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GALÉS & SEATON'S

REGISTER OF DEBATES IN CONGRESS.

TWENTY-FOURTH CONGRESS....SECOND SESSION.

FROM DECEMBER 5, 1836, TO MAHCH 3, 1837.

DEBATES IN THE SENATE.

LIST OF THE SENATORS.

from Maryland; Mr. Rives, from Virginia; Mr. King,

from Georgia; Messrs. EwING and MORRIS, from Ohiv; MAINE- John Riggles.

Messrs. Clay and CRITTENDEN, from Kentucky; Messrs. NEW HAMPSHIRE-Henry Hubbard, John Page.

Grundy and White, from Tennessee; Messrs. HENMASSACHUSETTS- John Davis, Daniel Webster. RHODE ISLAND-Nehemiah R. Knight, Asher Rob. and Ewing, from Illinois; Messrs. King and Moore,

DRICKS and Tipton, from Indiana; Messrs. Robinson bins.

from Alabama; Mr. Walker, from Mississippi; Messrs. CONNECTICUT--John M. Niles, Gideon Tomlinson,

Bentox and Linn, from Missouri. VERMONT-Samuel Prentiss, Benjamin Swift.

Mr. BENTON presented the credentials of Messrs. NEW YORK--Silas Wright, Nathaniel P. Tallmadge.

Fulton and SEVIER, Senators elect from the new Slate NEW JERSEY--Samuel I.. Southard, Garrett D. Wall.

of Arkansas. PENNSYLVANIA- James Buchanan, Samuel McKean.

Messrs. Folton and SEVIER were qualified and took DELAWARE-Richard H. Bayard.

their seats. MARYLAND- Joseph Kent.

The following resolution was offered by Mr. BEN. VIRGINIA-William C. Rives.

TON, and adopted: NORTH CAROLINA--Bedford Brown, Robert Strange.

Resolved, that the Senate proceed to ascertain the SOUTH CAROLINA--John C. Calhoun, William C. classes in which the Senators of the State of Arkansas Preston.

shall be inserted, in conformity with the resolution of GEORGIA- Alfred Cuthbert, John P. King.

the 14th of May, 1789, and as the constitution reKENTUCKY---Henry Clay, John J. Crittenden.

quires. TENNESSEE-- Felix Grundy,'Hugh L. White.

On motion of Mr. BENTON, it was then OHIO--Thomas Ewing, Thomas Morris.

Ordered, That the Secretary put into the ballot box LOUISIANA- Robert C. Nicholas.

three papers, of equal size, numbered 1, 2, 3. Each of INDIANA-William Hendricks, John Tipton.

the Senators from the State of Arkansas sball draw out MISSISSIPPI--John Black, Robert J. Walker.

one paper. Number 1, if drawn, shall entitle the memILLINOIS--William L. D. Ewing, John M. Robinson.

ber to be placed in the class of Senators whose term of ALABAMA-William R. King, Gabriel Moore.

service will expire the 3d day of March, 1837; number MISSOURI--Thomas H. Benton, Lewis F. Linn. 2 in the class whose term will expire the 3d day of

March, 1839; and number 3 in the class whose term will

expire the 30 day of March, 1841. MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1836.

it was accordingly so determined, by lot, that Mr. SEThe Senate assembled at 12 o'clock, M.

VIER's term should expire in 1837, and Mr. Fulton's The VICE PRESIDENT took the chair, and the fol. in 1841. lowing Senators appeared in their seats, viz:

On motion of Mr. GRUNDY, the Secretary of the Sen. Mr. Ruogles, from Maine; Messrs. HUBDARD and ate was directed to inform the House of Representatives Page, from New Hampshire; Messrs. Prentiss and that a quorum of the Senate was present, and ready to Swirt, from Vermon!: Mr. Davis, from Massachusetts; proceed to business. Messrs. Knight and ROBBINS, from Rhode Island; On motion of Mr. GRUNDY, a committee was ordered Messrs. Niles and Tomlinsox, from Connecticut; Mr. to be appointed on the part of the Senate, on a joint Wucht, from New York; Messrs. Southard and Wall, commilice of both House's, to wait on the President of from New Jersey; Messrs. BUCHANAN and McKeax, from the United States, and inform him that a quorum of both Pennsylvania; Mr. Bayang, from Delaware; Mr. Kent, | Houses of Congress are assembled, and ready to receive VOL. XIII.-1

40206

Senate.)
Death of Mr. Goldsborough, Madison's Writings, &c.

