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forms me that he thinks the number of Indians in commanding officer of the militia near the Poplar the neighborhood considerable. I should have men. Spring, which will present to you the state of tioned that in April, a bouse, within fifteen or twen- | things in that quarter. Excuse this hasty scrawi, ty miles of Claiborne, was attacked, the husband and accept the assurances of my regard and esteem. killed, and wife and two daughters wounded. Thir.
WM. W. BIBB. ty dollars, a quantity of bacon, and every article Maj. Gen. AXDREW JACKSON. which could be conveyed away, were taken and car. ried to Pensacola, where, I believe, the murderers
CHRONICLE. might still be found.
Iyesterday learned that one Indian was killed and The vice president of the United States has disloanother wounded near the Poplar Spring
cated his shoulder by a fall. This detail of events, however, was probably un. The Columbre, The ship of the line built at Wash. necessary, as you will receive from major Youngs ington is called the “Columbus," and not the Coevery intelligence upon the subject. My principal luinbia, as reported and applied. There is a serse object is to state that, in my eiforts to protect the and meaning in the name with which we are quite people over wliom I preside, the territorial trea-content. sury, being destitute of funds, has afforded me no She was launched on Monday last in great stile, .supplies whatever; nor has it been in the power of without accident, in the presence of a vast crowd of the commanding officer here to render the aid which people--the president, heads of departments and he has uniformly manifested the best disposition to many members of congress attending. We heartily afford. I am desirous that the troops should be say, success to the Columbus. She is a ship of the considered as in the service of the United States, first quality, and it is said, will be fitted immediately. and the accounts adjusted when their term of ser. Arkansaw. Brevet general Nunes Miller, at previce expires. One company rendezvoused at Poplar sent a colonel in the army, is appointed to be goSpring, for three months' service, on the 10th of vernor of the new territory of Arkansaw. April, and a detachment of twenty-five at Sepulga, Robert Crittenden is appointed secretary of said lately, for the same term of service. The expen- territory, ditures incurred have been necessarily consider Forida. It seems pretty well ascertained that a ble, and altogether beyond my means of paying Spanish tlept arrived at Pensacola outleth ult. with You will readily porccivo how unpleasant has been 600 troops, of whom 164) were dragoons, bringing my situation, without the means of affording the with them $100,000 to pay the men and mount the protection necessary to keep the inhabitants all cavalry. Whether they will remain or not, under their bomes. The regular force in this quarter the new arrangement of things, is doubtful. has been insufficient for the defence of the country: SCapt. Boyles has removed the banditti who have the inilitia I have not had tiine to organize; and, been so long prowling about the lines, robbing and above all, not a dollar in the treasury. My views murdering the people. He has erected a small fort of the necessity of forwarding men and money to on the Chatahoochie, near which, it is said, 300 faini this section of the country, have been repeatedly lies from Georgia have alreally settled. stated to col. Trimble, but I apprehend it bas not Col. King was engaged in removing the United been in his power to meet them. Having endea- States' stores &c. from Pensacola to Montpelier. vored in vain, with my limited resources, io arrest The National Advocate sky's, by a calculation the enemy, after their successive murders, and be made in 1813, the Floridas brought the Spanish going satisfied that they sought refuge in Fiorida, Ivernment in debt upwards of (10,000 dollars annualdetermined to raise a volunteer force, and order ly; and during the existence of the cortez the rethem to attack the hostile Indians, without regard gents of the kingdom would gladly have made the to our boundary. A part of the force is now under transfer, had their ally, G. Britain, permitted them the command of major Youngs, and captain Stull is so to do." in possession of my order. Had I been furnished Gen. Gaines has been ordered to furnish a guard wich funds, the enemy would have been driven for the surveyors appointed to survey the newly acfrom that retreat long before this time; persuaded quired territory from the Creeks, as I am that it is the only effectual method of af. Murried at Vienna, New York, on the 2d ult. by tording security to this territory.
