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Property, enemy's, state, real, held by occupant, rule governing.. 332, 355, H. R., 55

limitations on control of... 356n,

357n, 358
occupant, acts as administrator of.... 355n, H.R., 55
municipal.......

358, 359, H. R., 56
works of art, etc...

n2 (359)
munitions of war...

341,342,343, H. R., 53
ownership unknown.

362n
private, classes of susceptible direct military use.

341,

342, 343, 344, H, R., 53, 54
confiscation of.. 336n, n (337), 339n, 340, 358, n(360), H. R., 46, 47, 56
damage or destruction of, in case of capitulation..... 254(c), 255n
devastation of.

n(332), 334, 343
military use of.

n(355), n (357), 359
money, contributions, how levied....... -351, 352, H. R., 49, 51
must be respected.

333, H. R.,46
pillage of forbidden.

229, 339n, H. R., 28,47
respect for, American rule.

12, 333, 335, H. R., 46
seizure of.

331, 332, 340, 341, 344n, H. Á., 23(g), 53, 54
susceptible of direct military use..

341, H. R., 53
to seizure, destruction of

343
use of, justified by military necessity.

... 332n, 334
American rule as to...

n(332), 335
British rule as to..

n(332)
what may be requisitioned.

346n
public, military use of.

n(355), 356, 357n
movable, military use of..

360n, 361, H. R., 53
respected, when.

361n
requisition of..

345, 346n, 347n, 348n, 349n, 350n, H. R., 52
amount taken, rule as to

348n
method of

347n
enforcing...

350n
rule as to...

345, H. R., 52
what articles subject to

346n
usable for transmission of news.

341, 342, 343, 344n, H. R., 53, 54
transportation of persons and things.... 341, 342, 343, H.'R., 53
Protocol concluded between Japan and Russia

.U. App. E, p. 97
Publication of rules covering laws and customs of war on land. 5, H. IV, 1
Public buildings, etc..

355n, H. R., 55
Punishment, collective, on inhabitants of hostile territory. 353, 354n, 386n, H. R., 50
for unauthorized destruction private property.

340
crimes in violation penal codes..

378
violation, laws of war...

366
rule for imposition of...

377
trial should precede (see H. R., 30).. 376
of neutrals in occupied territory.

428

Q.

Quarter, forbidden to declare no

refusal to give.....

182n, 183, H, R., 23 (d)

368n

R.

Railway matériel, neutrals and belligerent.

431n
Rallways, etc., destruction of, by inhabitants of hostile territory

354n
United States control over, in time of war

n(431)
Rank and name, prisoners of war must state, when

57, H. Ř., 9
Rebels, war, definition of...

370
Recruiting in neutral territory prohibited.

396, 397n, 400, H. V., 4

volunteer aid societies, personnel.. 398, G. C., 11
Red Cross brassard and flag, wrongful use of....... 171, 194, G. C., 28, H. R., 23 (1)
legislation of signator powers concerning use of..

170, G. C., 10

Regulars, irregulars, and deserters, status

40
Relief societies for prisoners of war.

87, H. R., 15
Religion, buildings devoted to, destruction of..

358, H. R., 56
protection to be given to.. 225, 228, H. R., 27
signs to indicate... 225, 227, H. IX, 5, H. R., 27
use of..

228, 359n
exercise of, by prisoners of war

89n, H. R., 18
Repatriation of prisoners of war

98, 99, H. R., 20
Reporters, sutlers, etc., when captured, status of.

46, H. R., 13
Reprisals, abuse of flag of truce may result in

249n
definition of.

379
form of.

386
measure that may be resorted to in..

386n
prisoners of war liable to

383
procedure before resorting to.

385
rule governing resort to

123, 380, 381
who may commit illegal acts to justify

382
resort to..

384
Requisitions, amounts taken..

348n
and services

345, H, R., 52
bombardments to secure.

n(212), n(350), H. IX, 3
hostages taken to insure compliance with

387
method of.....

347n
enforcing.

350n
of neutrals' railway matériel

431n
prices for articles to be fixed.

349
restrictions as to

345, H. R., 52
rules as to...

345, H. R., 52
what articles subject to.

346n
Resources of country, attacks on..

n(10), 11, 12
Retaliation indispensable in war.

380
Revenge, cruelty, bad faith, etc.

18, 381
private, acts of, prohibited.

18
Right of capture in naval warfare..

3 (j), H. XI
Robbers, highway, definition of...

371
Ruses, legitimate, partial enumeration of.

193
Russia, armistice between Japan and..

App. D, p. 97
proctocol between Japan and.

App. E, p. 97

278

S.
Safe conduct, character of...

279
for ambassadors and diplomatic agents of neutráls.

233
goods.
persons.

277n
form of.

App. p. 103
permit frequently used for.

279
photograph with

n(276)
revocation of.

280
Safeguard, classes of.

282n
description of...

282
forms of.

App. p. 104
inviolability of soldiers comprising.

283n
object of..

n(282)
Sanitary formations and establishments.

G. C., App. 9, P. 186
Arms and ammunition of wounded.

129n, G. C., 8
borne by, when....

