網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

amount of the loan does not seem settled one ac. The following is a statement of the amount of count says it will be for 12, another for 30 millions. manufactures, and of foreign and colonial merchan- Counterfeits of Russian bank bills, to the amount dize, exported to all parts of the world from Great of 1,400,000 rubles, are said to have been discover. Britain, in the last ten years. The year ending ed in London,

1819, Jan. 5th,

56,000,000 Curious Mistake. - A Dublin paper says, “A per

1818,

53,000,000 18.

51,000,000 son who held an official situation in Dublin, whose

1817,

51,000,000 wife had caught the typhus fever, had sent her to

1816,

61,000,000 the hospital for recovery. Having received infor

1814,

56,000,000 mation of her death, he brought her home to his

1813, The accounts destroyed by fire. house; and, according the Irish fashion, had her

1812,

43,000,000 waked for several nights: he then invited several of

1811,

32,000,000 his relations, and conveyed her several miles into

1810,

46,000,000 the country, where she was buried, Having called

FRÁNCE, at the hospital about a reek afterwards for her

The crops of France promise abundance. The clothes (whether to his sorrow or no we cannot |

country is said to be perfectly tranquil. Marseilles say) be found his wife so far recovered as to be

has bad an accession of 40,000 inhabitants in three able to walk home with him. The woman he bad

years. buried in mistake was a poor friendless páuper, who

Letters from Lyons of May 20, speak of the exotherwise would have been buried at the expense

traordinary success, in that town, of Mr. Fabre of the parish."

d'Olivel, who, by a peculiar method of his own, Poor rates, &c. In a late debate in the British had developed the faculty of hearing in many deat house of commons, Mr. P. Moore, one of the mem- and dumb, of both sexes and different ages. The bers for Coventry, took occasion to state the dis experiments made to prove the fact of hearing, tressed sittiation of his constituents. From this state- were in the apartment M. Mottel Degerand, presiment we select a few facts. The poor's rates had dept of the chamber of commerce, in presence of been increased to 45 shillings, equal to ten dollars, inore than two hundred persons--among whom an acre, and on house rent the poor's rate was ad. were baron Rambaud, the mayor, the members of vanced to 19s in the poind. How this must press the municipal council, and many ecclesiastics and upon small landholders and people in middling cir- physicians. tumstances, must be obvious. Let us now hear what

SPAIN. the member from Coventry says of the condition of It is now said, that two 74'8 and three frigates the laboring classes, principally ribband weavers.-- have sailed for Lima, and that the grand expedition, He divides them into five classes, ail of them work-now rated at 10,000 men, will leave Cadiz about ing 96 hours in the week or 16 hours in the day. the 1st of Sept. And what will 10,000 men do, if The first class receive for their labor ten shilling a they ever get to Buenos Ayres? week or two pence half penny an hour. The se.

GERMANY. cond class gains five shillings and sixpence per week. There is a great stir about certain societies of young The third class earns two shilling and nine pence men at the universities, called the “Teutonic associa, per week, which is working at the 'rate of four tion,”-it is feared they have some seditious intenhours for five farthings. 7 he two remaining classes tions. It seems as if something were brewing. receive two shillings and one shilling and sixpence, Germany appears much agitated-in every part a week, which is at the rate of seven and nine hours the principles of just and free government are can. for a single half-penny. In addition to this excessive vassed and supported. They are now occupied in labor and very reduced pay, Dir. Moore says, that the second Bavarian assembly on the important disthese distresses have been of so long continuance, cussion upon the introduction of the trial by jurythat the funds of all their friendly societies and sa- the publicity of the courts, as well of civil as crimi. ving banks are exhausted. The population of Co- nal jurisdiction-nothing is yet decided. (In some ventry we presume to be 30,000. Dem. Press. parts of Europe, the courts are not open to the pub

State of Ireland. In the course of a debate in the lic-the prisoner, the advocates and the judges, arc bouse of commons, on the repeal of the window only allowed to enter the room.) tax in Ireland, the following queries to the church

SWITZERLAND. wardens of the different parishes in Dublin, were | A great number of Swiss peasants are passing brought forward by Mr. Grattan:

down the Rhine, to take shipping for the United ... “Ist. The number of houses in the parish?-20. States. The number inhabited!--3d. The number to be let

EAST INDIES. whether occupied or not?_4th. The number of in- A letter from Calcutta received in London, states. solvencies?

that muslin shawls which cost in London twelve or We have thrown the answers into a tabular form fourteen shillings a piece, have sold at auction in for greater perspicuity-by insolvent, we under

Calcutta for one shilling each. India is glutted withi stand those on which the taxes are not paid.)