the rev. E. Stebbins, Mr. Daniel Butts, of Angusta, I bave this moment received intelligence which aged 15, to Miss Elizabeth. Matoon, of the former leaves no doubi of your approach to this quarter, place, aged 11. Two brothers, the eldest 18, the and I shall now leave the territory perfectly satis. Other 15, have married mother and daughter, the fied that the people will not suffer by my absence. mother 35, the daughter 11. Mr. Henry Hitchcock is appointed territorial secre- The legislature of New Jersey rose on Friday tary, and will act as governor after I set out from last. Seventy-two acts were passed during the Fort Jackson, which will be the 26th or 27th of session. Among the number, we find that there is the month. I may, however, be detained a few days one for the sale of the government house and lot in longer in arranging with the Big Warrior the re the city of Trenton, and another to create a fand ception of a party of Indians who have sued for for the improvement of inland navigation. peace, and delivered themselves to major Youngs. The state of New York, accorcling to the annual This they did so soon as the major convinced them, report of the commissary general, possesses 122 by a well-timed and well executed expedition, pieces of iron ordinance, 112 of brass, and 27,148 that they would no longer be permitted to murinuskets. der our citizens, and find refuge in the Spanish "The legislature of Massachusetts closed their territory.
winter session on Saturday last, after passing 90 Tbere are at this place forty voltınteers, and the acis. Among the number is an act, making high. same number of militia at Camp Montgomery way robbery with intent to kill, or maim with a Should you need any additional aid from the ter. dangerous weapon, a crime punishable with death. ritory, it would be promptly furnisised, sliould you The steam boat Franklin, with a full cargo of potify me at Fort Jackson before my departure. groceries, on her way from New Orleans tv St.
I enclose to you a letter I have received from the Louis, sunk just belowy St. Genevieve.
NEW SERIES. No. 3—Vol. IV.] BAL TIMORE, MARCH 13, 1819. [No. 3— Vol. XVI. WHOLE No. 393
THE PAST-THE PRESENT FOR THE FUTURE.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY I. NILES, AT $5 PER ANNUN, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE;
We present our readers with a half sheet suPPLE-, corrupt, and had partially estimated the growing MENT, containing as much matter as is generally power of the rich and avaricious. We knew that tid compresse ! into a whole sheet, to preserve for refer- men were able to restrain, as they ought, any deopard ence, a detailed account of the proceedings of con- of authority which they might acquire overtheimti gress. We do not suppose that many will read low beings, or apply the compass to prescribe alina this supplement now, but the things recordeil in it beyond which their unruly passions should not non could not be dispensed with, without great injury still, we thought such might be checked, confuse to our REGISTER of facts; and we have, therefore, in- and dismissed, by a redeeming spirit in the people curred the expense ot it.
to whom all were accountable for their conduct in
the public affairs. Sovereignty of the States.-No. 1. Having so long entertained such opinions
controvertible truths, and as a weak, but honest An insidious delapidation or violent dismembe:
| apostle in the cause of mankind, en leavored to im. ment of the American union, together with a con
I press them upon all within our reach, the horror of solidation of the reserved rights and powers of the
an apprehension that we have deceived ourselves states, is the darling hope that the enemies of liber
and others, may be better felt than described: it is ly, at home and abroad, have hugged to their heart
I like to a man discovering the infidelity of his wife with demoniac fervor and constancy. They have
whilst she reposes on his bosom, and heart seems hated and still hate, the freedom of the people of
united to heart! A deadly blow has been stuck at the United States, on the principles with which
the sovereignty of the states, and from a quarter so Satan regarded the happy condition of our first pa.
