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NEW SERIES. No. 2-Vol. IV.) BALTIMORE, MARCH 6, 1819. No. 2— Vol. XVI. Whole No. 392.



Mechanical convenience forbade the publication, clare, sea or nay, whether all that general Jackson of an intended supplement to the present number; has done is in conformity to our opinions of right, and also, as yet, prevents us from getting out the though we take it for granted that every transaction index for the last volume.

of his, since he took the field, has resulted in a present

good to his country; yet as "gold may be purchased General Jackson.

too dear,” a good thing may be produced by danger

lous means:-and, if he has committed wrong to the Whilst the people were tendering the honest

constitution and laws of his country, or outraged bukomage of their hearts to the man OY ORLEANS, and

manity, let him be punished. But even Arburthnot conferring upon him every public honor which they

ex and Ambrister were suffered to plead in their own had the power to bestow,-whilst they recognized

defence, and shall we refuse the like privilege to a in the intrepid soldier the polished manners of a

man whose deeds of high renown are as imperisha. gentleman, with the mild deportment of the citizen,

ble to his glory, as the history of the republic. Still, a committee of the senate of the United States--the

his services must not be plead in extenuation of a soli, most dignified tribunal known to the constitution,

I tary wrong, wilfully committed. We would rather save that from which all lawful authority is derived,

1, that Jackson should perish, than that any one in the w is engaged in preparing very solemn and serious it,

S|United States should be above the law-but it is charges against him—to bring him before the bar

a due him that he should be fairly tried, and upon his of the public reason loadeel with reproaches, as a

own merits. Hlagrant violator of the most important fundamental principles of right, justice and law.

With due deference to the “collected wisdom of See the re

e the nation" in congress assembled, yet knowing also port, page 33.

that the members are mere men, liable to errors in We have no present intention to examine the facts stated in this report, nor to make any remarks up

I judgment, and subject to the influence of party, pre. on it. But, however, we feel it our duty to say=;

SUP-l judice or passion, like others—we contend that that we believe them to be untenable, by proof, or

| both houses have mistaken their power in suppos. to be excused, as to the general himself, by the sanc

ing that the general was directly responsible to tion of his superior, the president of the United

either of them for any transaction of his military life, States: all which will probably appear before ma

circumstanced as he was. Admit that the majority my days.*

in both houses had agreed to censure general Jacke It is not our practice to interfere in party politics

son, where are their means to punish? Can it be

believed that a simple vote of disapprobation in con-to extol the ins and censure the outs, or vice versa, and we do not care to the value of a one dollar Owl

gress, would punish bim sufficiently for the cutraCreek bonk note, whether a president of the United 5

Iges with which he was charged? Nay, nay if he is States comes from the east, west, south or north:

I guilty of the things preferred against him, his life

would be a poor forfeit to the insulted justice of his else we might say much, and would say it warmly too, about the proceedings that have been had re

country. specting general Jackson. If we do not know we

| If such punishment is due, but that congress has certainly believe, that among his opponents, in or ***

no power to inflict it-what could all the long re, out of congress, there are some men who have been

T'ports and long speeches have amounted to? Only influenced only by a generous love for the constitu

"to thisato prejudice the tribunal before whom the tion and liberties of our country; but we are equal.

general might be summoned to appear; in fact, to ly certain, that others have been led to array them

order it to condemn him! Thus, is our opinion, con selves against him through passion and prejudice,

gress acted as unadvisedly as the general is charge. or with a secret design to affect the approaching

ed with doing; having fallen into the very error that election of president. In short, and in common phrase,

was reprebended in him, as though he punished that they have costruck at another man over his

without trial! shoulders.” This is our serious opinion.

The fact is universally believed, that the presi, The story has been so often told in the news.

dent bas sanctioned the conduct of Jackson, in ed. papers, that party had nothing to do in the question

tenso--in many cases by an open approval, or justifi. relating to the Seminole war, that many have be

cation of his proceedings, and in all the rest by a tacit lieved it. We always believed the contrary, and

acquiescence in them. The general, then, is exone. the happy contrivance of recording the yeas and

rated from blame, until the president is found guil. nays, proves that we are correct-unless we admit|

Tty of wrong. If his acts were unsupported by the that one of the two great political sections in con

constitution and laws of his country, they now are the gress is much more regardful of the constitution of

cl acts of the executive, the agent being approved by the United States than the other,-an idea that can

it; let the executive be punished first, and the gene. not be tolerated is this “era of good feelings!”

