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Spani.ir , Briain, Indian! congenial trio! with unre-l prits against humanity and the righ's of his coun. lenting malice planned and matured in Pluto's con. iry, and taught foreign emissaries that the United clave, lley ag in rush forth to reap the fruits of Siates was not to be outraged by spies, traitors and infimy in de olation and in blood! The arsenal of lawless adventurers. heaven still preserved an avenging sword to punish | Resolved, That, in the opinion of this society, their long cultivated perfily. The genius of our major-general Andrew Jackson has acquired a lastcountry placed it in yo'ır efficient hand-the in.ling claim to the gratitude and reinembrance of sulted lionor of our aspiring glory, so long suff-red his country, which is ever prepared to reward him wih impunity, by an imbecile, treacherous nation, who does his duty faithfully. and the panders of a venul court, toge her with the Dine in society, as wiiness our hands, and the Jess criminal, ignorant aborigines-sons of nature corporate seal of the institution. - Was promptly avenged-justice, honor, humani

WM. MOONEY, Grand Sachem. ty, marched in your train to the fields of glory. Season of snows--year of discovery 327,

The Seminole war, with all its thorn, has entwin- of ndependence 43- the institution 30. ed a laurel round your brow, imperishable as time. New York, 18th January, 1819. We approbate your noble deeds, and greet you hero.

JAMES S. MARTIN, Sagamore. Scourge of British insolence, Spanish perfidy, and Indi. Joun WHITE, Secretary. an rruelty; these, sir, are the seninents of the sons of liberty in New Yo k, who compose the national

Philadelphia, February 18, 1819. institution of Tammany Society, or Columbian Or- SIR-I avail myself of the earliest opportunity of der, (No. 1, of the United Stats)-Here, sir, we acknowledging the receipt of, and thanking you guard the patriot flame-"preserved hy coạcord,” its for, your poliie communication of the 15 h instanta effiilgence, in a blaz“ of glory, shall surround and enclosing a copy of the resolutions of Tammany accompany you to the temple of interminable fume Society, or Columbian Order and honor. The hearts of your countrymen, swoin! At a time rchen the public inind was agitated on with indignation at the mulignan! blasts of perse, the subject of the Seminole campaign, and susperiode cuting e vy, expanded to explosion; and, in one ed between censure and approbation, your distinguishspontaneous effusion, willed the enclosed prcamble ed budy expressed its entire approbation of my con and resolutions

duct. As a testimony of my gratitude for the ho. I bave the honor, sir, in behalf of the Tammany nor and attention I have received, permit me to Society, or Columbian Order, (and the committee present to the Tammany Society, or Columbian Orwbose james are underwritten) to subscribe my der, my sincere acknowledgments. self your friend and fellow patriot.

I am, sir, respectfully, your obedient serv't,
WM. MOONEY, G. S. and

ANDREW JACKSON.
Chairman of the committee. Mm. Mooney, Grand Suchem,
PREAMBLE AND RESOLU MIONS.

Tummany Society, or Columbian Order.
Civil Lib-rty, the Glory of Man.
TAMMA Y OCT}TY.

But we cannot detail all the interesting things Whereas, in a government of the people, a free that occurred-leaving New.York, he was escorted expression of opinion, og all subjects relative to by the 3d regi'nent of artillery to Staten Island, and, naio: i concerns, to the dignity, the rights and with many distinguished characters, parlook of character of te country, is one of the most valua- some refreshment with the vice-president of the ble and important attributes of freemen, and should United States. si a ex. be teroperately and firmiy exercised when the general returned to Baltimore in the steam.

