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Dec. 28, 1836.]

Unexpended Appropriations.

(SENATE.

New Hampshire shows most clearly the sentiments of funds, and to preserve the public domain for the legiti. that State with reference to this measure. Sbe has vo mate benefit of the General Government, then we shall ted to receive ber portion of the money; but the legisla- not fail to rejoice at their adoption. tion of that State has most sacredly guarded the princi Mr. Hunrand having concluded bis remarks, pal as rightfully belonging to the United States; that Mr. EWING, of Ohio, inquired whether he was to while she considers herself justly entitled to the benefi. understand Mr. H. as including in bis argument of justicial use of her portion of the surplus, so long as it shall | fication the discrimination made in the order between remain uncalled for, she holds the principal to be of right citizens of different States of the Union, requiring of one the property of the General Government. It is true that class to pay gold and silver, and permitting the other to New Hampshire by her act will deposite her share of the pay in the ordinary currency? fund among the several towns of that State for safe keep. Mr. HUBBARD replied that he had not turned his ing. But the State possesses the power, by her distress attention to that point, considering it as having been warrants, to enforce collection at any time, against any sufficiently met in the able speech of the Senator from town which should neglect or refuse to pay when de Missouri, (Mr. Berton.) manded; and the pending act subjects the town to in Mr. MORRIS obtained the floor for to-morrow; and dictment, in case any part of the principal of the money then Therein deposited should be used for any purpose; anıl The Senate went into executive business; after which, the court are required to impose on such a town a fine The Senate adjourned. equal to the part of the principal thus appropriated, and to issue execution against any such town, to be levied and collected in the usual mode. Thus bad his own

WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 28. State managed in relation to this matter; and gentlemen

UNEXPENDED APPROPRIATIONS. may be assured that whenever occasion shall demand After disposing of the usual morning business, that any portion of this money should be returned to the Mr. BENTON rose to move the printing of the ducu. national Treasury, for the use of the General Govern ment from the Treasury Department, which had been ment, that State will promptly and properly comply with called for on his motion, and had come in a few days such a demand.

ago. It was a document showing the unexpended balI did not consider that, when I gave my vote in favor ances of appropriations which would remain in the of that bill, I was in effect making a donation to the Treasury on the 1st day of January next, the amount several States. My purpose was merely to add to the of each balance, the object to which it was applicable, places of deposite. To give to the States the use of a and the date of the law by which the appropriation was portion of the public money, instead of confining the use made. It was the amplification and substantiation of exclusively to ihe banks. It was not my purpose longer that part of the President's message at the commenceto leave all the public funds in the deposite banks, which ment of the session, in which he said that these unex. were under the exclusive control of the Government. pended balances were estimated at $14,636,062, exceedI knew full well that it was the earnest wish of the heading by $9,636,062 the amount which will be left in the of the Treasury Department to be relieved from the re. deposite banks, and which are outstanding appropria. sponsibility, the care and control of the public treasure; tions, to be met by reimbursements from the States, if whatever might be said of the desire of this administra. the revenue fell short of meeting them; and that this tion to exercise an unlimited dominion over the public large amount unexpended was the effect of the lateness purse, the Secretary of the Treasury himself was extremel of the period at which the appropriations had been iy solicitous to be delivered from that particular charge. made. This fourteen and a half millions has been called