far removed from the people as to be hardly acces., rents in the garden of Eden-their own preverse
sible to public opinion i t is needless to say that i dispositions not being fitted to participate in an
we allude to the decision of the supreme conut, into equality of rights, or their inordinate pride reject the case of McCulloh versus the state of Maryland, O ing every measure calculated to do away distinc
by which it is estabiished that the states cannot a tions among men, save in virtue and usefulness. 12
| tax the bank of the United States. No part of our editorial duty has been performed
We are yet unacquainted with the grounds of with more alacrity than to coinbat with such, and|
this alarming decision, but of this are resolved that to encourage a confidence in the perpetuity of the
the nothing but the tongue of an angel can convince 118 ! confederacy, in its present super-excellent form,
Clof its compatibility with the constitution of the U. to descant upon the inestimable advantages vianited States, in which a power to grant acts of inmust flow from a well-balanced system, with an no-corporation is not delegated, and all powers not denest administration of its principles for the common
legated are retained. good; shewing how every part transmitted intelli
Far be it from us to be thought as speaking disgence and strength to a general point, from whence
respectfully of the supreme court, or to subject our. the collected wisdom of the nation, with collected
selves to the suspicion of a “contempt” of it. We force, was re-transmitted to benefit every part of the do not impute corruption to the judges, nor inti. common family. But, we always contended that the mate that they have been influenced by improper
principle was in the virtue of the people, and feelings they are great and learned men; 'but still, the sovereignty of the states and that these were only men. And, feeling as we do-as if the very so closely united in giving order to the system, that stones would cry out if we did not speak on this neither could be dispensed with. The individuals. subject, we will exercise our right to do it and do. of this country having, by the favor of Providence, clare, that if the supreme court is not mistaken in and patience and perseverance, worked out their its construction of the constitution of the United emancipation from British despotism, gave up to Stati
States, or that another definition cannot be given their state governments certain of their rights for the
to it by some act of the states-their sovereignty is better preservation of those that they thought proper at the mercy of their creature-congress. Ti is not I to retain; and the states, in like manner and for like
on account of the bank of the United States that Durposes. agreed to establish a national head, to we speak thus-though we shail be sick enough of direct the veneral affairs of the confederation, m that tremendous institution before its charter exo peace and in war. Here was a system that we conti-pires, (and which will not be renewed, wless the dently trusted was to confer happiness on many people lose their virtue and self-respect-it is but millions of freemen, to the thousandth generation. a drop in the bucket compared with the principles We discovered nothing which had happened to jeo-established by the decision, which appears to us to pardize this most splendid inheritance—and never be these: suffered the idea to prevail that the RESERVED 1. That congress has an unlimitted right to grant rights of the people, or of the states, could be seri- acts of inco, olisiu compromitted by any act of the national admi. 2. That a company incorporated by congress, is ex. nistration, trusting in the virtue of the ballot to re-empted from the common operation of the laws of the form abuses and punish those guilty of them. It was sto
was state in which it may be locatell!! that thus influenced, we have labored so faithfully! As to The first-as there is no power deleto build up a xaTIONAL CHARACTER, to inspire a home gated to congress to pass acts of incorporation at feeling, a proud and jealous regard of our rights as
all, and yet that power exists, cities and towns an! men-rights which the people, in obedience to the land companies, may as wellbeincorporaiculas bauks, will of GOD who created them free, cannot legally and ten thousand such acts be gr nted as weli as one, transfer to the keeping of others. We were aware, and for any purpose whatsoever. nevertheless, of the intrigues of the ambitious and And secondly,--such acts of incorporation being
ball, and a consideration paid therefor, (one cent States desired epen to erect a fort, manifestly in. or one million of dollars, at the discretion of congress ), tended for the common defence, that an act of the the houses and lands, or other property of the incor-state in which it was to be built, was necessary to poration, is in no wise liable to the local laws of the release the land occupied by it from the jurisdiction
statesmi. e. a sort of sovereignty is established with- of the state: ut now, if the corps of engineers Linthe state sovereignties, and withouttheir consent.* were incorpordized for the general purpose of erect:
These propositions and general deductions ap- ing forts, the seless ceremony of consulting the states pear to be reasonable. Indeed, we cannot see how might be at once dispensed with! the decision will, or can, admit of any other. Con. When the people of a territory have been autho. gress has very few incidental powers--these be-rised to form a constitution and establish a state go loog to a state of sovereignty & The congress is not vernment, a provision has always been inserted in sovereign except in the cases delegated. To raise the act of congress therefor, as a c dition, that thic an army, it necessarily follows that they may enlist new route should not, tax the lands of the United men and organize and support them; but a bank, or States--this condition may be rendered unnecessiany thing like an incorporation, is not hinted at in ry by incorporating the land officers and their sic the wicole instrument;-still we see that they may cessors! Diake corporations, and the pretext will never be But, he right to “REGOLATE Commerce" is specialu wanting to make any sort of them, and ien thou- delegated to congress--and the national government
