Clitellas impositurur victorem putas!
ruins of public liberty. Sener negavit. Ergo quid referi non,
Cui serviam? Clitellas dum portem mean-Phadrus Conscious of this, they have used arguments, My friends - When the ambition of princes in. and pursued methods, entirely different from these, duces them to break over the sacred barriers of to effect their designs; instead of convincing the social compact, and to violate those rights, which understandings, they have addressed themselves it is their duty to defend, they will leave no methods to the passions of men: the arts of bribery and unessayed to bring the people to acquiesce in their corruption have been tried with a fatal successa unjustifiable encroachments.
men, we know, have sold their children, their coun. In this cause, the pens of venal authors have, in try, and their God, for a small quantity of painted every age, been drawn: with Machiavilian subtilty, dirt, which will perish with the using. they have labored 10 persuade mankind, that their
Extensive as are the revenues of princes, they public happiness consisted in being subject to
are still inadequate to the purpose of bribing large uncontroled power; that they were incapable of
communities to submit to their pleasure; corrupt. judging concerning the mysteries of government;
ing therefore a few, they have overawed the resta and that it was their interest to deliver their estates, from small beginnings, and under specious pretheir liberties, and their lives, into the bands of
tenses, they will raise a standing military force, the an absolute monarch.
most successful engine ever yet wielded by the Mitred hypocrites, and cringing, base-souled (hand of lawless domination. priests, have impiously dared to enlist the oracles
With such a force, it is easy for an ambitious of God into the service of despotism; to assert that,
prince, possessed by nature of very slender abilities, by the command of the supreme law.giver, we are
to subvert every principle of liberty in the constitu. bound to surrender our rights into the hands of the
tion of his government, and to render his people first bold tyrant who dares to seize them; and that the most abject of slaves: if any individual feels the when they are so seized, it is rebellion against God, injury done to his country, and wishes to restore and treason against the prince, for us to attempt it to a state of happiness, with a bayonet at his to resume them.
breast, a dragoon will compel him to silence; if the Depraved as is the human understanding, it hath people, awakened to see their interest and their yet strength enough to discera the ridiculous duty, assemble for the same purpose, a military fallacy of these assertions: the votaries of ignorance force is at band to subdue them, and by leaden and superstition may, indeed, be imposed upon by arguments, to convince them of their error. them. When we place unlimited confidence in
An easy task would it be to enlarge upon the our civil or spiritual fathers, we can swallow, with ease, the most improbable dogmas: but there are
fatal consequences of keeping up such a starding feelings in the huinan heart, which compel men to army in time of peace, and of quartering a lawless
body of men, who despise the just restraints of recognize their own rights-to venerate the ma.
civil authority, in free and populous cities: that no. jesty of the people—and to despise the insult which is offered to their understandings by these vestige of freedom can remain in a state where doating absurdities. Had princes no other methods such a force exists: that the morals of the people
will be gradually corrupted: that they will con. to accomplish their purposes, could they not estab.
tract such an habit of tame submission, as to be. lish their usurpation, without convincing men's
come an easy prey to the brutal tyrant who rules judgments of their utility? they would be more
them, bath been heretofore largely and plainly barmless to mankind than they have ever yet been.
demonstrated, by persons so much more capable They might be surrounded with the fascinating
of doing it, than he who is speaking, that it would gewgaws of regal pomp: a few parasites might bow
be presumption in bim to attempt it now. the knee before these idols of their own creat. ing: the weak and the wicked might obey their
There is no need of recurring to the ancient
histories of Greece and Rome, for instances of •Boston was at this time garrisoned by the Bri- these truths. The British nation, once famous for tish troops, and the inhabitants were in the coun try; which occasioned this oration to be delivered its attachment to freedom, and enthusiastically at Watertown.
jealous of its riglats, is now become a great tame
beast, which fetches and carries for any minister f wit': tn -corpses of five of its inhabitants, murdered who pleases to employ it.