In voting for this bill, I gave in no assent to the policy of a surplus, for which the Government has no use; and it a systematic distribution-nothing could bave been sure would seem that some States, acting on this idea, were ther from my mind. The money was on hand, and no for treating the deposite act as a distribut'on law, and regulation of the tariff could have any effect upon the using the money deposited with them, as if the Governaccumulation then in the Treasury; no public or private meni in reality bad no use for it. Nothing (he said) appropriations, necessarily called for, could exhaust the could be more erroneous than this idea. This fourteen fund. The question was, what shall be done with it? and a half millions were not a surplus, but appropriated How can it be disposed of until the same shall be required? money-appropriated too late to be used this year, but The question was answered-wisely, judiciously, and remaining applicable to its objects, under the act of properly answered-by the passage of the deposite bill. 1795, for ewo full years after the year in which the apThe question now is, what can be done to prevent any propriation was made. The document contains a de. further surplus? It is an important question-it should tailed statement of each object, and in the list would be be well considered. For one, I would desire, in some found objects belonging to every branch of the public way or other, to bring down the revenue to a point be. service; and every State would find some objects near low the ordinary wants of the Government. Tam one of and dear to itself, and for which the State had been those who believe that an economical expenditure of the long soliciting. Among these objects, were the branch public money can only be attained by being absolutely re mints in the South and in New Orleans, the customquired, year following year, to devise ways and means houses in Boston and New York, the Treasury and to meet current expenses. It would be far better, for | Patent Offices in this city, many fortifications, roads, and the peace and prosperity of the nation, to be obliged to block-houses, west of Missouri and Arkansas, half a borrow annually, raiber than be obliged to tax our inge- dozen Indian tribes, and among them the Cherokee nuity bow to dispose of surpluses. Our expenditure treaty, on wbich alune the balance was $4,245,000. This should never be forced to absorb our means. But means latter was a good specimen of the whole of these delayed should be forced to meet our expenditure.

appropriations, and illustrated the manner practised at I have said, Mr. President, all that I wish to say upon the last session to create an unavoidable surplus. First, the deposite bill of the last session, and upon the man. the ratification of the treaty was kept off to the last posner of its execution. And if the effects of this measure, sible moment, and then all possible exertions made to and of the specie circular, shall be to check the spirit of defeat it; then the appropriation law under the treaty speculation which is abroad in the land, to confine trade, was kept off to the last possible moment, and then all commercial and mercantile enterprise, within their proper possible efforts made to defeat it. Finally, on the 2d limits; if the effects shall be lo render secure the poblic 1 day of July, the appropriation passed; and then Mr.

SENATE.)

Unexpended Appropriations.

(Dec. 28, 1836.

John Ross, a true coadjutor of the surplus party, went last session. He could scarcely believe that the commit. home to prevent the Indians from receiving the money; tee reported against the bill on such grounds. With and succeeded; and so saved this four millions and a the denunciations of the President bimself against the quarter for distribution, as a part of that unavoidable corrupting influence of a large surplus in the Treasury, Surplus for wbich the States are told, and even Georgia and bis declarations that the worst disposirion that could herself is told, the Federal Government has no use! Now, be made of it was to let it remain in the deposite banks, there was some use for this four and a quarler millions. he did suppose that the commitiee could not contemThe United States would have to raise it otherwise, if plute either result. He could not believe but that, from she did not get it back froin the States; for the compact courtesy, the chairman would make such a report as with Georgia, made thirty-four years ago, and by which would put the Senate in possession of the grounds on the United States obtained Alabama and Mississippi, which the committee objected to the bill. will have to be carried into effict. And so of every ob. Mr. WRIGHT replied, that this was not a more dis. ject mentioned in the document. There were above tinct call than he had had on different occasions from iwo hundred of these objects, and money would have to the gentleman from South Carolina, for explanations in be provided for carrying each of them into effect; for regard to subjects which had come under the considerathey were not of a narure to be abandoned; and this tion of the committee of which he (Mr. W.) was head of mine, (said Mr. B., putting his finger to his an humbie member. It would save the Sena!e some forehead,) this head of mine, as belonging to a member time, if subjects were debated when they were under of the Finance Committee, was now occupied with this consideration before the Senate, and not incidentally and subject, and was considering how far duties could be collaterally. For his own part, he should be willing to reduced, and how far they would have to be kept up, answer any questions, after a subject should have been and what tax olierwise unnecessary must be retained in before the commiitee, and come up for debate, in the supply the place of these fourteen and a half millions, if best manner he was able. But he should not hoki him. the deposite act is perverted by any of the States into a self bound, at the call of any Senator, to enter upon a distribution law. Now, he wanted this fact carried debate on the merits of any proposition not before the home to the people of the States in such form that it body, although it may have been reported upon by the could not be disputed. He would therefore move to committee. When the bonorable Senator's bill should have this document printed, and five copies sent to the come before the Senate, then he would hold bimself Governor of each State, ten copies sent to each branch bound, as a member of the committee, to state the reaof the State Legislatures, and 1,000 extra copies be sup. sons which governed their acts, but not now, upon a plied to the Senate for iis distribution.

