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of his passions-he kuows of little else worth scek. the heart will appreciate the motives that influence ing after.

ed it. We should thus evade the difficulties im. With the facts before us, that the free negroes posed by local laws against emancipation-we of Baltimore (and we believe it is so every where) should disperse the sources of population and strike bare less yirtue than the slaves, and in no other efficiently at its increase, where an increase is to leading quality differ from them except in being be dreaded, and place a barrier to the vile business more inpudent m wrong, and less careful of con- of kidnapping, by scattering the subjects of it cearing their evil propensities, - we have not view through the country parts of the non-slave-holding ed the regulations of some of the staies for expell-states. The chief objection is in the separation of ing the freed blacks with the saine horror that children from their parents; but this would cause others have done,-though it is simpossible that we only a small degree of affliction, if the blacks were should coprove of them; and the spirit and character satisfied as to the purposes for which it took place. they bear are unjust beyond what even the laws of It is, we believe, the only way in which the work selj-presei va'ion, as applicable to this case, will ad. can be accomplished, according to the existing mit of. Hence it is that the condition of the 5th state of our laws, feelings and prejudices, and the proposition naturally comes before us, as follows: undeniably debased condition of the slaves. “That the states in which slavery is not allowed, We have thus passed through the series propos.

should ofi'er every reasonable facility and encou, ed and given our sentiments freely on the subject ragement to free people of color wishing to reside of slavery, and the means of mitigating its evils. In therein; and adopt some measures to lessen the some respects, we have, no doubt, differed with prejudices and antipathies of the whites, in qua. the receivell opinions of some of the friends of lifying the blacks to attain a respectable standing emancipation; but if we have said one word that in society."

any person can construe into a desire to maintain It is difficult to determine what may be consider

the system, we shall always regret it. Nothing could

"I have been further from our intention. But the meed "reasonable facilities" in this case. No laws ex.

rit of the matter lies in this-slavery does exist, and ist to prevent the enigration of freed blacks to the

be the slaves are unfitted to take care of themselves, niates in which slavery is not tolerated, and in ge.

Lthrough the policy of their n.48lers. Freedom to live neral, we believe, they possess common political ad.

Twithout the means of getting a living, is an empty vantages with the white people. Public opinion,

gift; and we owe much to ourselves as well as to the kist, perhaps, do all the rest ihat it can; and such

degraded African race. Our safety and their happersons should be treated like rational beings, that

Ipiness are closely allied. Would it not be cruelt: they may be encouraged to arrive at respectability.

yio yoke half a dozen unbroken colts to a waggon, ii No manner of inconvenience, that we know of, ex..

we were willing to run the risk of the loss of properists in the states north and east of Delaware on ac

ty that might follow the proccelling? Let them first count of these people, who are useful as laborers, ;

3 be taught what it is necessary they should do, before anu many of them have deserved and obtained the character of decent and bonest persons,-nor is any

we expect them to do it. The blacks in the United

States are not one jot or tittle more rude or uncutdanger to be apprehended from a considerable in

tivated than our own immediate ancestors were, crease of their numbers. Their effect upon the

boastful as we appear of our accomplishments. Let common mass of the population cannot be great, in

them have light before we require that they should any i espect.

see, instruct them in the moral and civil virtues be. in the present state of the blacks, we think that a fore we call upon them to exercise their reason regard as well for them as for ourselves, should in- about them. The moral force which alike constiduce persons disposed to liberate them in the south- tutes the strength of nations and secures the safety ern states, to contine their solicitude chiefly to the of individuals, comes from thinking upon the necesfemales, including a provision for the removal of the sily of exerting it. The negroes know little of this girls to the northern states, where they should be if they reason at all in respect to themselves as bound out in respectable families. The simple li- slaves, it is natural tbat the worst passions should beration of the person of the negro does little for only prevailin their minds—it is nearly impossible him-in many cases, we seriously believe, that he that they can love the band that smites them to the is injured by emancipation, and the condition of so-earth, and imposes burthens upon them beyond their ciety is not a vantaged the least. Suppose that strength to bear. Vengeance is the master spirit any one holding slaves, were disposed to bear a tes. that operates. And why should it not be so.? Here is timony against the practice, and to benefit his ne- the question! What would we do, what would we groes thus the males to be sold to humane masters, think, in the like circumstances? Certainly, we would on reasonable terms, conditioned that they should «rebel." in respect to our own favorite dogma, that not be disposed of out of the new family they enter-rebellion to tyrants is obedience to God"-a dogma ed into, &c. The unmarried females of 10 years old which, with less than a millioneth part of the provo. and upwards, to be immediately free-and all the cation, we have acted upon, and glory in it. But rest of'the stock of females then existing to become the wrong of slavery is not doubted. It is agreed so at 10 years of age;- the proceeds of the males that it ought to be abolished - the how is what has sold being appropriated, under the care of some perplexed is, beset as we are by avarice and prehonest person who should be paid for his trouble, judice. We agree also, that slavery must some day to the remural, education, &c. of such females, on end, and generally look to its accomplishment by the plan proposed? We ask, whether the great pur-acts of violence. Is it not seriously demanded of poses aimed at, in emancipating the negroes at all, us to guard against that period-and, in obedience would pot be better attained and more surely ac- to all that is honorable, all that is just, all that is hucomplished by such a scheme as this, than by the mane, to endeavor to do away the causes that must undistinguished liberation of all the slaves on an and will inevitable produce scenes of havoc and de. estate? Some may think that this would be to solation to our people, such as the locusts of Asia "compromise with iniquity"-but its merils will inflict on the herbage, as though the country had Los6 uj.on the good loped for, and ls who judges been burued with fire;

