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n(332)

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Occupied territory, communicating with enemy, by inhabitants of.......... n(201)

202, 203, 204
conquest and military occupation compared.

289n
contributions and requisitions may be levied by occu-
pant..

338n, 346, 351, 352, H. R., 49, 51, 52
control of..

287, 288, H. R., 43
courts, local, jurisdiction.

299n
courts of law, rights of action in.

303n, H.R., 23
crimes committed in, jurisdiction over...... 296, 299n, H. R., 43
debts of one belligerent to another, rule regarding. n(303)
devastation, etc., justified by military necessity.
disbursement of taxes by occupant..

n(309)

307-310,351, H.R., 48, 49
dues, taxes, and tolls imposed for benefit of the State. 307,

H.R., 48
enemy's property, classification and use of..

n(355)
extent of.

285, 291n, H.R., 42
family honor, and rights, lives of persons, etc., to be re-
spected.

314n, H. R., 46
religion, etc., United States rule.

315
foreign residents in, obligations of.

202
visitors in, obligations of..

202
forests in, use of.

355, 356n, H. R.,55
government of, character of.

298
legality of, how determined...

298
governmental functions in, effect of occupation on... 297
guerilla bands, effect of.

294
guides, impressment of.. 187,189,321,322n, 323n, H.R., 23, 24, 44
inhabitants can not be forced to give information of own
army, etc....

321, H. R., 44
required to construct forts, etc.... 187

317,320, H.R., 23,52
duties and obligations of..

316
intercourse, commercial..

304
may not be compelled to swear allegiance to
occupant..

313, H.R., 45
required to take part in military

operations....... 317,H. R., 23, 44, 52
voluntarily construct forts, etc., for pay. 320n
obedience of...

312-316
rights and duties of. 313n, 314n, 316, H. R., 23, 45, 46
rights of action not to be declared suspended,
ete.

303, H. R., 23
services which may be demanded of.. 317,318,

H. R., 52
invasion and military occupation compared.

288n
labor, may be requisitioned to restore public works..... 319
not be requisitioned to construct forts..

317

320, H. R., 52
laws, created by occupant..

302n
in force in...

296, 299, H. R., 43
to be respected, etc. 296, 299, H. R., 43
nature of, which are suspended.

301
of country suspended when.

300, 301
suspended, made known to inhabitants.

301
limitations on control of occupant over real property
enemy.

355, 356n, 357n, H. R., 55
means of transportation, public and private, seizure, étc.. 306,

341, H. R., 53
military government of, necessity for.... 295, 296, H. R., 43
military necessity, affects, administration of..

302n
destruction, etc., of State property : 357

n(355), H. R., 23
military occupation, defined..

285, H. R., 42
how determined.

286n, 293
municipal officials, should generally be retained.

326

Occupied territory, newspapers, censorship over.

305, 341, H. R., 53
circulation of, may be regulated. 305, 341, H.R., 53
publication regulated or prohibited, etc. 305,

H. R., 53
seizure of...

H. R., 53
oath of allegiance, may not be required of inhabitants... 313,

H. R., 45
oath, officials may be required to take.

324n
oath of neutrality required by British, etc.

n(313)
obedience, obligation of inhabitants.

312, 316
obligations of inhabitants summarized by Japanese.... (302)
obligations, reciprocal of occupants and inhabitants. 313n,

314n, 316, H. R., 23, 43, 44, 45, 46, 41
occupant, obligation to defray expenses of administration.

307-

310, H. R., 48
obligations of..

296, H, R., 43
powers of...

298n
occupants may demand and enforce obedience of inhabi-
tants.

290, 312, H. R., 43
occupation, consent of inhabitants not necessary to estab-
lish..

291
duration of

293, 294
invested fort not bar to....

291n
must be effective..

290
proclamation not necessary to establish... 292, 293n
proclamation of, convenience of, and practice
concerning...

292n, 293n
question of fact and temporary condition.. 289
occupying force, rights
and obligations of..

287
officials, oath may be required of..

324
crimes and harmful acts of, punishment of..

330
honorary, salaries suspended.

327
of railways, etc., may be required to perform
service

318
policy of retaining

325
removal of..

329
resignation of.

328
salaries of, how paid.

327, H. R., 48
political officials, etc., retention of.

326,329
postal service, regulation of...

305, H. R.,53
press correspondence, censorship.

305, 341, H. R., 53
property, Stato, destruction, etc., of ... n(355), 357, H. R.,23,55

susceptible military use, seizure, etc... 341, H. R. 53
public utilities may be requisitioned.

318
punishment of neutrals in

428
religious practices, etc., to be respected. 318, H. R., 46
requisitions of services, class of which may be made. 318
sovereignty of...

n(286), 287n, H. R., 43
taxes, dues, and tolls, certain, assessment, collection and
disbursement

307-311, H. R., 48
imposed for benefit of the State, collection,
and disbursement

307-311, H. R., 48
taxes, etc., "for the benefit of the State," include what.. 311
taxes, new, not to be levied by occupant (but see H. R., 49) 308
telegraphic and postal correspondence, censorship.