# paid.7 British manufactures. Whole no.

HAYTI. Parishes.

houses. shut up. to let. insolvent. arrcar. I The Haytian newspapers give a splendid account St. Mark's

of the visit and reception of the British admiral sir St. Audeun's

400 St. James'

. 350

Home Popham, at Cape Henry. He dined with the St Nicholas

duke of Marmelade, attended a ball, and was introSt. Mary's

1500 271 St. Tha mas' 1458

146

duced to his majesty” the king, who received him St. Catharine's +1897

105

graciously, &c. &c. St. Bridots

57 St. Andrew's

MEXICO.

129 Warburg's 267

We briefly mentioned in our last, that a project St. Michael's 111

was on foot to seize upon the province of Texas,

and to establish an independent government there*450 returned ns waste. 1110, Jowa or in ruins; 90 waste.

lin. We have ample confirmation of the existence of

[ocr errors]

120
95

147

[ocr errors]

84

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

דורון

[ocr errors]

this scheme. The following letter gives us the most vince) relating to the landing of the troops and the precise account that we have met with

necessary boats and provisions for their transporta Natchitoches, June 7, 1819. “Some troops, (to the tion to St. Nicholas. number of 400,) which arrived here yesterday will 4th. The free communication between the armies cross the Sabine to-morrow, and raise the standard of the United Provinces, shall be expedited through of independence. When the whole are assembled, the territory of Santa Fee--but no body of troops, they will be under the immediate command of gen. exceeding 25, shall pass at once--and they shall pay Bernardo, wlio is daily expected from Procon Point, for the assistance given them whenever they ask an with one thousand men."

escort. “We have just received accounts from gen. Mina;| 5th. That the transfer may be hastened on all and instead of his having been beheaded, and his sides, relays shall be established, which have been arıny disbanded, he has been very successful, and neglected owing to circumstances; and all the ways is now in possession of several important posts. I and roads for commerce and communication with have just conversed with the young gentleman who Santa Fee, and other points between the rivers, and brought the information. He belonged to the de- upper shore of the Parana, shall be left completely tachment commanded by col, Aury, and was taken free, and without any restraint-as shall also be the prisoner, when that detachment met with its mis- points subject to the government of the United fortune, and sent to Laboyere, where he saw an Provinces. officer of Mina's (a spy) who gave him the above 6th. In both territories, thieves may be pursued, information."

who endanger the security of the roads and that of The royal troops in the province, it is said, do the inhabitants in the peaceable possession of their not amount to more than 300; and the people, few dwellings-and force may be employed for pro: in numbers, however, do not seem to be well affect tection, as the case requires; but on no other occa ed to king Ferdinand. The United States' authori-sion shall an armed force be called into action. ties have interfered to prevent this expedition, but 7th. During the present armistice, whatever dif. without success. The adventurers are chiefly from ficulties occur, shall be settled by pacific and meMississippi. The New Orleans papers have also re.diatory means, without recurring to arms, before ports that Mina is living, and at the head of a re- making the ordinary reclamations. And thus we spectable force. We do not believe it. The purpose conclude this covenant, signed twice by the commise of the rumor is to raise recruits

- sioners. The province of Texas is said to be 600 miles Ratified by the commandants, Estanisalo Lopez, wide, and about 1000 long-and blessed with a cli. and Manuel Belgrano. mate to produce sugar, coffee, cotton, &c. as well as

From the New York Gazette. · all sorts of grain, in abundance;' and withal very H. E. Don JOSE SAN MARTIN, commander in chief healthy.

of the united armies of Andes and Chili, grand offiSOUTH AMERICA.

cer of the legion of merit, &c. to all the freemer Gazette Extraordinary of Buenos Ayres, Saturday, and inhabitants of Peru.