question of printing a document ibat had no relation to Mr. CALHOUN rose to make a very few remarks on the subject; and he hoped that he should not be considthe very extraordinary motion of the Senator from Mis. ered by the Senator, and the Senate, as wanting in souri, and to ask for the yeas and nays on the question, courtesy in not complying with the request made of him; The sending out this paper in the manner proposed for he had made it a rule of action to treat questions, in. would make an erroneous impression on the minds of dependent in their character, at separale and distinct those to whom it would be sent, and would be an unusu- periods. This practice he had endeavored to carry out al departure from the ordinary practice of the Senate. as far as possible, and he should do so now; and wheth. Did not every Senator know that there was a large er tbe course of the committee should be approved or amount left in the Treasury, say five millions of dollars, disapproved, he hoped it might be decided when the by the deposite law of the last session, for the purpose bill came up, and not in an incidental manner. of meeting these balances? Did not every Senator know Mr. CALHOUN said, that although he very much re. shat, by the report of the Secretary of the Treasury, gretted that they were not to have a detailed report, yet there were three millions of dollars of these appropria. he must be permitted to say that he thought the course tions that would not be wanted, and were therefore of the committee a very unusual one. A bill of acknowl. transferred to the surplus fund in pursuance of a stand. edged importance, if he might judge from the Presi. ing law? And was there not, besides, a large sum in the dent's message and report of the Secretary of the Treas. hands of the disbursing officers of the Government! He ury, together with the course of the Senate last session, knew (Mr. C. said) that every exertion would be maile was, after a full debate, referred to the Committee on in order to defeat the deposite bill at this session. He Finance, because that committee was particularly con. knew well that the battle was yet to be fought-a battle stituted io advise on the subjects to which it related; yet in which the people would be on one side, and the that committee treated it as one of the most insignificant office-holders and office seekers on the other. While questions, and despatched it without a written report. up, he would refer to the Committee on Finance, and This all might be very right, but it certainly was very make one remark in reference to the report of that extraordinary and unusual. committee on the bill introduced by him a few days since, He had been there several years, both as presiding and, much against his wishes, referred to them. They officer and as a member of the body, and he must say bad reported against the bill, and it was not strange that that this was the first time he had ever known a question they should do so, because a majority of that committee to be put to the chairman of a committee, which he re. were three out of the six who voted against the deposite fused to answer. As a representative of one of the bill at the last session. But what he complained of was, States of this Union, he must say that he had a right to that they had reported it without one single word of ex an answer. The bill bad gone to the committee, had planation; the chairman simply saying that he was in received its disapprobation, and the committee ought to structed by the committee to move for its indefinite let them know the grounds on which they objected to postponement. He would now ask the chairman on it. If there was no surplus, let us (said Mr. C.) hear what gcounds he had reported against this bill? Was it the committee say so. If there was one, then, said he, because the committee were satisfied that there would let us hear what objections the committee have to depos. not be a surplus? If so, (said Mr. C.,) let us know it. iting it with the Siates. He made no complaints, but he I shall be glad to hear that such was their reason, be must say that the course of the committee was very es. cause it is a debatable proposition. Was it because they traordinary. would not have the surplus deposited with the Slates? Mr. HUBBARD remarked that he was at all times in If this was the case, it was direcily contrary to the known favor of giving to the people all the information which sense of that body, expressed alidost unanimously at the could be communicated to them, either through their

Dec, 28, 1836.]

Unexpended Appropriations.

(SENATE.

Governors or the Legislatures of the several States, in Stales, or to be levied by taxes off the people. The relation to every subject connected with the legislation objects are not of a nature to be dispensed with, and the of Congress; and he was the last man who would with money to complete them must be got somewhere. This hold information from his constituents, which could, by is material information to give to the States, and to give any possibility, give them any light upon the acts of their to them now, while their Legislatures are occupied with representatives.