" ral will naturally suffer. It is of no importance, at this time, for us to de- ! If this view of the subject is correct-if the acs

of general Jackson have by any means become the *The National Intelligencer, received since this acts of the president, (and they must be so regard, article was in type, says-We are authorised and ed, seeing that the gereral has not been put upon requested to state, for the satisfaction of those who his trial for any co them), what shall we tbuk ot'the feel interested in the information, that strictures on house of representatives, as the grand inqucái ciure the report of the committee of the senate in respect nation, and of the senate, as the supren e judge, ter to the Seminole war, are in preparation, and will be acting on the case as they have done? Does it noi shortly offered to the public eye; and that in their appear as if they woald have indicted, tried and pi. haracter, they will be both ample and free," 'pished the president, when the general only tao . Vol. XVI.--. 3.

seemingly before them. They might have request- | party politics or electioneering purposes, though ed, and perhaps ordered (at least we hope that we have felt it right to say something on a subject there is such a power in the representatives of the which has so much engaged the attention of conpeople), the president of the United States to insti. gress and the people. We shall not do either; simtute an enquiry into the conduct of the general, ply desiring on this occasion to present our impresand possibly have directed a court martial to be sions concerning a very important affair, and to re held upon him. What then? if the president commend republican frankness to all politicions. refused to carry such order into execution, he We have only to add, that the principal charge might be brought before the bar of the senate; but, in the report of the senate, as to the acceptance of if the order was put into operation, the president volunteers, was, as we are informed, justified by forwould stand as impeached for neglect of duty in mer usage, and positively approved in this. The not having done it before! In every view that we order respecting St. Augustine depended on a con. can give to the matter, this seems to be the conclu- tingency—that is, if the facts as reported were true, sion that it is the president, and not the general, who The Washington City Gazetre says that Messrs. King is responsible to congress for acts committed in the Se- and Eaton, two of the committee, were opposed to. minole war, as things are now situated.

the report, and intended to have presented a counWe do not know whether this ground has been ter statement (as the editor understands) but that taken or not, by any of the speakers in congress, the session was too near a close to attempt any thing having yet read but a few of the speeches, and those like discussion." * There are some who believe that very slightly.* We apprehend, however, that it will the late appearance of the report was not incidental appear to be so manifestly just to the people, that to, or in any manner connected with the period at they will, like ourselves, be nearly ready to believe which a knowledge was possessed of the things it reit was the president who was really under trial in- proves and it seems unfair, that general Jackson stead of general Jackson.

must remain subject to all the odium which the re. If this belief is founded upon the facts of the case, port can cast upon him until the next session of conand the general had been condemned in the senate, gress, ortreat the senate with what may be construed for calling out or accepting the volunteers from into disrespect, hy defending himself before his fel, Tennessee—and he, to justify himself, had shewn low citizens. It is like changing a man first and that that act was approved by the executive, in the trying him afterwards.” warmest terms-what would be the state of the affair? The senate we know are the judges on an impeachment of the president, and the result would

Revolutionary Matters. have been, that they had already found him guilty, The following letter, addressed to the editor of the though unarraigned, of a violation of the constitu- REGISTER, 'is from a gentleman of the highest tion! In courts of law, in cases of appeals, the standing in Virginia--and inserted with great judge who has decided on a controversy, retires!

pleasure, in justice to the patriotic efforts of an ilfrom the bench, would not then the senate, accord

lustrious friend of freedom. ing to common sense and common law, have been

TO THE EDITOR OF THE REGISTER. . . rendered incompetent to try the president-seeing SIR, I have read with much interest the several that the sanction of the president must be accepted as communications from the late president Adams, the justification of his suBORDINATE officer

which are preserved in your fourteenth volume: We like plain dealing in common phrase, we and though a Virginian, and as zealous for the honor wish that “every tub should stand upon its own of my country as any individual in it, I am not less bottom." We are not interested in the re-election devoted to truth, and real merit, whereever it may of Mr. Monroe,-though generally pleased with his be found. I therefore subjoin with pleasure, an exadministration, because we have fallen into the opi-tract from the first volume of Almon's Remembrancer nion that the republic would be better served, if the entitled Prior Documents, printed in London in the presidency were held for four years only. Still, he year 1777, in confirmation of the high standing, and claims of his countrymen a frank and honorable op- important services of JAMES OTIs, esquire, of Massaposition. For his sins of commission or of omission, chusetts, as attested by Mr. Adams. hic ought to be directly charged, if any such are suf.