April 17th, 1819–Translated for the New York Citizens! In addressing you, I am actuated only Evening Post.

by the feelings with which a freeman must address Negociation between the deputies of the Banda Orio an oppressed people. The events which have trans

ental and those of the United Provinces of South Ame pired within the last nine years, have esiablished rica.

the solemn powers of the independent states of The commissioners of the combined armies, who Chili, and of the United Provinces of South Americ signed the armistice of the 5th ult. in Rosario, as-ca, by whom I am ordered to enter your territory, to sembled in St. Lorenzo, conformably to the 5th ar-defend the cause of your liberty. That cause is ticle of the armistice. They were presented by identified with their own, with that of the whole the government of the United Provinces, with the world, and the means entrusted to me are adequate approbation of the covenant, by the captain gene-to the accomplishment of so sound an object. ra!, and auxiliary commander in chief of Peru, Don. Ever since the wish for liberty was first evinced Manuel Belgrano, who agrees to the following ar. in several parts of America, the Spanish agents have ticles.

struggled to extinguish the light which was to shew Ist. That the armistice be continued with the the Americans their chains. The revolution began same good faith and mutual correspondence, which to bring forth prodigies of good and evil, and the has been observed until now, by both parties, and vice-roy of Peru, dreading its progress, endeavored to confirm it more strongly, the armies and squad- to persuade you that it was in his power to extin. rons of the United Provinces shall evacuate the terguish in every inhabitant of Lima, even the sentie ritory of Santa Fee; the auxiħary forces of which ment of their sufferings and ignominy. The world shall, in return, collect on the other side of the Sala- saw with indignation American blood shed by Amen do; and each respectively shall be ready to march | ricans, and began to doubt whether the slaves were on the 16th inst.

l'as guilty as their tyrants, and whether these were 2d. With the great object of a general adjust- to be more despised who presumed to oppress lic ment, which shall seal forever the concord of peo- berty, than those who dare not to defend it. War ple who are brethren, deputies shall be appointed, raged in this innocent country, but in spite of all amply authorized by the government of Santa Fee, the combinations of despotismi, the rightss of man and that on the opposite shore of the Parana; they began to be asserted and to triumph in the midst of shall give notice of the result of the negociation in political dissentions. Thousands of Americans have this place, the 8th of next May.

fallen in the field of honor or by the bands of hired 3d. The troops of the United Provinces, between assassins; but the principles maintained from the the rivers, shall retire without stopping; to effect purest motives have daily acquired strength, and this, there shall be an officer, with orders, (in ac-time, wbich regenerates all political societies, will cordance with those of the commandant of the Pro- soon shew the sentiments of the Peruvians, and de.

cide the fate of South America, *How this young man escaped from Laboyerc, Icome not as a conqueror to establish another des the letter dans not-state