je ccasions present themselves; and whereas boal, at about 4 o'clock, on Saturday morning, the anish Yog Soojety, or Columbian Order, the oldest 27 ultimo. His approach was annourced by dishorda resorciated for the benefit of liberty and percharges of artillery, from a detachment of captain

pruty of ur glorious constitution, has ever been Wilson's Independent Blues, stationed on Federal H oust in support of our liberties, and of those Hill. On lanring, he was received by captain Bar

ci.zens whose services have deserved well of their rett's fine company of Regular Blues, and very Ç.'?; and whereas the intrepid and patriotic handsomely escorted to his quarters at William. career of major gen. Andrew Jackson, as evinced son's hotel. Diring the day, he was waited upon in the glorious battle of New Orleans, and the suc. by great numbers of our most respectable citizens, cessful battles against the Seminole Indians, has who were received by him with great affability and reflected the highest honor, credit and glory, on frankness-at one o'clock, the members of the city the arms of the United Sintes; and viewing with council and the officers of the corporation, with the indignation the attempt loade by secret enemies, mayor at their head, visited him, and presented to and pretended friends, to injure the reputation of him the following address: that gallant officer, who has ļot only deserved well

To mojor general Juckson. of his couniry, but merits the gratitude of poste. Sir—The mayor and city council of Baltimore, rity:

on behalf of their fellow.citizens and themselves, Therefore, resolved, by Tammany Society, or Co- seize with alacrity and pleasure the occasion of lumbian Order, of the city and county of New York, your presence among them, to welcome your arThat the conduct of general Jackson, as manifested rival in this city, and to join their testimony with in carrying into execution the original sentence of that of the united voice of the American people, in a court martial gainst Arbuthnot and Ambrister, commend tion of your distinguished talents, and two desperate adventurers, who had let loose the in grateful acknowiedgment of the signal serIndians on our settlements, and furnished them vices you have rendered your country. The bright with ar» s, to murder our infants, women and est ornaments of a nation are the virtues and abi. children, was justified by the law of nations, andlities of its statesmen, its warriors and its patriots; the laws of war, and thie immutable princi. and the richest inheritance which can be transmit pies of retaliation and self defence; and we highly ted to posterity, is their memory and their exam. approve of ibe manly spirit of the American gene-ple. It becomes, therefore, an enlightened nation Tal, who promptly punished the oflenders and cul. to cherish, with a lively warmth, the worth and re

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putation of its heroes and benefactors; and the best denly upon his mind, burs into a floor of tears, reward which it can bestow on them, is a just ap- on beholding, fir the fir.t time, the saviour of preciation of their merits. Happily, this return, Orleans, and the hardy veteran was not much which ji is so easy to make, nay, which it is so dif less affected be also shed tears, 0'i seeing the ficult to withhold, is the most welcome to elevated condition of the man to whom, more than to any minds, and is most dearly prized by those whose other, Baltimore stood indebted for her preservagrea deserts render all recompense inadequate.

The brevity suitable to this address does not af. In the evening, the general visited Mr. Guy's ford opportunity for enumerating the unquestions- splendid ex' ibition of landscape paintings-- the ble claims wbich entitie you to the exalled station room being brilliantly illuminated for his reception, of ranking with America's first and proudest wor and graced with the presence of many ladies and thies; nor for describing how richly have been gentlemen. As he entereil, a full band of music earned these plaudits, which are so freely and so greeied him with "see the conquering hero comes." universally tendered in your behalf. The gratifica. On Sunday morning, he attended livine worship tion of recounting your military exploits must be at hel dependent churchi, having been invitert to restrained, and this corporation must content itself attend there That elegil and cupacious edifice with the expression of, what all the world must was completely filled with people, and hundreds acknowledge, that where valor and patriotism intit could not get admittance. ed, you pursued that path; that defeat and dismay 0 Monday, he attended a presentation of colors tofthe enemies of your coli itry followed your marchi by Miss Elizu W. O'Donnel,* to that fine company

and victory and glory crowned your triumphant of infantry, the Columbian Volunteers, commanded career.

by E L Finley, esq H- then visited Fori M Heury, . Hisiory will weave your name with the events of where he was received with the honors due to his the day, and a fame as eternal as your deeds, will rank. Al 12 o'clock, he began a review of ile 32 accompany you along the current of time into the and 14th brigades of Mar land militia, drawn up most distant ages.

