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The navy. We stated the other day, from au- Religion. When religion is made a science, there thority which we deemed credible, that the navy is nothing more intricate; when made a duty there
department had issued orders to double the nuin- is nothing more easy. ·ber of men employed in building ships of the line from the National Intelligencer. The military es.
in various ports. The same authority now informas pedition from the lakes to the Mississippi, consist. us, that the intelligence existed in misapprehening of the 5th regiment of infantry, under col. Les sión. Orders were given for the employment of venworth, arrived at Prairie du Chien about the Is additional workmen on the 74 building in this port; of July, by the way of the Fox and Ouisconsin river, but it is not known that hands on the other ships with only a portage of two or three miles. A de. of war have been increased. Franklin Guzette. tachment has also ascended the Mississippi from Si
Texas. We hear of small parties of me: proceed. Louis, with provisions, clothing, ordnance, 204 ing to join the invaders of Texas, and learn that munitions. Our correspondent states that col. L. · the U. Š. troops in that quarter are put in motion will h: ve it in his power to establish the post at the to check the expedition.
falls of St. Anthony this season, should it be deemed Black speculation. In anticipation of a transfer advisable to do so. of the Floridas, a large quantity of African slaves We also learn that the Missouri expedition, trare imported therein-no doubt by American citi.der col. Atkinson, was in advance of st. Charles on zens.
the 11th July, and, notwithstanding the delay occa. Land privateering Capt. James Riley (well (sioned by some defects in the steam boats, there' known to the public by his account of the wreck of was no doubt the troops would arrive at the Counhis vessel, and the sufferings of himself and his crewcil B:uffs, mure than six hundred miles in advance in Africa) has recently given a statement, shiewing of St. Louis, this season, well supplied with provithat on his way to Pittsburg, Pa. and in passing / sions, clothing and munitions of war, Scrub Ridge, he and others were assailed by a mob The characters of colonels Atkinson and Leaves. of Irishmen, calling themselves turnpikers, armed worth, warrant the belief that the arrangements of with axes, mattocks, &c. who in an ruffian-like the government will be carried into full effect with manner demanded toll, and exacted it at their own out eollision with our citizens or the Indians. rate, when there was no right at all to demand any.. Thus they have robbed many; among them a poor
HEALTH OF OUR CITIES. countryman of their own, travelling west, from Boston. Some cases, of malignant fever have anwhom they took his last guinea. It appears that peared in this town; for the week last reported there these rascally acts are well known in the neighbor-were only seven deaths by it; but six persons died hood-some of the magistrates are afraid to act, of it during the next 24 hours; vessels from Boston and then the “law's delay” (for a person must wait
are required to perform quarantine at New York three months to prosecure them) prevents justice from and Richmond. being done. We hope that Pennsylvania will act] At Newport, R. I, it is said, a whole family colle promptly on this matter. It is believed that these
sisting of 5 or 6 persons, were carried off by mabg. wretches have murdered one or more men, and they
nant disease, in the course of last week. have killed or maimed the horses of several per
New York is reported free from any malignant or sons who have resisted their demands."
Sea serpen!.' The animal supposed to be a sea contagious disease. The same remark applies to serpent, has been seen by hundreds of persons, from Philadelphia. Nashant beach (between Boston and Lynn)-the Baltimore is unusually healthy, judging by the description is the same as that heretofore given. interments-only 59 last week, of whom but 9 died of Among those who saw it repeatedly, was James fevers, 7 bilious and 2 typlius; adults 21, children Prince, esq. marshal of the district of Massachu-38. The corresponding week last year was 60:setts, sometimes at less than 100 yards distant, mov- bilious, six. Besides, we have many foreigners just ing about the bay at an easy rate. The bead was arrived, a good many of whom have died. about three feet out of water, there appeared to be some cases of a high bilious, perbaps it should thirteen bunches on his back, and the length from be called malignant fever, have appeared, and there the head to the last bunch, was estimated at 60 feet. are now a number of them, chiefly bowever, in one These bunches are supposed to appear from the neighborhood, though a few are scattered through undulatory motion of the animal. Mr. Prince, how-the city. Some of the victims have been carried ever, does not undertake to say that this animal is off in two or three days; but it yields to medicine, of the serpent kind, though such was his general and most persons recover of it. This is evident from impression, and that of all the witnesses; intimating the interments-we bave the returns for Monday, that perhaps, its manner of propelling itself may | Tuesday and Wednesday last-the amount for the give it the appearance of a snake: A fisherman three days 31, of whom trenty four were children, states that it rose within 20 feet of his boat, that he only two deaths by fever reported. We have not had a full view of it, and that it was a serpent. The any returns since that for Wednesday. No erianimal, be it what it may, is “un odd fish,” but scems dence is afforded that is has been contagious is a sato be inoffensive. Its easiest motion is so rapid as litary case. Whether the disease will become ge. to occasion a foam in the water..