124, 126, 129, G. C., 8
not to be used against enemy to avoid capturo..

125
of guard for...

124, 126, G. C., 8
Base hospitals, casual camps, etc.

120
medical supply depot.

120
Boats of hospital ships, how painted.

162, H. X, 5
Brassa and flag, Red Cross, legislation regarding use of

171, G. C., 28
Camps, convalescent and casual..

120

Sanitary formations and establishments--Continued.
Cartridges and weapons in possession of.

129, G. C., 8
Certificate of identity, form for (see 135).

App. A, Chap. V, pp. 54, 55
Combatants, sheltering of, by....

123, G. C., 7
Commanders in chief of belligerents, obligations of..

168, G. C., 25
Contracting powers, obligations concerning.

167, G. C., 24
Convoys, civil personnel, railway matériel, vessels, etc.

150, G. C., 17
power of belligerent over.

151
Convoys of evacuation-
Captured, personnel to be returned.

139, 150, G. C., 12, 17
In neutral territory.

418, 419n, 420n, 421, 424, H. V, 14
Matériel may belong to whom.

154
consist of what.

154
Means of conveyance...

152
must not be combined with transportation of
troops, supplies, etc..

152
what class subject to capture.

154
Personnel civil requisitioned..

153
medical.

153
military guards.

153, G.C.,8
of interned troops.

424
railway....

153, G.C.,9
who may be...

153
Dead, duties of commanders concerning.

165, G.C.,3
disposition of effects of.

166, G.C., 4
examination of prior to interment..

165, G.C., 4
identification marks or papers found on.

166, G.C., 4
personal effects, letters, etc., disposition of.

166, G.C., 4
pillage and maltreatment prohibited..

165, G.C.,3
Distinctive emblem, brassards, by whom worn, 155, 156, 157, G.C., 18, 19, 20
dimensions of..

157n
medical department issues, etc.

159
precautions in issue of.

159
requirement for... 156, 157, G.C., 19, 20
to be fixed.

157, 158, G. C., 20
prevention of abuse of.

171, 194, G. C., 27, 28, H. R., 23 (f)
where employed...

156, G.C., 19
flag...

156, 160, G.C., 19, 21
can only be displayed where.

160, G.C., 21
for ambulances and for guidons.

161
field hospitals...

161
general hospitals.

161
only, to be flown when captured..

160, G.C., 21
Evacuation hospitals, hospital trains, etc.

119
railway trains and vessels, etc., return of.

150, G.C., 17
Field hospitals, part of mobile (see G.C.,6).

119
“Fixed Establishments," defined...

120
what constitute..

120
Flag and brassard, Red Cross, legislation regarding use of... 170, 171, G.C., 27, 28
Flags, how flown on hospital ships...

162, 163, G. C., 22, H. X., 5
General hospitals, base hospitals, etc.

120
Geneva Convention, obligatory on whom..

167, G. C., 24
Governments, signatory, must acquaint troops and public ofG.C., 169, G. C., 26
Hospital boats..

119
military, how distinguished.

162
ships, flags flown on.

162, 163, G. C.,

22, H. X.,5
Identity, certificate, form for..

App. A, Chap. V, pp. 54, 55
Illtreatment of sick and wounded, etc., penal laws concerning..... 171,-G. C., 28
Juridical situation of fixed establishments

n (149)
Legislation, concerning use of Red Cross emblem or name. 170, 171, G. C., 27, 28
Letters, personal effects, etc., left by sick and wounded and on battle
field.

166, G. C., 4

170,

Sanitary formations and establishments-Continued.
Matériel, buildings, etc., disposition of..

147
fortification of..

147
fixed establishments..

146, 147, G. C., 15
medical, captured, disposition of.

144, 145, G. C., 14
mobile sanitary formations.

... 144, 145, G.C., 14
protected from destruction.... n (332),

G.C., 14, 11
Medical personnel, captured, obligation of..

'140
pay and allowances of...

88n,
89n, 130, 139, 142, H. R., 17, 18, G. C., 9, 12, 13
private property of..

139, G. C., 12
returned to country, when. 139, 140, 141, G. C., 12
units, to be respected and protected.

118, G, C., 6
Military hospital ships, how distinguished..

162
vehicles, not pertaining to, may be captured.
Mobile and fixed, to be respected and protected.

150, G. C., 17

118, G. C., 6
sanitary formations, defined..

118, 119, G. C., 6
what are

119
Neutral countries rendering services, flags, for.

163
Night distinguishing marks..

n (161)
Not to be placed in line of enemy's fire, etc.

123, G. C., 7
Obligations, G. C., etc., cease when.

167, G. C., 24
Pay and allowances of captured, personnel

142, G. C., 13
volunteer aid societies.

143
Personnel defined..

131
medical, captured.

139, 140, 141, 142, G. C., 12, 13
effects, arms and instruments of. 139, G. C., 12
privileges of.

130
volunteer aid societies, captured..

143
Pickets and sentinels, may be armed

126, G. C.,8
Privileges of personnel..

130, G.C., 9
guards.

127, 130, 132, G.C., 9
Prohibited from committing harmful acts...

122, 123, G.C., 7
Protection not forfeited by certain
acts.