and nwy be made as well as one. But to this couis sovereign in all tliat relates to the collection of structed power is attached another which is terrible chities on goods inported. After this decisioa, to think of-the exemption of those incorporated, shall any one believe that acts cannot be legal as well as their property, from the operation of the passed incorporating one company to import Ext : lays of the states! Why, congress then has tile India goods, another West India, a third British, a power to grant a traveling charter, with which those fourth French, &c. Pretexts are easily affondenassociated under it may pass from place to place, goods are smuggled, the public is defrauded of its buy lands and build cities where they please, without just revenue, and these things are to prevent such being responsible to any authority but that of con- mal-practices! How is it possible that one mungon gress itseif!! We solemnly assure the reader that may be constituted and another denied, if the bonn te mournfully believe this is not the extent to which the price of the privilege, is paid, or without any the evil may proceed, if it is not checked at its be.bonnas at all if the government is disposed to be bu ginning--and that the rights of the states will not be berul? And assuredly, such monopolies of trade may worth a opepper corn,” in a very few years, if it is be easily granted the right to regulate commerce" not done.
is granted; and any thinking inan will feel more rea. Ilitherto, it has been supposed that if the United dily reconciled to the idea that congress may sell the
right of trading to the East Indies, &c. to one set *We are told that, in the opinion of the supreme of nabobs, than grant the virtual power of regulating court, the real property held by the bank is liable the national carency" to another. As to the for to taxation by the states, according to their rate and mer, the people might produce a re-action by 30custom of taxing real property, but that the person- lemnly refusing to purchase the goods imported, al property of the ba k is not subjected to the ope- because they may dispense with then-buterers ration of the same rules in the states, which tax the man must have something to do, or, in one way or capital,or dividends, of their own local banks! Capi- another, be affected by the circulating medium of tal, no matter how it is vested, is equally within the his country; a monopoly of which is the lost hate. right of a sovereign-England taxes the light of ful, because the most injurious of any monopole heaven, and Spain the products of the bowels of that can be devised,-except monopolics of to the earth; and most nations, we believe, in one way common indispensable articles of food and cloth. or another, strike at incomes or profits of property, ling. without any sort of regard to the quality of the things 'The principle might, perhons, go even to this from which they are derived, The bank of the if congress were disposed to farm out the direct the United States is specially authorized to hold "lands es, excises and other internal revenues, all thies Tents and hereditaments," &c. as well as paper mo. could have to do would be to incorporate a company ney and specie, to the amount of fifty five millions, to collect them, and the articles so taxed-lands and and no other limit is given--it may all be in lands, houses, &c. could not be taxed by the states! all be in “stock notes," or all in cashı. Whether it The bank of the United States is authorised to is one or the other, or a mixture of all, it is equally HOLD lands, rents, temerents, hereditumenis, , the legal capital, or legal property of the bank, and chattels and effects," "of whatsoever kind, nature and we cannot conceive how it is that a distinction has quality," and to “selrand dispose of the salac," to been made, seeing that the right to hold either is the amount of fifty five millions of dollars, and the derived from the same act. We will not therefore,be- power to grant this privilege to the amount of one lieve that the supreme court has contradicted itself, thousand millions is the same-suppose, therefore, until we see the opinion at length. If it is so-We that the bank thought fit to vest a part of its ceput "expect to be astounded by the force of an argument tal in lands, how can these lands be taxed by the to prove that a thing is and is not; to find it like any states: Certainly, personal property may be as it that can occur about the boundaries of spacemi. e. gally faxed by a sovereign as real property, thong incomprehensible. But perhaps, as some people tell it is not so often done on account of the difficulty of us of what they call the mysteries of religion, the causing such a tax to bear equally_and we cannot common people are not to understand thein, such see how, if the office at Baltimore were to purchase things being reserved only for the priests!! Thank all the houses and lots on Market street, those bouses heaven, the day of such mummery has nearly gone and lots should be subjected to the state or CV hv, and the honest ploughman believes that he has taxes. In Philadelphia-if the bank of the Umtec a natural right to think for bimself; and, uninfluenc-States ever completes its moderate plans of building ed by sinister views, he will nine tiine out of ten, a property for a banking house, to cost a million decide more fairly than citers of cases at the bar or dollars, I have no sort of doubt but that that proper trafficers in dogmas in the pulpit.