in line in Markt-street, under the command of Accept, sir, this feeble tribute to the merits of a generals S ereit and fleaih. Through the weather commander and of a patriot, who has been more so was inclement the briga les were very full, and the licitous to deserve ihan to obtain applause, and street and houses, up to the chimney iops, were fiil. should the repose of your country relieve you from ed with people. Having received the salute in line, the clangor of arms, and the hollow drum of war, the brigades were formed and the marching licnors may the blessings of heaven circle around you, and paid to him. On the dismissal of the tr ops, he may you enjoy in private life that happiness to was waiied on by gen. Heali, at the head of the wbich your public services so eminently en tiile you. officers of his brigade, and presented with a very

EDW'D JOHNSON, handsome and patrio:ic address, which we have

Mayor of the city of Balumore.inserted below. A 5 o'clock, he sat down to To which gen. Jackson made the following reply:- the public dinner prepared for him by Mr. William| Sia-Allow me to tender my grateful acknow- son, ander the superinten lance of a committee of ledgments for the very flattering address which I gentlemen, at the Assembly Room. The mayor of bave this day received from you, on behalf of your the city, Edward Johnson, esq presided, supported self and the city council of Baltimore. The happi- Samuel Sierrell, Lemuel Taylor, and John S. Smith, ness which I derive from his distinguished honor, esquires, as vice-presidents-inore than 200 of our is heightened by the recollection that it is offered post respectable citizens were present, 10 partake by a portion of my fellow citizens who gloriously of a luxurious feast of good things. At the back participated in the perils and privations of our late of the general, was a transparency inscribed with contest with a powerful nation-who, with the spi. the names of the places at which he had chiefly rit of freemen, met the foe at their thresholds, and, distinguished himself, the whole surmoun:ed with with valor equal to their patriotism, drove him a wreath of evergreens. After the removal of the from their shores, and saved a great and fourishing cloth, the following toasis were drank, several of city from his incendiary grasp. I long will cherish them accompanied with nine hearty cheers, and all the grateful recollection of my hospitable reception with fine music, from a strong band stationed in in Baltimore-and may its wealth and prosperity the orchestra. ever be commensurate with the virtues of its popu. 1st. The people of the United States-May liberty lation.

dwell with them, and happiness he their perpetual I beg you to accept for yourself, and to present possession. to the gentlemen of the council, my grateful thanks, and the assurance of my profoundest respect and! *Capt. Finley, in an elegant return of thanks to consideration, ANDREW JACKSON. the young lady, for the honor conferred on the corps,

said-- In the shock of baitle this flag will be to 118 When the city council had voted the preceding the rallying point of duty, the harbinger of victory address to him, they passed a resolution, unani--and whilst it floats in triumph over our heads, mously, to request him to sit to Mr Peale for his scattering from every undulation the defiance of portrait, to be placed in the council chamber among freemen, we shall think of the fair lady who entrustthe poriraits of other distinguished characters, to ed it to our charge, and the hero of Orleans who howhich the general assented, and his portrait bas nored it by his presence. JACKSON will be our base been painted accordingly.

tle cry--Beauty will be our rallying word. Thougla in the course of this day, the general paid a visit our Aag may not always float in victory, it shallal. to captain George Stiles, late mayor of our city, ways float defiance to our country's foes: with our languishing on the bed of sickness, after having lives alone will we relinynish it--and before this suffered excecdingly, almost without the hope of standard shall be polluted by the hands of an invael. recovery. The interview was remarkably affectington, ing, the character and services of capt. Sizles -The flag' shall be our winding sheet, being well known to the general. The former, in. "And every turf beneath our feet Auenced by a variety of reflectiocs rushing sud.

"Shall be a sollicr's sepulchrc."

2d. The government of the union-Imparţing vigor « now, sir, beg leave to give youand receiving strength from every portion of the The 12th and 13th September, 1814-The days on growing family.

which freemen defeated the conquerors of Europe, 311. The president of the United States. .

and under the proud waving of the star spangled 4th. The memory of Washington--Imperishable as banner' saved Baltimore from incendiary pollution." the everlasting hills of his native country.

