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Gaines, and if none, by the agent, sent with instruc | Extract of a letter from major general Jackson to bretions to draw on quartermaster general Gibson for vet major general Gaines, dated Nashville, 7th Au.the amount of his purchases; this is done to fa- gust, 1818. cilitate the march of the volunteers called for. 11
1 I am happy to find that the notorious Micco-deneed not observe that, without quartermaster's
cozey, is at length destroyed. The distress of the funds an army cannot be vielded either with
Indians for provisions I expected. Your providing promptitude or effect-promptitude in the present
for their wants meeis my entire approbation; it will campaign will be a great saving to the United
meet the entire approbation of the government, as States, both in character and purse.
it corresponds with the usual humanity extended I have the honor to be, most respectfully, your
to the suffering Indians. most obedient servant,
I have noted with attention, major Twiggs' let. (Signed) ANDREW JACKSON
ter, marked No. 5. I contemplated that the agents of Major General Commanding. Spain, or the officers at fort St. Augustine, would es. Hon. J. C. Calhoun, secretary of war:
cite the Indians to hostility and furnish them with
the means of war. It will be necessary to obtain (copy.)
evidence substantiating this fact, and that the hosHecd quarters, division of the south, tile Indians have been fed and furnished from the
Fort Gadsden, March 25th, 1818. garrison of St. Augustine. This being obtained, Sirl solicit the co-operation of the naval force should you deem your force sufficient, you will prounder your command, during the present campaign ceed to take and garrison fort St. Augustine with to the east of the Appalachicola river. It is re. American troops, and hold the garrison prisoners ported to me that Francis, of Hillis Hago, and Pe until you hear from the president of the United ter 'Queen. prophets, who excited the Red SuicksStates, or transport them to Cuba, as in your judg. in their late war against the United Staies, and are ment, under existing circumstances you may think now exciting the Seminoles to similar acts of hostili. best. ty, are at or in the neighborhood of St Marks: united Let it be remembered, that the proceedings carwith them it is stated that Woodbine, Arbuthnotried on by me, or this order, is not on the ground and other foreigners have assembled a motley crew that we are at war with Spain, it is on the ground of of brigands-slaves enticed away from their mas-self preservation, bottomed on the broad basis of the ters, citizens of the United States, or stolen, during law of nature and of nations, and justified by giving the late conflict with Great Britain. Ii is all in peace and security to our frontiers; hence the ne. portant that these men should be captured and cessity of procuring evidence of the fact of the made examples of, and it is my belief that on the agents or officers of Spain having excited the Inapproach of my army they will attempt to escape dians to continue the war against us, and that they to some of the sea islands from whence they may have furnished them with the means of carrying on be enabled for a time to continue their excitement, the war; this evidence being obtained, you will (if and carry on a predatory war against the United your force is sufficient) permit nothing to prevent States. You will therefore cruise along the coast, you from reducing fort St. Augustine, except a posieastwardly, and as I advance capture and make tive order from the department of war. prisoners of all, or every person, or description of Orders have some time since been given to the persons, white, red or black, with all their goods, officer of the ordnance, commanding at Charleston, chattels and effects, together with all crafis, ves. I to have in readiness a complete battering train, the se's, or means of transportation by water, which number and calibre of the guns pointed out I have will be held possession of for adjudication. no doubt you will find them in readiness.
Any of the subjects of his catholic majesty, sail. I enclose you the report of captain Henley, of ing to St. Marks, may be permitted freely to enter the naval force on that station; you will open a cor the said river; but none to pass out, unless after respondence with commandant A. J. Dallas, to in an examination it may be made to appear that they sure his co-operation, provided it should be requirhave not been attached to or in any wise aided ed. I trust before ius reaches, you will have and abetted our common enemy. I shall march this destroyed the settlement collected at Sywany; day, and in eight days will reach St. Marks, where this can easily be done by a coup de main, provide I shall expect to communicate with you in the bay, ed secrecy of your moveinon's be observed, and and from the transports receive the supplies for my great expedition of march used. Without expedie army. I will there bave an opportunity of concerting iion of movement, and great cantion, you will be with you future plans of co-operation; for additional discovered, and the eneniy will fiee, or endeavor operations you will call on colonel Gibson, quarter to ambuscade you; both of which ought to be master general, who is left in the command of for guarded against. Gadsdeli, and who is instructed to furnish you with Have is careful eye to your supplies on hand, that such vessels and equipments as may be deemed before they are consumed, others may be ordered, necessary for your co-operation with me. Col. and reach you. Without necessary supplies, an Gibson will place under your command transports army cannot operate with effect. The late scarci. loaded with provisions, arms, military stores, &c. ty oughi o teach us a les or on this head, nevesto wirich I wish you to protect to the bay of St. be forgotten. I therefore expect that no scarcily 1rks.
