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was apprehended the heat would enlarge both their The government of Chili has instructed lorel size and numbers. They had only attacked the Cochrane to leave Payta or some other port of his grass, but the corn was expected to fäll next a prey selection, open for the whale ships to procure their to their rapacity.

necessary supplies.. La Fayette. 'In page 317 of the present volume, The British merchants in Chili, were much disis a note of the illustrious Fayette to the attorney satisfied with the blockade, and in particular begeneral, requesting that a prosecution may not be cause no time had been allowed them to take away instituted on account of certain libels said to have their property-and they intend to make a remon. been published against him. A Paris paper notic-strance about it to their government. inor that request, royally says-M. Belları, the at. “Lord Cochrane is represented as hostile to the torney-general, having seen the rhodomontading American interest, and encouraging desertion of letter directed to him by the marquis de la Fayette, their seamen, while his conduct in that respect to has sent an answer, in which he informs the sturdy the British is said to be different. republican, that the prosecution against the libeller! “The Macedonian, captain Downes, sailed from had been undertaken, not on his account merely, Valparaiso on the 25th of May for the gulf of Calibut for the interest of society, which requires that fornia. libels should be punished. The letter concludes “News has been received at Valparaiso of the With a well merited sneer at the superabundant American brig Cossack having been forcibly taken sensibility of the marquis. "The generosity of the possession of in 1818, by the commandant at Mare. marquis de la Fayette need not then be alarmeal by lian, the cargo disposed of and the captain and crew an action over which he has no power, and in wlich kept in captivity. It was supposed captain Downs the public administration counts private interest as I would reclaim those persons and the property thus nothing." ukto s

. **

wantonly plundered, and punish the perpetrators. . ITALY. .

.

“Before sailing, the government of Chili request. - A Paris paper says a woman of Verdi, in Italy, ed of captain Downes that he would not proceed to was delivered of 5 male children, 2 of them are Lima, if he could for the present suspend it, condead, but 3 of them are still living. In the time of sistent with orders from his government, and it was Adrian, a woman of Alexandria was delivered also supposed he would comply with their wishes., of 5 sons, all of whom hved to a good age.

Constitution of the united provinces of Rio de la . NOVA SCOTI4.

| Plata. The following sketches of the new constiA Halifax paper of the 21st ult, says that by the tution, proclaimed on the 25th of May last, in the packet just arrived, orders had been received for absence of the entire instrument, may be acceptathe iminediate discharge of almost every person ble to all who are pleased to observe the march of employed in his majesty's navy yard and hospital. this new people to a regularly organized and inde

'i'bose establishments are no longer to be kept pendent government. The outlines boluly strike up. The ships of war on this station are in future for freedom. to receive at Bermuda whatever repairs they may « The legislative power is invested in a national require."

congress, to be composed of two houses-a house SOUTH AMERICA.

of representatives and a senate. The house of reWe do not much like to give articles of news from presentatives to be composed of deputies sent by Venezuela-both parties tell the most abominable the states, and each state is to elect a deputy for eve. falsehoods with the gravity of Castillians, and we ry 20,000 inhabitants. know not what to believe: but it seems that gen. «None will be admitted to be a deputy if he has Marino lately defeated the royalists under col. Cor- not been seren years a citizen, 26 vcars of age, rea, and killed 1000 of them, besides the wound. owning property to the amount of 4000 dollars, or ed and prisoners. The battle took place at Chap- exercising an useful profession. paco, in Barcelona.