(Dec. 6, 7, 1836. from him such communication as he may be pleased to essays, thereby directing the attention of the agricultumake.

rists to such objects as were calculated to ameliorate and Messrs. Grundy and Swift were appointed by the improve the condition of his exhausted lands. Truly Chair members of said committee, on the part of the exemplary in all the relations of private life, as a friend, Senate.

neighbor, and in the domestic circle, he was unrivalled. Mr. LINN offered the usual resolution to supply the To me, personally, his loss is truly afflicting. A severe members of the Senate with newspapers during the ses hoarseness, under which I have labored for some time, sion. Adopted.

obliges me to be thus brief. I beg leave to offer the The CHAIR presented the following letter of resigna- following resolution: tion from the Secretary of the Senate:

Resolved, That the members of the Senate, from a WASHINGTON, DECEMBER 5, 1836.

sincere desire of showing every mark of respect due to

the memory of the Honorable Robert H. GOLDSB)Sir: I here with resign the office of Secretary of the

nough, deceased, late a member thereof, will go into Senate of the United S ates.

mourning for him one month, by the usual mode of Having so long possessed the confidence of the Sen. wearing crape round the left arm." ate, and enjoyed such continued and friendly intercourse The resolution was unanimously adopted. with its members, it is with feelings of deep and painful

On moiion of Mr. KENT, the Senate then adjourned. sensibility I now separate from them; and these feelings are greatly increased, when I reflect on the courtesy and kindness i have received from yourself, as the presiding

WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7. officer of the Senate, and on the uniform and unbroken Mr. Brown, Senator from North Carolina, and confidence and friendship wbich bave for so many years. Mr. Nicholas, Senator from Louisiana, were present subsisted between us. No length of time or change of 10-day in the Senate chamber. circumstances will ever efface from my mind the recol. Sundry communications were laid before the Senate, lections growing out of these associations; and I shall als from the heads of Departments, by the Vice President. ways rejoice to hear of your prosperity and happiness, and of that of every member of the Senate.

MADISON'S WRITINGS. WALTER LOWRIE. The following message was received from the Piesi. Hon. Martin Van BUREN,

dent of the United States, by the hands of ANDREW Vice President of the United States

JACKSON, Jr. Esq. bis private secretary: and President of the Senale.

Toine senate and House of Representatives: On motion of Mr. BENTON, it was

I transmit, here with, copies of my correspondence Ordered, That the Chief Clerk of the Senate perform with Mrs. Madison, produced by the resolution adoptthe duties of Secretary till a Secretary shall be appointed. ed at the last session by the Senate and House of Repre

Mr. Macres accordingly took the usual requisite oath. sentatives, on the decease of her venerated husband. The Senate then acljourned till 12 o'clock to-morrow. The occasion seems to be appropriate to present a letter

from her on the subject of the publication of a work of

great political interest and ability, carefully prepared by TUESDAY, DECEMBER 6.

Mr. Madison's own liand, under circumstances that give The annual message from the President of the United it claims to be considered as little less than official. States was received, and read by the acting Secretary,

Congress has already, al considerable expense, puband five thousand copies of the message and the accom.

lislied, in a variety of forms, the naked journals of the panying documents were erdered to be printed. (See revolutionary Congress, and of the conventions that appendix. )

formed the constitution of the United States.

I am DEATH OF Mr. GOLDSBOROUGH.

persuaded that the work of Mr. Madison, considering

ihe author, the subject matter of it, and the circumMr. KENT: rose, and addressed the Chair as follows: stances under which it was prepared.-long withheld

Mr. President: Yonder vacant seat, heretofore so ably from the public as it has been by those motives of per. and so faithfully filled, but too significantly indicates the sonal kindness and delicacy that gave tone to his interobject of my addressing you at this time.

course with his fellow men, until he and all wbo had Í rise, sir, for the purpose of announcing to you and been participators with him in the scenes he describes, to the Senate the melancholy intelligence of the death have passed away--well deserves to become the prop. of my very worthy and excellent colleague, the late erly of the nation; and cannot fail if published and dis. ROBERT H. GOLDSBOROUGU. He departed this life du. seminated at the public charge, to confer the most im. ring the late recess, after a short illness, in the midst of portant of all benefits on the present and every suchis usefulness, and at a period when we should have ceeding generation-accurate knowledge of the prin. been justifiable in alloting to him many years of vigor.ciples of their Government, and the circumstances ous health.

under which they were recommended, and embodied in But few individuals have occupied a greater space in the constitution for adoption. public estimation in his native Siate than Mr. Goins.