will happen at any place, pos:, or garrison, entrus!. Cxplain Neil with thirty (detachment) of men,ed to your care. I shall expect to hear from you principally seamen, have received instructions to shortly, and that you and your brigade inay be sucreport to you as a reinforcement to your com. cessful in your operations, and cover jourselves kand.
with glory, is my hPurtrmir wish. I remain your most obedient servant,
I am, very respectfully, yo r obedient servant, .(Signed) ANDREW JACKSON.
(Signed) . ANDREW JACKSON Major General Commanding.
sluj. Gen. Comg. Cape. Isaac NiKeever, commanding
True copy. Vaval forces in the bay of Appalachicola.
(Signed) R. H. CALL, Aid de cam.
NEW SERIES, No. 5-Vol. IV.] BALTIMORE, MARCH 27, 1810. No. 5--Vol. XVI. WHOLE No. 395
THE PAST THE PRESEXT-POR THE FUTURE.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY H. SILES, AT $5 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCÈ,
The title page and index for the last volume, ac- By capt, Gadsden you will receive some letters" companies the present number of the REGISTER. lately enclosed to me, detailing the information that
the Spaniards at fort St. Augustine were again exWe have now so near'' waded through the citing the Indians to war against us, and a copy of things about which we had su little, if any choice, my order to gen. Gaines upon this subject. It is whether to publish or not, that we think we can what I expected, and proves the necessity and sound most gladly promise to ourselves and our readers, a policy of not only holding the posts which we are pleasing variety of original and selected matter, to now in possession of, but likewise of our possessing strve as a desert to some long and solid papers, ourselves of fort St. Augustine; this alone can insure · which we shall leisurely proceed to insert. peace and security on our southern frontier.
Mr. Lacock's promised reply to the strctures on It is alone by a just and a bold course of conduct the report to the senate on the Seminole war, has that we can expect to obtain and secure respect from been received, and is laid off for our next paper. Europe, and not by a timid temporizing policy; the
first commands admiration and esteem, the latter Continued from our last.]
contempt; but froin the composition of the present EXTRACT.)
administration, I can never suppose, that they will - Head Quarters, Div. South, abandon rights or assume a timid temporizing
Nashville, August 10, 1818. course of policy. I therefore conclude that the posts Captain Gadsden will likewise deliver you his re- will never be surrendered, unless upon the terms port made in pursuance of my order, accompa. agreed on in the capitulation, and then it guaranteed nied with the plans of the fortifications thought that those terms will be punctually fulfilled; parti. necessary for the defence of the Floridas, in con. cularly when it is recollected that unless this is done, nexion with the line of defence on our southern our frontier will be exposed to all the sceites of frontier. This was done under the belief that go. blood and massacre, beretofore experienced, and to vernment would never jcopardize the safety of the regain them will cost us much blood and treasure in Onion, of the security of our frontier, by surrender- the event of a war. The security of the western ing those posts, unless upon a sure guarantee, states, renders it necessary that they should be held; agreeably to the stipulations of the articles of ca. the voice of the people will demand it. But upon pitulation, that will ensure permanent peace, tran- this, as well as every other subject, I refer you to . quility, and security to our southern frontier. It capt. Gadsden. is believed that Spain can never furnish this gua- i have the honor to be, sir, with great respect, rantee, as long as there are Indirns in Florida and your most obedient serv't. it possessed by Spain. They will be excited to
ANDREW JACKSON, . war, and the indiscriminate murder of our citizens,
Moj. gen. comd'e. by foreign agents and Spanish officers. The con- Hon. J. C. Calhoun, duct of Spain for the last six years fully proves this. Secretary of trar. It was under the belief that the Floridas would be held, that my orders to make the report, were given to capt. Gadsden. To this I refer yon; its perusal will show you how important it is, not only to