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Banks and Banking. Ilation was to be ascribed the high price of provi. "The book!"--Something is still said in Philadel-sions, which continued even to this day without diShia about the book found in the office of the bank | munition or abatement. He suggested a restriction

bhohle 'confining the issue to notes not exceeding the sum of the United States at Baltimore. It is probable,

of five pounds." that the eminent appellation of this thing will be

The Farmers' and Mechanics' bank of Cincinnati Lost, by finding three or four similar books at other

suspended specie payments on the 29th ult. for the places! We have good reason to believe that at

second time, and probably for the last. tempts have been made to rival Baltimore in

The ar.

rangement, by which it received the treasury despeculation!

posites from the land office in that city, was not able Glorious conflagration. Bank notes, to the amount of 80,000,000 of roubles, were burnt in St. Peters

to save the institution.''

Kentucky. burg, on the 26th of May, by the commissioners of

The friends of the paper system are the sinking fund.-But ihere is a great deal of this getting up some meetings in that state to cncoid:

the bank of Kentucky to "suspend specie pav. sort of work to do in Russia, The above is as a drop!

ments," as the term is for the bankruptcy of banks. wa bucket.

Specie. It is triumphantly noticed that several IF, Statex bank stock at London, June 23—23 to 231. 108. with dividend from January last. They had

vessels have lately arrived froin foreign places with

specie. It will always come to us when, as a re. not learned that no dividend woukl be made.

mittance, it is no more valuable to us than foreign Wilson Cary Nicholar, esq. has resigned the pre

goods. sidency of the office of discount and deposit of the

North Carolina slate bank, We learn by way of bank of the United States, at Richmond. City Bank of Baltimore. The board of directors

Petersburg, that this bank has resolver upon an elected since the blow up” of this bank, have, at

entire suspension of specie payinents. There is a

very large amount of its notes in circulation. length, appointed a day for laying a statement of|

The Nhilton bank, of Pennsylvania, has stopped the affairs of the institution before the stockholders

| payment. Its notes in circulation are said to be 55,000 -viz. the 201h of October next. This distant date, after

dollars, and the debts due to the institution to so, long a delay, has excited no little surprise; but

amount to 190,000. we are told by those we have a right to believe,

| BAPTIMES! Honesty has fled from the world, and that the books and accounts of this bank were in

Sincerity is fallen asleep-Piety las hidden herself, such a state of confusion, that an earlier period

and Justice cannot find the way--thie Heiper is not could not be fixed upon, though the new cashier

at home, and Charity lies sick; Benevolence is under and clerks, (well skilled in accounts) had labored and were yet laboring excessively, to ascer.

arrest, and Faith is nearly extinguished; the Virtues

go a begging, and T uth has long since been burierl; tain the true state of the bank !!! The stock of this bank is quoted by the brokerske

Credit is turned crazy, and Conscience is nailed on

Kersthe wall.-Freeman's Journal. at $7 for 15 paid.

A question for lawyers.-
A number of the

4 communication in the Farmers' bank of Virginia.

Aurora.)-Suppose a bank, wbich refuses to pay its stockholders in the farmers bank of Virginia, have

notes in the lawful currency of the United States, had a meeting in Winchester, at which they passed resolutions censuring the mother board of directors

holds the promissory note of an individual, who for not publishing the reasons for a failure of the

stops payment-suppose the bank brings an action

against the individual for the recovery of the last dividend, requiring a reduction of the salaries

amount of his note, and when the cause comes on of the bank officers, and expressing their sense that no one individual or firm ought to have an accom

before a court, the defendant should produce, (na modation in bank exceeding 20,000 dollars.

