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Adams 160, 192, 272, 288; saa

P.

Religion as a duty or a sci-
lutes 204; United States 238; Pacific, of a canal to

416 ence
depot 239; Perry's squadron Paper, British, used in the pub. Religionists, a new sect of 287
256, 439; Macedonian 318; Ilic offices at Washington! 389 Reports - of the P. M. gen. re.
Franklin 74, 319, 400, 402, Paper currency - various 112, specting mail guards 4; sec
ships building 320, 400, 440; | i30, 257; (sound remarks) | “congress'
resources, a British essay 427; 261, "sce banks"

Revenue of the U. S. see trea.
equipments

431,440 Party feelings, mentioned 43 sury, &c. noticed 319; cutters
Nether ands --population of se. Past—the present and the fu | 319; see congress, reports, &c.
veral cities 111; plots, &c. ture

257 Rhode Island of the office of
111, 318; Amsterdam 111; Patent, extra

272 secretary of state 239; des-
product of wool 335; catholic Patrick's day, a riot on 105 patch of business in the legis.
· processions
430 Patronage

791 lature 239; extract from Mr.
Neuville, Mr. Hyde de, treated Pauper statistics

419! Potter's speech
with a ball, &c.
238|Payson, Samuel, dies

368 Richmond, exaggerated state.
New Brunswick-the "king's Peas, green, price of

78 ment respecting failures
. woods” 158; emigrations to Pennsylvania : respecting banks, | thereat

434
319. See "emigrations"
in the legislature 56;--see Riggs, Romulus

260
Now Humpshire-elections 143; banks!" the U. S. bank 97; Riley, capt. James, his account

gov. Plumer's message on his Mr. Sergeant's case 107; sale of the turnpikers" 440
Fetiring from office 281; he is of offices 157; bribery 160; Road, the Cumberland 24
noticed 288; gov. Bell's mes. pardons granted 272; secre. Rodgers, commodore

287
. sage 315; militia, arms and tary of state 347; robberies on Rodney, Mr. bis report men-
ordnance 336; religious liber. the turnpike to Pittsburg 440 tioned

ty, an act respecting . 347 Pensioners, respecting 144, 176 Roguies in and rogues out 287
New Holland-wool 111; cost of [Perkins, Jacob

256, 271 Royal deaths
the colony
270 Perry, com. see naval"John Russel, Jonathan

431
New Jersey--acts of the legisla | Adams.”

Russia-births and deaths, quills
ture 40; school fund 40 Philadelphia-bills of mortality exported 140; manufactories
Newport, R I.

4401 24; masonic hall burnt 56; re 175; new minister arrives in
News, articles of

273).

marks on a paragraph about U. S. 176; California, a frigate
Newspapers, notice to editors 385|| the Baltimore banks, &c. 258; in the Pacific 237; commerce
New York-Astor's claim 6; yellow fever reported to be of Petersburg 237; voyages

manufactory of porcelain 24; in 336; publication of the of discovery 270; bell cast as
ordnance 40; the canals, vari. board of health respecting, Moscow 270; silver and paper
ous notices of 112, 143, 159, 347,384; masonic hall 431 money 270; slaves 292; relief
272, 384; the university 112; Philipps, Mr. the singer

of some of the slaves 318; con-
Plattsburg 112; bills of morta Piracies, frequent 272, 400; on vention with Prussia 318;
lity and remarks 127, 128, ap. the Mississippi

431 progress of the empire in
propriations 142; insolvent Pirates- executed at Boston 6; I America 361; bank bills forg-
Jaws 42; agricultural socie. | in the West Indies

430 ed in London 364; loans 383;
ties encouraged 143; thunder Plattsburg, the schooner the relating to Sweden 383; pa.
qust at the city 159: asylum I mutineers executed

61 lace at Petersburg 383; finan-
for the deaf and dumb 160; “Plough boy," a new work, 289cial report 395; bank notes
elections 192, 224; Indians in Poland, statistical notice of 1111 'burnt 421; failures 430; troops
the state 192, 347; commerce Porcelain, Am. manufacture of 24 439; emigrants to 438; camps
238; criminal and humane in Portugal - the ship Monte Alle. 438; military and marine force
stitutions 239; sheep in the gro 56, 111; to prefer claims

438
state 271; city disbursement I against the U. S. 296; on the Rye, a great stalk of