Department of war, ks: Seplember, 1818. the defence and security of our frontier, but to the Si-General Jackson has transmitted to this de whole U. States. It points to our vulnerable points, partment a copy of his letter to you of the 7th ulti. and shows our country can, and was intended to be mo. It is to be presumed that his orders in relation invaded during the last war from this quarter, and to St. Augustine, rere given before he was apthat the attempt would have been made, had not prised of the decision of the president in relation to the Creek Indians been subdued previous to the ar- St. Mårks and Pensacola; as the principle on which rival of the British troops, and afterwards their at-ihat decision was made, would equally extend to tempt to gain possession of Mobile Bay was frus. the case oi' St. Augustine, you will, accordingly, not trated by the repulse they met with at Fort Bowyer. carry that part of general Jackson's order into exe. If possession is given of the points now occupied by cution, except to collect with care the evidence of our troops and a war ensues, an attempt will no such facts as go to prove any countenance or assistdoubt be maile to penetrate our country by the up-ance from the Spanish authority in St. Augustine, palachicola, and by the aid of the Indians, to reach to the hostile Indians; and should you ascertain that the Mississippi, at or above the Chickasaw Bluffs. they have afforded any, you will report the facts, Should tbis be done with a forinidable force in our properly supported br evidence, to this department. unprepared state it is highly probable that the enemy You will also report the facts on which you crdermight reach the banks of the Mississippi; occupying ed the issue of rations to the Indians, and the extent these posts, will prevent the danger of such an oc. of the issue. I refer you to the issue which is alluded currence; surrender them, and I would not, without to in general Jackson's letter to you of the 7th ult. a much stronger force,hold myself responsible for the as the department has not yet received any informie safety of my division. Bat with those posts fortified tion on the subject. as recommended, and with an effective force of 5000 I have, &c.
J.C. CALIIQUN. men, I pledge my life upon defending the country | Gen. E. P. Cuines. from St. Mary's to tie Barrataire, against all the ma! -.chinations and attacks of the Holy Alliance, and com-/ *These letters have been passed into the state de.
partment, and cannot now be found, Vol. XVI.-7.
Extract of a letter from J. C. Calhoi secretary of 3d. That the number and grades of the officers war, lo major general Andrew Jackson, duteıl the who commanded (or served with) the two companies 8th Sept. 1818.
of rangers, under captans Boyle and M'Gist, appear I enclose a copy of my orders of the 14th ultimo, from a comimunication of the paymaster of the 4th tu gen. Gaines, for your information.
regiment of infantry, dated the 23d of Sept. 1818, to I concur in the view which you have taken in re- have been, lation to the importance of Florida, the effectual 2 captains: 2 first lieutenants: 2 second lieutenants pe. ce and security of our southern frontier; and 1 surgeon's mate. such, I believe, is the opinion of every member of Tam, very respectfully, sir, vour most obedient, Wie administration: fu fact, the grounds assumed are
NATH'L. FRYE, Jun, chief clerk. · Vory far from being feeble. St. Marks will be re- 7'o the hon. Abner Lacock, churman
tained until Spain shall be ready to garrison it with of the committee on the subject of the a sufficient force; and fort Gadsden, and any other Seminole war, in senate of the United States. position in East Florida, within the Indian country, which may be deemed eligible, will be retuined sol. Paymaster general's office, cily of Washington, long as there is any danger; which, ii is hope, will
February 233, 1819.. afford the desired security. We ought, it is true, Sin-Your letter of yesterday's date is now be. never to resort to timid measures to avoid war; but fore me, and with reference to my note of the 20th it appears to me, that a certain degree of caution instant, I have to state, that the whole number of (not from the fear of the holy alliance) ought, at inen, rank anel file, employed as volunteers froin This time, to mark our policy. A war with Spain, Tennessee and Kentucky," appears from the muswere it to continue with her alone, and were there ter rolls to have been 1,163; the number employed to great neutral powers to avail theinselves of the in captain Loyle's and captain M Gist's companies opportunity of embarrassing us, would be nothing: frangers, 140. but such a war would not continue long without in-1: With sentiments of much respect, I am, sir, your volving other parties, and it certainly would, in a inost obedient, few years, be an English war. In such a war, I would
NATH'L. FRYE, Jun. chiof clerk. not fear for the fate of our country; but certainly, if To the hon. Aber Lacock, chairman, it can be prudently and honorably avoided for the of ihe committee on the subject of the present, it ought to be. We want time; time to Seminole war, in senate of the United States. grow, to perfect our fortifications, to enlarge our navy, to replenish our depots, and to pay our debts.
