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Public debt of the United States.... 397

on...

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port of..

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66

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Pacific telegraph, account of........ 157

Q.
distances of stations
300 Quarantine reform.

428
extension of...

161
Queensland cotton

167
Paris, population of....

49
Quicksilver in California.

360
Patents, new, in United States. 196

R.
Paupers in Ireland.....

54
Pauperism and drinking in Ireland.. 50

Railroad, canal, & telegraph statistics,
Pawner's Bank, Boston..

292

73, 217, 299,462, 546
Paying debts, religion of..

315

communication betw'n New
Peabody, George, munificent donation
to London poor....

York and Washington.. 73
585

Erie, earnings, expenses, &c.
Pennsylvania railway report for 1861 471

1852-1861....

470
Peoria & Oquawka railroad company. 16

Erie, report of receiver.... 465
Illinois, advantages of, for loca-
tion of a national armory... 496

Illinois Central, annual re-

463
Pereonial cotton in cold climates.. 66

to Lake Superior...

547
Peru, cotton from

272

in United States, earnings
railroads in....

217
Peruvian guano, exp't of, from Chincha

for February and March,
1861-62

548
Llands...

86
Railroads in Canada..

303
Philadelphia, arrival of vess'ls at, 1861 285

in Chili...

301
bank returns, weekly,

in Connecticut...

73
290, 393, 491, 559
in England..

75
commerce of, 1859–61. 285

in Pennsylvania..

471
foreign, Nov.

io Peru..

217
1861..... 83
in Russia.

218
duties rec'd at, 1858-61 295

in the world, length & cost
Photozincography...

197
of...

462
Phrensies, commercial

225
Spanish.

218
Pirates, rebel...

182
Rebel pirates...

182
Poetry—“A contented life".

315
“ In State”..
Record, chronological, of 4 centuries. 17

70
Population of British North America 472 Reform in quarantine
499 Recovery of sunken vessels...

428
of China...

408
of France...

Religion of paying debts...

472
of Ireland, present..

Revenue of the U. States post-offices. 77
53

Review of an article "what is money.” 234
of Paris,...

49
of United Kingdom...49, 475 Rifles, American army.

of the saltpetre trade of 1861 452

591
statistics of.....48, 472, 574 Right of search.....

16
undue increase of female,

Rights of belligerents in British ports 484
in England ...

52
colored, of the U. States. 574 Rivers, harbor defences on.....
Rio Janeiro, coffee export, &c., of.... 454

337
Portland, Maine, commerce of.. 209

Rope, important tests of wire.. 556
Portuguese cotton....

67
Rothschild's wit....

409
Pork irade of the West for 1861-62. 542 Rouod cast-steel in coils, duty on. 169
Post office finances... ...

329
Roxbury, Mass., trade of....

208
United States, revenues of 77 Russia, exports and imports of, by
Postage to Italy by the French mail.. 81

each frontier, years 1853-59 456
advantage of uniformity in.

railways in....

218
443, 527
debt of

563
Postal arrangem't, British & American 78
bill, new..

401

S.
statistics
Prince Edward's Island, population of 475 Saddlery, duty on..

172
Produce, exports and receipts of, at Safflower, extract of, duty on....... 399
New York...

540 St. Paul, Minn., exports of, 1861..... 287
Property confiscated in rebel States. 174 Sale of machine shop at Lawrence,
Providence weekly bank returns,

Mass..

194
290, 393, 492, 560 Salmon fisheries of California.. 361

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315

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San Francisco, meeting of chamber of Tariff, U. S. amended Dec. 1861..... 94
commerce..

151 Tartary, cotton culture of..... 272
trade and commerce of 357 Tea, duty on....

304
Saltpetre, export from England for-

“ manufacture of....

556
bidden....
168 Telegraph, army

162
review of trade, 1861.. 452

cable, the Atlantic... 302
Savings banks of N. Y., report, 1861 493

the Chesapeake, cable laid 546
School, nautical, in N. Y. harbor..... 43

experiments...

160, 299
Science and the mercantile maripe... 68

extension on the Pacific.. 161
Scotland, population of......

475

..... 61, 159
Sea, loss of life at, 1861.

274

tariff, the Californian... 157
Search, right of.....

16
Atlantic....

299
Sequestration act in Alabama.

89

Co., expenses of.. 547
Sewing machines, exports, from N. Y. 209

Pacific....

157
Shawls, woolen, embroidered, duty on 400

to India,

222
Shipbuilding on the Mersey.

69
Ward's marine.

291
Shipping business at Montreal.. 84 Thames, new iron bridge over. 219
Ships, arming of merchant.

182 Tide water deliveries of the canals.. 213
ironplated....

189 Tobacco trade of New York........ 208
Shoes, improvement in the manufac-

historical, statistical, diplo.
ture of...

190
matic, and literary....

513
Silk, consumption of, England.. 85 Toledo, trade and commerce of...... 365
lacets, duty on.

170 Tools for working in iron.... 495
something about it.

321 Trade and commerce, statistics of,
Silver and gold...

128

82, 208 273, 357, 449, 574
Something about silk..

321

of Buffalo.... 368
South Pacific ocean, new reefs discov.

of Boston....

281
178

of Chicago 182, 363
Southern ports-opening of Beaufort,

of San Fran-
Port Royal, and New Orleans 550, 553

cisco....

357
Spanish railways....

of Toledo.... 365
Specie imports at N. Y., 1858-1861. 279 Trade of the lakes...

283, 210
St. Petersburgh, goods imported from

with China, Japan and the
U. S. to, in 1860-1861.

544
Amour...

155
Statistics of French census.

of New Orleans for year ending

472
of population..... 48, 472,574

March 1, 1862....