The general left the party at about 8 o'clock, 5th. General Jackson-Who,like the Carthagenian being determined to reach Washington city before warrior, passed the prohibited bounds of an enemy that hour next day-amidst the plaudits of every to close with him at home-and like Hannibal victo-one present. rious in tne field, destined to be assailed in the se- A great number of volunteer toasts, and some of nate.

them very gond'ones, were drank, but we cannot 6th. The victory of New Orleans-A deathless tri- find room for them. umph to our country, immortal fame to our guest.

7th. Tennessee--Ennobled by the valor and patri- Address of the officers of the 14th brigarle, Maryland otism of her sons.

militia, to general Jack soll. Sth. The army and nany of the United States--Ex- SIR-The officers of the 141h brigade wait up. isting for the defence of ihe country- May they on you for the purpose of paying their respects in never know a different object, nor fail in this. person, and of assuring you of the consideration

9th. The retired patriots of the nation-May they in which they hold your services to your country. still be present to our affection, and have a long in Citizen soldiers ourselves, and fondly attached to heritance in the gratitude of their country:

the institutions of our republic, we receive, with 10th. The state of Maryland-Upright politics in pleasure, every fresh proof of the excellence of her assemblies, American interests in her officers, those institutions. How long has it been said in social peace among, her citizens and universal pros. the old world, that war is a science which requires perity,

a training from infancy; that it must be taught in 11th. The memory of our fellow citizens who fell standing armies, which all history teaches free. in defence of Baltiinore on the 12th and 13th Sep-men to regard with jealous suspicion. Under tember, 1814.

your guidance we have seen soldiers springing 12th. Onir sister states, united by affection as by in- from the walks of peace and retirement, and bear. ferest-May they go luand in hand in the progress to ing all the hardships and privations of war. We greatness and happiness, while the world follows, did not wonder at their bravery, for we knew they and humanity rejoices.

were brave. But we applauded the firmness with 13th. Innocence-May it be cleared Merit, may which they bare hunger, fatigue, and sufferings; it be illustrated, and envy and accusation serve no and admired the cheerfutness with which they sub. other purposes.

- sisted on a few handfuls of indian corn, and pur14th. Florida-The new abutment to the political sued their march through a trackless wilderness, arch which springs from Mexico to Nova Scotia We behela citizen soldiers summoned by the May affection cement, and virtue cover it forever, trumpet of war from the bosoms of their families, from the dilapidations of time and faction.

and the quiet pursuits of civil life, meeting and 15th. Commerce and Science-wbich open their vanquishing the veteran legions of Europe. And stores to each other, enlightening and replenishing we have seen those combinations of modern warthe globe, rejoining divided nations, and associating fare, which makes success to depend on evolutions all mankind.

and movement of magses of men, and against which .. 16th. The liberty of the press-He values it most, the enemies of republicanism vainly believe that who is most ready to punish its licentiousness. individual nerve, and the courage of freemen are

17th. The governments at peace, and the people in unavailing. These we have seen defeated, broken amity with us-May the fears of the one and the up, and put to shame. good will of the other, preserve the peace and We do not say these things merely to compliment strengthen the friendship forever.

| and Aatter. Virlue, as it is justly observed, being 18th. The American fair-May no folly tarnish, no the moving principle and soul of republics, the vice destroy the charms, which, animated by sense applause of their fellow citizens is the only reward and virtue, are irresistible.

wbich republicans can receive for their deeds. 19th. The friends of freerlom in every clime-May While Greece was free, the exploits of her leaders the sentiments that warm their hearts, strengthen were celebrated at her public games; and the Rotheir arms against tyranny and oppression.

mans, in their days of freedom, instituted the ho. 20th. Agriculture and the mechanic arts; fellow la- nors of the triumph for those who performed glo. borers sustaining and accommodating life-May the rious actions. Our country, purely republican in strong hands that exercise them, defend their fruits its institutions, dispenses no rewards for public itom royalty and tithing.