(Copy.) I speak to you frankly, knowing your zcal for our
Washington city, Feb. 5, 1819. country, with whose glory yours is now identified. Sin I have the honor to acknowledge the re. No one who has examined my political course, will, ceipt of your letter of the present date, enclosing a I am sure; think that these opinions are influenced by communication from the chairman of the committee timid councils...
of the senate, requesting of you a copy of the letter . Note-The order of the 14th of August, referred addressed by major White Youngs to governor Ma.
to in the above extract has been already communi- sot, on the 27th April, 1818. Not having received ocated to congress. :
Ja report from major Youngs, relative to the corresIlere follows the detier from gov. Bibb, inserted in pondence with governor Masot, or his attack on the bare 39, before we observed that it was included in this Indians in the vicinity of Pensacola, the only infor: scries of documents.].
mation I possess on the subject is contained in the
letter of governor Bibb, dated on 19th of May, 181& Paumaster general's office, city of Washington, to which I beg leave to refer you.
...in February 20, 1815.1 On my return from Suhanne to St. Marks, I was SurIn answer to your letter of the 17th of the informed (through the medium of Mr. Hambly) by .. preseut month, I have the honor to state,
the captain of a vessel direct from Pensacola, that ." Ist. That the numbers and grades of the officers a number of hostile Indians had assembled at that ... who commanded the detachment of Indians em- place. On interrogating the captain, he reluctant
ploved under MIntosh, and the whole number of In-lly stated, that, at the time of his sailing, there were dians appear, from the accounts of the agent who in Pensacola 450 or 500 Indians; that they had been paid them, to have been,
· fed, and furnished with munitions of war, and were * i Brigadier general: 2 colonels:, 2 lieutenant committing depredations on the persons and proi-colonels: 2.majors: 1 assistant, adjutant general: 4) perty of the citizens on the frontier of Alabama, :assistant commissaries: 28 captains: 28. first lieuten-land also on the subjects of Spain. After receiving · ants: 28 second do. 1517 rank and file (or other war- this information, I informed you in my letter, dated riors.)
at St. Marks on the 26th of April, that I should leave 20. «That the number and grades of the officers that place for Fort Gadsden in two or three days, · who commanded the Tennessee and Kentucky vo- and after making all necessary arrangements for lunteers" appear from the rolls which mustered the security of the position occupied, and detachthem into service, to have been,
ing a force to scour the country west of the Ap. Lassistant adjutant general: 1 do, inspector do. palachicola, I should proceed direct to Nashville. 11 do, deputy quartermaster do. I chaplain; 1 forage |I then ordered captain Sands to Mobile, to prepare master: i assistant forage master: 1 judge advocate: and hold in readiness a train of artillery, should cir2 colonels: 4. lieutenant colonels; 4 majors: 4 adju- cumstances, arising out of facts disclosed, render its tants (regimental): 2 quartermasters, do. 2 surgeons, use in the field necessary. On this occasion, as on .do. 4 surgeons' mates, do. 4 sergeant majors, do. all others, I thought it to be my duty to be prepared
A quartermaster sergeants, do, 20 captains: 20 first fully to execute my orders, in putting an end to the - lieutenants: 18 second lieutenants: 11 third Lieuten- conflict. ants: 17 cornets.