272 :
271; solvency of the city, 288; import of grain 345, 438]

S.
Buffalo 298; insolvents 360; Prairie du Chien

243 Sailor's cogitations!

287
political dissentions 368; re Precious metals, remarks on 139 Santa Fee, American citizens
venue of the city 400; healih Prejudices, national

105) imprisoned at

272
of the city
440 President, the next spokcn of 239 Saratoga springs

288
Niagara Falls-bridges, &c. 288 Printer's dues

160 Savannah, health of

444
431 Private claims before congress, Saw, the Belt 93, 144, 165
Noah's travels, extract from 4331 remarks upon

113 Scott, gen. his correspondence
NavaScolia: Halifax navy yard 415 Privateering under the "patriot | with gen. Jackson 121; gov.
0.

flag,” remarks upon 129! Clinton's address, and generad
«Obstinate Yankees,” 433 Prussia-extent, population, Scott's publication in the
Offices--on thie sale of 157 &c. 111; commotions 140; the 1 Richmond papers

136
Olág-convention proposed, &c.

bank 223; constitution talked Seamen, a British application
272, 298, 347; specie drawn

of 223, tumult at Berlin 297; for the delivery of some 256
from 298; colony of blacks his majesty falls down! 383; Sea serpent, 272; (apt quota.
entering the state 319; rob intercourse with the U.S. 383' tion) 273, 288, 400, 440
bers caught in

432

Q. . Sergeant, Thomas, his case 100
Old times, a curious record re- Quills, exported from St. Pe. "Shad, price of one

144
specting labor, &c. 397 tersburg

1401 -heep, in New York 271; fine
Ontario lake-coasting trade Quotations, editorial remark wooled 272; a great fleece 319,
142; the vessels of war on 336 upon .

• 270
Otis, James, a tribute to the

Shrim, capt, John, dies 368
character of
26 Randolph, John
. 143 Sierra Leone

437
wyhee, notices of'
141 Register, terms of the

1 Skinner J. S. his prospectus
* 56, 78/ Reigning families of Europe 297| about the 'American Farmer' 208

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| Lancasterian system
Slaves--see “colonization," ne.

78 Tonnage of the U.S.

378
Lacey's conspiracy
270) Tortoise, an old one

416
groes, &c.-introduced into

Loans
Georgia
Monks

140 Towson, col. resigns

Ministerial changes, &c. 385, 438 Trade, the balance of
Slaveryseries of essays on the

Navy, state of the

, 345
mitigation of, no. 1, 177; no. Newspapers, forbidden

270) Travelling, rapid 176, 271, 400;
Neuville, Hyde de

438
2, 193; no. 3, 211, no. 4, 274;

between Baltimore and Phi-
Ouis, don, in England

399
ladelphia

357
no. 5, 292; no. 6, 342; no. 7,

Prince of Peace

174
Pacific, the fleet to captured

200) Treasury U, S. see woongress:"
192
Smith, Thomas S. dies

Privateers,

78 circular to consuls 168; do. to

Privateersiden, treatment of, &c. 4, 140
Snake on a house
.: 400

collectors, &c. 200; notice
Queen), the

55
Sociable voyages

296 about a circulating medium,
Robinson, W. D.

206, 238, 288

and remarks 372; its prostra.
SOUTH AMERICA,
Seamen, impressed

237
Andromache, British frigate
319 Specie, arrivals of

236, 286

tion to the bank of the U. S. 417
Angustura
158, 256 Siate of the country

110) Treaty with Spain-soe “Flori.
Alimendi
15 Treaty with the United States

3 da:" with indians-see In-
Arugas' flag, privateers under it, 112,

L, 11%. Valencia,
191 415: convention with him 335, 306, 399 Volunteer brig, beats a privateer,

dians, &c.
Batlles, real and reported

128, 158 | Yrujo, the marquis, dismissed, &c. 385, 438 | Trumbull, colonel
Bidille and Cochrane
200 specie 142, 224, 271; price of Tulip trade of Holland

310
Bolivar

compared with paper 357; ar

439
Br.on

Turkey-daval preparations
Buenos Ayres-brief notices of affairs at rivals of 421; see banks”

| 5; Wechabites defeated 5;
191, 207, 399; the congress 191; address of Is
the director 207; constitution 4 18 Spencer, Mr. see congress-

contests at Constantinople
Chili-naval forces of 56; captures by 5

142 383; revolt of the pacha of
Cochrane, lord, - arrives 141; of his squa- - Stark, general

223
' urcomania

438
dron, &c. 191; his operations and pro-

Steam and steam boats-The
claination of blockade 318,335 346, 367,

Turnpikers, robberies by 440
384, 399, 415 Franklin 40; a boat launched Turtle, a large one caught 319
Convention with Artigas

365

at Blakely 56; ship Savannah Tyler, capt. E. dismissed 432
Danish ports said to be opened for the
sale of prizes, &c.