. potism; the state of things had paved the way for

Four political emancipation, in which I am only an (nign influence over the immense regions nature has instrument of justice and an agent of destiny. Aware | allotted to us. of the horrors of war, I have studied to accomplish Americans! The armies of an insolent tyrant my object in the manner most compatible with the spread terror among a people whom they oppress; interest and happiness of the Peruvians. After the but those I have the lionor to command, compelled splendid victory of Maipu, far from indulging the to fight against tyramy, promise only friendship and just feelings of revenge against a barbarous aggres- protection to their brethren, and wish only to delisor, or the desire of retaliating the calamities inflict. ver them from bondage. I pledge my sacred honor ed on the Chilians, my conduct has afforded the for the faithful fulfilment of this promise. I have strongest proof of my pacific sentiments. I addres- made known to you my intentions and my dutysed your vice-roy under date of the Ulth of April your conduct will shew whether you know your 1 last, representing to him the trying juncture of af- own, and whether you deserve to be hailed as the fairs, impressing upon him the strength of our two true sons of Peru. states if closely united, and the efficiency of their European Spaniards! I come not for your de armies-in short the inequality of the struggle struction. I come not to spread devastation. in which he was engaged. I represented to The object of the war is to protect the honest him that he alone must be answerable for all the and peaceful inhabitants, and to promote their consequences of war; to avoid which I proposed to wellare. Your future happiness depends on the him to convene the principal inhabitants of Lima, prosperity and independence of America. Your and to represent to them the sincere wish of the eternal shame will flow only from your opposition. government of Chili and of the United Provinces, You are sensible that Spain is reduced to the to accede to the declaration of their rights, and to last stage of weakness and corruption. The reve. allow them to adopt such a form of government as nues are exhausted, the state is burthened with they should decree, promising that I would submit an enormous debt, and what is still worse, ter. to their decisions, which should regulate my operor and distrust forming the basis of her public rations. This liberal proposition was rejected with measures, have reduced the nation to a state of contemptuous threats, and I am thus driven by jus- gloomy pusillanimity and mute despondency. The tice and common right to the last resort of force. liberty of Peru alone can afford you a secure retreat. The blood which shall be shed in this conflict, will Who of you are without relations or friends in recoil on the tyrants and their proud satellites.': America? It depends only on yourselves to consti.

The sincerity of my intentions has been equally tute a family of brothers. Respect to persons, to conspicuous since the battle of Chacabuco. The property, and to the holy Catholic faith, are the Spanish army was completely defeated: Chili de principles of the United Provinces, and those I now

solemnly guarantee. clared herself an independent state, and her inhabi. $ tants began to enjoy in safety their property and

art Inhabitants of Peru! The eyes of all the world the fruits of liberty. This example is the surest

*are fixed upon you. You will destroy the prejudipledge of my conduct. The tyrants, accustomed to

ces which have existed against you for nine years, misrepresent facts, in order to light the torch of:

Should the world behold you now improve this fadiscord, have unblushingly asserted that the model:

(vorable occasion, your attitude and your power will ration of the victorious army in Chili, was prompted

il inspire respect. Consider the destinies of thousands only by their interest. Be it so. Does it not prove

{of future generations. When the common rights that our interest is in unison with the liberty of the

1 of men, so long withheld from so many Peruvians,

shall be established, I shall be happy to unite mypeople. Can there be a surer pledge? Can there be a safer foundation for confidence? The effect

self with those institutions which shall have secured doubtless will be the expulsion of the tyrants from

them; I shall have gratified the dearest wish of my Lima; and as the result of victory, the capital of

heart, and shall have accomplished the noblest acPeru will behold, for the first time, her citizens as

\tion of my life. JOSE DE SAN MARTIN,

- H.Q. St. Jago de Chili, Nov. 13, 1818. sembling to adopta government of their free choice, and to take their seat among the nations of the

From the New York Evening Post. earth. The union of the three independent states

Gazette of Buenos Ayres, Wednesday, 2 will inspire Spain with a sentiment of her imbecili.

31st of March, 1819. ty, and all other nations with respect.-Let a cen.

The official deputy of this government, near that of tral congress, composed of the representatives from

in Chili, to his execllency the supreme director, 8th the three states, impart new vigor to their respec

instant: tive organization, and let the constitution of each

Excellent Sir-I announce to you that I have restate be established in the midst of intelligence, oflceived notice of the arrival, at Valparaiso, of his concord, and of universal hope. The annals of time

Britannic majesty's frigate Andromache, from Calexhibits no revolution so splendid in its object, so

lao, whence she sailed 13th ult. Although no ofindispensable to a people, so illustrious in the unit.

ficial communications have been received from the

governor of Valparaiso, yet by a letter I have in hand, ed wishes of so many hearts.

