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according angles applied axis base Blackboard block bottom braces cabinet called central centre circle compasses contain contents corner corresponding cube curve cylinder decoration describe diagonal diameter direction distance divided dotted Draw drawn edges eight eight inches ellipse equal extended extreme face farther feet figure five foot four inches frame fret front front face give given half horizontal inches square inner intersections isometric length lines lower manner marked measure moulding objects Observe octagon ornament outer outlines parallel pass pattern perspective pieces placed plane portion position posts principles projection pupil radius rectangular represents ruled scale seen shading shadow shadow cast shown side similar similar to Fig six inches sixteen solid spaces spectator spokes supposed surface taken thickness true twelve inches upper vertical visible walls wheel whole wide width
第 87 頁 - Take the length of the keel within board (so much as she treads on the ground) and the breadth within board by the midship beam, from plank to plank, and half the breadth for the depth, then multiply the length by the breadth, and that product by the depth, and divide the whole by 94; the quotient will give the true contents of the tonnage.
第 39 頁 - Celtic ornament was doubtless of independent origin, but it every where bears the impress received by the early introduction of Christianity into the islands. The chief peculiarities of Celtic ornament consist, first, in the entire absence of foliage or other vegetable ornament ; and, secondly, in the extreme intricacy and excessive minuteness and elaboration of the various patterns, mostly geometrical, consisting of interlaced ribbon-work ; diagonal, straight, or spiral lines ; and strange, monstrous...
第 73 頁 - Circle is a plane figure bounded by one uniformly curved line, bed (Fig. 16), called the circumference, every part of which is equally distant from a point within it, called the centre, as a.
第 24 頁 - AS IN EVERY PERFECT WORK OF ARCHITECTURE A TRUE PROPORTION WILL BE FOUND TO REIGN BETWEEN ALL THE MEMBERS WHICH COMPOSE IT, SO THROUGHOUT THE DECORATIVE ARTS EVERY ASSEMBLAGE OF FORMS SHOULD BE ARRANGED ON CERTAIN DEFINITE PROPORTIONS : THE JIVHOLE AND EACH PARTICULAR MEMBER SHOULD BE A MULTIPLE OF SOME SIMPLE UNIT.
第 38 頁 - Tho architectural features of Hindoo buildings consist chiefly of mouldings heaped up one over the other. There is very little marked character in their ornaments, which are never elaborately profuse, and which, show both an Egyptian and a Grecian influence. XIV. CHINESE ORNAMENT. Notwithstanding the great antiquity of Chinese civilization, and the perfection reached in their manufacturing processes ages before our time, the Chinese do not appear to have made much advance in the fine arts.
第 38 頁 - Wo to them who dwell in a house not built according to the proportions of symmetry. in building an edifice, therefore, let all its parts, from the basement to the roof, be duly considered.
第 52 頁 - No. 2, is also a right angle. An acute angle (e) is an angle that is less than a right angle ; an obtuse angle (n) is an angle that is greater than a right angle. Aplane is a surface, on which, if any two points be taken, the straight line which joins them touches the surface in its whole length.
第 14 頁 - Art, composed of the chief nobility, capitalists, bankers, merchants, and manufacturers of the kingdom, sent out the declaration and appeal, that, without a pre-eminence in the arts of design, British manufacturers could not retain, and must eventually lose, their superiority in foreign markets. But the English government remained, for years, deaf to the warning ; and at the great Exhibition of the Industry of all Nations...
第 17 頁 - I never saw so great a proportion of cases in any schools where the pen was so awkwardly held. This excellence must be referred in a great degree to the universal practice of learning to draw, contemporaneously with learning to write. I believe a child will learn both to draw and to write sooner and with more ease, than he will learn writing alone...