“The functions of a deputy will last 4 years. The A letter from St. Barts, gives news via St. Eusta. | house of representatives only has the initiative in all tius, that Brion had lately touched at the latter in questions of taxes; has the power of accusing the a late English frigate of 32 guns (his fag ship) members of the three great bodies, the ministers of 9 brigs, 11 schooners and a number of gun boats; state, the ambassadors, the bishops, the generals, reported to bave on board 2500 English, Irish and governors, and supreme judges, for all crimes of Seotch,500 German, 350 Indian troops, all in fine or treason, mismanagement of the public money, vioder, supposed to be destined to attack Laguira. Alation of the constitution, &c. The senators will be subsequent report states that the troops amounted named by the provinces, and each province will to only 1100 men, and that they had attacked and have an equal number of senators. None will be ouptured Barcelona.

admitted to be a senator if he be not 30 years of age, Com. Joler and gen. Arismendiare said to be under has not been a citizen nine years, if he be not owner arrest, for conspiracy- the belief is given out that of some property to the amount of 8000 dollars, or they will be shot.

does not exercise a profession commanding respect, Many prizes have recently been sent into Marga. “The functions of the congress to make laws, to tetta--chiefly captured under the flag of Artigas. declare war, make peace, establish duties, to decree

A privateering Fessel, under many names, carry taxes to be levied equally all over the union for a ing the flag of Artigas and others, commanded by a time not to exceed two years, villsin named Alvara, among acts of supreme ras. “The supreme executive power of the nation cality, lately captured a Portuguese brig mounting will be inrested in the person of a director. None 6 12 pounders, with a crew of 12 men and fifteen will be elected director if he does not enjoy the passengers, the latter chiefly women. After a varie rights of a citizen, be not a citizen born, has not iv of usage disgraceful to the human character, been a resident for six years before his election, they forced the men and the passengers into an open and if he be not 35 years of age. The director is beat, a:d ten set them adrift on the wide ocean the supreme chief of all the land and sea forces. with a small stock of provisions, and at a mo- he nation has the right of amending the cong ment

!emendous gale cane on which stitution, taking care to obserye the constitutional it was voort me at 1-roaching!

forms. All men are equal before the law. The

se

press is free. Private actions, when injuring nobody, but a plantation, or piece of woods, sold as high as are subject only to the tribunal of God. Every one! $5,025; and 184. lots, the number sold, brought inay do a}l that is not prohibited by the laws, and upwards, of an hundred and twenty thousand dol. may dispense with all that the laws do not require, lars.

The dwelling of a citizen is a sacred asylum, not to l The Chocktaws. An arrangement is now making De violated without crime, &c."

with this tribe of Indians for the cession of a large Gen San Martin is reported to have collected tract of country in exchange for lands on the Arkan10,000 men, near St. Jago, to act against Upper Peru. saw. The Cherokees, it will be recollected, made a He was expected at Buenos Ayres.

similar exchange some time ago. It appears that the lands ceded by the latter have been intraded

upon, and that Mr. Meigs, agent for the nation, :: .-.. CHRONICLE.

has given notice that unless such intruders were reThe president of the United States arrived at moved on the 1st of last month, that he should apWashington city or Sunday morning last. The se- ply to gen. Jackson to drive them off.

retary of the navy has also returned to the seat of TAE TORTOISE. Fion the l'illage Record, publisis. government.

ed at West-Chester, Pa. addressed to the edi orde The Danish sloop of war Diana, of 20 guns and 130 tortoises have been noticed in the Record, I send a men, arrired New York, August 5th, in 15 days from small statement of one I found a few days ago. St. Thomas.

It was marked 1744, with the letters P. D. said to The rol is said to be making sad work among have been cut by Philip Dunn. I am told he has the cotton, in ditferent parts of the southern states. been dead fifty years. It was found on the planta

Hot weather. The thermometer at Salem, Mass. tion of Enos Willianison, near the line of John Hunstood as follows on the 29th July at 92; on the ter. I was enquiring of Hunter haw long he could soih. 95on the 31st 99; on the 1st of Aug. at 101!!! remember it; he told me for forty years, and I have on the 2nd, at 93. So much heat was never before found it frequently within the last thirteen years. notices in the country.

