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CENSUS OF UNITED KINGDOM , 1861.
Pop. to 89. Miles.
Fomales. Total. Sg. Mile. Total of England,... 50,922 9,207,837 9,742,093 18,949,930 372.1
Wales, 7,396 551,015 560,780 1,111,795 150.3
Ireland,.... 31,870 2,804,961 2,959,582 5,764,548 181.5 Isl'ds in British seas,
66,394 77,385 143,779 Army, navy and merchant seamen,...
303,412 Total U. Kingdom, 14,380,634 14,954,154 29,334,788
The population of the United Kingdom was, in 1801, 16,095,000; in 1851, 27,452,262 ; in 1861, 29,334,788. Of Ireland the population was, in 1851, 6,552,385; in 1861, 5,764,543, showing a decrease in the ten years of 787,842.
THE BRITISH COLONIES IN 1838 AND 1839. The following interesting facts we have collected from documents issued by the English colonial office very recently:
In 1839 England had 24 colonies; in 1858 she counted 32. In the
* The details by counties for New-Brunswick and Newfoundland, according to the census of 1861, have not been officially published. The totals, however, are probably sufficiently accurate, and are here given as found in the Canadian News.
former year the population was 3,859,000 persons; in the latter, 8,149,000, being equal to an augmentation of 4,290,000, or 111 per cent. In 1838 the revenue they raised was £2,381,000; in 1858 it was £10,256,000, which was equal to an increase of £7,875,000, or 330 per cent. The value of the imports in the earlier year was £16,137,000; in the latter, £50,614,000, showing an increase of £34,477,000, or 214 per cent. The exports from the colonies were in 1838 valued at £14,904,000, and this amount stands against £43,017,000 in 1858, being an increase of £28,113,000, or 190 per cent. The
paper from which these figures are taken divides the colonies into seven groups: 1. British North America is now constituted of seven separate colonies. Omitting British Columbia and Vancouver's Island, from which, at the time the paper was prepared, no returns had been received, the population in 1858 of the remaining five was 3,388,000; revenue, £1,476,814. The imports were, in value, £10,195,000, and the exports, £8,437,000. In 20 years the former value had nearly doubled, and the latter much more than doubled. 2. South Africa has two colonies. Population in 1858 was 408,000; revenue, £510,000; imports, £2,688,000; exports, £1,895,000. 3. Australia and New-Zealand, which in 1858 included six colonies, with Queensland. The latter dependency has, since that date, been separated from this group. Population, 1,125,000; revenue, £5,997,000; the imports were valued at £25,552,000, and the exports at £21,376,000. In relation to the amount of its population this group shows by far the greatest value alike in its revenue, its imports and in its exports; the first is at the rate of £5 7s. ; the second, £22 14s.; and the third, £19 per head. 4. West Indies number seven colonies, in which, not going beyond the period under review, we observe some marks of progress. The population in 1858 was 948,000 persons, or 253,000 more than in 1838. The revenue is £921,000, which was nearly 40 per cent. higher than it was 20 ycars earlier. Imports, £5,300,000; and the exports, £6,692,000. In the former a small increase is shown, but in the exports there is a large falling off, being now £1,881,000 less than in 1838. 5. West Coast of Africa is divided into three colonies. Population, 194,000, which appears to have been quite stationary; revenue, £44,789; imports, £606,945; which shows an increase in 1858, as compared with 1838, of £299,081, or nearly double in value. That the European population in this group should not increase is not surprising, when we consider the nature of the climate of Sierra Leone, Gambia and the Gold Coast. 6. Eastern Colonies are now four, namely: Ceylon, Mauritius, Hong Kong and Labuan. The population in 1858 was 2,069,000; revenue, £1,272,602; imports, £6,246,000; and exports, £4,543,000. The imports were £4,424,000, and the exports £3,482,000 higher than in 1838. The paper concludes with a small group, called the “ 7th Miscellaneous,” consisting of St. Helena, Bermuda and the Falklands, the total population being 17,000 in 1858.
1, LOAN AND TREASURY NOTE BILL. 2. BILL AUTHORIZING CERTIFICATES or INDEBTKDNK36.
8. SUPPLEMENTAL ACT AB TO CERTIFICATES OF INDEBTEDNESS. 4. OFFICIAL ORDER AS TO CERTIFICATES or INDEBTEDNESS. 5. TEADE ON THE CUMBERLAND AND TENNESSER-ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY. 6. CONVENTION BETWEEN UNITED STATES AND CHINA FOB THE ADJUSTMENT OF CLAIMB. 7. Rights OF BELLIGERENTS IN BRITISH PORTE-LETTER or INSTRUCTIONS FROM EARL RUSBELL.