ANDREW JACKSON. He filled, from an early period of liis life, December 6, 1836. with no inconsiderable degree of reputation, various On motion of Mr. RIVES, the reading of the corre. public stations, and was twice elected to a seat in this spondence was dispensed with, and it was ordered to be body. Possessing the advantages of a liberal education, printed. which had been well improved, with the most polished

EXPUNGING THE JOURNAL. address, he was ever found a ready and efficient de. bater, remarkable for his courtesy and politeness. He Mr. BENTON gave notice that on the first day on was truly said to have been “ a man of manners and of which there was a Senate sufficiently full, he should ask letters too."

leave to introduce a resolution to expunge from the Mr. GOLDSVOROUGH's exertions for the benefit of his journal certain sentences thereon. lle would state, at fellow men were not confined to public life. He was ihe same time, that the resolution he should introduce prominent as an agriculturist, making fiequent and would be in the same words as the one introduced by judicious experiments, enforcing his views by very able I him at the last sessio.), and it was his wish that the reso

BOROUGH.

Dec. 8, 12, 1836.)

Statements of Commerce and Navigation, &c.

(SENATE

lution might be disposed of by the Senate, before the ordinary printing of the two Houses of Congress; that other important business of the session commenced. the same number of copies as are usually printed be fur

After transacting some other business the Senate ad. nished for the purpose of binding and distribution, and journed.

that five thousand additional copies be equally distributed to the members of the Senate and House of Repre

sentatives. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 8. STATEMENTS OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGA existing law providing for the printing of this document,

Mr. BENTON said that, on looking further into the TION.

he had become convinced that some such modification of The following resolution, moved by Mr. Benton, of the resolution was necessary as had now been proposed. Missouri, being under consideration

The only objection he had to it related to the five thouResolved, That the annual statement of the commerce sand additional copies to be printed for the Senate; he and navigation of the United States be hereafter printed thought this number larger than necessary, and propounder the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, sed that it be reduced to three thousand. and be communicated in a printed form as soon as possi Mr. KNIGHT assenting, the resolution was so modible after the commencement of each stated session of fied accordingly, and in this form it was ordered to be Congress."

engrossed for a third reading. In supporting the resolution, Mr. B. observed that this

SECRETARY OF THE SENATE. document being always a very extensive one, consisting

On motion of Mr. KING, and in accordance with the almost entirely of figures, great delay was unavoidably Senate order of Thursday last, the Senate proceeded to incurred in the printing of it, insomuch that, under the

ballot for a Secretary of the Senale, in place of WALTER existing practice, it was seldom obtained in time, and the Senate was usually a year in arrear in its reception.

LOWRIE, Esq. resigned. To remedy this inconvenience an order had been passed votes; Hon. Arnold Naudain, late of the Senate, 18;

On the first ballot, Mr. Asbury Dickins received 20 some sessions since requiring its earlier preparation; but scattering 3; 21 being necessary to a choice. this had not answered the end. The measure proposed

On the second ballot, Mr. Dickins received 21; Mr. in the resolution would, he believed, be the only effec. NAUDAIN 18; Mr. Brran 1; 21 being necessary to a tual means of pulling Congress in possession of this im- choice. portant document as early as was desirable.

Mr. Dickins was accordingly declared to be duly Mr. KNIGHT said it was not his design to make an

elected Secretary of the Senate. objection to the resolution, but to inquire whether any

STANDING COMMITTEES. extra copies are to be printed under it? This document, said he, is an importani one, and an extra number of cop The Senate proceeded to ballot for the chairmen of ies are always ordered to be printed by the Senate. It their several standing committees. is one of the most profitable to the printer among all the

The several elections resulted as follows: documents printed-containing mostly rule work and

Mr. BUCHANAN, chairman of the Committee on Forfigures. If the usual extra copies are printed by order eign Relations, by 21 votes. of the Secrelary of the Treasury, distributed in the Mr. WRIGHT, chairman of the Committee on Finance, nsual manner, and at the same price, I do not know as I by 20 votes. have any objection; but the number of copies and the Mr. King, of Alabama, chairman of the Committee on price of printing should be stated in the resolution. Commerce, by 20 votes. Mr. BENTON called for the reading of the original

Mr. Niles, chairman of the Committee on Manufacorder under which the document was prepared; but tures, by 22 votes. some delay occurring in turning to it, the subject was for

Mr. Page, chairman of the Committee on Agriculture, the present laid upon the table.

by 21 votes. Several bills were introduced on leave and passed to

Mr. Benton, chairman of the Committee on Military the second reading.