neral or not, a little time will make manifest. Ves Pittsburg, Aug. 13-The depredations now coir-vels from Baltimore are to perform quarantine at mitting by the grasshoppers in some parts of the Richmond, which has just now also interdicted the country, are truly singular and warming. Many far- communication with Cuba, where the yellow fere mers have commenced cutting their oats perfectly raged severely two months ago, but has now ceas green, and many meadows are shared completelyed! sipooth. Fortunately they do not fly high enough Charleston. The fever does not appear to spread to obscure the sun, as the locusts sometimes do in and the health ofthe city is generally very good. A Africa, in other respects however, they are nearly few malignant cases occur-5 deatis by them in the as bad. An instance or two has occurred, where a last week. hat which was accidently left in the field, was en- Suvannah is pronounced to be uncommon tirely destroyed before morning
VOLUME THE SIXTEENTH
NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER.
1 poetry about banks 18; banking operations in
gyman and an Indian 188; of Quin, 188; of | lation and tumuli of our aborigines -
tion, May, 1819, 11; facility of banking opera.
tions in London 19; forgeries, frauds and trials,
a collection of highly interesting facts 20; let.
ter from the emperor of China to the prince
regent 27; London, in the 12th century 34;
marquis of Anglesea 159; London Observer
160; gas lights 188; museum 191; opera house
I 192; theatre of Drury Lane • • • 192
173 to 179|Cancer, a horrid case of . . . . 104
Chronological account of many inventions, &c. 41
sentatives, Feb. 1819: speches at length of Comet of 1811 . . . . - - 190
ker and Trimble . . . . 105 to 152 Corn, notices of the growth of . - - 158
Frankfort and Washington 16; three picces of Cypress tree, growth of one . . . 187
Missouri, projects to benefit the territory of 159, Darby, William, his account of Texas, &c. 42; his question about the introduction of slavery in,
statement respecting lake Michigan, &c. 38 with the speeches of Messrs Fulier, Talimadge, Davidson, maj. D. a frontier settler, notices of 186 Scott, Cobb and Livermore thereon, 161 to 173 Deaf and Dumb, report respecting an asylum for 85 Montpelier, of the medical school at . . 187 Despencer, le, a feast given by - - - 188
N. Disasters, a train of • . • . - 187 Newspapers, ancient Roman - - - 37 Dog, sagacity of a - - - - . 189 New York-report respecting the bankrupt and
insolvent laws . . . Egyptian antiquities
• 33 Nutmeg, interesting notice of the . . 188 Ernigration of an old man of 80 . , 1601 Epitaphs, curious . . . . . 189 Onis, Mr. de, his letter to the sec. of state, Dec.
12, 1818 - - -
82 Fanaticism, dreadful . . . . . 186
P. Forgeries, &c. in England-interesting trials, &c. Paperwealth, an extract
19 respecting .. .
20 Paris, health of . . G.
Periodical journals in Austria . . . 185 Geography, singular!
- - , 158 Persecution, religious, at Aleppo . . 184 Germany, on the internal state of . . . 157 Pluviometrical observations
- . 153 H.
Poinsett, Mr. bis report on S. American a Holland, responsibility of judges in . . 159 Pompeii, excavations at . . .
Pot and pearl ashes, important article concern. Indians-population and tumuli 89; Friends' me. ing the manufacture of . . . . 13
morials respecting 91; Mr. McKenney's letters Presbyterian church-on the subject of slavery 155 93; progress and state of the Cherokees, and Prices current at N. Orleans-wit and humor 160 the school, &c. 96; manners and customs of the Pyramid, the interior of one . . . 190 Cherokees 101; interesting account of the
R. Creeks 101; in England - - - 192! Rattlesnakes, anecdote of . . . . . 189 Inventions and improvements, chronology of 41 Report-on an asylum for the deaf and dumb, 85; Iron hanging bridge · · · · · 159] respecting the bankrupt and insolvent laws in
New-York - - - - - - 85 Jail, an Indian's remark on one • • . 160 Rhode Island-curious public papers of . 157 Jones, gen. C. his account of the Cherokee Roman newspapers, (ancient) 37; antiquities, schools - - - -
97 Judges in Holland .
39, 159, 191 .
