Reform and Revolution: The Life and Times of Raymond Robins

封面
Kent State University Press, 1991 - 472 頁
America's antagonistic relations with the Soviet Union can be traced to the U.S. response to the Bolshevik Revolution. Within weeks of the revolution, the State Department was considering the military intervention that set the stage for future troubled relations.

Raymond Robins stepped forward in 1917 voicing a minority view that the new regime was sustained by vast support, responding to the needs of workers and peasants. He and other observers believed that friendship and cooperation with Communist Russia would best serve Allied interests.

At Theodore Roosevelt's suggestion, Robins was appointed to the American Red Cross Commission to Russia in 1917, arriving in Petrograd to witness the last two months of the Provisional Government and the Bolshevik Revolution. He was then appointed first in command and took the initiative to discuss with Trotsky and Lenin the fate of American and other Allied representatives and all other key issues in the new United States-Soviet relationship.

Robins had played a central role in many important aspects of American life in the first decades of the 20th century and had gained a reputation as a great lawyer for the cause of reform. His years of experience in American reform affected his conclusions about the tumultuous events in Russia, and his pragmatic understanding of the realities facing Russian masses, the Soviets of Soldiers, Sailors, and Workers, and the Bolshevik leadership was astute, accurate and prophetic. In 1918 he predicted the "breakdown of Bolshevik formulas" under economic pressures that ultimately resulted in the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

 

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內容

Introduction
1
The First Search
7
Childhood
9
Success 18901897
21
Alaska 18971900
33
ChicagoA New Life
63
The Settlement Worker
65
Organized Labor
87
BrestLitovsk
240
Cooperation after BrestLitovsk
250
The Lenin Proposals
263
The Fight against Intervention
276
Free to Speak on Russia
289
The Last Campaigns
299
The Peace Settlement and Recognition of Russia 19191924
301
National Politics Prohibition and Outlawry of War
315

The Mission of the Social Gospel
104
Chicago Politics
119
The Progressive Party
138
Campaign for the U S Senate
153
The Mission in Russia
171
Origins of the Mission
173
The Provisional Government
181
Robins and Trotsky
203
Robins and Lenin
223
The Inner World
332
A Dream Fulfilled a Final Challenge
350
Epilogue
373
A Commission Report on Conditions Seventeenth Ward 1902
379
B Platform Progressive Party of Illinois Election of 1914
380
Letters on the Bolshevik Revolution Raymond to Margaret
382
Bibliography
441
Index
457
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