346)
143, 271, 287, 429, 437; on the

U.
False reports,

413

western waters 144, 319;sRich. Union line of steam boats, &c.
Foreign troops 55, 56, 112, 175, :91, 271,

mond 256; boat of 700 ions
384, 415

| between Baltimore and Phi.
Margaretta
158, 1911 launched 192; new applica ladelphia

357
McGregor arrives at Aus Cayes 53; sails tion of steam 192; boat Virgi. Unwelcome necessity

161
128, 158; at Porto Bello 191; detented

nia 223; Western Engineer
256, 286, 318; at Port nu Prince 335; at

Usury-of laws against
Aux Cayes
384 223, 368; in Indiana 224; in

V.
Joli, com.

36, 191, 415, 438

Alabama 224; a fleet of 240; Venezuela-see "S. America."
Laguira

175, 439
Lima, 175; attack upon 3i8; royal forces ships, a sailor's cogitations Vera Cruz, British obtain spe..
et
367 respecting 287; Walk-in-the. I cie from

438
Diontoneros

191)
Morillo 128; his address to the British

water 298; steam power 314, Vermone-legislature noticed 112
troops

271) 336; James Ross 319; on lake Virginia—the university 142;
Osorio, collects troops, &c.

399
George

384] internal improvements 142;
Patz, gen.

175
Pampas indians

207 Steel, Mr. of his slaves 276 elections 224; agricultural so.
*Patriot flag," remarks upon the abuses Stiles, George, dies
Pandet its.” remarks upo

112

Sugar and molasses!
112, 158,345

272
Mirates

W.
"
Prisoners, Spanish, insurrection of, &c. Suicides, at arious places 144; 159) Walsh. R. jun.

160
191,207 Supplement to the volume 129 Washington's birth day, honor-
Prisateers, &c.-off Havanna 56; the Bri

tish restore a vessel captured 78; the Ir. Supreme court-see Law cases, ed 6, 139, 287; anecdote of
resistible 128;ber ease 208, 390, 498; the

781 him 224; city, fires at 159;
Fortuna 141; smuggling 208, priva-

385 the capitol at

430
teersmen lashed 918; the Constantia
340; the Constitution 383; off n. York 431/Sweden-the privilege of smok. Water spout

140
Prices
3461 ing! 111; Moreau's sword pre Watson, Elkanah

144
Royal decrees 112, royal cause prosper-
sented to the king 140; won Weaver, an aged one

384
Santa Fe de Bagota

439

derful spring! 175; loan 223; Webb, Thomas S. dies 384
Spanish Geet captured, &c.
Bernadotte to resign! 297, Wechabites defeated

111
Venezuela, the congress of i58,270; items
of news

"20 35, 346; uneasiness 383; mi | 1Vest Indies --St. Vincent 112;
South Carolina-improvements nister to the U. S.

439| Tobago 112; slave trade at
in
431 Swiss emigrants

365| Havana 112; several colonies
PSovereignty of the states," a Symmes, capt. and his theory 336 remonstrate

430
series of editorial essays-no. Sympathy, the power of” 239 Western posts

344
1, 41; no. 2, 102; no. 3, 145;

T.
Westward, progress

344
remark on

210 Tasso, a manuscript of 55|Whale fishery, importance of
SPAIN.
Taylor, lieut. J. B.

142) the

272, 400, 416
Alarming,

206, 270 Tennessee-the Holston river 416| Whales, many seen 140; one
.Arins obtained in England
430 Terms of the Register

1 dead of wounds, found
Banditci

287
Cevallos

140] Theatrical novelties-women Wheat, price of 319; harvest
Charles IV. .
55,:39 playing Hamlet

288

384;
Conspirators

236, 2701
Cordeliers, the general of the

1391)

10 Thunder gust, remarkable 159) Whipple, com. A. dies 320
Cuba, noticed
430) ide, singulir rise of

288/ Wilkinson, Jemima, dies 346
Diamond found

383 Times, the pressure of,? &c. Williams, George, his memorial 6
Expedition to S. America! 78, 110, 205, 206,
*222, 236, 286, 296, 345, 365, 385, 398, 438.