On my arrival at Fort Gadsden, my quartermasOf whom one captain and one first lieutenant ap-ter general, col. George Gibson, (who was charged near to have belonged to Kentucky; the others to with the defence of that post) handed me several Tennessee.
lletters, brought from Fort Montgomery by major
Hogan, from respectable citizens, confirming the lieut. col. Arbuckle, of the 7th infantry, who, on a réport made by the captain of the schooner while near approach, detached me wich a command to adat St. Marks; and detailing the murder of eighteen vance on the village by a different route from that of our citizens on the Sepulgurs, and the destruc- which he took; my orders from hiin were to take tion of a family near Fort Claiborne. Major Hogan prisoners if possible, but if an attempt to escape wa also confirined this information; and added, that the inade, to fire; and to examine all the buildings for.. citizen's at Montgomery were fortifying themselves.corn; we were however discovered when within two Similar information was received from two gentle hundred yards, and the Indians took to flight, giving mers, who arrived in a vessel laden with suttlers' the war whoop, and firing alarm guns; corn, cattle, stores for the troops at fort Gadsden,but whose names and other provisions, I have no hesitancy in saying, are not now recollected; and by the captains of the was the object of this visit. We had one or two wasloop Hector and barge Peacock, direct from Mo-gons with the detachment, which were loading with bile. In addition to the foregoing, I was shown a corn from the cribs of the Indians, when an attack letter (confidentially written) froin a person of high was commenced by them, in which we had one mani respectability in Pensacola, detailing the facts as killed. As the Indians fought on the edge of the stated by the captain of the schooner at St. Marks. swamp, their loss was not ascertained, otherwise
This incorination, corroborated by so many per-than by their own acknowledgment, which was af. sons, determined me to go in person to Pensacola; terwards said to be five or six warriors killed. We and I ordered colonel Gibson forth with to Mobile, brought off all the corn which we conveniently with instructions to give every facility to captain could, and perhaps fifteen or eighteen head of cattle, Sands, in having the artillery secretly moved to and a few horses; previous to our return to fort Fort Montgomery, there to await my orders; and Scott, the detachment was halted on the Flint river, immediately organized a force sufficient for the ex-three miles from Fowl Town, and twelve from fort ccution of my orders, under date of the 26th De- Scott, where they reinained four or five days, in cember, 1817.
building a small picket work called fort Hugacs; After crossing the Choctawhachr, i 'despatched the provisions thus taken was just sufficient for the an Indian guicte with a soldicr express to Fort Craw-support of the troops during their absence from ford, with orders to colonel Gibson and capt. Sands, fort Scott. The third and last visit paid the village at Fort Montgomery, to move on the artillery and by our troops, was during the absence of general form a junction with me, after I crossed the Escam-Gaines, who was at Amelia Island. This detachment biá river; which order was promptly executed. On was also commanded by lieut. col. Arbuckle, and my reaching the Escambia, I was met by captain on our arrival, finding the place entirely abandoned Bovle, express from governor Bibb, with the letter by the Indians, it was destroyed by fire. of the 19th of May, abovementioned; and on reach. The horses taken by the detachment under ma. ing the west bank, received information that Holmes jor Twiggs, as well as those taken by that under the and his warriors were then in Pensacola, for which command of lieut. col. Arbuckle, were considered place limmediately marched. For my proceedings of no value, but were ordered by the general to be thereafter, I refer you to my detailed report. turned into the quartermaster's hands. Lafterwards
Should you wish information on any other points saw some of them in his possession; others were growing out of my military operations during that claimed by the friendly Indians as their property, campaign, it will afford me much pleasure to give which was given up to them by the general's order. it to you.
I believe, sir, that this is all the information which · I am, sir, respectfully, yonr obedient servant, is in my power to give on the subject that you have (Signed). ANDREW JACKSON. requested.