159 Russian voyage of discovery - -
185 July 4, British notice of the observance of
158 Jury trials, remarks upon ·
187 K Kiss, a definition of one . . . .
Saint Peter and Salt Petre -
Schiller's William Tell . . . . 192 Law cases, &c. Durham vs Hazul, (on commis.
Scotsman, the, an extract from . sion, sales and sales at auction) 7; respecting
Sea Clamm, an account of . deeds and powers of attorney, acknowledged
Shaw, Mr. his letter respecting the question of before consuls of the U. S. &c. 9; consul of
savery in Missouri, &c. - . . . 177 Spain vs the schr. Conception 29; respecting
Sidmouth, lord, a letter of his to Mr. Canning 21 salvage 30; that a whale is a fish! 31; in a case of
Slavery, statement of the gen. assembly of the seduction 31; respecting religious obligations
| Presbyterian church respecting - - 155 32; fat not tallow! 32; about the U. S. revenue
South American affairs, Mr. Poinsett's report; 46 laws, act of April, 1818, 32; remarks on trials
message to congress from the president of the by jury
U. S. respecting ministers from .
74 Lectometer, description of a . -
19 Spain-letter of Mr. de Onis to the sec. of state 1881
82 Life, the uncertainty of . · · ·
12. quashes, product of a vine - - - 158 Lightning, effects of . . . 158, 159 Surgical fact, curious •
• • 189 Long branch, regulations for bathing at 159. Symmes' theory . . . . . . 43
159) Tecumseh, a portrait of Mammoths and mammoth ideas 104; bones
. Marietta, antiquities at
40 Tour, interesting, with a table of distances, 14 McKenny, Mr. some interesting letters from him Travelling-persons passing a toll gate in Pa. 188 relative to the state of the Indians - - 93)
U. Memorials of the Friends, or Quakers, about the United States, remarks of the Scotsman' on the 159
Indians. . . . . . . 911 Message of the president about ministers from Volcano, a young one - • • . 158 South America
W. Military-academy at West Point, interesting re. Walker's Hibernian magazine, an extract from, 19
port respecting 1; concerning an additional Washington, a letter from him on appointments 185 academy 3; establishment, sketch of a debate Weather table, perpetual . . . . 157 respecting the staff of-with the remarks of West-Point, the academy at . Messrs Clay, P. P. Barbour, Trimble, Tucker, Wheat, great product of a grain of . . Mercer, Williams, N. C. Lowndes, Johnson of William Tell, extract from Schiller's . . Kentucky and others
179 to 185 Wives, rise of the value of property in - 189 Ministers from South America, message and do
cuments respecting - - - 74 Yankee ingenuity · · · · · ·
155). U. S. respecting
Military Academy-West Point. stitution, and cannot fail to be useful to the cadets.
It is expected that the duties required by these Message from the president of the United States, ladditions will be performed by the chaplain em.
transmitting a report from the secretary of wor, in ployed in the academy. The performance of these compliance with a resolution of the senate of the duties, it is hoped, will be an inducement with con. 25th of January last, requesting him "to cause to be gress, when this subject shall again be brought luid before it, a copy of the rules and regulntions under their consideration, to make the appointadopted for the government of the militury academylment permanent, not only at West Point, but at at West Point; also, how many cadets have been such other establishments of that nature as sball admitted into the academy; the time of the residence be deemed necessary by that body. of each cadet at that institution; and how many off. in the opinion of the academical staff. these them have been apprinted officers in the army and branches of education can be advantageously pronavy of the United States."
secuted, at periods different from those fixed in February 5, 1819 - Printed by order of the senate lihe,
by order of the senate the regulations, their suggestions will be attended of the United States.
to with pleasure.
The inducement to the other alterations, will To the senate of the United States: readily suggest itself to your mind. That a cadet, In compliance with a resolution of the senate, of who, having been thrown into a class below him, the 25th of last month, requesting me "lo cause to and subsequently in the course of his education, be laid before it, a copy of the rules and regula. finds himself placed in the same situation, will not tions adopted for the government of the military be qualified for an engineer, may be readily conacademy at West Point; also, how many cadets ceived, but it by no means follows, that he may have been adinitted into the academy; the time of 'n
ny; the time of not possess many of the qualifications of a general, the residence of each cadet at that institution; and in a higher degree, than some of those who greatly how many of them have been appointed officers in excel bim in his studies. The absolute dismission the arıny and navy of the United States."