"matter where he got it) a promissory note drawn

by the bank for the same amount, accompanied by Jacob Barker has published a pamphlet of fifty

a regular protest for non payment. Could the ar pages about his banking matters, &c. We under.

bitrators or judges refuse to allow the set of? Could stand, by an extract from it, that he has reinstated

they compel the parties to cancel or exchange the the credit of the Washington and Warren bank, but

notes on the spot? Could they oblige the defendant that he cannot yet fix a time when he will pay the

to piace any mark upon the bank note by which its notes of his “Exchange bank," though he says that

subsequent negociability should be destroyed? Or he will pay them. In this pamphlet he announces

would the bank be obliged to advertise and cantion himself as a candidate for the state senate!

the public against receiving it, as their only remedy The Silver Lake bank has stopped payment. The against being obliged to pay it to a third person directors say that they will pay its debts promptly. into whose hands it should afterwards fall? The editor of a Philadelphia paper offers to take its A case of this kind would make a good deal of bonotes for debts due to him at 50 per cent, discount. theration in the wigwam..

The bank of Washington, Pa.is preparing to close from the National Intelligencer. We understand its concerns. A meeting of the stockholders for that the directors of the bank of Washington, of this this purpose is called for the 20th of next month. place, influenced by the unpleasant incidents which

Bank of St. Louis. The stockholders of this insti. I have recently occurred in some of the banks of a tution are invited to meet on the 15th of Sept. neighboring city, as well as by general principles, next, to take into consideration the propriety of have adopted the following rule: continuing or closing the concerns of the institution.! “No officer, other thran tre president, shall deal, May the latter be resolved upon!,

either for himself or for any other, escanting this Paper money. We accidently met with the follow- bank, in money, bills of exchante, inerchan lise, ing extract from the proceedings of the British stock of the United States, or stock of any company, house of lords, on the 1st of June 1801—“The incorporated or unincorporated: provided, that this canl of Suffolk called the attention of the house to resolution shall not prevent such officer from sel. the subject of paper currency, which, he said, was ling any such articles as he may now possess, or so immense through every part of the nation, as to prohibit any purchase tliercof, which the board fill it with the most serious apprehensions for the may sanction by express authority, given and enterstate of the public credit. To this immense circ19-es on the journals.”





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A rule similar to that above recited, and, in some | Adjt, and insp. generals department respects, even more rigorous, has been adopted by Pay . . '.' 14,028 the bank of the United States, for the government Subsistence . . . 6,354 of the institution and its branches. It is presumed Forage . . . 4,704 the rule will become general, as to all banking in Clothing, (25 servants) - 930 stitutions.

Ialla recent failure of the president of a cer Quarter master generals department tain bank had been known at the time the preced

. . . . :* 9,708 ing resolution was passed, the president might also Subsistence.

4,015 have been restrained, and real property been added Forages.

2,400 to the list of things probibited, A man may get as Clothing, (14 servants). . 520 inad in buying lands as in buying stocks.)

Paymaster generals department.

Pay -' .' ..' 12,000

Subsistence . - - 7,154
Army of the United States.

Forage .


Clothing, (34 servants) Abstract of the returng laid before congress at its last

1,264 session, shewing the force iind distribution of the comme

the Commissary general of purcha depl. army of the United States, &c. January, 1819 Pay.

S uru"25,606 Major generals 21Colonels

Subsistence . . Brigadier generals 4|Lieut, colonels

. . 5,840

Clothing, (20 servants). 744 Aids de camp

8 Majors
Adjt. and Inspec, gen. 1 Adjutants
Quarter master general 1 Quarter masters

Commissary general of subsistence's dept."
Pay :


Adjutant generals

. 2 Paymasters

. 12,000 Subsistence - .

584 Inspector generals 2Surgeons

Forage Assistant Adj, gen. 4 Surgeon's mates

Clothing, (2 servants) . . Assistant Ipspec. gen. 4 Captains

Z Deputy Q. M. gen. 2 First lieutentants

Ordnance department-
Assistant do.

utenants 55
Pay , .