CANAL TO THE PACIFIC OCEAN. Lightning. There has been we believe, an unusu. MR. EDITOR.-Seeing in your paper of yesteral descent of the electric fluid, this season, in the day some observations on the project of a passage U, States. T'he following notice shews a wonder- to the Pacific ocean by means of a canal across the fw escape from the effects of it-In a late thunder Isthmus of Darien, brings to the mind a proposition storın at Salem, Mass, a shoe was ripped from the made to the king of Spain, by sr. Dn. Salvador St. foot of a woman, by lightning and completely de- Martin, the bishop of Chiapa, who resides in Ciudad stroyed, without doing any injury to her person. Real, which is the capital of the province.- West

turder. The body of a man with the head, arms of this city, the river Goazacealcos, takes its rise, and one leg recently cut off, with soine sharp in.) and running east, empties into the Gulf of Mexico strument, and stabbed in the right breast apparently about thirty, leagues east of Vera Cruz; it has ten with a sword, floated ashore at Shrewsbury, N. J, on and twelve feet water on its bar, and is naviga. the 5th inst. The Jury thought he had not been ble for craft of four or five feet up to the above city. killed more than 48 hours, some thought not more East of the said city, the river (or a stream which than 24. Abrig that seemed full of men, was off empties into the river,) Chimilapа takes its rise, ang the shore two days previous.

taking a westerly direction, empties into the PeThe whale fishery. It is said that 60 American cific ocean, at the port of Tahuantipa, which is a ships are now in the Pacific engaged in the whale good harbor for large ships, and the river is dari: fishery. The U. S. frigate Macedonian will be of gable for craft of four or five feet, up to the above i essential service to them.

city of Ciudad Real; the two rivers passing each Frauds in tobacco. The inspector of tobacco at other at or near the city in a parallel line, at the New Orleans, has found 11lhds of tobacco with distance of only seven miles from each other; nei heads so thick that those of one hhd. weighed 194 | ther of them have falls to impede their navigation; Ibs. He has very properly published the names of and the ground through which a canal would have the persons who put it up.

to be cut to connect the two rivers is neither mourBarge navigation. Col. Atkinson has fitted wheels tainous nor rocky. to the barges that are conveying the soldiers up the I have seen a minute description of the rivers, Missouri, to be worked by the men. It answers and the countries through which they pass, contain: much better than oars to propel the boats against ed in a petition to the king of Spain, begging perthe ourrent, and proinises to be highly advantage. mission to cut the above canal; it was presented in ous in the navigation of falling streams.

1816, and contained the most convincing evidence Hoiston river, Tennessee. A number of hands are of the facility with which the two oceans might be now employed to remove the obstructions to the connected. The petition met with an utter denial boat navigation of this river.

from the king of Spain. Had it been granted, the froin the Boston Gazeite. “A gentleman on his intention of those concerned was to have steam relari from the western country, inforins us, that boats, employed between the two oceans, which while passing through Tennessee, he met a travel. would have made a voyage in much less time Ling house, drawn by six horses, two stories high, than it occupies between this and Louisville. and and containing three families, of 29 persons in the as the mouth of the Gonzacealcos is not more than whole. They reported themselves from the district eight or ten days sail from the mouth of the of Maine, bound to Alabama, where they intended Mississippi, may we not with propriety hope that to inhabit the same.".

Spanish America will soon shake off the European Hlaine. The majority in favor of separation is yoke, when she will be at liberty to make improve. sudhosed to be about ten thousand--only 1,500 were ments for her own benefit without consulting those required. So the act will take place.

who have no rule of government but their own Alabama.- At the late sale of town lots in the jealous fears. Should such a communication be town of Cahaba, (the spot selected for the seat of opened between the two oceans, what calculations government of the future state of Alabama) some can realize the future grandeur of New Orleans of che lots, unimproved of course, as the place is yet!

Heco-Orleans paper,

New series. No. 26-Vol. IV.) BALTIMORE, AUGUST 21, 1819. [No. 26—Vol. XVI. WHOLE No: 416

THE PAST THE PRESENT--FOR THE FUTURE.