from anindividual there, and by the reading of others Let us follow with confidence the bright career from respectable persons, we learn that on the 14th, which destiny unfolds to us. Under the empire of the commander of the Androinache spoke admirad new laws and new authority, the same activity which I lord Cochrane, 40 miles off Callao: his feet consist. achieved the revolution, will sustainin every speciesing of the shin general San Martin and the frigates of labor and multiply the blessings of society. In the O'Higgins and Lautaro: and that in consequence of first days of peace, the ruins which these grand polia. the information received of the state of the port, the cal convulsions shall have spread over this continent, Ivice admiral was determinedto attack it on the 17th. aball become like volcanic lava, which in time fer. The enemy, according to well attested notices, Alises the same fields over which it has rolled its have laid the frigates Venganza, Esmeralba, Cleopadevastating torrents. Then shall your land smile tra, and other ships of war of the Lima squadron, in all the luxuriancy of nature-then shall splendid (under the guns of the batteries, to defend the port cities arise einbellished with the monuments of arts in case of an attack; which they begin to fear as they and science-then shall commerce spread bis belhave heard of the arrival of lord Coclirane in Chili.

[ocr errors]

14

17

24.

It appears that the revolutionary spirit progresses. The mail. The attempt to rob the mail, as mes. in the capital, and it is only the fear of the soldiery tioned in our last, it is intimated, had nothing in it which restrains the populace.

but the apprehension of the driver of the stage. The subjoined list coinprises all the land forces New York. At a late sitting of the council of apunder the direction of the viceroy Pezuela. pointment at Albany, many officers were removed. Complement of effective land forces in Lima. Much political irritation exists in this state.

TROOPS. OFFICERS, 1 Summary justice. After a late extensive fire i Don Carlos, 1st battalion, 844

37 which happened at Charleston, a fellow was found Do. 1. 20 do. 506

secreting some goods that had been stolen during Do. 3d do. 712

the calamity. The alternative was offered to bim, Burgos, (with negroes) 576

whether he would be prosecuted at law, or suffer Arequipa, do,

444

16 punishment on the spot; he chose the latter, was Cantabria,

267

15 tied to a tree, received fifty lashes well laid on, and No. 4 of the militia, 482

got off clear, having restored the stolen goods. Concordia, 1500

British emigrants. It is announced in a N. York Artillery,

500

paper that Mr. Buchangan, the British consul there, Cavalry,

350

20

is "making arrangements for the location in Canada, Dragoons,

354

of numerous Britisi subjects who had emigrated to Vice-Roy's Guard, 150

12

the United States." I his paragraph may be well

sunderstoodby the fact, that on the 2uth instant 6635

271

145 emigrants arrived at Philadelphia afone, by way of the British possessions in Imerica: 100 also

arrived at Alexandria and 85 at New York, on the CHRONICLE.

19th, from Moose Island and Halifax. The president of the United States has turned ExpaDITION TO THE UPPER MISSOURI.–St. Louis, his steps bomeward, and may soon be expected at June 19-Col. Chambers, with a battalion of the rifle the seat of government. His reception at Louisville regiment

Mille regiment in keel boats, set out from Belle Fontaine and Lexington, Ky. was very splendid. and almost on Monday the 14th inst. to ascend the Missouri to as ceremonious as when he visited Boston. We Camp Martin, where lieut. col. Morgan is in comshall perhaps recur to those proceedings, and some mand with several companies of the reginent. of a few other places, for the purpose of preserving! Col. Atkinson's reriment, 6th infantry, is at Belle certain of the addresses and replies, for reference-Fontaine, and we believe is only delayed by the non sake.

arrival of some of the steam boats, and the time conOn Thursday last, 350 emigrants arrived at Balti

ti sumed in the repacking provisions, Col. Atkinson inorc-viz. from Guernsey 136; St. Andrews 30;

commands the expedition. Lubec [from St. John's) 87; London 49; Belfast 48.

Arrived, Wednesday 9th inst. the Western EnThe emigration in the present year will be much gineer. destined for the Upper Missouri. Passenlarger than we have supposed that it would be --

Igers, maj. Long, maj. Biddle, Mr. Gratiam, Mr. Swift, but most of the emigrants, except by way of Canada, Dr.

of Canada, Dr. Jesup, Dr. Say, Di. Baldwin, Mr. Peale, Mr. Seyreach the United States in the months of May, June, Imour. . and July.