. 178, 242, 255) Winder, gen. Levin, dies
Florida-gee "Florida"

Tobacco, frauds in
416) Woolsey, gen. M. L. dies

346
French sbips under Spanish colors 399 Tompkins, Mr. vice president. | Worcester's Gazetteer

215
Foreigners, a decree respecting

140|
Ferdinand, to be married 175, 222, 383, 1 injured by a fall 40; of his ac. | Worthington, W. G. D.

430; refuses to pay his fathers debts 222; counts 144, 159; sundry let. I
calls his council, &c.

396
Inquisition, vile decree issued by the, 5;

ters, &c. respecting 424 Zinc, its uses
saotha

190, 222

287

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PRINTED AND PUULISHED BY H. NILES, AT $5 PER AXXUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE

We now have concluded the documents ac-, The paper of most of the specie-paying banks in companying the report of the committee appointed the United States is received in payment-but reto investigate the affairs of the bank of the United mittances are always expected in the best kind of States, so far as they have yet been published at paper circulating at the place to which the REGISWashington, except a series of heavy tables of not Ten is ordered-Baltimore money, however, is most much immediate interest, though needful, perhaps, acceptable from any place, as answering our purto a full understanding of the subject. For the purposes the best. pose of inserting these table3, we shall make a lapse of eight pages between this number and our next, THE BANK QUESTION. It is ascertained by the and issue a supplement containing them, as soon as vote on Thursday lest see “congress," that the we can make it convenient: say in two or three house of representatives will neither agree to repeal weeks-being at present engaged in getting out the the charter of the bank of the United States, non large supplement for the volume just finished, &c. order a scire fucius. These results were expected, We congratulate ourselves on the conclusion of the and are, in part, in conformity with our wishes on documents, for we now shall have room to notice the subject--reformation, and not destruction, is the many important things that we have been compelled things that we continually aimed at. What will be to defer the insertion of. The list of stockholders' | done---what can be done, to effect the former, is names is yet wanting-some extracts from it may be doubtful. It is probable that no act will be passed interesting, and we should have been pleased with at present, except the bill to regulate voting, ic. its publication before any decision took place in It is stated that upwards of 100 shares of stock congress about the bank. We learn that about forty were realiy sold in Baltimore, at S115, "for money," members are stockholders--some of them heavily so: a few days ago; but since then, we believe, other we hope that none of them voted in their own case. sales have been made at 107 or 108,--which proThe great danger of incorporations is--that the bably, is the full worth of the stock, under the most chief members of them are our governors, judges favorable circumstances that can be anticipated, to and legislators; and thus their individual interests persons desiring to possess it as an investment of may be placed between the people and the justice capital; but the spirit of speculation in which the that they claim.

institution has been so much managed from the be

ginning, may keep its price fluctuating, until the TERMS OF THE REGISTER.

stock passes into the hands of those who intend to The subscription is five dollars per annum, paya. hold it, for the sake of its interest or dividends. ble in advance. The volumes begin in March and We learn from Charleston, that Mr. Cheves has September every year, for each of which a proper been invited to Philadelphia, to assume the duties title page and copious index is published.

| of the president of this bank; and it is understool The Register commenced in Sept. 1811, and com- that his arrival in that city maybe specdily expected. plete sets may be had as follows

The bank is calling in from 5 to 10 per cent, eveFor eight years subscription to Sept. 1819, 40 ry sixty days, on the notes discounted on stock; and

extra supplements to vols. 5, 7, 8, 9 & 15, 5 we see that the office at Washington city is demandGeneral Index,

ing 25 per cent. every 60 days, on the discounts

made there upon the stock of the district banks.

In sheets, $48 This severe pressure upon the latter class of borIf desired bound, add for the 15 vols. now rowers, seems to have occasioned some agitation in

Published, and the General Index_-16 the district, and we observe that a meeting of the vols. at 87 cents per vol.

cashiers of the district banks is invited.