I ty must remain untaxed, wbile held by the corpurs
tion, the house being as much a part of the capital principle of it that alarms is, as operating against of the bank as the gold and silver in its vaults, and the unresigned rights of the states. which has paid a bonus to the United States to ex. Though we do not believe in the wholesale gayempt it from the usual laws of Pennsylvania! It is ing of sir Róbert Walpole, the prototype of Pitt no matter whether the bonus is one dollar or twen. and Castle reagh, that every man has his price," ty millions--the principle of it is the same. But, in we are not without our fears that corruption may so the case of the bank,the bonus was paid for other con- far be extended as to take into its grasp a majority siderations--that or receiving the public deposits, of those vested with power. It is notorious that the and for using the public money to make discounts members of the legislatures of two very important upon.
states were literally purchased, or positively intiuWhere are these things to end, and what will be enced by considerations of self-interest, to do that the consequences of them? Every person must see which they knew to be wrong--and besides, we have in them a total prostration of the state rights, and the bank litters of Pennsylvania and Kentucky stars the loss of the liberties of the nation, unless the ing us in the face. What hope have we that the decision turns upon some point of common (not con. congress of the United States is composed of differ. STITUTIONAL) law, in the special case that has been ent materials; and how can we believe that if they before the supreme court. But we believe that the can grant exclusive privileges to one body of men, broad question is settled; for the National Intelli- for an object unknown to the constitution, a majogencer of Monday last, giving an account of the pro- rity may not be induced to grant the like to others? ceedings of the supreme court on Saturday, says- If they grant-if they incorporate, the business is at
«Mr. chief justice MARSHALL delivered the unani- an end, the curse is entailed upon us: it is true, we mous opinion of the court in the case of Mc Cullor may, as in Georgia, burn their acts by the common against the state of Maryland.
hangman, but the act will have force, and the judi1st. That congress had, constitutionally, a right to ciary, we suppose, must say that it is binding on the establish the bank of the United States.
people for the time of its limitation-one year or 2dly. That the bank has authority to establish five hundred. branches in such states of the Union as it thinks fit. There is no power vested in a sovereign autho.
3dly. That the state of Maryland has no right to rity that has been so much abused as that of grant. tax the branch of the bank established in that state.” ing acts of incorporation: the effects of this are felt
We are awfully impressed with a conviction that every where in the United States, through the acts the welfare of the union has received a more dan- of the states. But we have not room to espose gerous wound than fifty Hartford conventions, haté. this thing now, as we intend to do. Our chief pure ful as that assemblage was, could inflict-reaching pose at present, is to suggest an amendment to the 50 close to the vitals as seemingly to draw the constitution of the United States, declaratory of its lieart's blood of liberty and safety, and which may original ineaning, as we understand it, saying- og be wielded to destroy the whole revenues, and so do «Congress shall not have power to grant acts of in- , away the sovereignties of the states. In the pro- corporation, or vest monopolies, in any person or pery gress of this principle, we can easily anticipate the sons, for any purpose whatsoever, except within the time when some daring scoundrel, having fortified district of Columbia. bimself by soul-trading incorporations, may seize We fearfully acknowledge there are some who i upon these fair countries for a kingdom, and, sur desire a consolidation of the states. The idea is alrounded with obedient judges and lying priests, pu- most as tremendous as that of the annihilation of pish his opponents, after the manner of European the community. But this subject will naturally be despots, with fines, imprisonment and tortures here, discussed, and we sball say nothing about it at this and the terrors of the lower world hereafter. But time. It is a thing that “to be hated needs not to we will not despair of the republic, nor yet give up seen." ithe ship; no alternative, however, is left to preserve
ADDITIONAL NOTE. the sovereignty of the states but by amending the Since the year 1798, the editor of the REGISTER constitution of the United States, and more clearly has been a pretty careful observer of men and things, defining the original intentions of that instrument and sometimes mixed considerably in what is called in several respects, but especially in regard to in the political worlat; but from that day to this, he corporations:--these are evidences of sovereignty; thinks that there never was a period so hostile to congress has not a sovereign pover, except in the the principles of the constituition, nor so dangerous cases specially delegated.