305
uprising in not levee en massé.

39
violation of laws of war.

39
Officers, active, army of neutral powers not

permitted to join belligerents.... 402
commercial transaction by, in hostile country.

338
interned in neutral territory.

411, H. V., 11
parole of..

411, 414, H. V., 11, H.R. 11
killing of, engaged in pillaging

340
bei parole of, how given..

- 75
punishment of, for certain offenses.

18
Opening of hostilities (see Commencement of hostilities). H. III, art. 1,2,3

P.
Parlementaire, abusing privileges..

243, H. R.,33
accompanied by whom..

245, 246, H. R.,32
authority for, in writing.

241
belligerents, action by, in case of enemy's..

243, H.R.,33
communication between, by. 235-236, H. R., 32
method of reception of enemy's.

246
must cease firing, after sending

249
communication between belligerents by.. 235-236, H.R.,32
definition of

235, 236, H.R., 32
detention of, causes for

243, 247, H. R.,33
escort of

236, 245, 246, H. R., 32
firing on..

240
flag of truce, bearer of and persons accompanying. 236, 245, H. R., 32
formalities in reception of

246
inviolability of, loss of..

248, H. R.,34
manner of receiving

237n, 244n, 246
night, no provision for.

242
public complaints, transmitted by.

365
rights and privileges of

236, 246, H.R.,32
rules governing...

236, 243, 248, H. R., 32, 33, 34
soldiers to be acquainted with reception and rights of. 237n
treacherous act, committed by

248, H. R.,34
white flag, after raising, should be sent.

239
wounding or killing of...

240n
Paroles belligerent government, declaration of, concerning .. 72,77n, 81, H.R., 10, 11
conditions stated in writing..

73
noncommissioned officers or private, how given.....

74
officers, how given...

75
officers interned by neutrals

411, 414n, H. V, 11
on battlefield, or in large numbers not permitted..

76
r. prisoner can not be compelled to accept

81, H. R., 11
should be signed by prisoner, etc..

73n
should fulfill certain conditions..

73n
Pass for news correspondent...

App. B, p.35
frequently used instead of passport.

279
Passport, character of...

279
definition of.

276n
form of..

App.p. 103
Photograph, finger print or signature on.

App.p. 103
| revocation of.

280
Patrolling of frontier by neutral state.

393n
Peace, return of, not to be rendered unnecessarily difficult..

13
Penalties for violations of laws of war by state...

363, H. IV, 3
war crimes.....

375, 377,378
Penalty for individual acts of inhabitants

353, H, R., 50
Perfidy, not permitted by military necessity.

13
to be avoided in denouncing armistice.

272
Permit frequently used for safe conduct.......

279
Persons, amenable to martial law.

13,17
a neutral, rights and duties of.

3(g) H. V.
Photographs, on correspondents' pass and passport... n(276), App.p.35, p. 103
Pillage, definition of..

n(339)
formally forbidden....

229, 339n, 340, H, R., 28, 47
Pirates of war, definition of.

371
Place occupied by sanitary troops alone, not a defended place.

214
Poison, use of..

3 (b), 13, 176, 177, H. 23 (a)
Police of battlefield imposed on whom..

... 110, 111, G.C., 3
Port Arthur, capitulation of...,

App. p. 85
Powers, neutral, rights and duties of...

3(g), H. V
of commanders in capitulation.

252n
Preamble to Convention IV of The Hague, Oct. 18, 1907 (abbreviated
P.H. IV)....

App. 2, p. 153

pulung ។

86

Press, public complaints published in..

365
Prices, requisitioned articles to be fixed.

349n
Prisoners of war....

H. R., 4 to 20
armed prowlers not entitled to be treated as..

373
board, lodging, and clothing for.. 59, 63, 416, H, R. 5, 7, H. V, 12
bureau of information for. (See Bureau of information for

prisoners of war.)
burial of, regard to grade and rank

90, H. R., 19
can not be forced to accept parole.

81
captured supplies used in maintenance of, when.

64
censorship over correspondence of.

86
chaplains for, rule regarding..

n(89)
citizens, rising en masse...

47(d)
civilians as.

46, 47, H. R., 13
confinement of, when authorized.

59, H. R., 5
where authorized

59, 62, H. R., 5
conspiracy, mutiny, revolt, or insubordination..

69, 70
correspondence of, censorship over...
couriers, guides, etc.

47 (c)
crimes committed before capture.

71
death certificates of..

90, H. R., 19
definition of.....

43
diplomatic agents.

47 (b) (c)
entitled to what..

63, 64, H. Á., 7
escaping into neutral territory.

417, H. V, 13
exchanges of, can not be demanded.

91
how made, conditions, etc..

93
rules regarding.

91-97
spies, war traitors, and war rebels.

96
substitutions for different grades of rank.