the question of our deposite act, and some for treating it He would request the Secretary of the Senate to read as a deposite, and some as a distribution. With this the resolution offered by the Senator from Missouri. document before them, no State can treat it as a distribuAfter it was read, Mr. Il. remarked that the resolution tion; no one can look upon the deposite as money for was as he supposed; and he was entirely at a loss to which the Government has no use; but every one will know what was the particular object of his friend from see that there is indispensable need for it; and by look. Missouri, in that part of his resolution which required ing at the date of each appropriation, they will see that that five copies of the document referred to should be this unavoidable surplus was forcibly created by keeping sent to the Governors, and that twenty copies of the same off appropriations until it was too late to expend them. document should be sent to the Legislatures, of the sev. Every body knew that the struggle of the last session eral States. From the remarks of the Senator from was to keep off appropriations, and that the organization Missouri, it seemed to him that this document was in of committees gave the opposition the power to keep some way or other to have some effect upon the depos- them off. In this way, the unavoidable surplus was vioite bill of the last session; but he could not see in what lently and forcibly produced. Several millions were deway the communication of these documents to the Legis- feated altogether: namely, the anticipation of the foreign latures could have any effect whatever upon their action indemnities, by which the United States would have on tbal bill. Congress has passed that bill; it was to bought four millions of gold, bearing an interest of 4 and take effect within a very few days-on the 1st day of 5 per cent.; the army inrcease bill was defeated; the January next. The money then in the Treasury was to new fortification bill defealed; the New Orleans custombe set apart, and to be taken, under the direction of the house; the bill for the purchase of the Louisville and Secretary of the Treasury, from the deposite banks, and Portland canal; and others, to the amount of six or seven transferred to the State treasuries for deposite and for millions. From the beginning to the end of the session, safe keeping, in pursuance of the particular provisions of he stood upon the ground that, if the proper appropriathe bill itself.

tions were made, and made in time to be used, there The printing of the document may be useful to the would be no more surplus than had often been in the Senate; it may be important to them, for their informa. Bank of the United States, without exciting the least tion and guidance with reference to the bill presented by alarm in the bosoms of those who could now see nothing the Senator from South Carolina, to continue in force but corruption, danger, and ruin, from the like sums ia the deposite bill. But it could not be of any practical the ninely different banks which now hold the public de. benefit to the Legislatures of the States, in relation to posites. The United States Bank often beld fourteen, the bill of the last session. Whether wisely or not, Con- sixteen, or eighteen millions of public money, and not a gress had passed that bill, and the States were soon to word is said about corruption; not more than ihat amount receive the benefit of it; and he would suggest to the would have remained in all the deposite banks, if the Senator the propriety of so amending his resolutions as necessary appropriations bad been made, and made in to confine the printing for the use of the Senaie, and not time to be used. He wished this document to go to ille to require that printed copies of this document should people of the States, that they might see these facts. be sent to the Governors and L«gislatures of the several He knew it was somewhat ungracious to ask this Senate, States. With a knowledge of what probably would be so many of whom bad voted for the deposite act, to fur. in the Treasury on the 1st day of January, as the unex nish this evidence of the error under which they legis. pended balances of former appropriations are very great,lated; but certain it is, that many of them roted for it ag and a decided majority of the Senate gave their votes in a deposite law, in fact as well as in name, and not as a favor of the deposite bill of the last session, it certainly distribution law, under a false title, in derision of the would not be difficult to show that this document fails to constitution. Such Senalors should have no objection to give correct information. The gentleman from Missouri, sending this document to the State Legislatures, to let he presumed, could not desire to have this document them see the objects for which a reimbursement of this communicated to the State Legislatures, unless he be- money must be made, or unnecessary taxes kept up to lieved it would impart useful information to them. And, supply its abstraction. But of one thing be was certain, for one, he could not but believe that it was calculated whether the Senate sent the document to the States or to make an erroneous impression upon the public mind; not, it would go to the States. After this attempt to to misguide and to mislead the action of those Legisla- suppress il, all must desire to see it. tures in relation to that bill. Without saying more at Mr. CALHOUN remarked that he found the inforthis time, he did hope that the Senator from Missouri mation which the gentleman from Missouri was so angwould amend his motion as bad been suggested.