Affairs, by 26 voles. Aster fixing upon next Monday for the appointment of

Mr. Wall, chairman of the Committee on the Militia, the standing committees and the election of a Secretary by 19 votes. of the Senate, the Senate adjourned over to Monday.

Mr. Rives, chairman of the Committee on Naval Alfairs, by 20 votes.

Mr. WALKER, chairman of the Committee on Public MONDAY, DECEMBER 12.

Lands, by 21 votes. Mr. Black, Senator from Mississippi, Mr. TallMAUGE, Mr. Linn, chairman of the Committee on Private Land Senator from New York, and Mr. Webster, Senator Claims, by 21 votes. from Massachusetts, appeared to-day, and took their Mr. Wurte, chairman of the Commiltee on Indian seats.

Affairs, by 29 votes. STATEMENTS OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGA- by 19 votes.

Mr. HUBBARD, chairman of the Committee of Claims, TION.

Mr. Browx, chairman of the Committee on Revolu. Mr. BENTON called up the resolution he had offered tionary Claims, by 18 votes. on Thursday last, respecting an alteration in the mode Mr. Grundy, chairman of the Committee on the Judiof printing ihe annual report from the Treasury on com ciary, by 21 votes. merce and navigation.

Mr. Robinson, chairman of the Committee on the Mr. KNIGHT moved to amend the resolution by stri. Post Office and Post Roads, by 22 votes. king out all after the word “ resolved,” and inserting Mr. HENDRICKs, clairman of the Committee on Roads

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives, and Canals, by 21 voles. That the annual statement of the commerce and naviga Mr. Tomlinson, chairman of the Committee on Pention of the United States be hereafter printed under the sions, by 31 votes. direction of tbe Secretary of the Treasury, and commu. Mr. Kent, chairman of the Commiltee for the District nicated as soon as possible after the commencement of of Columbia, by 19 votes. each stated session of Congress, and that said statement Mr. Mornis, chairman of the Committee on Engrossed be printed in the same form and at the same price as the | Bills, by 25 votes.

SENATE.]

Memory of Mr. Kinnard— The Treasury Circular.

(Dec. 13, 14, 1836.

The election of the remaining members of the com Committee on Engrossed Bills.--Messrs. Morris, (chair. mittees was deferred until to morrow.

man,) Page, Fulton. MEMORY OF Mr. KINNARD.

Joint Committee on the Library.--Messrs. Robbins,

Preston, Wall.
On motion of Mr. TIPTON, of indiana, it was
Resolved, Thal, in memory of the late Hon. Mr. Kin.

THE TREASURY CIRCULAR. NARD, a member of the House of presentatives from The following resolutions, introduced by Mr. Ewing, the State of indiana, the members of the Senate wear of Ohio, being at their second reading: crape on the left arm for the space of thirty days.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representalives, And then the Senate alljourned.

&c., That the Treasury order of the eleventh day of July, Anno Domini one thousand eight hundred and

thirty-six, designating the funds which should be receive TUESDAY, DECEMBER 13.

able in payment for public lands, be, and the same is Asbury Dickins, Esq., elected Secretary of the Sen. hereby, rescinded. ale, appeared to-day, was qualified, by taking the pre

Resolved, also, That it shall not be lawful for the Sec. scribed oath, and took his seat.

retary of the Treasury to delegate to any person, or 10 Alter transacting the usual morning business,

any corporation, the power of directing what funds shall The Senate proceeded by ballot to choose the remain. be receivable for customs, or for the public lands; nor ing members of the respective standing committees, shall he make any discrimination in the funds so receivawhose chairmen had been appointed yesterday. The re

ble, belween different individuals, or between the differ. sult was as follows:

ent branches of the public revenue." On Foreign Affairs.--Messrs. Buchanan, Tallmadge,

The resolutions having been readKing, of Georgia, Clay, Rives.