. 115,460 Topographicalengin'rs 6 Third lieutenants

Subsistence Assistant do. 4 Sergeant majors

: 8

. Forage:

480 Paymaster general 1 Q. Master sergeants 211 Judge advocates 2 Master mechanics 2

Clothing, (18 servants) · 2,785

22 Surgeon general 1 and armourers 3 Assistant do.

Medical department2 Sergeants


Pay : . . 40 Corporals

. Post surgeons

42,960 2921

Subsistence . . Apothecary general

- - 17,447 1 Musicians

252 Assistant

Forage do.


. 2 Mechanics & artificers 216|


. 7,008

. Com. gen. of purchases 1 Matross, privates, 2

Clothing, (75 servants) · 2,790
Deputy do. : 2 and laborers, 34
Assist. com. of issues

Corps of engineers
6Sick, aggregate, 524
Store keepers

Pay . . . . 74,690 18 In arrest, do. 232 Com. gen, of supplies ion extra duty, do.

Subsistence · · 177

· · 47,523 Forağe

1,056 Chaplain 11 Absent


Clothing, (41 servants) 1,525 Amount of gen, staff, 134/Total pres, and abs. 7676 Regiment of light artillery

The troops are stationed at a great number of Pay . . . . . 76,740 posts and places, along the maritime and inland Subsistence . . . . 14,527 frontiers, &c.

Forage :


Clothing, (24

892 Return of ordnance on hand at the military posts and

depois of the United States, from returns received Corps of artillery-
at the war departmenu', up to the 30th Dec. 1818: Pay . .

Mounted. Dismounted
. . $20

Subsistence . . 10 inch mortars

. . 43,508 71

Forage . . a . . 768 Battering cannon, 42's, 32', 24's 2,

754 727 Clothing, (80 servants) · and 18's.

2,976 Field cannon, 12's and 6's. . 344 621

Eight regiments of infantryHowitzers, 8 and 5 8-10 inches, .- 80 116

Pay Columbiads, 100's, 50's, 42's,

:. . 515,760

45 Subsistence . . , 69,204 32's, 24's, and 18's, .'

Forage . • • •

PAY AND SUBSISTENCE ESTIMATES FOR 1819, Clothing, (108 servants) - 4,017
Generals, &c.
Pay . . . . . 21,744

Regiment of riflemen-
Subsistence . . . 12,118

Pay , . . . . 64,500 Forage - - - - 4,224

Subsistence . . . . 8,687 Clothing, (40 private servants) 1,488

Forage - - - - 384 39,574 Clothing, (14 servants) . 520

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*The subsistence in the particular corps or depart- Miscellaneous inents, does not include that of the privates, whieh Retained bounty, travelling al. ja noticed separately, below.

lowances, &c. . . 9:2,500


On account of double rations, 32,000

i professional cbaracters, in my bumble estimation, Pensions to widows & orptians 200,000

not from the most meritorious class of the commun

324,500 nity, but too much like the class through whose Şubsistence of the non-commissioned offi

hands we are continually cursed with a wickedly lancers and privates .. . -

728,280 depreciated “paper currency.” Our laws, cur me. Clothing of do. . . . 572,937

dicines, our literary and religious instructions are Camp equipage


likely to be managed, if not alreaciy so, too much - 590,057 | by ms not duly acquainted with and tender of

the rights and feelings of the middling and lower

classes of the people. I mean the middling Literary studies of Youth.

and lower classes of the people, not in the qualities, MR. NILES.

of good citizens, but in property and shew. Ilong to · Observing that some writer in the Albany Re- see other men than these wholly from rich families, gister was sorry to find in your Register, the piece enabled by their priviliges to liave a due influence you lately published, which proposed "a salutary in the affairs of this country. The farmers, me. reformation in the system of classical education," chanics and manufacturers of moderate estates are who also had the boldness to denounce the senti. I often required to patronize our colleges by their ments of the excellent Dr. Rush, as "inconclusive bounty, bestowed through legislative acts, whilst a. Jeasonings and erroneous opinions," I hope you system is pursued to carry the primary benefits of will grant me the favor to insert this reply.