ious to give the country was already before the Senate Mr. BENTON asked the Secretary to read the cap. 1 in a very authentic form. It was to be found in the tion of the document. The Secretary read it; and Mr. table of estimates accompanying the report of the Secre. B., inviting the attention of the Senate to the words of tary of the Treasury. He argued that, according to the the caption, and that the 1st day of January next was the assertion of the Secretary of the Treasury, who estimatime to which the unexpended balances were compuled, ted the unexpended balances of appropriation at pointed out that this was exclusive of sums which might $14,636,062, the sum of $3,013,389 would not be wanted. be in the hands of disbursing officers, and which, though The Senator, therefore, in sending out a document, still charged to them, might be all expended, and would setting forth that $14,500,000 were required for outbe by the end of the quarter. The sums in the hands of standing appropriations, would mislead the public, and disbursing officers was no fund to meet these fourteen make a false impression. Mr. C. contended ihat, taking and a half millions, but were intended to be expended the five millions which must be left in the Treasury, on by the last day of the present quarter. The five millions account of the deposite act, from the eleven and odd left in the Treasury will be a fund, as far as it goes, 10 remaining of the fourteen millions, together with the meet the fourteen and a half millions; but nine and a money at present in the hands of the disbursing officers, half millions will still remain to be reimbursed by the there would be funds enough on band, within a small

SENATE.)

Unexpended Appropriations.

(Dec. 28, 1836.

amount, to meet the outstanding appropriations. Now, be wanting, of which five millions remain in the Treaswhen it was admitted by every one that the surplus ury, and about nine and a half go to the States. It is which would be on hand at the end of the next year certainly desirable to the States to know at once that would amount to at least twenty-five millions of dollars, these nine and a half millions will be wanted in two (and for himself he entertained no doubt that it would years, and part of it the first year. This is the intimabe thirty, unless the country should be disturbed by a tion in the President's message. Mr. B. read the paswar, or some other unforeseen catastrophe,) he would sage: seriously ask, was there a Senator on that floor, of any * The unexpended balances of appropriation on the party, who would say, in a time of profound peace, (for 1st day of January next are estimated at $14,636,062, he would not call the Seminole war interrupting the exceeding by $9,636,062 the amount which will be left peace of the Union,) and recollecting the fact that this in the deposite banks, subject to the draft of the Treasadministration came in as a reform administration, that a urer of the United States, after the contemplated transtax should be raised, or that the money distributed un. fers to the several States are made. If, therefore, the der the deposite bill, should be refunded in order to future receipts should not be sufficient to meet these make extravagant appropriations? He (Mr. C.) could outstanding and future appropriations, there may be not believe it. He knew that attempts would be made soon a necessity to use a portion of the funds deposited to prevent the renewal of the deposite act, though he with the States." could not say that this was one of them. But let him Mr. B. said, here was a clear declaration that these tell gentlemen that these attempts would only produce unexpended balances were to meet these outstanding a reaction, and end in their defeat.

appropriations; and if the future receipts into the Treas. Mr. C., in conclusion, adverted to the subject of a re. ury did not meet them, the States might soon be called duction of the revenue, and the necessity of bringing it upon for a part of their deposites. Now, here was a down to the legitimate wants of the Government. He question, first for the Finance Committee, and afterinsisted that the Committee on Finance, to whom was wards for Congress. Would they keep up unnecessary referred the consideration of this matter, were bound to taxes to meet these balances, or call upon the States to show, in a satisfactory manner, either that there would refund? He, for one, should be against keeping up the be no surplus next year, or to admit the necessity of taxes for this object, and should be for calling on the making an adequate reduction of the revenue.