Mag. gen. comd' g. southern division, I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient and The hon. J. C. Calhoun.
very humble servant, JNO. N. M'INTOSH,
Captain, 4th regt. U. S, infantry. Fort Covington, near Baltimore, The hon. Alner Lacock. 5th February, 1818.
(Copy) ... · SIR-Yesterday I had the honor to receive your
Exccutive department, Georgia, letter of the 2d inst. on the subject of the late war
Milleilgerille, 61h January, 1817 with the Seminole Indians, and in answer to your SIR-I understand that the 4th regiment of the interrogatories, on all of which I am unable to give United States infantry, wbich, for some time past. vou the information required. I was, however, with has been stationed on the frontier of this state, near the troops, at Fort Scott, under the command of ge- the junction of the Flint and Chattahouchie rivers, neral Gaines, at the commencement of hostilities. is ordered to fort Montgomery, on the waters of Man I was never ordered with any detachment to re-bile, and I have not heard of any other iroops being move the Indians from the lands of the U. States; ordered to supply their place. By this movement, breret maj. Twiggs, of the 7th régit. U. States'infan- not only the frontier of Georgia is left without de. try, commanded the first detachment that visited fence, but the restless and dissatisfied part of the the Indian village called Fowl Town, situated on the Creeks, who are concentrated within the Spanish east side of Flint river, by the order of the general; line, and at no great distance from the post at camp the nature of his orders I know not; neither can I Crawford, lately occupied by the 4th regiment, un. say who fired the first gun; I understood at the time, der lieutenant colonel Clinch, will be without any that on the approach of our troops, the Indians fied check, and I have no doubt, will indulge their profrom their houses to an adjacent swamp; they were pensity for mischief by acts of murder or rapine, fired on and two warriors, and unfortunately, one upon defenceless travellers and frontier settlers. It woman, was killed; there was one prisoner taken is a fact well known to lieutenant colonel Clinchi. by the detachment, on its march to Fowl Town, and to every officer with him at camp Crawford, that and who was afterwards confined as a prisoner at nothing has kept those Seminole Indians, who have Fort Scott: this detachment brought on their return, been joined by the most inveterate of the hostile feithree or four Inclian horses.
lows from the upper towns, in check, but the pre. The second detachment that visited the village sence of the troops, and if they are removed, some of Fowi Town, was placed under the command of serious consequences are to be aprehended. Bes'des, it is very evident, that, by the removal of the Goose Creek, of which the Indians complain. I troops from camp Crawford and the neighboring have appointed an agent to go and order them oft, country, that portion of the territory acquired by and bring me the names of all such as refuse to reJackson's troaty, as it is usually called, lying east of move from the Indian lançls. I am doubtful, from th: Chattaliouchie, and which of course, falls to the character of thosc intriders, that they will not Georg'a, will be abandoned to the Indians.
remove, without force is used to compel them; and Against measures which, in my judgment, will it is doubtful, whether I can legaily apply that force, produce these results, it is my duty, as chief magis. and the United States can. I have to reqliest, if tratc of Georgia, to protest. Tam very far, however, consistent with your duty, or the orders of the gefrony believing that it is the intention of the presi- neral government, that i a'i will order a detachment dent, with knowledge of the fact, to leave Georgia of troops to proceed to the spot, and remove these as a frontier state, on the Indians and the Spanish intruders. I am wijwilling to give the Indians any Florida, unprotected, and ifthe removal of the troops cause of complaint against us, and the more so, beunder lieutenant colonel Clinch has been by him cause I am determined as long as I hold the station deemed indispensable, he will order their place to I now occupy, never to permit any aggression on be supplied by a competent force.
their part, to pass with impunity: Uhold it a good I have to request that the substance of this letter rule bowever, to do as I would be done by," and may be communicated to the president, and that his am desirous of conforming to this rule in the present deternination tliereon may be transmitted to the ex- instance. ecutive of Georgia, with as little delay as possible. I am, sir, with high consideration, &c.