94
surplus, after, disposition of.

95
when made.

92
execution of, when authorized.

68, 70, 79
guarding of, object of..

60
guides, couriers, etc.
higher civil officials.
highway robbers not entitled to be treated as.

371
hostages taken to protect lives of, captured by irregular
troops..

387n
hostage to be treated as.

.-387
information bureau. (See Bureau of information for

prisoners of war.).
inquiry office. (See Bureau of Information for prisoners

of war.)
insubordination of, how dealt with

.. 67, 68, 69, H. R.,8
Interment of, regard to grade and rank

90, H. R., 19
interned, limits may be fixed for 59,61, 411, H.R.,5, H.V,11
restrictions as to movements.

61
internment of, object of.

61
labor of, rules regarding.

65, 66, H. R. 6
shall not be connected with war operations. 65, 66, H. R. 6
laws, regulations, and orders to which subject. ....... 67, H. R.8
letters of, censorship over..

86
maintenance, who is charged with. 63, 416, H. R.,7, H.V,12
may be paroled, when....... 72, 81, 411, 414, H. Ř., 10, 11, H. V, 11

interned where ........ 59, 61, 62, 411, H. V, 11, H.R.,5
medical, pay of....

n(88), 142, G.C., 13
military attachés and agents of neutrals.

48n
jurisdiction over..

50,51, H.R.,4
uniforms, etc., considered private property of. 52,

55, H. R., 4
money of, disposition of..
must be humanely treated

50, H. R.4
name and rank, must state, when

57, H. R.,9
not criminals...

60

47 (c)
47 (C)

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53n

pay of

Prisoners of war, obligations of own government, to be governed by... 72, H. R., 10
officers, pay of..

88, 142, H. R., 17, G.C., 13
parole, violation of, by

82, H. R., 12
paroled, bound by what.

72, H. R., 10

n(63), 88, 142, G.C., 13, H.R., 17
pirates of war not entitled to be treated as.

371
plotting rebellion, how punished....

67, 70, G.C.,8
political leaders, journalists, clergymen, etc.

47(c)
presents for, import and other duties on.

85 (a) H. R., 16
property of, disposition of.....

53n, 52, H. R., 4
responsibility for.

54
public officials may be made..

47
questions to which bound to reply truthfully .... 58,57, H. R., 9
relief societies for

87, H. R., 15
religious freedom..

89, H. R., 18
repatriation of .

98, H. R., 20
delayed when.

99
retaliatory measures may be inflicted on.

383
retention of property in capitulation...

254(d)
return or card for

83n, H. R., 14
rules for treatment of..
sick and wounded .. 49, 418, 422, 423, H. R.,21, G.C., 2, H. V, 14,15
may be made

107, 108, G. C., 2
soldiers captured violating armistice are.

275
status of...

50, 67, H. R.,4,8
subject to military jurisdiction.

50, 51, 67, H.R., 4,8
taken into neutral territory.

417n, 422, H. V., 13
treatment of rules for.

44, 49, 50, 51, 67, G.C., 2, H.R., 48
war rebels not entitled to privileges óf.

370
who can claim status of..

45n, 46, H. R., 13
may be made and under what circumstances.

47
treated as...

42, H.R.,3
wills of, rules regarding.

90, H. R., 19
work, of, conditions affocting settled, how. 65, 66, H. R.,6
for public service..

65, 66, II. R., 6
private service.

65, H. R., 6
wages for, disposition of..

65, 66, H. R., 6
wounded and sick

49,
4179,418, 422, 423, G. C.,2,H. R., 21, H. V., 13, 14, 15
Private property. (See Property.)
Privates or noncommissioned officers, how paroled..

74
Prize money, rules as to...

337n
Procedure, reprisals, in case of.

385
Proclamation of neutrality should be issued.

404 n3
Projectiles and explosives from balloons.. 212, 213n, 215n, 3(k), H. R., 25, H. D., XIV
(bullets) which expand or flatten.

3(c), n2
diffusing, asphyxiating, or deleterious gases.

3(b), n2
explosive..

3(a), n(184), 185, H. R., 23, (e)
throwing of, from balloons, etc., on forts., etc. 212, 213n, 215n, H. R., 25
Property, captured, belongs to Government of captor.a.

337n
confiscable, classification of.......

n(355), n(360)
E contributions in kind to be paid for.

345, H. R., 52
destruction of, etc...

12.
331, 332n, 333, 334, 339n, 341, 342, 343, 344n, H. R., 23, 46, 47, 53, 54
enemy's appropriation of..

12, 331, 341, 344, H. R., 23, 53, 54
classification of, real, etc......

n (355)
destruction of, etc..

12, 331, H. R., 23
American rule...

12,ń(332), 335
British rule..
German rule.

n/332)
military necessity affecting 12, 331, 332n, 334,
335, 340, 341,

342, 343, 344n, 357, H. R., 23, 53, 54
state, real....

355-362n H. R., 50

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n(332)

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