The case of Mc Culloh versus the state of Maruland

$62 -that is, on the right of a state to tax the bank The work will be sent in sheets, by the mail to of the United States, has been in argument before any part of the United States, (at the cost of the the supreme court since Monday last. Messrs. purchaser) and its delivery guaranteed by the edi. Pinkney, Webster and Wirt (the latter as the attortor-or, either bound or in sheets, to any of the ney general, representing the interest of the governprincipal sea ports, at the cost of the editor, but at ment in the institution) for the bank; Messrs. Martin, the risk of the purchaser. All sets disposed of are Hopkinson and Jones against it. The discussion has considered as sold for cash.

been very able and eloquent-itinvolves some of the The editor invites his friends to use their influ- most important principles of constitutional law, and ence for the further extension of the circulation of the decision is anxiously expected. Much will ch's the REGISTER, believing that three objects of some pend upon it. interest may be affected by it: 1st, a diffusion of the facts that belong to the proceedings of our own and other governments, among the people, on which Supreme Court of the United States. they may reflect and conclude for themselves; 2d, On Wednesday, the 17th inst. Mr. chief justice in enabling the editor to make his work more and Marshall delivered tre opinion of the court in the more valuable, by an increased ability to give a case of Sturges against Crowninshield.

greater quantity of matter for the sum received; ! 1st. That, since the adoption of the constitution · and 3d-which comes home to him, that his profits of the United States, a state has authority to pws may be increased! After all, this is the main-spring a bankrupt law, provided such law does not impami that causes the most of us to exert ourselves, and he obligation of contracts, within the meaning of is the best security for good conduct.

the constitution, VOL. XVI,

Zuly. That the act of New York, (that of 1811) the loss of time and money attending upon a suit which was pleaded in this cause, so far as it purports instituted on these principles, he would try the force to discharge the contract on which tliis suit was in- of them against some of our swindling, bankrupt stituted, is a law impairing the obligation of contracts, and bankrupt-making banks. The stockholders must within the meaning of the constitution of the Uni-be liable as individuals; and, when this is establishted States.

ed, there will be an end of rag-money-making. The effect of which we understand to be, to in. validate such parts of the state law as discharge the insolvent as to his subsequent acquisitions of pro. Progress of the Navy of the U.States. perty, wbilst it confirms them so far as they dis. Another ship of the line-probably as fine a ves. charge the person of the debtor only from arrest sel as ever was built, and which, perhaps, will be as and imprisonment.

Nat. Int. powerful too as almost any that ever floated, though

her numerical force in guns will be less than that of This opinion has given much alarm to many many to be found upon the navy lists of Europe, is persons.it is highly interesting to every one, and to be launched at Washington city this day, or on we shall publish it at lengti as soon as we receive Monday next, as the state of the weather may per. it: it appears that all the judges concurred in it. mit. This vessel, we are informed, has been built It will probably, make some great revolutions in under the special direction of commodore Rorigers, property, and raise up many from penury whose and this is sufficient to inspire an universal confireyes have been blinded by the dust of the coach dence in her character and capacity, for he is notoriwhcels of those that ruined them;" and cause i ously one of the most practically skilful seaman in others to descend to the condition that becomes the world. Her name, we learn, is the “Columbia," honest men, by compelling a payment of their debts in honor of the district in which she was built. The

as every man ought to be compelled to do, if name is a very good one, but not exactly such as we ever able, unless his creditors by a bankrupt law, could have wished; had it been left to us we should or an operation of the principles of such a law, have, have called her the “SARATOGA," having already an coerced him to give up his means, and start in bu-, Independence, a Washington, and a Franklin, ships of siness de novo. It ought not to be at any one's dis., the line. There is more in the names of public vessels cretion to say when, or under what convenient cir. than many persons at the first view of the subject. cumstances, he will wipe off his debts, by the bene. 'may suppose: though a name cannot add any thing fit of an insolvent lawas some do every two or to the force or success of a vessel, still it may have three years; or, just as often as they can get credit much influence upon public opinion, and considerenough to make any thing by it.