States, and therefore would show them at once the Mr. BENTON said the document which had been specific objects for which the money was wanted. read, to wit: the estimale of appropriations for 1837, Mr. B. read another passage from the President's mes. was not unknown to him. He was no stranger to the sage to show that these moneys must be refunded by the document itself, or to the laws under which it was an States, or taxes, otherwise unnecessary, must be kept nually framed. One part of it, that of the estimates for up to supply their place; so that, in no event, could the service of the ensuing year, was framed under an they be called and treated as an unavoidable surplus for act as old as the Government; the other part of it, that which the Government has no use: which related to the unexpended balances, was more “No time was lost, after the making of the requisite modern, and was framed under an act of 1820, to carry appropriations, in resuming the great national work of into effect more completely an act of 1795, relative to completing the unfinished fortifications on our seaboard, unexpended balances. This act of 1795 continues all ap. and of placing them in a proper state of defence. In propriations in force for two full years after the year in consequence, however, of the very late day at which which they are made; and at the end of those two years those bills were passed, but little progress could be directs any balance that may remain to be carried to made during the season which has just closed. A very the surplus fund. The act of 1820 was to facilitate the large amount of the moneys granted at your last session understandir:g and use of these balances; and for that accordingly remains unexpended; but as the work will purpose it directed the Secretary of the Treasury to an. be again resumed at the earliest moment in the coming nex them to his annual estimate of appropriations, spring, the balance of the existing appropriations, and divided into three heads, according to the act of 1795; in several cases which will be laid before you with the one head was to show what part of the unexpended bal. proper estimates, further sums for the like objects may ances of the expired year would be wanted in the first be visefully expended during the next year.” of the two next years, and what part in the secord of Mr. B. repeated, the Government has a use for this them, and what part would not be wanted at all; and so money, and a use so urgent, that she must raise it by would go to the surplus fund. Thus the unexpended taxation, if any of the States violate the deposite act, and balances are now, and, ever since 1820, have been shown hold on to the moneys as their portion of a distributive in three columns, headed as directed by the eighth sec. fund. tion of that act. Thus they stand in this estimate; and To make this matter too plain for mistake, too obvi. the amount under each head is, hirs, for the service of ous for commentary, and too imperative to be disputed, 1837, there will be wanted of these inexpended balan. Mr. B. would refer to the letter of the Secretary of the ces the sum of $11,427,480; for 1838, there will be Treasury, accompanying the annual estimates, and show. wanted $3,013,389; and there will remain the sum of ing these unexpended balances, and expressly including $195,183, which will not be wanted at all in either of them in his estimate for the service of 1837 and 1838. the two years, and therefore will go to the surplus This is the letter referred to: fund. The aggregate of these three sums makes the

TREASURY DEPARTMENT, $14,636,062 mentioned in the President's message, and also in the document of the estimates; and the aggre.

December 6, 1836. gate of the two first sums will make the amount in this SIR: I have the honor to transmit, for the information second document which is now asked to be printed. Io of the House of Representatives, an estimate of the apthis document the third head or column is dropped, be- propriations proposed to be made for the service of the cause the amount in it is no longer wanted; and the’two year 1837, amounting to

$20,354,443 57 heads in the first and second columns are united and made into one, because the object was to know how

Viz: much of the appropriations were unexpended, and Civil list, foreign intercourse, and miswould be wanting in the next two years. This docu cellaneous,

$2,925,670 62 ment shows that near fourteen and a half millions will / Military service, including fortifications,

Dec. 28, 1836.]

Unexpended Appropriations.

(SENATE.

armories, arsenals, ordnance, Indian

importance, if it was to regulate the conduce of the affairs, revolutionary and military

States in that particular. But, then, if it be important, pensions, and internal improvements, $10,758,431 33 and is to be of service, it ought to go in a correct form. Naval service, including the marine

Now, how did the Senator from Missouri propose to send corps,

6,670,340 62 out this information. It was, that there was now an un

expended balance of appropriations of fourteen mil. To the estimates are added statements,

lions of dollars, and the inference was, that the money showing,

must be called back from the States to meet these bal. 1. The appropriations for the service

ances when wanted. of the year 1837, made by former

Now, if this was a fact, the information had betler be acts, including arming and equipping

sent out; bul if the tendency of it was to mislead every the militia, civilization of Indians,

body, it ought not to be given. The President said that revolutionary claims, revolutionary

there was a balance of unexpended appropriations of pensions under the act of 7th June,

fourteen millions of dollars, and when the five millions 1832, claims of the State of Virginia,

left in the Treasury by the provisions of the deposite gradual improvement of the navy,

law was deducied from the sum, then there would reand public debt,

$2,347,000 00 main nine millions; and the President proceeds to say, 2. The existing appropriations wbich

that if there should be no money in the Treasury to meet will not be required for the service

this balance, then Congress must make some arrange. of the year 1836, and which it is pro.

ment for that purpose. Now, he called upon the Senposed to apply in aid of the service of

ator from Missouri to show, and it was incumbent on him the year 1837, amounting to.