services, save only its favor and approbation. And After the 5th toast was pronounced, gen. Jackson so long as those clothed with the nation's authority, tose and said

consider the nation's approbation as their best re«What have done sir, was for my country. Con-ward, and continue sensitive to the praise or blame scious that the first object of my heart has ever been of public opinion, so long may we be assured that to advance our prosperity and happiness, to receive the republic will stand firm and unchanged. the:pprobation of my fellow citizens is to me a source We hope we shall be indulged for a moment in of the highest gratification—it is the proudest re. noticing a particular feeling which exists among us. Fard of a soldier. Not only my public acts, but my When the vanguard of that army, let loose upon us, private character, have been assailed. I have been arrived upon our shores in 1814, our city, the home

harged with personal, mercenary views, in occu- of our fathers, our wives and our children, appear. pying Florida. I scorn to answer so degrading an ed specially marked for destruction. Hal the foe accusation; it is as base as it is absurd, and could succeeded in his plans, there is too much reason to only orginate in bosoms destitute of every manly believe that the edifices now around you, would Sirtue. I have no fear but my country will do ide! have been levelled with the dust, and the popula. suce,

tion you have seen to day crowding our streets,

would have been scattered abroad. Happily, it was Resolved, That the secretary of the treasury be ordered otherwise. That sun, whose morning beams requested to transmit to congress, at an early period shewed us the enemy landing his battalions, bad in its next session, a general statement of the conscarcely passed the meridian, ere it saw the body dition of the bank of the United States and its offi. of their daring commander borne back, lifeless, to ces, similar to the returns made to him by the bank: bis ships. We were preserved, and the tide of war and a statement exhibiting, as nearly as may be pracrolled away from us; but we had too close a view ticable, the amount of capital invested in the different of hostile invasion, not to follow its direction with chartered banks in the several states: and in the dis. keen solicitude and when, with vastly increased trict of Columbia, the amount of notes issued by those power, it broke on the shores of the Mississippi, we banks in circulation, the public and private depoAlt for the people invaded as for ourselves--we sites in them, the amount of discounts and loans made feared as they feared for those who were dear to by them and remaining unpaid, and the total quan. them-we trusted as they trusted, in the righteous tity of specie they possess. And that he be request. cause which protected them. And, when the tid.ed, also, to report such measures as in his opinion ings of their deliverance came, and bursts of gene- may be expedient to procure and retain a sufficient ral gratulation arose- it is needless, sir, to say with quantity of gold and silver coin in the United States, zohose name they were mingled. The feelings of tri. or to supply a circulating medium in place of spe. umph, sir, we have pride in preserving. Thoughcie, adapted to the exigency of the country, and we erect no columns of stone, nor arches of tri., within the power of the government. umph, we trust that the recollections of glory, in the house this day, after a debate, ordered the * th bosoms of freemen, will be more durable than bill for the occupation of Florida to a third reading inscriptions on marble or buass.

and read it the third time and passed it. It has be.. We wish you, sir, health, happiness, and a long come a law. course of usefulness to your country.

A bill in addition to the acts prohibiting the slave

trade, was ordered to a third reading-and has beTo which the general replied:

come a law. Ballimore, 1st March, 1819. . The senate having struck out of the bill for the Sir-The honor conferred by your personal at. formation of a state government in the territory of tention and the approbatory sentiments you have Missouri, the prohibitory clause respecting the adexpressed of my service, will ever be remembered mission of slaves, the house on Tuesday, refused 78 . with feelings of gratitude and sensibility. The to 76, to concur therein, and the bill was returned to troops which I have reviewed this day, drawn from the senate—the senate insisted on its amendment and the civil pursuits of life, their military ardor and the bill was, of course, lost. patriotism for which your city is so highly distin- A bill providing for the civilization of the Indian guished, affords me the pleasing reflection, that tribes, passed the house. the defence of our country, confided to those who The important bill respecting the public lands enjoy its liberties, insures us security against the passed by the senate, accidentally interrupted, did invasion of any foe.

not pass the house. This opinion finds its proof in the safety of your The bill to amend the act incorporating the bank city, preserved by the gallant defence of your mili- of the United States (regulating the votes by proxy, tis; no men repaired to the field of combat with &c.] has become a law. more alacrity-none ever retired from it with more These appear to be the most interesting things glory.