in cool blood, by the British mercenaries. Englishmen have been wont to boast of the
The indignant rage which swelled your bosoms excellence of their constitution; to boast that it upon this occasion-- the fortitude and humanity contained whatever was excellent in every form
discovered...the anguish of the friends of government hitherto, by the wit of man, devised: and relatives of the dead and wounded, with all in their king, whose power was limited, they have
the horrors of that memorable night, have been asserted that they enjoyed the advantages of painted in. vivid colors by an HÀNCOCK and a monarchy, without fear of its evils: while their (WARREN; they have shewn the necessity of those house of commons, chosen by the suffrages of the exertions made by the town, which defeated, at
that time, the designs of the enemies to American people, and dependent upon them, represented a republic, their house of peers, forming a balance liberty, and preserved us, for the present, from the
calamities of war. of power between the king and the people, gave them the benefit of an aristocracy. In theory, the But the past year hath presented us with a British constitution is, on many accounts, excel. tragedy more striking, because more extensive, lent; but when we observe it reduced to practice, than this: a tragedy, which more plainly proves the when we observe the British government, as it has fatal effects of keeping up standing armies in tine been, for a long course of years administered, we of peace, than any arguments whatsoever, we have must be convinced that its boasted advantages are seen the ground crimsoned with the gore of hun. not real: the management of the public revenue, dreds of our fellow.citizeas;---we have seen the first the appointment of civil and military officers, are city in America, for wealth and extent, depopulated rested in the king: improving these advantages --we bave seen others destroyed, and heard our which these powers give him, he hath found means savage enemies breathing out thirstings for our. to corrupt the other branches of the legislature; blood. Britons please themselves with the thought of Finding their arts insufficient to Aatter, or their being free; their tyrant suffers them to enjoy the treasures to bribe, the people of America out of shadow, whilst he himself grasps the substance of their freedom, the British government deterioined, power. Impossible would it have been for the kings by' force, to subjugate them to their arbitrary will; of England to have acqnired such an exorbitant in consequence of this determination, a large party power, had they not had a standing army under of their troops marched from Boston, on the morntheir command: with the officers of this army, they ing of the ever memorable nineteenth of April last: have bribed men to sacrifice the rights of their fushed with the hopes of certain victory, and country: having artfully got their arms out of the defying the armies of the liviag God, they broke hands of the people, with their mercenary forces, through every divine and political obligation; they they have awed them into submission. When they wantoned in cruelty; they shed again American have appeared, at any time, disposed to assert their blood. freedom, these troops have been ready to obey the
Aroused by the unprovoked injury, like a lion mandates of their sovereign, to imbrue their hands
awaking from his slumber, we sprang to arms! in the blood of their brethren.
we felt ourselves inspired with the spirit of our Having found the efficacy of this method to ancestors; we heard our brethren's blood crying quell a spirit of liberty in the people of Great to us for vengeance; we rushed into the midst of Britain, the righteous administration of the righteous battle: we compelled our enemies to beiake them. king George the third, determined to try the ex selves to disgraceful light; we pursued them with periment upon the people of America. To fright avidity, and desisted not till they took refuge in us into submission to their unjustifiable clairos, that city, of which, by frald and treachery, they they sent a military force to the town of Boston. had possessed themselves. This day leads us to reflect upon the fatal effects Trusting to the divine protection, from that of the measure! by their intercourse with troops, hour we determined never to sheathe the sword, made up in general of the most abandoned of men, till we had reparation for our injuries; till we bad the morals of our youth were corrupted: the temples secured our own freedom and the freedom of our and the day of our God were scandalously profa|posterity: from that hour the den of enemies bath ned: we experienced the most provoking insults; been surrounded by an American army, brave and and at length saw the streets of Boston strewed | determined: although they had before boasted of
their superiority to all the troops in the world, upon our burdened minds, when we recall his they bave scarcely dared to set their feet out of loved idea! when we reflect upon the manner of their strong holds since that time; and instead of his deatlı; when we fancy that we see lis savage ravaging the American continent in a single cam. enemies exulting o'er liis corpse, beautiful even in paign, with a single regiment, they have proceed. death, when we remember that, destitute of the ed --one mile and an half in the conquest of it. rites of sepulture, he was cast into the ground,
The heights of Charlestown witnessed to the without the distinction due to his rank and merit; world, that Americans, fighting in the cause of we cannot restrain the starting tear, we cannot freedom, were a formidable foc: although they repress the bursting sigh! we mourn thine esit, were surrounded by troops hitherto deemed in illustrious shade, with undissembled grief; we vincible; although they saw the habitations of their venerate thine exalted character; we will erect a
monument to thy memory in each of our greateful countrymen inveloped with flames; although cannon
breasts, and to the latest ages, will teach our roared on every quarter, and they bebeld scenes
tender infants to lisp the name of WARREN, with of desolation and bloodslied, to which they were
veneration and applause! entirely unused, yet they retired not till they had
When we traverse the Canadian wilds, and come compelled their enemy twice to retreat, and bad expended the whole of their ammunition: the Bri. to the plains of Abrabam, where WOLFE once tish forces gained the ground, but they lost the fell
, we are there again compelled to pay a tribute flower of their aniny.
