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Strong in new Arms, lo! Giant Handel stands, 65
Like bold Briareus, with a hundred hands;
To stir, to rouze, to shake the Soul he comes,
And Jove's own Thunders follow Mars's Drums.
Arreft him, Einpresi; or you sleep no morem
She heard, and drove him to th' Hibernian shore. 70

And now had Fame's posterior Trumpet blown,
And all the nations summon'd to the Throne.
The young, the old, who feel her inward sway,
One instinct seizes, and transports away.

REMARKS. Pbæbus of French extraction, married to the Princess Galima. tbia, one of the handmaids of Dulness, and an assistant to Opera. Of whom see Boubours, and other Critics of that nation.

SCRIBL. VER. 75. Fame's posterior Trumpet ) Pofterior, viz. her second or more certain Report ; unless we imagine this word posterior to relate to the position of one of her Trumpets, according to Hudibras :

Sbe blows not both with the fame Wind,
But one before and one bebind;
And therefore modern Autwors name

One good, und t'other coil Fame.

73. The young, tbe old, wbo feel ber inward Sway, etc.) In this new world of Dulness each of these three classes hath its appointed station, as best suits its nature, and concurs to the harmony of the System. The first, drawn only by the Itrong and simple impulse of Attraction, are represented as fall. ing directly down into her ; as conglobed into her substance, and resting in her centre.

all their centre found, Hung to ibe Goddess, and cober'd around. The second, tho' within the sphere of her attrafion, yet har.


None need a guide, by fure Attraction led,
And strong impulsive gravity of Head :
None want a place, for all their Centre found,
Hung to the Goddess, and coher'd around.
Not closer, orb in orb, conglob'd are seen
The buzzing Bees about their dusky Queen.

The gath'ring number, as it moves along,
Involves a vast involuntary throng,
Who gent y drawn, and fraggling less and less,
Roll in her Vortex, and her pow'r confefs.


RIMARK S. ing at the same time a proje&tile motion, are carried, by the composition of these two, in planetary revolutions round her centre, some nearer to it, some further off :

Who gently drawn, and fruggling less and less,

Roll in ber Vortex, and her pow'r confess. The ibird are properly excentrical, and no constant members of her state or system : sometimes at an immense distance from her influence, and sometimes again almost on the surface of her broad effulgence. Their use in their Perihelion, or nearest approach to Dulness, is the same in the moral World, as that of Comets in the natural, namely to refresh and recreate the dryness and decays of the system ; in the manner marked out from ver. 91 to 98.

VER. 75. None need a guide ---None want a place,] The fons of Dulness want no instructors in study, nor guides in life : They are their own masters in all Sciences, and their own Heralds and introducers into all places.

VER. 76 to 101. It ought to be observed that here are three classes in this assembly. The first of men absolucely and avowedly dull, who naturally adhere to the Goddess, and are imagined in the fimile of the Bees about their Queen. The second involuntarily drawn to her, tho' not caring to own her influence ; from y. 81 to go. The third of such, as tha' not


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Not those alone who passive own her laws, 85
But who, weak rebels, more advance her cause.
Whatę'er of dunce in College or in Town
Sneers at another, in toupee or gown ;
Whate'er of mungril no one class admits,
A wit with dunces, and a dunce with wits.


REMARK S. members of her state, yet advance her service by flattering Dulness,cultivating mistaken talents, patronizing vile fcriblers, discouraging living merit, or setting up for wits, and Men of taste in arts they understand not ; from ver. 91 to 101.

VER. 86. weak Rebels more advance ber cause.] Such as those, who affect to oppose her Government, by setting up for patrons of Letters, without knowing how to judge of merit. The consequence of which is, that, as all true merit is modest and reserved ; and the false, forward and presuming; and the Judge easily imposed upon ; Fools get the rewards due to genius. For as the Poet said of one of these Patrons,

Dryden alone, (what wonder ?) came not nigh,

Dryden alone escap'd this judging eye. And thus, as he rightly obseryes, these weak Rebels unwittingly advance the cause of her they would be thought mort to oppose.

For while no rewards are given for the Encouragement of Letters, Genius will support itself on the footing of that reputation, which men of wit will always win from the Dunces. But an undue distribution of the rewards of Learn. ing will entirely depress or disguft all true genius; which now not only finds itself robbed of the honours it might claim from others, but defeated of that very reputation it would otherwise have won for itself. For, as the course of things is ordered, general reputation, when it comes into riyallbip, is rather attendant on favour and high station, than on the simple endowments of Wit and Learning. Hence we conclude that unless the Province of encouraging Let


Nor absent they, no members of her state, Who pay her homage in her sons, the Great ; Who false to Phoebus, bow the knee to Baal ; Or impious; preach his Word without a call, Patrons, who sneak from living worth to dead, 95 With-hold the pension, and set the head; Or veft dull Flatt'ry in the sacred Gown ; Or give from fool to fool the Laurel crown. And (last and worse) with all the cant of wit, Without the foul, the Muse's Hypocrit.

100 There march'd the bard and blockhead side by side, Who rhym'd for hire, and patroniz'd for pride. Narcissus, prais’d with all a Parson's pow'r, Look'd a white lilly sunk beneath a fhow'r.

Ř EMARK S. ters be wisely and faithfully adminiftred, it were better for them that there were no encouragements at all.

VER. 93. false to Phoebus] Spoken of the ancient and true Pbabus ; not the French Pbæbus, who hath no chosen Priests or Poets, but equally inspires any man that pleaseth to fing or preach.


And (last and worst) with all the cant of wit,

Witbout the foul, the Muse's Hypocrit.] In this division are reckoned up 1. The Idolizers of Dulness in the Great 2. Iil Judges, 3. Ill Writers, Patrons. But the left and worst, as he justly calls him, is the Muse's Hypocrite, who is, as it were, the Epitome of them all. He who thinks the only end of poetry is to

amuse, and the only business of the poet to be witty; and e con quently who cultivates only such trifling talents in ! himself, and encourages only such in others. Vol. VI.


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There mov'd Montalto with superior air ; 105
His stretch'd-out arm display'd a Volume fair;
Courtiers and Patriots in two ranks divide,
Thro' both he pass’d, and bow'd from side to side :
But as in graceful act, with awful eye
Compos'd he stood, bold Benson thruft him by : 110
On two unequal crutches propt
Milton's on this, on that one Johnston's name.
The decent Knight retir'd with fober rage,
Withdrew his hand, and clos'd the pompous page.
But (happy for him as the times went then) 115
Appear'd Apollo's May'r and Aldermen,

he came,


VER. 114

" What! no respect, he cry'd, for SHAKESPEAR's page ?"

REMARK S. VER, 108.---bow'd from fede to side :] As being of no one party.

Ver. 110. bold Benfon] This man endeavoured to raise himself to Fame by erecting monuments, striking coins, set. ting up heads, and procuring tranNations, of Milton; and afterwards by, as great passion for Arthur Johnston, a Scotch physician's Verfion of the Psalms, of which he printed many fine Editions. See more of him, Book iii. ver. 325.

VER, 113: Tbe decent Knight] An eminent person who was about to publish a very pompous Edition of a great Author at bis own expence.

Ver. 115, &c. Thefe four lines were printed in a separate leaf by Mr. Pope in the last Edition, which he himself gave, of the Dunciad, with directions to thc printer, to put this leaf into its place as soon as Sir T. Hi's Shakespear Thould be published,


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