these colleges entirely beyond the reach of their This writer expresses his surprise and regret sons. What, I again ask, are the benign effects “that a gentleman from the land of scholars, should

of the study of Latin and Greek classics? Where endeavor to check this taste for elegant letters, are the men produced in these tinies more distin. when the study of the Latin and Greek classics is guished as benefactors, or indeed more truly learn. so deservedly popular in all our literary institutions, ed, than were our Washington, Franklin, Ritten." and its benign effects are daily becoming more and house, Sullivan, Fulton and a host of others who unore visibie in every section of the United States." never experienced the "benign effects” of Latin and The proposal was expected to meet powerful oppo-Greek classics: or than our Rush, who discards sition from those who live by the employment of these classics; or than our Dickinson, Jeffreon, the teaching Greek and Latin, or who, perhaps, may Adamses, llenry, Hamilton, Madison, Munroe, and acquire the reputation of scholars by merely ad numerous others, who obtained collegiate honors vocating the study of these languages, for, indeed, when much less knowledge of the Latin and Greek pretensions to these have a sort of magical influence classics was required, than is now required? There is, at this moment, a great number of gentle. The writer in the Albany Register tells us, "there' anen in the United States, as well as in other coun- is no exercise which brings into play so many facul.' tries, supported as professors and teachers of these ties of the mind as the study of language." I sup. languages. In them these gentlemen naturally feel

pose he means the Latin or Greek language. “The a lively interest. “yirs, ye know that by this craft, attention, judgment, reasoning, memory, imagi. ye have your wealth."

nation and taste, are simultaneously exercised and But that the study of Latin and Greek is de improved.” I would ask if there are not studies in: servedly popular, and its benign effects are daily our own language to exercise all these powers of becoming more and more visible in every section tre mind, even to greater advantage than any La. of the United States,” are assertions, in my view, tin or Greek author? If there is no superior apuess wholly indefensible. What are the proofs of in the Latin or Greek language to perfect the poir. these beniga effects? Within twenty or thirty ers of the mind, then I ask why we should study years colleges and universities have nearly or quite Demosthenes, Cicero, Liry, or Plato as superior to doubled their demands upon our youth, requiring the rest of mankind? I know of no evidence that them both for admission to a college-standing and they owed their superiority as writers or orators to for a degree twice as much study of Latin and the study of any other than their own language. Greek as was formerly requisite, or rather twice as Admitting there are inportant ideas contained in much time and labor to be sacrificed at the shrines the writings of Demosthenes or Cicero, which canof heathen gods and goddesses, with which these not be expressed by our translations, I would ask relegant letters,” except the Greek testament, whether we can have any practical use for such greatly abound. With boldness I repeat that the ideas? If all practical benefit can be derived from tho Latin and Greek classics abound with fictious, friv- translations of these authors.

translations of these authors, then the study of the olous and obscene stories, and with extravagant translations must save great expense of time, labar, rhapsodies, and I am ready to adduce proofs of this and money. Dryden, Pope and others, have furs? assertion. Alas! that our instructors, physicians, vished excellent translations of a number of the lawyers, judges, statesmen and divines should waste Latin and Greek classics, the reading of which so much precious time upon such studies, to the ne-would give the scholar much more knowledge of glect of weightier matters. Such requisitions of the authors than he can acquire by reading the oriLatin and Greek made upon our youth must tend ginal. After all, the best translations of the Latin to exclude those belonging to families of moderate and Greek classics lie upon the shelves of our libra. fortune from the benefits of college education, and to ries as useless lumber - Strange that works of sucı create a combined literary and monicd aristocracy. superior merit have no communicable excellence in Young men of talents without fortunes, can scarce-atiract the attention of more readers! ly hope to obtain by their own exertions, college That, in all countries and in all ages, these alla benefits, as were many of our most valuable pro- cient authors have been admired and imitated, us fessional men who were graduated forty or fifty furnishing the finest specimens of elevated senti. years since, and who were the cornaments" of the ments, elegance of style, and refinement of taste," age.

Jis but a poor argument in their favor.- It may This management operates to cause a great de- be said of idolatry and of monarchical and tyranficiency of professional men throughout this ra- nical governments, that in all countries and in pidly growing republic. This operates to furnishi ! all ages, these have been admired and imitatch


whilst democracy or republicanism has been de- paigns. This money he appropriated to paying nounced as the most odious of all pests. What and supplying the force called out for the defence though “Pitt and Fox, Burke and Curran, never of the state, and to paying the demands of the of forgot to renew their libations at the fountains of ficers and citizens of the state for public services." ancient literature?” There were other fountains. These payments were always made in current fountains of depravity, where, it is allowed, some of money only, and never in a depreciated currency them never forgot to renew their libations, And or stock. The general government had. at this there have been multitudes of others who, doubt-time borrowed of individuals and corporations, te less, drank as deep as they at the fountain of an. the full extent of its credit, current money, for which cient literature,” who never rose to their eminence they allowed a large discount or premium; and it is as orators and statesmen.