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY H. NILES, AT $5 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE,

The article below, headed “Bank of the United, of intrigue is going on, and think it not very delio States” will on account of the facts it exhibits, claim cate that members of congress, being heavy stock. a considerable share of the public attention. The holders in the bank, should again vote on their own editor exceedingly regrets that he is prohibited, case, as some did at the last session. and perhaps ought to be, from giving the article in When this bank was first started, enormously artenso from which these facts are derived; but he forced dividends of profits was the grand object, presumes that, as to the regulations of the bank that the stockholders who had never paid for their stock and the consequent embarrassments of the treasury, might sell it out advantageously: they therefore de, nothing will be denied. They come from the very sired that about forty persons might be authorized best source of information.

to sign its notes, to fill up the circulation of the " Common honesty. We have sometimes thought

healthought country! But the mighty bubble bursted, and the

Si devotees of avarice tumbled pell-mell from the that we would notice all the counterfeiters and

he heaven which they thought they had gained, -as counterfeit bank notes which we observed to be

Milton describes it, that the spirits from the lower mentioned in the newspapers. We cannot right.

a world were sent back to the place from whence fully do it; for a useful notice of such things would

they came;"_but in their fall they severely wound. uccupy a page or two almost every week, so nu

ed the national reputation and exhibited scenes merous are the cases that occur, so many are the

w of individual misdoings that astonished us all. persons engaged in the business. But this we shall

| After this a new administration of the affairs of speedily do-induce the people, if we can, to con sider the directors of a bank as infamous,---if, know

the bank took place a policy directly opposite to

that of the original makers of the bank, was speedi- ing that counterfeits on their institution are cir

culated, they do not come forward and officially l 'y adopted and is still persevered in. It now issues put the people on their guard against them, instead

none of its own notes. Present pecuniary profit is sar

crificed to concentrate a power to command it here! • of endeavoring to hush up the matter as hitherto, preferring that honest men should be swindled,

after-o regulate the transactions of individuals rather than that the circulation of their notes should

alto govern the money matters of the nation to elect be impeded.

presidents of the United Stares and enact laws for the government of the people, which judges shall declare

to be «constitutional," though known to be so Bank of the United States. enacted. Whether these magnificent designs will be "When the searching eye of besi 'n is hid

accomplished or not, a little time will determinar Behind the globe, and lights the lower world,

We have not the shadow of a doubt but that they
Theu thieves and robbers range abroad unseen,
In morders and in outrage bloody here;

are aimed at. Few have estimated the moral force But when from under this terrestrial baull,

which a command of the circulating medium of a He fires the proud tops of the pastern pinre, And darts his light through ev'ry guilty hole,

country confers. It makes the creature greater Then murders, treasons, and detested sins,

than the creator; and it is a creature without feel. The cloak of night being pluckt from off their backs

ing or remorse. Stand bare and naked, trembling at themselves."

King Richard II. | Certain facts have just reached me from a source The developements made since the matter was in which I have as much confidence as if the consfirst agiiated, of the composition and character of the

fession were made by the secretary of the ireasury to bank of the United States, justifies the applications

me in person, that the treasury of the United States of our motto to its course of proceedings, from the lis already in a subservient condition to the banke. date of its institution to the present day,- except in Abril last, the bank resolved, that it would not reso far as the last line of the abstract may be con- ceive of GOVERNMENT ITS OWN bills and credit them as strued into a shew of compunction for offences com

4:Cash, except when tendered at the places at which mitted. The bank being soul-less, cannot feel shame!

they were payable;- that it would not pay the TREANDNever did an institution exist that more com

RY DRAFTS at any place "REQUIRED,” excep, the prib. pletely blasted the publicexpectation, than this banklin

man this Danklic monies had accumulated there to a sufficient amount, has done. Its policy, though founded upon oppo.

mn'ess upon a NOTICe given to allow the bank time to do site extremes,' has been equally mischievous or

so, on con MEROJAI. PRINCIPLRS, &c. TO ALL WHICH malevolent. The original purpose of its framers