The Western Engineer anchored at the upper Jr. Campbell, our minister at Petersburg, lost lend of the town, where she vet lies. In passing the three--all the children which he carried out with Independence and St. Louis, then at anchor before him from this country, in one short week.

the town, she was saluted by these vessels. Died, at Baltimore, on the 15th inst. Capt. John The bow of this vessel exhibits the form of a huge Shrim, in the 57th year of his age. He was the ser

e serpent, black and scaly, rising out of the water from oldest soldier of the well known 3rd, or Baltimore under the boat, his head as high as the deck, dart. brigade, and for 25 years commanded the oldest lei

the oldested forward, his mouth open, vomiting smoke, and volunteer company in this city--it was also one

apparently carrying the boat on his back. From of the best; and though often enticed to leare it and

ind under the boat, at its stern, issues a stream of foamclaim the higher rank to which he was entitlel, he ling water, dashing violently along. All the manever would quit it. He was interred with military

chinery is hid. Three small brass field pieces, mount: honors, by the 5th regiment, and attended to the

ed on wheel carriages, stand on the deck. The “narrow house" by a large concourse of citizens.

boat is ascending the rapid stream at the rate of 3 Also, in Pittsfich, Vermont, in June last, general

miles an hour. Neither wind or human hands are ISRAEL KEITH, aged about 70. In the war of the

scen to help her; and, to the eye of ignorance, the revolution he was an aid to major general Heath, Fusion is complete that a monster of the deep car. and an assistant adjutant general.

ries her on his back, smoking with fatigue, and Also, in the town of Ilope, district of Maine, onlashing the waves with violent exertion. the 17th of June last, SAMUEL PAYson, agel 85.

Her equipment is at once calculated to attract and He served three campaigns in the French wars: Ito awe the savage. Objects pleasing and terrifying and on the memorable 19th April, 1775, was at his la

Jare at once before him:-artillery; the flag of the plough in Sharon, when he received the intelli

"republic; portraits of a white man and an Indian gence of the slaughter at Lexington, when he im-lihakinan mediately took his horse from the plough, and prove an

no shaking hands; the calumet of peace; a sword; then

01:he apparent monster with a painted vessel on his ceeded to muster the minute men he commanded, back, the sides raping with port holes, and bristling and marched to drive in the cnemy. Soon after, with oung Talentomcther, and without intelli, he raised a company of volunteers for the service of

gence of her composition and design, it would rethe United States. Not satisfied with this, he sold! his farm, loaned the money to the town to pay her

Si quire a daring savage to approach and accost her quota of soldiers, received payment in a deprecated!"

"Be thou a spirit of health, or goblin damn'd, paper money, and then emigrated to the district of "Bring with thee airs from heaven, or blast from hell; Maine, and commenced the settlement of the wild

“Be thy intents wicked or charitable,

Thou com'st in such a qurstionable shape, derness,

"That I will speak with thee"

vith Hamle

eech:

New series. No. 23—Vol. IV.} BALTIMORE, JULY 31, 1819. [No. 23-Vol. XVI. WHOLE No. 413

THE PAST-THE PRESENT-FOR THE FUTURE.

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY A, NILES, AT 5 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE,

We are not prepared to say that the article, ed States is neither encouraged for home use as it which immediately follows, under the head of Home | ought to be, nor protected to operate abroad as ndustry and national wealth,' is, in all respects, as it it should, for some of its commodities are virtually should be, yet the things recommended and for the prohibited where there is a natural demand för purposes stated, we apprehend, are worthy of con- them, and there is no countervailing effect in our sideration. A long and laborious statistical article, own laws. touching the most interesting branch of political If then it appears that this liberality on our side economy, which is to give to LaBor its highest state and restraint on that of other nations, encourages of productiveness-shewing, also, that an advance importations of goods beyond what our produce:ex. in the price of an article may not always be disad-ported will pay for, and that thereby the circulat. vantageous to a consumer, &c. was nearly prepareding medium is withdrawn or deranged, the remed: for this paper; but on account of its length and the suggests itself-We must meet other nations is Cine necessary to revise it, it must be laid over for they meet us-restrict as they restrict, prohibit as our next. We think that it will be found to present they prohibit, and combat with them on equal some interesting views of a most important subject. ground. It is within our own power: a careful cune

sideration of the subject is alone wanting to give Home Industry & National Wealth. Notional Wealth the will to remedy the evils that press upon us; the

power to redress them is in the will to do it. OUTLINES OF A SYSTEM TO BRING LAPOR INTO ACTION