I am, sir, with high consideration and respect, M j. zen. E P. Gines.' your very obedient servant,
Signed] D. B. MITCHELL. Having been summoned to attend a committee of ..The hon. the secretary of war.
the honorable the senate of the U, States, to give
evidence touching the Seminole war, I did attend Executive department, Georgia, accordingly, and after a verbal statement to, and
Millelgeville, 5th Feb. 1817. lexarnination, by the committee, the following quesSin- Understanding that you are thus far on your tions were asked me, with a request that I would way to Fort Montgomery, I avail myself of the pre- answer in writing. gent opportunity, to communicate some facts, in First. As to the origin of the Seminole war, and the expectation that you will have it in your power, the Fowl Town atlair?" if your judgment approve, to adopt the measures i It is, no doubt, within the knowledge of the ho. am about to propose.
norable the committee, that, duping the late war You no doubt have been already informed, that with the British and Creeks, posts were established the notorious Woodbine has recently made his ap- and occupied on the Appalachicola by British offi. pearance again, at the mouth of the Appalachicola, cers and agents; and a considerable force there orand that he has an agent now among the Seminole ganized, for the purpose of annoying the southern Indians and negroes in that quarter, stirring them frontier of the United States. It is also known, that up to acts of hostility against this country; and that the hostile Indians of the Creek war, who had not Woodbine himself, has gone in an armed vessel to embraced the terms of peace proposed by general some part of the West Indies for supplies, Con- Pinckney, and finally settled by the treaty of For nected with this fact, is another, which may serve Jackson, had taken shelter in the Floridas. From as an intimation of the future conduct of these peo- their resentment, and the motley crew collected by ple, when once in possession of the supplies, which Dicholls, much mischief was to be apprehended by it is said, they expect on the return of Woodbine. tbe inhabitants of the frontier of Georgia; and the About 10 or 12 days ago, a small party of those In-post of Fort Scott, stuate in the fork of the Flint dians, entered the frontier of Wayne county, and and Chattahouchie rivers, and near their junction, stole two horses and some cattle; they were pursued was established, and occupied by a considerable by some of the inhabitants, who peaceably demand force of United States' troops, for the protection of ed a restoration of the stoler property; and instead that frontiers and the same troops, with the aid of of a compliance on the part of the Indians, they im. some rival force which ascended the Appalachicomediately fired upon the whites, who retired with. la, clestroved a fort about sixty miles below, built by out returning a shot; one of the whites was mortal- colonel Nicholls, occupied and defended by negroes. ly wounded. Before this last circumstance came to The blowing up of this fort, with its negro garrison, my knowledge, I had addressed the acting secret:- for, except a few Choctaw Indians, who were taken, joy of war, and desired the contents of my letter to it is believed that no other Indians were in the fort,
he communicated to the president, in which I read a salutary infuence in restraining the fugitives , presented the evil consequences that were likely to from the Creek war, and those under the influence
result to Georgia in particular, by the removal of of Nicholls anzt his partizans. I say the fugitives the 4th regiment from Camp Crawford, without from the Creek war, and the partizans' of Nicholls, their place was supplied by an adequate force front because it is well understood that the Seminoles some other quarter, and requested the order for the took no part in the Creek war; unless the receipt zimoval of that regiment might be countermandel, of gools, Sc. from Nicholls or bis sub-agents, be or their place supplied; to this communication there considered as a proof of this fact. But the truth is, fins not yet been time to receive an answer. One they wll receive presents from any party, without
hjert i ny presentaddress is, to know if you cannot any intention of a lopting his projects, and such. I $3100 coll.the march of the 4th regiment, until I her have no doubt, was ihe case with the Seminoles from the war department, if you do not feet aitho- upon this occasion. The troops ocupying Fort ric), or disposed to order them back to their for Scott were, however, soon af er ren Wed, and the wer station at Camp Crawford. Another oluject of post abandoned, or nearly so that it wasin the pow. the present :-)rocs, grow's out of the following act. er of the Indians at any time to have a royed it. Some of purple bare gone over the Ocmugee, Hilling, at that time, the executive char (Georgia settled
t o that river, and the line run uni- | 1 adilressert the than scrary it out on the suitect ir the late Pun with the Crecks, on or near | of theremoval of the troops, poin..ngout soine of the