3,013,389 34 to do so, that there would be no money in the Treasury 3. The existing appropriations which

to meet these balances. Now, did the Senator from will be required to complete the

Missouri propose to show any such thing? No, he did service of the year 1836, and former

not pretend to say that the receipts into the Treasury years, but which will be expended

would not be sufficient to mect all demands. What was in 1837, amounting to

11,427,489 87

to be the consequence of sending abroad this document? There is also added to the estimates a statement of the Was it to create an alarm, and prevent the States from several appropriations which will probably be carried making use of the money placed in their hands? Was to the surplus fund at the close of the present year; there any reason to suppose that there would be a defi. either because the objects for which they were made ciency of the revenue? Hlas your Secretary of the Treasare completed, or because these sums will not be re. ury, asked Mr. D., said that there will be any deficiency quired for, or will no longer be applicable to them, of the revenue? No, sir, no such thing; he suggests the amounting 10 $195,183 64.

bare, naked fact, that there will be fourteen millions of I have ihe honor to be, very respectfully, your obe. dollars of unexpended appropriations of the last year. dient servant,

Well, what did the Senator from Missouri say in regard LEVI WOODBURY,

to the revenues of the country? Why, he chided and Secretary of the Treasury. rebuked them all (and he took it very kindly, for he was llon. JAMES K. Polk,

subject to such rebukes) for staving off appropriations Speaker of the House of Representutives.

at the last session, and, in the end, withholding appropri

ations. Well, sir, (said Mr. D.,) I plead guilty to the With these views of the subject, and these references charge; I was one of those who resisted the double and to the President's message, and the Secretary of the triple appropriations on the fortification bill, (and I see Treasury's letiter, Mr. B. held it to be well proved that those around me who did the same,) and sleeping or the document which he proposed to have printed and waking I have never had occasion to regret the course sent to the States was not a false or deceptive paper, 10 I then took. Why, did the Senator know what were mislead and confuse the public mind, but a document the actual expenditures of the last year? if he did nul, true and perspicuous, calculated to instruct and inform he could know it by looking at the President's message the public mind, and to save all good citizens from the and accompanying documents

, and he would find that they danger of falling into the error us considering the moneys amounted io thirty-two and some odd millions of dollars; deposited with ihe States as an unavoidable surplus, for and, ifte understood matters, these fourteen millions were which the Government has no use, and which they may to be added to ilmaking forty odd millions appropriconsequently treat as their own. This document, if ated last session. Sir, (said Mr. D.,) compare ihis with printed, will save all good citizens from that error, and the appropriations of any other administration, and see show them that the Government has actually appropri. what has been appropriated by the very reluciant Conated a large part of the money deposited with them, and gress, who have been chided for staving off approprimust get it back, or raise it again by taxes.

ations, and for withholding appropriations. Find, if you Mr. CALHOUN said he bad certainly made no com can, (said Mr. D.,) a parallel to this sort of extravagance. plaint of inaccuracy on the part of the Secretary of the He was astonished ibat any Senator could rise in his Treasury. lle presumed that his calculations were per place and indulge in such rebukes as the Senator fiom fectly accurate; but what he complained of was, ihat Missouri bad, after the extravagant appropriations of the the Senator from Missouri proposed to send out a docu- last session. ment which was not correct, with a view to show the The Senator seemed to consider this a question, outstanding appropriations remaining unsatisfied. He whether this money should lie in the Treasury, to be maintained that the document was entirely pernicious, disposed of by the officers of the Government, on their for it set forth what was not really the truth of the case; responsibility, or go to the people of the Slates, from and all that be desired was that the public should not be whom it came. This was the question that was made deceived on the subject.

there last winter, and he, for one, never could hesitate Mr. Davis bad but one word to say in regard to this how to vole on it. After some further remarks, Mr. D). matter. If he understood this proposition, it was to said he thought some misapprehensions existed as to the give information to the States, to regulate their conduct information sent out from the two Hlouses of Congress. in some legislation it was supposed they were about to Did all these documents that were daily printed go to be engaged in. It was information, therefore, of some ihe poor and uninformed? They who stood there knew

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