545
of trade and commerce,
Trick, a new..

508
82, 208, 273, 357, 449, 539 Treasury certificates, official order.. 480
Steamboat, the first...

76
decisions..

399
Steamers, American, in China.. 85

pote and loan bill..

477
between Bristol and N. Y. 70

notes by the cart-load... 293
Cunard Atlantic,

80

regulations, trade on the
dimensions

Cumberland and Tenn.. 481
of...... 180 Treaty between Turkey, England, and
subsidies to, by Chili.. 182
France.

175
Steamship building on the Clyde....

69 “ Trent,” facts as to stoppage of..... 1
Stray money letters...
80 Turkey, cotton growth in..

270
Subsidies to British mail steamers.. 79
Substitute for upper leather

195

U.
Sugar and molasses, southern demand
for...

82 Uniformity of postage, advantages of 448
circular, monthly.
46,200 Union Gun, the...

191
manufacture at Hamburg.... 555 United Kingdom, population of..... 49
Sunken vessels, recovery of.... 70

rights of bel'gerents
Supplemental treasury act.

479

in the ports of.... 484
Surat vs. American cotton..

381 United States and China, convention
Survey of the Isthmus of Darien, ... 14

between, for the ad-
System of warehousing, origin of, etc 239

justment of claims.. 483
anthracite coal trade. 376
cotton supply in..... 268

prospec-
Tariff, new, of Colombia.....

90

tive... 391

66

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United States, failures in 1861..... 316 Vessels, arrivals of, at N. Y., 1851-61 273
foreign commerce of,

of, at Philadelphia... 285
1860-1861.. 461

recovery of sunken.. 70
mint, annual report of Voyage, Arctic, of Dr. Hayes....... 183

directors, with his-

tory, coinage, etc. . 247
molasses trade of 1861 286

W.
cons'ption of
1850-1861 286 Wales, population of....

475
mail service, cost of.. 77 War, effects of, in retarding increase
minister to Japan.
163 of population....

53
new patents in.... 196 Warehousing system of G. Britain... 188
postal department, fi-

of U. States... 187
nances of..
329

origin, &c., of.. 349
post office, revenues of 77 Ward's marine telegraph....

221
public debt of....... 397 Washington railroad communication
tariff amended Dec., with New York.....

73
1861..

94 Western Bank, of Missouri, semi-an-
warehousing system of 187 nual return of..

.290, 291
wheat exports of,1841 Whaling ground, new, plenty of whal's 179
-1861..

449 Wheat exports of U. S., 1841-1861. 449
of Colombia, coin, val-

trade of France, 1841-1861... 449
ue of...

307

trade of G. Britain, 1841-61.. 449
Unproductive labor of Europe..... 211 Wines, fictitious

84
Wire rope, important tests of 556
V
Wool exports of California.

362

flax and cotton flax.
Velvets in piece for the button manu-

trade of Great Britain..

449
facture, duty on.....
170 growing ...

573
Venezuela, cultivation of cotton in.. 571 Woolen goods in France.

93
Vessels, arrivals and clearances of, at

jackets, duty on.
Boston, 1852-61. 281 Women, employment of

52

66

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GEORGE W. Wood, Printer, No. 2 Dutch Street, N. Y.

THE

MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE

AND

COMMERCIAL REVIEW.

JANUARY, 1862.

INTERNATIONAL LAW VS. THE TRENT AND SAN JACINTO.

PACTS AS TO SAILING AND ARREST OF MESSES. MABON AND SLIDELL-PRINCIPLES MORE SatisPACTORY AUTHORITY THAN PRECEDENTS-NATURAL JUSTICE THE FOUNDATION OF INTERNATIONAL Law-THE RIGHT OF SELF-DEFENCE AND THE DUTY OF NEUTRALS NOT TO BENEFIT EITHER BELLIGERENT NATURALLY FLOW FROM IT-THE SUBJECT OF CONTRABAND OF WAR A NECESSARY CONCLESIOx—THE RIGHT OF VI8IT AND SEARCH, IN TIME OF WAR, CLEARLY FOLLOWS—THE ACT OP THE CAPTAIN OF THE TRENT IN ALLOWING MESSRS. MASON AND SLIDELL TO TAKE PASBAGE ON HIS VESSEL A GROSS VIOLATION OF THE ABOVE PRINCIPLES-STILL THEIR REMOVAL BY CAPTAIN WILKES WAS WRONG-WE MUST DELIVER TIEM UP TO ENGLAND IF SIIE PROPERLY DEMANDS IT OF US-WE OWE IT TO OURSELVES NOT TO ALLOW SUCH A CASE TO STAND AS A PRECEDENT-ENGLAND SHOULD BE CALLED UPON TO MAKR REPARATION FOR THE ACT OF TIK CAPTAIN OF THE TRENT IN ALLOWING THESE COMMISSIONERS TO TAKE PASSAGE ON IS VEAEEL, &c.

The seizure of Messrs. Mason and SLIDELL has given rise to many questions of international law, and their arrest on and removal from an English vessel has been made a ground of complaint by Great Britain. These individuals were once Senators of the United States. For the past few months, however, they have been engaged in a traitorous conspiracy to overthrow the government of which they are subjects, and in furtherance of that object have, with others, formed a government of their own, which has been recognised by England and France as a belligerent power. When arrested they were on their way to Europe, on board the Trent, (a merchant vessel carrying the mail and belonging to persons subjects of the Queen of Great Britain,) as commissioners of the government they had thus helped to form, and for the purpose of obtaining the assistance of European nations in their treasonable endeavors. They first fled from the United States to Havana, and there, after making known their object and position, took passage and were received on the Trent, VOL. XLVI.-NO. I.

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