1 ably tend to a national character. Thus, were she The decision powerfully shiews the necessity of a called the “Saratoga," a child would ask his father general bankrupt law, and, if it had taken place at the meaning of the name—and what a happy opporan earlier period of the session of congress, might tunity would present itself to give an account of the have led to the passage of a bill on the subject-for first time in which the standard of a whole British it is exceedingly important whilst the present sys- army sunk beneath the newly raised "striped bunt. tem of credits exists, that either party to it may ing," with sketches of the characters of the men who know what may be depended on. The debtor acted on that great occasion! And then, we might should be protected so far as to let him have a bave our Yorktown," and, by the very name, give chance of retrieving his fortunes; but we much the idea that there it was that Washington may be question the policy of discharging him from a fu- said to have terminated the war for independence. ture liability to pay his debts, unless it be by some But, with the name of Columbia, as applied to the act of his creditors. Many honest, prudent and ten miles square, no such recollections can be excited, worthy men have failed, and with a serious deter- and the mind, at once satisfied, becomes indifferent mination to pay their debts thereafter, if legally to it. Under the influence of such considerations, released from the obligation to do so-but, alas! poor might it not be worthy of the congress of the United human nature, though we are not without examples States, when voting money for the building of ves. of the kind, they are so rare as to be considered ex-sels, also to designate their names? traordinaries! The temptation is too great; even The jealousy, if not fear, with which the buildthe well-disposed cannot resist it: to part with 10, ing of a few ships in America is viewed in England 15 or 20,000 dollars that a man has earned, and with her "thousand ships of war,” and her boast which he may keep-why, it is hardly to be expect that “no sail was spread without her permission," ed, “as the world goes!"",

whilst it almost provokes laughter, also gratifies our The decision will afford a golden harvest to law. pride. We believe it to be a just and laudable yers and sheriffs--we have heard that one gentle.pride; because, although in the course of events, it man has ordered writs for the recovery of eighty may be accepted as a moral certainty that the rethousand dollars, due to him by persons that failed, public will acquire a power to maintain her pretenbut who are now able to pay.

sions to “free trade and sailors' rights"-yet, also, Regarding this decision in extenso, we have no that, invested with such power, she will not become manner of doubt but that any and every person, an aggressor. Thus far, we have kept ourselves being a stockholder of a bank, incorporated by the aloof' from the squabbles of Europe-it is a fixed authority of a state, may be made liable for any principle with us to offer shonest friendship to all debts contracted by said bank, during the period nations, but to form entangling alliances with none;" of his co-partnership in the institution, as shall ap. and, though some persons may have a greater 'or pear upon the face of its bills, as to the time at lesser degree of attachment or antipathy to one nawhich they were issued, &c. The editor is not altion than another, the good sense of the commu. lawyer-but this seems to be a natural and rightfullnity will refuse to act upon either, and restrain the construction of the facts of the case-and, as to the government also, from being influenced by impropropriety of the thing itself, he never has hesitated per feelings. Happily for us, being constitutiona moment. Each partner should be bound to the ally opposed to kingcraft and priestcraft, we care extent of his fortune, for the debts of the association not a straw whether a descendant of the “illustrious to which he belongs. If the editor were able to bear house of Stuart” snatches the legitimate sceptre from

the sillustrious line of Brunswick," or another Na-1 Cession of the Floridas.
poleon wrests it from the contemptible Bourbons of
France or Spain. Tom, Dick or Harry are all the

ve ulthel

5

Something, at last, has resulted from our long same to us it is their conduct alone that concerns negociations with Spain-in which, by the bye, we us. Nor do we regard of wliat sect the covernment apprehend that gen. Jackson has acted as a powerful priests are--we know that ariy system upon which

chich mediator;— THE FLORIDAS ARE CEDED. We shall they can be establisherl, must needs be corrupt, and he

int and hear great grumblings about this on the other side a mockery of true religion; and have less respect of

ass respect of the Atlantic, and hope that matters are so fixed for the pope himself, or the archbishop of Canter that we may get possession before the intrigues of bury, than for the simple village teacher of righte

simple villase teacher of righte.' jealous foreigners can interfere to prevent the rati. ousness. May these feelings endure as long as then

the fication of a bargain which they have not any right Mississippi rolls a drop of water to the ocean—and 10

and to meddle with. The fact has long been evident, make us a peculiar people, zealous only of good that a sovereignty over these countries was needful

Dorks. They will forever present a barrier which to our peace and quietness, and that we would pos. the deleterious influence of foreigners cannot pass.

| sess them by fair or foul means--by treaty or by In looking forward to events, it may be reasonably

To force. We have preferred the former, and Spain anticipated that the future wars of our country will has happily agreed to.

will has happily agreed to do that which her own interest be chiefly carried on on the ocean. The rapidly ac- prompted--for the Floridas, though so valuable to

us, have always been a real incumbrance on her. cumulating force of our population on the Canadian frontier soon will, of it own weight and a due portion'.