. trang: 1 for that c use has therefore been changed into a
I trans. for that cause has there mit a report from the secretary of war, which, with reference to the war department, the accompanying documents, will afford all the". These recul
| These regulations will apply to all cases where information required by the said resolution.
the cadet presents himself for admission, afer they JAMES MONROE.
are received at the academy, notwithstanding their February 5th, 1819.
appointments may be of anterior date.
The regulation requiring the unmarried proDepartment of wur, 41h Pebruary, 1819.
fessors, teachers and assistants, to eat with the The secretary of war, to whom was referred the cadeis, is believed to be conformable to the generesolution of the senate, of the 25th of January last, ral usage of colleges, and ought not to be con.
that the president of the United States be re-sidered onerous. I understand also, that captain quested to cause to be laid before the senate a Patridge is himself a batchelor, and of course sub. copy of the rules and regulations adopted for theliect to
theject to the regulation. From his signing some of government of the military academy at West Point; bis acts as superintendent of the academy, he may also, how many cadets have been admitted into the bave supposed that lie was not embraced by the academy; the time of the residence of each cadet rule. This however is a niistake. No officer, as at that institution; and how many of them have been long as the law remains as it is, can be the superappointed officers in the army and navy of the Unit.lin
7 of the unit intendent of the institution, but the principal offi. ed States," has the honor to transmit herewith a cer of the corps of engineers, or the next in com. list of cadets, who have been admitted at the mili- mand of that corps, in case of his absence. If, tary academy at West Point, in the state of New- however, in your opinion the proposition made by York; the time of their admission, and promotion, the academical staff to attend the mess-houses, and &c, and the time they remained at that institution; I make daily reports of the fare, will protect the and a copy of the rules and regulations adopted cadets from imposition, you are autborised to for the government of the military academy at suspend the rule until further orders. West Point. The cadets are under the government of the
I have the honor, &c.
* WM. H. CRAWFORD. rules and articles of war, so far as they are appli. Gen. Joseph G. Swift, New-York. cable, and under the orders of the superintendent of the academy. J. C. CALHOUN.
BOLES AND REGULATIONS (Copy.)
"Adopted for the government of the military academy Department of war, 1st July, 1816.
at West Point, Neru-York. Sur,-I have the honor to return the regulations
United States military academy, defining a complete course of education, drawn up!
West Point, Muy 22d, 1816. by the academical staff, and transmitted by you to
The following branches of science and instruc. this departinent, which has been approved, with such modifications as have been judged necessary, !
tion shall be considered as comprising a complete
Yolcourse of education at the military academy at by the president.
From the age at which cadets are admitted into West Poini, state of New York. the academy, the study of the English grammar is/ The English and French languages, and the review deemed indispensable to give them a correct and of the Latin and Greek languages, mathematics, intimate knowledge of the structure of their own military drawing, natural and experimental philoso.
phy, including astronomy, engineering, g'ograply, language.
Although a critical knowledge of the Latin and history, ethics, military instruction, and the sword Greek languages is not considered essentially new exercises. cessary, yer, where the cade:s have studied those English Language.--A course of English shall languages before their appointments, it is believed embrace Englisk grammar and composition. that the review of those languages during tbe last French Language -- A course of French shall year of study will add to the reputation of the in.Iconsist in pror.ouncing the languege tolerably, and
Sup. To Yol. XVI.,
translating from French into English, and from gunnery, and also all the performance of all the English into French, with accuracy.
regular duties of the camp. · Larin and Greek languages. A course of Latin Sword exercise. Under the sword exercise, shall and Greek shall embrace the review of the Latin be included the broad sword exercise, and the cut and Greek authors usually taught in academies. and thrust, or small sword, either or both accord.