to exalted merit, and to lament the fall of the
great MONTGOMERY! warmed with a spirit of From one end of the continent to the other, a
patriotism, too little felt by his venal countrymen, series of successes hath attended the American
The espoused the cause of American freedom: he arms; instead of having troops of savages poured down to our frontiers (which ihe murderous policy sword which lie bad long laid aside, and jeoparded
left domestic ease and affluence: he girded on the of the tyrant of Britain induced him to attempt)
his life in the high places of the field: victory followed we have, through the favor of heaven, carried our
his standard; she hovered over his head, and victorious arms into the very bowels of Canada;
crowned it with the laurel wreath; she was just instead of having our stores and provisions cut off
ready to hail him the co::queror of Canada, when by the enemy, we have made important captures
the fatal sisters snapped, in a moment, the thread from them: success hath crowned our enterprizes,
of life, and seized, from his eager grasp, the untast. while disappointment hath followed those wbo
d conquest! Americans, bear witness to lis hu. oppose us.
manity and his valor, for he died fighting in your That elation of spirit, which is excited by our cause, and the cause of mankind! let his memory victories, is damped by our feeling the calamities live in your breasts; let it be handed down to your of war. To hear the expiring groans of our belovers posterity, that millions yet unborn may rise up and countrymen; to behold the flames of our babila. call him blessed! tions, once the abodes of peace and plenty, ascend
Thietender feelings of the human he:rt are deeply ing to Heaven; to see ruin and desolation spread
affected with the fate of these and the other heroes over our fruitful villages, must occasion sensations
who have bled and died, that their country may be in the highest degree painful.
free: but at the same time, sensations of indignant This day, upon which the gloomy scene was first wratli, are excited in the breast of every frirnd opened, calls upon us to mourn for the heroes wholt, freedom: he will listen to the voice of their have already died in the bed of honor, fighting for blood, which cries aloud to heaven and to him, for God and their country. Especially, does it lead us vengeance! he will feel himself animated with new to recollect the name and the virtues of general vigor in the glorious cause: nothing daunted by WARREN! the kind, the humane, the benevolent their untimely fate, he will rush into the midst of friend, in the private walks of life; the infi-xible danger, that he may share tbeir glory and avenge patriot, the undaunted commander in his public their death! every idea which can warm and animate sphere, deserves to be recollected with gratitude im to glorious deeds, will rush at once upon his and esteem! this audience, acquainted, in the most mind; and, when engaged in the warmest battle, intimate manner, with bis numberless virtues, must he will hear them, from their heaven, urging him feel his loss, and bemvan their beloved, their o action: he will feel their spirits transfused into entrusted fellow.citizen! ah! ny countrymen, w!iasis breast; he will sacrifice whole hecatombs of tender, what escrutiating sensations rusb at once their murderers to their illustrious manes!