The following exposition of the treaty, &c. is co. of discipline, defend us on that side-the Floridas pred from the National Intelligencer of Thursday last. are ceded, they will also soon become reasonably po.

Soine difficulty may arise with a few, as to the fix

ture of our western limits—but a littl. reflection, pulous, and their present ferocious inhabitants must feel the necessity of becoming our friends instead

we hope, will reconcile most persons to the proposof being led into enmity against us. On the side of

de of ed boundaries—for many years must roll on before Mexico, &c. we have nothing to apprehend—but,

either security for our citizens or the wants of our to prevent predatory excursions on our coasts, sud- population, can require an extent of territory be. den assailments of our towns, and the consequent you

ant yond the Sabine, though that territory is very valu:1. harrassiog of the militia, at a vast sacrifice of life and

ble. By the time that either of those things occur, treasure, we must have force enough afloat to con. We can probably get it, on fair ternis--if we desire fine the operations of an enemy to a few points, if it. Our country is large enough at present! not to defeat and capture him. It will not, perhaps, “It is seldom, that we have had so acceptable an again soon occur that an American woman shall be office to perform, as that of announcing to our rea. hold “the smoke of an enemy's camp.”

ders the unanimous rutification, by the senate, of a As to the building of ships, we are quietly march- TREATY OF AMITY, SETTLEMENT, AND LIMITS, BETWEEN ing to the state of preparation-for wars must come THE UNITED STATES AND Spain, as recently conclude whilst kings rule: but ships without men will not do ed at this place, by Mr. Secretary Adams and don much for us, and the statesman will see the necessi. Luis de Onis. ty of carefully fostering the foreign and coasting! As the treaty, though ratified on our part, will not trade of our country, and of protecting our fisheries, be promulgated officially until it has also been ratias nurseries of the means of defending us best. The fied by the sovereign of Spain, we shall state the progress of these is strictly compatible with the en- principal provisions, as distinctly as we have been couragement of domestic manufactures and home in- able to ascertain them, of this important instrument, dustry-it is the latter that must furnish the means By this treaty, we understand that Florida, inof supporting our commerce in peace and navy in cluding all the claims of Spain to territory east of war.

the Mississippi, is ceded in full sovereignty to the We shall conclude these hasty remarks, with the

United States. following extract from the London Morning Chroni

That the western boundary, between the territo

ry of the United States and that of Spain, is adjust. cle, of the 2nd of October last

ed as follows: Beginning with the mouth of the Sa. “We see a navy growing to such a magnitude on bine river, and running with the west bank thereof the other side of the Atlantic, that those who have to the north west liniit of the state of Louisiana; our maritime superiority at heart have the best thence by a direct line north to the Red river; founded cause of apprehension. What are the funds thence along the south bank of that river to the one devoted to the increase of this navy which so justly hundredth degree of longitude; thence on that meri. alarms us? We are so accustomed to the expendi- dian to the Arkansaw, and thence along the Arkanture of great sums for little objects, that we can ill saw to its source, in the forty second degree of form an idea of what great objects can be perform. north latitude, and thence upon that parallel to the ed by the expenditure of small sums by a really Pacific.

economical government. The expense of the estab. A sum, not excecding five millions of dollars is to . lishment at Windsor exceeds the annual allocation be paid by the United States, out of the proceeds of for the rapid increase of the navy of America. It the sales of lands in Florida, or in stock or money, as exceeds, too, the whole of the civil expenditure of tieci ngress may prescribe, to our own citizen, on a government wbich causes itself to be respected in account of spoliations and other injuries received by every quarter of the worldma government wbich them from the government of Spain, or from the go. has never found any difficulty in obtaining men of vernments of the colonies of Spain. abilities in every department. The lay lords of the To liquidate the claims, a board is to be constj. admiralty, whom we are taught by ministers to look tuted by the government of the United States, of up to as the nation's hope, cost more than the whole American citizens, to consist of three commission. of the United States' cabinet, with the president ers, who are to make their report within three into the bargain. Yet the United States are better years. able to pay their public servants than we are. Let There is a mutual renunciation, on the part of the is not be above taking a lesson froin them, for, in two governments, of further claims on each other truth, they can already give us not a few."

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