THE SECRETARY SUBMITTED! was to get money-the object of its present managers is to acquire power. The former was a desperatel. Every body

Every body knows and feels the grand deception of set of speculators--the other is a conclave of tirants. this institution, as to its pretension to furnish a cir. Gold was the god that the first worshipped, the culating meditim, of an equal and certain value in second gives up all to ambition. Cesur or nothing, all parts of the United States; but things like the is the device inscribed on the entrance of their preceding, in regard to the government, were hard. council chamber. That eicht or ten irresponsible I ly expected by any to happen so soon. Let us see and truly contemptible individuals, unknown out of what the charter of the bank says on this subject: the streets that lead from their counting houses to the following are the 14th and 15th sections of the bank, may rule and will rule the government of the the act: United States, is to me undoubted-if the strong arm «Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That the bills. of the people is pot speedily interposed. I say of or notes of the said corporation, originally made. the people, for I have little faith in the executive or payable, or which shall have become payable on in congress regarding this matter,- unless urged to demand, shall be receivable in all payments to the action by public opinion. I am not about to charge United States, unless otherwise directed by act of any with corruprion-but do know that a great deal congress,

VOL. XVI. -29,

been

“Sec. 15. And be it further enaciei, That during Well--in two or three days, or two or three the continuance of this act, and whenever required' weeks, as the case may be, after the receipt of this by the sccretary of the treasury, the said corpora- notice, Mr. Cheves might say to the secretarytion shall give the necessary facilities for transfer. “Sir- The balance of trade between Boston and ring the public funds from place to place, within the “ Chillicothe are greatly in favor of the former. United States or territories thereof, and for distri. “ 'Therefore, on "commercial principles," you can buting the same in payment of tile public creditors," not expect is to pay your draft at Boston on ac. withoit charging coinmissions or claiming allowance " count of your deposit at Chillicothe; but having o account of difference of exchange, and shall also “ consulted the cashier of the branch at Bosion, und do and perform the several and respective duties of " being greatly disposed to accommodate the goo the commissioners of loans for the several states, or“ vernment, you are at liberty to draw for the $2000, any one or more of them, whenever required by," as desired, three months hence! liw."

(Signed,

L. C." By the 14th section, the valuable preference is

What a delectable correspondence have we suppogiven to the bills of this bank, that they shall be re- sed!-- But upon my honor, I solemnly beheve it is ceived in all paynients to the Umited States-it follows, nothing more than a fair type of what may happen, that they are paid as casi to the United States; but bay, perhaps

aid as cash, to the United states: but nay, perhaps of what has really happened: - for accoriling to the preceding regulation of the direc- the fiscal concerns of the government have tors of the bank, they are noë cash to the United exceedingly embarrassed by the regulations of the States, except at the places whereat they are re- bank, and the acquiesence of the secretary of the spectively payable! Thus, a note issued from the reasury to them. I have reason to speak thus oitige at New Orleans may be paid as money for

I have in my possession what is conclusive evidence to debts clue to the United States at the office in me i the otliče in me of the facts that I have insinuated,

Are Portsmouth, N. H. which the secretary of the trea.!. Are the people prepared to bear this? sury cannot draw for on Portsmouth, as cash. 'The they content to see their government crawling at office there receives the notes of that at New Or the feet of this abominable institution? Will they leans as a special debosit, and will pay the draft out stand still and see a monied aristocracy swallow of such deposit only. The embarrassments to the up the dignity of the constitution, and devour indi. people by this lop-sided conduct, have only one re

viduals by its tens of thousands?; medy-if the secretary continues to succumb and

