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ADVERTISEMENT.

THE

HE Bicentenary of William Penn's arrival in

America naturally recalls attention to the story of his life. I have been requested by my publishers to prepare a new work on the subject : and Quaker descent on my mother's side, the study for many years of opinions entertained by the Society of Friends, and sympathy with the founder of Pennsylvania in his love of peace, and his advocacy of civil and religious freedom, have rendered the task pleasant and interesting

The writings of Penn, and his life by Thomas Clarkson, in two volumes, 1813, supply a basis for the whole work. But important supplementary knowledge has been added since. The controversy raised by Lord Macaulay touching Penn's relations with James II. illustrated those points in many ways; and the Right Hon. W. E. Forster especially, in his exhaustive pamphlet on the subject, published in 1849, supplied much original information for subsequent writers. Hepworth Dixon's popular and eloquent " Historical Biography, founded on Family and State Papers," did not add much to what was known before; but Hazard's “Annals of Pennsylvania,” 1850,

and Watson's "Annals of Philadelphia,” 1857, contributed new and curious information, documentary and traditional, respecting the American portion of the founder's history. “The Penns and the Penningtons," by Maria Webb, 1867, made the public acquainted with several original family letters, and other documents, giving beautiful glimpses of his domestic and social life; and further copious and reliable materials for what relates to the other side of the Atlantic are supplied in the “Correspondence between William Penn and James Logan," edited by Edward Armstrong, for the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1870. In addition to these printed authorities, I have been favoured by my friend, Mr. Joseph Bevan Braithwaite, with unpublished correspondence and other documents, which I have found very useful. I must also mention valuable assistance rendered to me when I visited the United States in 1873: Mr. Thomas Stewardson, jun., laid me under great obligation by his conversation and correspondence. I have also gleaned some fresh particulars from papers in the Record Office, and from Reports of the Historical Commission.

JOHN STOUGHTON.

EALING,

October, 1882.

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CHAPTER I.

FATHER AND SON.

DMIRAL PENN, the distinguished father of an

illustrious son, was born in the year 1621. That father was son of Giles Penn, the master of a merchant vessel ; who traded in the Levant, and was familiar with the seaports of Portugal and Spain. He had with him on his voyages the future admiral, instructing him in seafaring duties, down to those most menial. The youth took to nautical pursuits with a sort of second nature, and felt that passion for enterprise on the deep which is the secret of success in naval careers. Increasing knowledge, growing skill, with native courage and decision of character, gave pledges of eminence in seamanship; and there could be no doubt that young William, for that was his christian name, would make a mark amongst his fellow-men. The merchant service could not satisfy his ambition, and therefore he entered the Royal Navy, and was so fortunate as to be made a Captain in 1642, having only just come of age. The fortunate young sailor next year married a Dutch lady, and the happy couple took lodgings near the Tower. “Your late honoured father," said Gibson to the famous quaker long afterwards, “dwelt upon Great Tower Hill, on the east side, within a court adjoining to

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