LOAN AND TREASURY NOTE BILL. The following is a copy of the Loan and Treasury bill passed by Congress, and approved by the President on the 25th February, 1862 : AN ACT TO AUTHORIZE THE ISSUE OF UNITED STATES NOTES, AND FOR
THE REDEMPTION, OR FUNDING THEREOF, AND FOR FUNDING THE FLOATING DEBT OF THE UNITED STATES.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized to issue, on the credit of the United States, $150,000,000 of United States notes, not bearing interest, payable to bearer at the Treasury of the United States, and of such denominations as he may deem expedient, not less than $5 each: Provided, however, That fifty millions of said notes shall be in lieu of the demand Treasury notes, authorized to be issued by the act of July 17, 1861; which said demand notes shall be taken up as rapidly as practicable, and the notes herein provided for substituted for them; And provided further, That the amount of the two kinds of notes together shall at no time exceed the sum of $150,000,000, and such notes herein authorized shall be receivable in payment of all taxes, internal duties, excises, debts and demands of every kind due to the United States, except duties on imports, and of all claims and demands against the United States of every kind whatsoever, except for interest upon bonds and notes, which shall be paid in coin, and shall also be lawful money and a legal tender in payment of all debts, public and private, within the United States, except duties on imports and interest as aforesaid. And
holders of said United States notes depositing any sum not less than $50, or some multiple of $50, with the Treasurer of the United States, or either of the Assistant Treasurers, shall receive in exchange therefor duplicate certificates of deposit, one of which may be transmitted to the Secretary of the Treasury, who shall thereupon issue to the holder an equal amount of bonds of the United States, coupon or registered, as may by said holder be desired, bearing interest at the rate of six per centum per annum, payable semi-annually, and redeemable at the pleasure of the United States after five years, and payable twenty years from the date thereof. And such United States notes shall be received the same as coin, at their par value, in payment for any loans that may be hereafter sold or negotiated by the Secretary of the Treasury, and may be re-issued from time to time, as the exigen. cies of the public interests shall require.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That to enable the Secretary of the Treasury to fund the Treasury notes and floating debt of the United States, he is hereby authorized to issue, on the credit of the United States, coupon bonds or registered bonds, to an amount not exceeding $500,000,000, redeemable at the pleasure of the United States after five years, and payable twenty years from date, and bearing interest at the rate of six per centum per annum, and payable semi-annually. And the bonds herein authorized shall be of such denominations, not less than $50, as may be determined upon by the Secretary of the Treasury. And the Secretary of the Treasury may dispose of such bonds, at any time, at the market value thereof, for the coin of the United States, or for any of the Treasury notes that have been or may hereafter be issued under any former act of Congress, or for United States notes that may be issued under the provisions of this act; and all stocks, bonds and other securities of the United States held by individuals, corporations or associations, within the United States, shall be exempt from taxation by or under State authority.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the United States notes and the coupon or registered bonds authorized by this act shall be in such form as the Secretary of the Treasury may direct, and shall bear the written or engraved signatures of the Treasurer of the United States and the Register of the Treasury, and also, as evidence of lawful issue, the imprint
of a copy of the seal of the Treasury Department, which imprint shall be made under the direction of the Secretary, after the said notes or bonds shall be received from the engravers and before they are issued; or the said notes and bonds shall be signed by the Treasurer of the United States, or for the Treasurer by such persons as may be specially appointed by the Secretary of the Treasury for that purpose, and shall be countersigned by the Register of the Treasury, or for the Register by such persons as the Secretary of the Treasury may specially appoint for that purpose. And all the provisions of the act entitled "An act to authorize the issue of Treasury notes,” approved the twenty-third day of December, eighteen hundred and fifty-seven, so far as they can be applied to this act, and not inconsistent therewith, are hereby revived and re-enacted; and the sum of $300,000 is hereby appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to enable the Secretary of the Treasury to carry this act into effect.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Treasury may receive from any person or persons, or any corporation, United States notes on deposit, for not less than thirty days, in sums of not less than $100, with any of the Assistant Treasurers or designated depositories of the United States authorized by the Secretary of the Treasury to receive them, who shall issue therefor certificates of deposit, made in such form as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe, and said certificates of deposit shall bear interest at the rate of five per centum per annum; and any amount of United States notes so deposited may be withdrawn from deposit at any time after ten days' notice, on the return of said certificates : Provided, That the interest on all such deposits shall cease and determine at the pleasure of the Secretary of the Treasury: And provided further, That the aggregate of such deposit shall at no time exceed the amount of $25,000,000.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That all duties on imported goods
shall be paid in coin, or in notes payable on demand heretofore authorized to be issued, and by law receivable in payment of public dues, and the coin so paid shall be set apart as a special fund, and shall be applied as follows:
First. To the payment, in coin, of the interest on the bonds and notes of the United States.
Second.—To the purchase or payment of one per centum of the entire debt of the United States, to be made within each fiscal year after the first day of July, 1862, which is to be set apart as a sinking fund, and the interest of which shall, in like manner, be applied to the purchase or payment of the public debt, as the Secretary of the Treasury shall from time to time direct.
Third.—The residue thereof to be paid into the Treasury of the United States.
Secs. 6 and 7 provide simply the penalty for fraud and counterfeitinga fine not exceeding $5,000, and imprisonment not exceeding fifteen years.
THE BILL AUTHORIZING CERTIFICATES OF INDEBTEDNESS,
The following is a copy of the bill as passed and approved March 1, 1862 :
AN ACT TO AUTHORIZE THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY TO ISSUE CER
TIFICATES OF INDEBTEDNESS TO PUBLIC CREDITORS.
Be it enacted, &c., That the Secretary of the Treasury be and he is hereby authorized to cause to be issued to any public creditor who may be desirous to receive the same, upon requisition of the head of the proper department, in satisfaction of audited and settled demands against the United States, certificates for the whole amount due, or parts thereof, not less than one thousand dollars, signed by the Treasurer of the United States, and countersigned as may be directed by the Secretary of the. Treasury, which certificates shall be payable in one year from date, or earlier, at the option of the government, and shall bear interest at the rate of six per centum.
SUPPLEMENTAL TREASURY ACT.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury may purchase coin with any of the bonds or notes of the United States, authorized by law, at such rates and upon such terms as he may deem most advantageous to the public interest; and may issue, under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, certificates of indebtedness, such as are authorized by an act entitled “ An act to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to issue certificates of indebtedness to public creditors," approved March 1, 1862, to such creditors as may desire to