äWe trust that some member of congress will call thus unjustly to favor the bank: this remedy is, to

to for the whole correspondence' between the presi protest the drafts of the United States, unless paid

ident of the bank* and the secretary of the treasury, in cash, as has happened at Chillicothe!* This will on these subjects. Immense advantages have been bring the U. s. in for damages, and we shall see 5

e given to the bank, and though the people have whether congress has spirit enough to resist such

s been cheated of their just expectations, it does not outrag:ous proceedings. Half a dozen cases of

of fokow that the government should be thus managed this kind will fix the business, and determine whe

by the creature which intrigue (I will not say bri. ther the bank is to govern the government, or not;

1 bery in some cases) permitted the creation of. If and certainly half a dozen men dealing with the

at the present time, the bank can prescribe condiUnited States, may be found that have indepen.

tions to the secretary of the treasury, what must we dence enough to do what is right.

expect to be the state of the case very speedily,

when the “ways and means" of government will oe By the 15th section, it was perfectly understood much less productive than they are now, and its rethat the bank was to become the agent of the Uni- venue becomes more difficult to collect-- as every ted States for transferring the funds of the go-one sees must happen, without some material vernement from one part of the union to another, change in our internal policy to foreign relations? without delay or charge for so doing. Thus, it was supposed, that the secretary of the treasury, having a credit at Chillicothe might draw for it pay

Emigration Table. able at Boston, without further ceremony. But Amount of foreign emigrants whose arrival in the now he seems to be reduced to the necessity of ports of the United States was noticed as being writing a letter like this to the president of the reported in the newspapers received at the office bank at Philadelphia.-

of the REGISTER, for two weeks, ending yester«Horored Sin. The United States have the sum

day morning: “ of $200,000 (or two millions) lying dormant to

From Dundee . . in 2 vessels, 36 w government, though discounted upon by your

Halifax, St. John's, &c. 14 586 « office at Chillicothe-$2000 are wanted at Boston

Liverpool, ... 5 137

London . « to pay off the mechanics employed in the navy

. 2

82 « yard. As these people have families and are bad.

Hull . .

55

Havre « ly off for money, be pleased to inform one, as soon as as your attention to inore important affairs will adinit of,

Amsterdam,

372 “ when and in what manner I may draw for the said

Cork . . . 1 “ $2000 on Boston.

Bremen

10

Belfast (Signed,)

W. H.C * Detroit, July 30: 'The United States braneh bank

1395 at Chillicothe has recently refused to pay a draft to

At New.York . . 538 the amount of about $10,000 in specie. The spe

Philadelphia

386 cie was as we are informed, wanted by gov, Cass,

Baltimore. : :

446 to fulfil & sisulation contained in some of the Indian

Norfolk, .

65 treaties. Mr. Robert A. Forsyth of this city was the bearer of the draft, and having learnt that the mo-1

1395 ney would not be paid to him, he had the draft pro- *We put the president of bank first, as being the TESTED

| most important person.

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It is worthy of remark, that almost the half of tially assisted, in most cases. Assuming this as a these noticed, (and we put down the particulars of' fact, it appears that a full pauper, in 1789, cost 57 all that we saw reported, to form the preceding dollars, yearly; in 1797, 64 dollars; in 1807, 65 summary) have reached the United States, via Nova dollars; in 1817, 90 dollars; in 1818, 96 dollars. Scotia and New-Brunswick-there is also a great But there must be a great consumption of money influx of people through the Cairadas.

lin supporting the establishment--the paupers themThe above is certainly short of the real number selves, could not have required such an amount. that arrived in the absence of the wlrole facts, it Still, the facts go strongly to corroborate our calcu. may serve foran estimate. It probably contains about lations, which give for the cost of maintaining each three-fourths or four-fifths of the actual amount. individual in the U. States, the sum of seventy-six

The editor ofan eastern paper, noticing a remark dollars, per annum. See present volume, page 386. Orade by us, says Mr. Niles gives it as his opinion that the emigrations to the United States are not

Anecdote of Gen. Jackson. less than 100 persons a day-or, 146,000 ycarly." It is well known that a great part of those whol.