SUPPORT AGRICULTURE, ENCOURAGE MANUFAC- Our imports should be kept within our natural TORES AND SUSTAIN COMMENCE-TO GIVE STABILITY

means of paying for them. Every prudent man

Ar feels and knows this in his own private businesti, AND UNIFORMITY TO THE VALUE OF OUR CIRCULAT-1

andit applies to nations just as it does to individuals. ING MEDIUMAND PROMOTE THE GENERAL PROSPE

RITY ANKAPPINESS OF THE PEOPLE OP THE UNITED on this principle the following arrangement is subs | STATES.

mitted for consideration: The United States throws open her ports to all 1. For all goods consigned or imported on foreign the world. Nothing is prohibited, nor is any duty account, or by or for persons not citizens of three imposed which is prohibitory in its nature. The United States, except they design to become citiproducts and fabricks of every country may be free zens, the whole amount of duties shall be paid on Jy brought into this; and specie be exported in return granting a permit to land.them; or if not so paid, for any thing, however useless or unnecessary it to be sent to the custom-house stores, subject to may be. A revenue to government is the leading certain extra charges for taking care of them. If principle upon wbich our tariff' is founded-the for account of citizens, the usual credit to be give rates of the duties have been but partially regarded en for the duties. as protecting domestic industry, even in the pro. The effect of this would be to protect the Americ duct of such articles as are considered essentials tocan merchant, and prevent an unfair, if not a dishonest supply the wants of individuals in peace, and of the trude that is carried on by agents, clerks, and runner nation, as well as individuals, in war.

of British manufacturing houses.

. This unrestrained liberty of importation, and right 2. All cotton goods to be accompanied by the affida of exporting the precious metals, has glutted the vit of the shipper or manufacturer, before this country with foreign fabricks and commodities of American consul, that they are not made of East every description - by which an unfavorable ba- India cotton. If made of East India cotton to be lance of trade has been created, our specie drained prohibited, as useless, as is now done in Germany. off' to satisfy it, and the circulating medium check- To protect the American cotton planter and maed, suspended and deranged by which produc- nufacturer. tive labor is thrown out of gear, depressed and ren- 3. All cotton goods costing less than 50 cents per clered nearly dormant, costly manufactories pros square yard, to be estimated at 50 cents for trated," and the people in general involved in one duty. vide ruin, or scene of distress.

To protect the cotton manufacture and suppo t Situated as the commercial world is refusing to the labor employed therein. u8 thnt f eetlom of commerce which we grant io others, 4. All cotton goods and goods of which cotton is the it appears pretty manifest that a great part of the chief material, manufactured beyond the cape of present difficulties of the people of the United Good Hope, to be prohibited as Great Britain States may be traced to our own unwise and ill prohibits the goods of her own colonies in the judged regulations of trade. Other causes may have East Indies. contributed to the present calamitous state of things; In aid of the American cotton planters and mar but this might be greatly ameliorated if we had a nufacturers and the labor employed by both. full and fair participation in the markets of nations. 5. The duty on hempen and flaxen linens, in every Our market is open to all-the most important, as case, to be doubled. to foreign trade, is embarrassed with severe duties For the same purposes as the 4th proposition. or positive prohibitions. The industry of the Unit. 6. The duty on silks of every description to be

- doubled. A gentleman apologizes to the editor of the Real For the same purposes as the 4th proposition. gister for lon-payment, by saying that certain fac- 7. All woolen goods to pay a duty of $3 1-percent. tories erected by him at the cost of 150,000 dollars, ad val, except of the coarser kinds, which shall be were lately, by a forced sala, disposed of for little rated at 25 per cent. more than 20,000.

OTo aid ihe farmers and wool grovers, tri sem VOL. XVI: 95,

« 上一頁繼續 »