No cadet shall be compelled to study these ling to circumstances. Janguages, who shall not have been taught them Assignment of duties Each professor and inprevious to his appointment.
strucior sball be limited in the discharge of his Afathematics.-Acomplete course of mathematics official duries to his own department, and not to shall embrace the following branches, viz: The interfere with any other department. Each pronature and construction of lovarithms. and the use fessor and teacher at the head of a separate depart. of the tables; algebra, to include the solution of ment, shall be the judge of the proper mode of cubic equations, with all the preceding rules; conveying instruction in his own department; and geowietry, to include plane and solid geometry, shall be held responsible for the correctness of also ralios and proportions, and the construction this mode. of geometrical problems; application of algebra tol Division of timg.-To complete the preceding geometry, practical geomeiry on the ground; men- course of studies, will require four years. The suration of planes and solids; plane trigonometry, branches to be pursued, and the course to be comwith its application to surveying and measuring pleted in each year shall be as follows: beights and distances; spherical trigonometry, with 1st Year. The course of the first year shall en its application to the solution of spherical problems. brace English grammar and composition, and the
The Doctrine of Infinite Series.-Conic' sections, Prench language; logarithms, algebra, and plane with their application to military and other pro- geometry, to include ratios and proportions. jectiles. Fluxions to be taught and studied at the 2d Year. The course of the second year sball option of the professor and student.
embrace, a continuation of the French language; Drawing. -- A complete course of drawing shall the
how the geometry of planes and solids; and the coninclude the elementary drawing of figures, rules.:
struction of geometrical problems. The applicaand practice of perspective plans, and profiles of .
tion of algebra to geometry' and the mensura. permanent fortifications of every kind of field..
ution of planes and solids. Plane and spherical works, and also topographical plans.
trigonometry, with their applications, conic sec. Philosophy.- A complete course of philosophy
tions, practical geometry, and drawing. shall embrace the following branches, viz: The
3d Year. A course for the third year shall em. principles of mechanics, with their general applica.
brace, natural and experimental philosophy, as. tion; hydrostatics, hydraulics, pneumatics, optics,
tronomy, engineering and drawing continued. the elements of chemistry, electricity, magnetism
41h Year. A course for the fourth year sball
embrace, geography, history and ethics, the review and astronomy, s Engineering - A complete course of engineering Creek i
of the English grammar, artd of the Latin and shall evibrace the following branches, viz: military most important branches in each of the departa
Pering Greek languages; also, a general review of the and civil architecture, permanent and field fortifica. I mente
Cinca. ments. tion, field works generally; rules for the labor, time, Rules for Classification. The cadets at the mili. and materials necessary for the construction of dif-tary academy shall constitute four classes. All ferent kinds of works; also, rules for the construc- the cadets who are admitted as members of the tion of all the appendages necessary in field works; academy in each year, shall constitute the first the construction of mines and fougasses, and the dif. lower chags. If however, at the general examinaferent modes of attacking and defending fortified tion next ensuing the time of admission, it shall places: also, castrametation.
appear that any cadet is sufhciently advanced in Geography -A complete course of geography bis studies, he may be adnjited into the next shall einbrace the solution of the several problems higher class; on the contrary, if at either of the of the spheres, usually prefixed to the systems of general examinations, any cadet shall be found geography, by means of the globe; a knowledge of unqualified to proceed with his class, he shall be the grand divisions of the earth, of the extent, put back into the next lower class. No intermediate boundaries and relative situations of the several classes will in any case be allowed. countries situated in each of these grand divisions;; Qualifications necessary for admission. Each cadet embracing likewise a knowledge of their natural previous to his being admitted a member of the productions, commerce, manufactures, governo military academy, must be able to read distinctly, ment, oaval and military strength, relative impori- and pronounce correctly; to write a fair legible ance, and the use of the maps, &c.
hand, and to perform with facility and accuracy Hisiory.--complete course of history shall he various operations of the ground rules of embrace a course of universal history; the history arithmetic, both simple and compound; of the rules of America generally; the history of the American of reduction, of single and compound proportion, revolutionary war, &c.; the history of the United and also of vnlgar and decimal fractions. States, or of such particular states, as the professor Promiscuouis Regulations--1st Every cadet, when in that department shall judge proper.
he shall have completed the forgoing course of Ethics.-A course of ethics shall include the studies, shall be entitled to his diploma, signed by elements of moral science, also of natural and the academic staff, agreeably to law and existing political law.
regulations. Military Instruction.- A complete course of mili. 2d. The military instruction of the cadet shall tary instruction shall embrace a general course of be under the immediate direction of the super. tactics, a knowledge of infaniry duty, to commence intendent of the academy, and shall be atiended with the elementary drill of ibe soldier and io to at such times as will interfere the least with include the discipline and police of the battalion their other academic duties. and platoon in all iheir parts; a kuowledge of 3d. The particular course of studies to be com. artillery duty, including the artillery drill, practical pleted by the classes between the general examina