A gentleman of undoubted veracity, has commu. come to us from Europe arrive. here in May, June

nicated the following anecdotes to the editor of the

REGISTER: and July. The editor observed that, at a certain period, the present rate of emigration might bel.

When Hillisajo, the famous Indian chief, with his about 400 per day; but he never said or supposed t:

companion, came on board our gun-boat supposing that “146,000 arrived yearly.” He hardly believes

to fit to be British, and was detained, a kind ot' stocks that 20,000 ever arrived in any one year; and the

were put upon his feet to prevent his escape, his

daring and adventurous spirit being well known to average is much less.. The Canadian editors have seized upon an arti

: the officer. He looked mournfully upon them, and cle in the Register, headed "want of employment"

»; I then putting his hands upon his shoulders, address.

ing the officer, said, “The prince regent put epau. -see page 356, to keep the "settlers” who arrive, from passing into the United States. We frankly

lets here you put stocks there," pointing to his

feet. confess, that if the present policy of government

It will be recollected, that gen. Jackson ordered continues, we do not want an accession of popula

4. these Indians to be executed; when it was reporteri tion to our large cities and well peopled districts.

to him that they were dead, it was asked, “what shall we do with the bodies shall they be thrown

into the river?” “No”-said the 'general indigPauper Statistics, ,

nantly, they have ceased to be our enemies; let We have taken much pains, at different times, to them be buried as decently as our means will adinit ascertain the cost of feeding and clothing indivi- of. See that it is doue!” duals, with a view to the establishment of certain data of great importance in the study of political economy. A writer in the Aurora-but for pur.

Mitigation of Slavery-No. 8. poses different from those to which we wish to ap.

PROPOSITION THE FOURTH. ply it, gives the following table respecting the pail. That the present emancipation of slaves in the pers maintained in the city and county of Philadel. southern states should not be extensively supportphia, for 22 years:

ed, unless efficient provision is made for separating

the free negroes from those who are not--the Paupers Paupers in pensioned

mirture is fatal to the progress of improvement in dates. Alms House. in the city. Poor Tax.

both, and at open war with the safety of the pero

sons and property of the white populacion; and 417 1789)

must remain so, until the practices recommended Nearly the 22,933 33 1790

in the second proposition have had operation." same. I 21,333 33 1791 349

It does not appear necessary to say much on this

21,333 33 1797

I proposition, for the facts that belong to it are self

40,000
417
18001 699

50,000

evident to every person who has resided in those 1801)

districts of our country in which many freed blacks 610

75,000

are mixed with numerous slaves. In Baltimore, es18021 527

60,000 1803 544

pecially, we see the mischevious effects of such

75,000 1804 606

70,000

mixtures at almost every step that we take. The 1805 653

90,000

free negroes, in no respect, as to their standing 1806 763

90,000

in the opinion of the white people, having preemi. 1807! 927

89,661

nence over the slaves, are necessarily without the 1808 1073

91,100

moral force we have spoken of, to elevate their con18091

dition. Slaves are their associates, and the state of 1.320

83,000 1294

88,000

debasement continues in its fullest strength and 1811 - 1294

88,000

vigor. To this is added numerous petty thefts and 1812

102,595

other crimes to which either party would be less 1813 750

89,604

liable, it it were separated from the other. In luis 1814 736

hours of relaxation, the slave seeks the house of the

100,938 1815 729

109,938

freed negro as an asylum, and in return for it, ico 1816 778

100,101

frequently brings with himn the propery of his mas. 1817 778

110,101

ter to contribuie his share to the feast and frolick. 1818) 9:34

135,104

This intercourse leads to many other vicious liabits,

and whatever of virtuous principles that belonged The paupers perisioned out of the alms-house, to either class, are banished by sensualities indulgcd. though said to be in amount nearly the same" as such, indeed, in the present benighted state of his tlose maintained in it, we have reason to believe mind, are the chief things which the negro can en. do not cost more than half as much, being bat par.jpy; and most of hie actions lead to the gratificatio

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1810

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