J alike discount or premium, for the money he sa Again let us hear Ure great and good Dr. Rush. borrowed, and paid for the defence of this state, He says “the rejection of the Latin and Greek lan- with the usual interest and comunission upon it, that guages would greatly increase the number of siu. the late governor claims to be allowed in his ac. denis in our colleges, and thereby extend the bene- count; and were we now to audit and adjust the fits of education through every part of our country, accounts of the late governor, we should allow bin The excellency of knowledge would then be obvi-l a credit for these claims, and we recommend their qus to every body, because it would be constantly allowance accordingly." applicable to some of the necessary and useful pur. That committee rejected (under a compromise poses of life, and particular y to the security and and arrangement agreed upon by them, myself, and order of a wise and just governinent."..

the comptroller, after various interviews and dis. Should you, sir, give this a place in your invalua- cussions) all the items allowed and admitted by the ble paper, other specimens like this, of “inconclu-commissioners, except that abové referred to, not sive reasonings and erroneous opinions," may pro because the rejected charges or allowances were bably be offered.. A FRIEND TO LITERATURE.

not equitable and just, but because they were more properly charged against the United States than the

state. In their report to the legislature, the joint Vice-President's Affairs. committee refer to the report of Messrs. Colden From the notoriety given to certain reports of long and Bogardus, on this subject, and especially to the

standing, respecting a supposed deficit of a large allowance mentioned in the above extract, as fol. amount against Mr. Tompkins, as governor of the lows:-"Your committee have examined the said state of New York, during the late war, we have report, and the reasons of the said commissioners, thought it right to publish the following corres. in favor of the several items recommended by them pondence. As a distinguished public man, his to be allowed to the late governor, and however character is a public concern.

|fully satisfied they may be of the justice and equity New YORK, JULY 19, 1819. of these items as claims against the United States Gentlemen-By a resolution of both houses of the they cannot discover the legality of those claims Legislature of the state of New York, of April, 1818, upon this state. Among the allowances recomthe settlement of the residue of my accounts with mended, however, there is one arising pon monies the state of New York, upon principles of justice borrowed upon the personal responsibility of the and equity, was referred to William Bayard, Cad. D. late governor, for the purpose of paying and supCoider, and Robert Bogardus. The first named plying the forces called out for the defence of this gentleman declined acting in the commission, and state, and to pay the demands of officers and citi. the two latter, having met previously to the last zens of this state for public services. These loans meeting of the legislature, adjourned to meet again were made at the time when the credit of the gein Altany during the session, without adverting to neral government was exhausted, and when the the phraseology of the resolution, which required were obliged to borrow current money upon a large them to report previously to its commencement. discount or premium, and as these loans were ge'They, however, met in Albany during the session, nerally paid, as the committee are informed and and after many investigations and interviews with believe, eitherin uncurrent money orin depreciated the comptroller and mysesf, made a report, which, treasury notes, which depreciation has been chars. for the reason abovementioned, could be regardeded by the United States against the late governor, as advisory or recommendatory only. That report the committee deem it no more than equitable that was communicated by the comptroller to the legis. the like premium, &c. paid by tue general governJature, and referred to a joint committee. That ment for current money, at the several times the part of it which was accepted and adopted by the said loans were made by the late governor, should joint committee, is contained in the following ex- be allowed to him, not on the ground of his having tracts:

any legal claim to this allowance from this state, but "The militia which had been brought from the on the ground that the state reaped the benefit of country to New York, in the summer, as the fall ad. the services for which the money was paid, and yanced, were clamorous for that pay which was ne that nothing has been allowed or received by him cessary to provide them with the clothing and co- from the general government, on this account, al. vering the season required.-Supplies of every though the justice and equity of his claim jupon kind and from every quarter were demanded; the them is palpable. And the committee are more in. resources and credit of the general government clined to make this allowance from the circumwere exhausted; the state government had not stance, that this state has in its possession the means thought proper to extend its aid; he could, there- of indemnity froin the general government, which fore, only meet these exigencies, by pledging his the late governor has not.” A bill was introduced personal responsibility to raise the necessary funds; at the same time with this report, which passed This he did, and borrowed thereon, with the assis- both houses. A copy is annexed. Whilst that bill tance, iv some instances, of a deposit of depreciated was under discussion in assembly, Vr. Oakley pocurrency as a collateral security, large sums of curved to strike out that clause, which directs the rent money, over and above what had been furnish comptroller to pay the balance that might be found ed him by the United States in the previous cam. I due io iue, wlich was lost, ' Mii Oakley also made

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