to his country, as the present. We repeat it-it is not on account of the bank of It has for some time been the opinion of politithe United States that we are thus moved. Our cians,that there would be a new organization of par. sentiments are on record, that we did not wish the ties; but as he cared neither for the ins nor the outs, destruction of that institution;* but, fearing the the editor never troubled himself to find out froni enormous power of the corporation, we were zeal. whence they could springs. But now, if he know's ous that an authority to arrest its deleterious influ- the disposition of the American people, the point ence might be vested in responsible hands, for it has from whence new parties will start is easy to be dis. not got any soul. Yet this solitary institution may covered. New men, and under new names, without Dot subvert the the liberties of our country, and com- much regard to the party feelings of '98, will nearly mand every one to bow down to it as Baal; it is the go over the same ground as was then contended for:
one will support the old “energy" doctrines of that *Not because we thought it rightfully constituted period, when a senator of the United States advised and much less properly conducted; but, because it that the constitution shoukl be burnt at the point of was established and in operation, yielding to the the bayonet, and many persons openly advocated a doctrine of expediency from the force of our ideas on consolidation of the states- -tlie other will cleave the necessity of the case. We now almost regret to the belief of the fathers of the revolution, that the that we did not decidedly advocate the dissolution neople may most safely be trusted vith the manage. of the bank; not that we should have influenced a ment of their own affairs, and that the sovereignty of different result, but for the sake of the fitness of the the staics is indispensable to the preservation of lithing itself
berty. The former, as in days past, will have the
undivided aid of all speculators in politics, money or, Bocca Grande, of the Spaniards, or Charlotte har divinity; and the latter, in like manner, be composed bor, of the English, is said to have 15 feet over the chiefly of those who desire nothing but the good of bar and good anchorage within. There are several their country. The means of one, which as in the other harbors that we hear of, to receive coasting time alluded to, will nearly dungeon the press, are craft, not drawing more than from 7 to 9 feet water exceedingly powerful but the other will have The rivers appear to be very numerous on the the plıysical force. We shall see these things come map, and some of them extensive_but little is to pass in less than two years. The REGISTER will known ot'them except the great branches of the Ape will not take a part in respect to individuals, but will palachicola, the Flint and Chatahoochie, some of always be found on the side of the constitution, and the branches of the latter appearing to head in the the PEOPLE, who established it for their own benefit mountains of Tennessee. In consequence of the
| late military movements of the United States troops
under general Jackson in this quarter of the counThe Floridas.