Mr. EWING, of Ohio, spoke as follows: On Finance. -- Messrs. Wright, Webster, Cuthbert,

Mr. President: When I presented these resolutions, Nicholas, Benton.

a sew days since, it was suggested by the Senator from On Commerce.- Messrs. King, Davis, Linn, Brown,

Missouri, over the way, (Mr. BENTON, ) that he would Ruggles.

oppose them at their second reading, for the purpose of On Manufactures.--- Messrs. Nile, Morris, Black, being early heard in support of the order which it is Hubbard, Preston.

their principal office to rescind. With this I am entirely On Agriculture.--Messrs. Page, Morris, Kent, Mc

satisfied. I also wish to be heard on a subject which is Kean, Clay.

of vital interest to the State which I represent, and to the On Military Affairs.-- Messrs. Benton, Preston, Tip- whole West; and I concur with him most heartily in this ton, Wall, Ewing, of Illinois.

expedient to avoid delay in bringing before the Senale, On Militia.--Messrs. Wall, Hendricks, Swift, Ewing, and sending abroad to the nation, the opinions of mem of Illinois, Moore.

bers of this body on this important subject. I, therefore, On Naval Affairs.-- Messrs. Rives, Southard, Tall. in accordance with that suggestion, which seemed io madge, Cuihbert, Nicholas.

meet the sanction of the Senate, will now proceed to On Public Lands.--Messrs. Walker, Ewing, of Ohio, give my views upon the order which these resolutions King, of Alabama, Ruggles, Fulton.

propose to rescind, on Private Land Claims.--Messrs. Linn, Porter, Bay. I of the Treasury on ihe 11th of July last, in the form of

This extraordinary paper was issued by the Secretary ard, Preston, Sevier. On Indian Affuirs.-Messrs. White, Swist, Tipton,

a circular to the receivers of public money in the several Linn, Sevier.

land offices in the United Siates, directing them, alter Of Claims. --Messrs. Hubbard, Tipton, Prentiss, Crit

the 15th of August then next, to receive in payment for tenden, Ewing, of Illinois.

public lands nothing but gold and silver and certificates On Revolutionary Claims.--Messrs. Brown, White,

of deposites, signed by the Treasurer of the United Hubbard, Crittenden, Niles.

States, with a saving in favor of actual settlers, and bona. On the Judiciary.--Messrs. Grundy, Crittenden, Mor.

fide residents in the State in which the land happened ris, King, of Georgia, Wall.

to lie. This saving was for a limited time, and expires, Having proceeded thus far, the Senate adjourned.

I think, lo-morrow. The professed object of this order was to check the speculations in public lands; to check

excessive issues of bank paper in the West, and to in. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 14.

crease the specie currency of the country; and the ne. Mr. Calhoun, Senator from South Carolina, ap. cessity of the measure was supported, or pretended to peared to-day in his seat.

be supported, by the opinions of members of this body On motion of Mr. RIVES, the message of the Presi. and the other branch of Congress. But, before I pro. dent on the subject of the proposed publication of Mr. ceed to examine in detail this paper, its character, and Madison's History of the Convention, was, with the ac. its consequences, I will briefly advert to the state of companying documents, referred to the Committee on things out of which it grew. the Library.

I am confident, and I believe I can make the thing When the morning business had been disposed of manifest, that the avowed ubjects were not the only, nor

The Senate resumed the balloting for the remaining even the leading objects for which this order was framed; members of standing committees not yet filled up, and they may have influenced the minds of some who advised the result was as follows:

it, but those who planned, and those who at last virtually Committee on the Pust Office and Post Roads.--Messrs. exccuted it, were governed by other and different mo. Robinson, (chairman,) Knight, Grundy, Brown, Niles. tives, which I shall proceed to explain.

Committee on Roads and Canals.--Messrs. Hendricks, It was foreseen, prior to the commencement of the (chairman,) McKear, Robinson, Nicholas, Page. last session of Congress, that there would be a very large

Committee on Pensions.--Messrs. Tomlinson, (chair. surplus of money in the public Treasury beyond the man,) Prentiss, Hubbard, Morris, Sevier.

of the country for all their reasonable expendi. Committee on the District of Columbia.-- Messrs. Kent, tures. It was also well understood that the land bill, or (chairman,) King of Alabama, King, of Georgia, Bu some other measure for the distribution of this fund, chanan, Nicholas.

would be again presented to Congress; and, if the true

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