• which have reached us—the details, as before obAccept, sir, for yourself and the officers of your served, shall be published next week brigade, assurances of my highest regard and consi. deration. ANDREW JACKSON.

.SEMINOLE WAR. Brigadier general Heath.

IN SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES,

February 24th, 1819. We shall close this long account of the honors Mr. Lacock, from the committee appointed in purconferred on general Jacksony in his short tour, by suance of the resolution of the senate, of the 18th observing that he was every where received with of December last, “That the message of the preenthusiasm as a gallant soldier, and admired by sident, and documents, relative to the Seminole all who had personal intercourse with bim, for the war, be referred to a select committee, who shall suavity of his manners, and the intelligence of his have authority, if necessary, to send for persons remarks. His suite, also, is composed of soldiers and papers: that said committee inquire relative and gentlemen-frank and easy, but unassuming to the advance of the United States' troops into and unobtrusive. They made many friends in Bala West Florida; whether the officers in command timore during their short stay in this city.

at Pensacola and St Marks, were amenable to,

and under the control of Spain; and particularly, CONGRESS.

what circumstances existed, to authorise or justi

fy the commanding general in taking possession Peculiar circumstances rendered it inconve

of those posts.” nient, if not impracticable, for us to issue a supple-1 REPORTED: That they have, under the authori. ment this week, to get up the details of the proceed- ty conferred on them, called for and examined per. ings of congress, as we had intended; we shall there. sons and papers. The testimony obtained is herefore briefly notice the chief things transacted since with submitted. The committee, after the most our last, hoping next week to square up our account. mature and dispassionate examination of the sub

A message from the president was received on ject, offer for the consideration of the senate, the Saturday recommending that arrangements should following narative of facts, and the opinions and debe made for the occupation of Florida, on an expect-ductions clearly arising from, and growing out of

od ratification of the treaty lately concluded with the facts thus presented. On the origin of the hos. · Spain. A bill on this subject was reported, &c. Itilities between the United States and the Seminole

'On Mondar, Mr. Spencer submitted the following Indians, the committee ask leave to remark, that orion:

the different sarage tribes living within and on the

borders of the Floridas, denominated Seminole In- and an open attack was made on Fort Scott. Gene dians, were principally fugitives from the northern ral (aines with about 600 regular soldiers, was con tribes, resilent within the limits of the United fined to the garrison. In this state of things, inform States. After the treaty of 1814, with the Creekmation having been communicated to the war de. Indians, a considerable addition was made to the partment, general Jackson was ordered to take the number of those fugitives, as the Indians who were field; he was advised of the regular and militia force dissatisfied with the provisions of that treaty, took amounting to 1,800 men, provided for that service, refuge in the Floridas, cherishing, there can be lit. and the estimated force by gen. Gaines, of the ene. tle doubt, feelings of hostility to ihe United States. my, (said to be 2,800 strong) and directed, if he These feelings seem to have been strengthened by should consider the force provided, insutficient to the influence of foreign emissaries who had taken beat the enemy, to call on the governor of the ad. up their residence among them, among whom, as the joining states, for such portions of the militia, as he most conspicuous, were Alexander Arbuthnot and might think requisite. On the receipt of this order, Robert C. Ambrister. In this state of things it ap- gen. Jackson, instead of observing the orders of the pears that the executive department of the govern- department of war, by calling on the governor of ment deemed it. necessary for the security of the Tennessee, then in Nashville, near the place of his frontier to establish a line of forts near the southern residence, chose to appeal, (to use his own expres. boundary of the United States, and to occupy those sions,) to the patriotism of ihe west Tenneseeans, fortifications with portions of the regular forces, and who had served under him in the last war. 1000 by these means peace was maintained with the In-mounted gun men, and two companies of what were dians until the spring and summer of 1817, when called life guards, with the utmost alacrity volun. the regular forces were withdrawn from the posts on teered their services, from the states of Tennessee the Georgia frontier, and concentrated at Fort and kentucky, and repaired to his standard. Offi. Montgomery, on the Alabama river, a considerable cers were appointed to command this corps by the distance west of the Georgia line. But it seems general himself, or by other persons, acting under that about this time a border warfare wits commenc- his authority. Thus organized, they were mustered between the Seminole Indians and the frontiered into the service of the United States. inhabitants of Georgia. It is difficult to determine About the time gen. Jackson was organizing this with certainty who commenced those hostilities, or detachment of volunteers in the state of Tennessee, on whom the greatest injuries were inflicied; gene- or perhaps, previously thereto, general Gaines was ral Gaines however, demanded a surrender of the likewise employed in raising forces, among the Indians who had committed outrages on the frontier Creek Indians. There was this difference in the of Georgia. With this demand they refused to com- two cases; general Jackson raised his army in disreply, alledging that the first and greatest aggressions gard of positive orders; general Gaines, without orhad been inade by the white men. In consequence ders, took upon himself the authority of raising an of this refusal, gen. Gaines was authorised by the army ofatleast 1600 Creek Indians, appointing their secretary of war, at his discretion, to remove the oflicers, with a brigadier general at their head, and Indians, still remaining on the lands ceded to the likewise mustering this force into the service of the United States by the treaty made with the Creeks, United States. in 1814: in so doing he is told that it might be pro- While your committee feel a pleasure in applaud. per to retain some of them as hostages, until repa-ing the zeal and promptitude that bave marked the ration was made for the depredations committed by military conduct of these general ofhcers, on many the Indians. In pursuance of this discretionary au- former occasions, they would feel themselves wantthority, general Gaines ordered a detachment of ing in their duty to the senate and the nation, if they near 300 men, under the command of major Twiggs, did not express their decided disapprobation of the to surround and take an Indian village, called Fowl conduct of the commanding generals, in the steps Town, about 14 miles from Fort Scott, and near the they took to raise and organize, the force employed Florida line. This detachment arrived at Fowl on this occasion. There was no law in existence Town in the night, and the Indians taking the alarm that air horized even the president of the United and flying to an adjacent swamp, were fired on by States, to raise or accept the services of volunteers. the detachment, and one man and one woman kil. The law passed for that purpose had expired in the led. Two Indians were made prisoners; the de- year 1815. The constitution of the United States tachment returned to Fort Scott. A day or two af gives to congress exclusively, the power of raising terwards, as stated by captain M'Intosh, who was of armies, and to the president and senate, the power the party, about the same number of troops, paid a of appointing the officers to command those armies second visit to the same village, (as he states) for when raised. The constitution, likewise, gives conthe purpose of obtaining property. While loading gress power to provide for calling forth the militia their waggons with corn, and collecting horses and to execute the laws of the union, to suppress insuroattie, they were fired upon by the Indians, and a rections and to repel invasions; but reserves to the skirmish ensued, in which a small loss was sustained states respectively, the appointment of the officers. on both sides. It is stated by captain Young, the Inconformity with the last recited provision of the topographical engineer, that this town contained constitution, the congress of the United States have about 45 Indian warriors, besides women and chil. passed laws authorizing the president, when the dren.

contingencies above alluded to should happen, to A few days after the affair of Fowl Town, lieut. call on the governors, or any militia officers of the S. ott, with a detachment of forty men, 7 women and respective states, for such portions of the militia as some children ascending the Appalachicola with he might deem requisite for the occasion: and in clothing and supplies for the garrison ai Fort Scott, strict observance of these laws was general Jackson when within a few miles of that place, was attacked ordered to call on the governors of the states adby a party of Indians, himself and his whole partyjacent to the seat of war, for the requisite militia: fut victims to their fury, except six inen, who made force. their escape, and one woman marle prisoner.

It is with regret that the committee are compel: From this time the war became more serious, the Icd to declare, that they conceive general Jackson Indians in considerable numbers were embodied, to have disregarded the positive orders of the do

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