try, we know that these rivers are navigable a great A more particular account than any which we distance into the interior, and that the country bor. · we received of the territories lately ceded by Spaindering upon them is good. to the United States, is desirable. Every one basi There are many islands stretched along the coast, seen, for several years past, that they were destined, which are exceedingly rich, and abounding, as nearto become a part of this republic, by contract or liyly all the country does, with live oak and red cedar, force, During the late war, and indeed, antecedent and other timber fit for ship building and other pur. to it and up to the late capture of Pensacola by gen.' poses; of which, for many years, a plentiful supply Jackson, they were to us as an enemy's country, may be had without leaving a navigable stream any though we had not any open quarrel with Spain. considerable distance. Excellent springs of water The British, and Briush tradurs, recruited nuc!),; are said to exist on many parts of the sea coast. built forts, established military depots, clistributed East Florida, though chiefly of a sandy soil, con. d'ins, raised the tomahawk, and gave the word to tains many extensive tracts of first rate land, and riestroy in them, just as if they had been their own some elevated situations. West Florida is interPossessions--the local Spanish authorities were un sected by extensive swamps, many of which, it is bewilling or too weak to resist them, and even Ferdi- lieved, may be drained the greater part of the dry n:und himself never even remonstralciugainst his in- land is fine. vasion of his sovereign rights. The United States The political and commercial advantages to be committed one great error in respect to this terri- derived from this acquisition, are of high consideratory--every law of nature, reason and common jus, i tion. It seems to give the command of the gulphsice, demanded that we should have taken posses-i furnish us with several most excellent harbors, and sion of it several years ago-as much so, as of a supplies of the best ship tinber in the world, which stick (neatrul property), which any man had raised may be easily transported to any point desired-open up to knock us down with.
a vast intercourse with the interior, and to afford, Florida has several very fine harbors, and, with at no distant day, an inland communication froin the à respectable naval force, is appointed to command Atlantic states to Louisiana-free us from Indian the trade of the Gulphot' Mexico: the only superi. wars, and drive off scalp-dealing monsters from this or point presented for this is the port of Havana, quarter--make a valuable addition to our lands fit. one of the best in the world. But the trade mutted to raise cotton and sugar, to which it is believed pass within striking distance of Pensacola, St. Jo. coffee will very soon be extensively added: thus reseph's, the bay of palachicola, Tanpa ony, Bocou leasing us from a dependence on foreign countries brand, or Charloité liuor, and perhaps several for those valuable articles, and adding the amount other places with which we are mnacquainted; and, heretofore paid to foreigners for them to the dowhen we reflect upon the rast rich territory that is mestic circulation. watered by mighty streams falling into this gulph, This slight sketch is chiefly derived from some we may partially calculate the present and future late conversations which the editor has had with seimportance of its trade. Pensacola will, probably, veral intelligent gentlemen who have recently visitbecome the greatest city in the south-west, attered the Floridas. One of whom, a man of the first New Orleans-its harbor is one of the most beau- character, intimated the idea of an interior commu. tiful that is known, having about 24 feet over the nication from Dirien, in Georgia, to New Orleans, bar, and room enough within for many hundred as a thing opry easy to accomplishi, "within a line of sail of the line. It is quite hea thy, and most abun-military defences." dantly supplied with pure spring water; enough of it from two springs, as a gentleman of great respectability informs us,to supply two millions of peo
General Jackson. ple! A very short canal, which may be cut foi four The article which appears in this sheet, vindior five thousand dollars, will throw into it all the catory of the conduct and character of this officer, trade of the Alabama and other great rivers, runnig against the charges contained in a report of a comthrough some of the richest parts of the United mittee of the seriate, may be presumed to have States. St. Joseph's is described to us as having received his sanction, and to contain what he would the deepest water-30 feet over the bar, and as pro- have said ur delvis own signature, had the condition bably to become the great naval depot on the guli.h. of things admitted of an appea to the people. And The bay of Appalachicola is also a fine harbor which truly, when we consider the time at which the rewill receive much trade from the interior, and be port was produced, at so late a period in the session the seat of a large commercial city-look at the mas.' as to preclude the possibility of a discussion of its meTampa bay, we apprehend, has not so much water;r's, and see also that to so much accusation no vote at its entrance as has been reporter, (24 feet), but of celsuie,or resolution is attached, no point presenit is a secure harbor, and certainly has depth elted to arglie lipon, we are almost ready to believe nough over its bar for common merchantmen, and that he would have been justified in openly nraking the smaller classes of armed vessels; but the could sich an ai peal, though, probably, it is best as it is. Pyry about it is represented as being sandy and poor. The report is handled very freely, and we think sa