124, 129, G.C., 8
Red Cross brassard and flag, improper use of .. 171, 194,H. R., 23(1), G. C., 27, 28
emblem only used for protection..

164, G.C., 23
or name, legislation concerning use of.... 170, 171, G.C., 27, 28
transport column.

119
Regimental equipment, ambulance companies, etc.

119
"Respect and protection,” import of.

121
Reserve medical supply.

119
Self-defense, right to use arms in.

124, G.C.,8
Sick and wounded. (See Sick and wounded.)
Sentinels and pickets, may be armed.

126, 127, G.C., 8
come from combatant forces.

126, G. C.,8
orders required, should be written... 126, 127, 128, G.C.,8
privileges of..

127, 130, 132, G.C., 9
Spies, sheltering of by, forfeits protection, etc.

123, G.C., 7
Volunteer aid societies. (See National Red Cross of America.)
Weapons and cartridges in possession of.

129, G.C.,8
Sanitary troops alone, occupying, place not defended.

214
Santiago, capitulation of..

App. B, p. 83
Savage tribes, employment of, when not authorized.

410
Science, etc., buildings devoted to, destruction of...

358, H. R., 46
protection to be given to.

225
227,358, H, IX,5, H. R., 21
use of..

228, 3591
Sentences of death....

17, n2(192), 377,378
Sherman, Gen., armistice with Gen. Johnston..

n(260)
Sick and wounded:
Abandoned, sanitary personnel, etc., to be left with.

105, 106, G.C., 1
Authorized to pass through neutral State.

418-422, H. V., 14
Belligerent convoying own into neutral territory..

421

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etc....

Sick and wounded-Continued.
Capture of..

107, 108, G.C., 2
Collected in buildings, protection to be given during bombardment. 225

226, 228, H. R., 21
Deaths of, belligerents mutually advise..

114, G. C., 4
Duties of neutral powers concerning (see H. V.)..

101
Entering neutral State, rulo governing..

418-422, H. V, 14
obligations of neutrals.

4i9n
Exceptions in favor of, may be made, etc.

108, G.C.,2
Hospital, admissions of, to, belligerents mutually advise

114, G.C., 4
Hostages taken to insure treatment of...

387
Ill-treatment of, penal code provide...

171, G.C., 28
Inhabitants not officially attached to armies.

104
Interned in neutral Stato

423, H. V, 15
Interments of, belligerents to mutually advise of.

114, G. C.,4
In the field..

3 (d) G.C.
Matériel and personnel, sanitary for, abandoned.

, 106,
May be made prisoners of war.

107, 108, G.C.,2,H.R. 21
returned to own country by agreement..

108, G.C., 2
sent to neutral country by agreement.

108, G.C., 2
Military authorities may appeal to charity in behalf of..

116, G.C.,5
Modification of Geneva Convention of 1864.

117n
Officially attached to armies.

102, G.C.,1
care of, obligatory on whom.

102, G.C., 1
Personal effects, letters, etc., left by..

166, G.C., 4
Personnel, and matériel, sanitary for abandoned.

105, 106, G.C., 1
Pillage of, etc., penal laws concerning..

171, G.C., 28
Prisoners of war, exceptions, etc., concerning capture, etc..

108, G.C.,2
taken into neutral State.

n (417), 422
Protection from robbery,

110, 171, G.C., 3,28
Regulations concerning...

100, H.R. 21, G.C.
Robbery and ill treatment of, on battlefield, punishable. 112, 171, G.C.,3,28
Rolls of, in hands of belligerent to be sent to enemy..

113, G.C., 4
Search for on battlefield, obligation concerning.

110, 111, G.C.,3
Status of, may be subject of agreement, etc

... 108, G.C. 2
Suggestions concerning treatment of.

109
Sieges, assaults and bombardments. (See Bombardments, assaults and

sieges.)
Signs, to be used for art, etc., buildings during bombardment 225, H. R., 27
description of...

227,H. IX,5
Soldiers, captured violating armistice.

275
composing safeguard, inviolability of.

283n
individual reprisals not to be resorted to by.

384
killing of, engaged in pillaging...

340
parole for..

74
punishment for, crimes punishable by penal codes.

378n
Sovereigns, members of royal family etc., as prisoners of war.

47
Spanish government's views on surrender of Santiago in 1898.

n(252)
Special exemptions, when captured, persons enjoying..

45n, G. C., 6-13
Spies (see under Means of injurying the enemy). 199, etc., H. Ř., 29, 30, 31
traitors and war rebels, rules for exchange of.

96
State of war, enemy subjects, legal status.

24n
may be expelled.

25n
interned.

25
resident, right to control.

25
existence of, to be publicly announced.. 21, 22, 23, 389, H. III, 2, 3
Status of newspaper correspondents, contractors, etc., when captured. 46, H. R. 13
prisoners of war

50, 67, H. R/ 4,8
who can claim

45, H. R.,

3
Submarine cables, destruction, etc., rule as to.

....... 344n, H. R., 54
in neutral state, use by belligerents..

406-41on
contact mines, automatic. (šee Automatic submarine contact

mines.)

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