EXTRACT, ficient to divest bim of the good will of the peo- From the report of the lords committees, ap. ple; but we dislike all round-about ways for arriy-pointed by the house of lords to enquire into the ing at truth, and decidedly reject the practice several proceedings in the colony of Massachusetts which too often prevails amongst politicians, of bay, in opposition to the sovereignty of his majesty, censuring one man in the name of another.

in his parliament of Great Britain, over that proThe reader must not suppose by the preceding vince." remarks that we intend to devote the Register to | “The committee having perused the report of

the board of trade ofthe ilth day of December 1764, *We have just observed that this ground was tak- and the papers laid before his majesty therewith; en by Mr. Poindexter and others during the de. find in the said papers the strongest assertions by ; bates about the Seminole war, in the house of repre- the assembly of the Massachusetts bay, of their sole : 1 sentatives. It seemed to be admitted, by the oppo- right to pass laws, particularly of taxation, and of site side, that no act of legislation could grow out of their resolution to invite the other colonies to comthe proceedings; but it was contended, that the bine with them in measures to prevent the king in house had a right to express an "opinion” on the his parliament, from passing any such laws; for insubject. Thus then, the house of representatives (stance, in a letter to Mr. Mauduit then agent of the of the United States, spent three week of most pre-province, which was drawn up by a committee of cious time, to the neglect of much important busi- the house of representatives, and afterwards ap. ness required by the nation, and the postponement proved by the house, they use the following expres. of the just claims of many private citizens, to the sions: “The silence of the province should have been ruin perhaps, of some of them, to give an “opinion” imputed to any cause, even to despair, rather than which could not have had any legral bearing upon be construed into a tacit cession of incir rights, or an the person or his conduct censured by it! Lacknowledgment of a right in the parliament o

Great Britain, to impose duties and taxes upon a chaft and cargo, argued by Mr. Ogden and Mr. Wheapeople who are not represented in the house of com- ton for the captors, and by Mr. Hopkinson, for claimmons.'-And in the same letter they avowed and ants. The sentence of the circuit court was affirmauthenticated the doctrines advanced in a certained and the property condemned. This decision pamphlct, entituled, The rights of the British colo- settles a point of law very important to the mercannies asserted and proved," written by JAMES OTIS, es- tile world, that where a house is established in the quire; which pamphlet amongst other things, says enemy's country, and one or more of the partners "that the imposition of taxes, whether on trade, or reside in the United States, or in a neutral country, on lands, or houses, or ships, or real or personal, his share is liable to condemnation as a prize of war, fixed or floating property in the colonies, is abso. notwithstanding his personal domicil in the neutral lutely irreconcileable with the rights of the colonies, as country, as well as the shares of his copartners, who British subjects, and as men.

are actually resident in the enemy's country. A stronger evidence of Mr. Otis's merit, as the On Wednesday last, Mr. Pinckney concluded his enlightened patriot, and a friend of his country, iud argument in the case of McCulloh vs the state of of his early services to her, need not be produced. Maryland, involving the question as to the right of Virginia, February 7, 1819.

the states to tax the bank of the United States.

Supreme Court of the U. States. I

Treaty with Spain. Several decisions made at the present sitting of It is announced in the account of Saturday's pro. the supreme court of the United States, are of great ceedings in the house of representatives, that the and general importance, and the opinions on such president has officially communicated to congress cases shall be inserted when received, for the use the treaty with Spain, which has been solemnly 12of the patrons of the REGISTER.

tified on our part, and will no doubt be promptly We have already noticed the case of Sturges vs. ratified by the government of Spain. With a view Crowninshield--the following additional accounts or to this event, a bill has been introduced, and will it must satisfy the public curiosity until the report of probably become a law,authorizing the executive, in it is published

that contingency, to receive the territory from the The Nero York Evening Post, speaking of this bands of the Spanish authorities, and establish a procase, says-“We have been favored with the perusal visional government therein. of a letter received by a gentleman of the bar at The treaty was read in the house of representathis city from Washington, dated the 25th February, tives with open doors, but is not to be published in stating the substance of the opinion of the supreme extenso, the usage in such cases requiring it should court of the United States in the above case--which not be promulgated until formally ratified. We is as follows:

have little doubt, however, that a copy of it will “Discharges under state insolvent laws exempt shortly find its way to the press. Meanwhile, it is the body of the debtor from imprisonment; but his sufficient to state, that the summary we gave of its property subsequently acquired is liable to his cre-contents appears to have been pretty correct, with ditors; or in other words, the contract is discharged the following additionsas to the person, but not as to the future estate of All grants made by Spain in the ceded territory, the party.”

anterior to the 1st day of January, 1818, are to be reIt is further decided that, until congress acts upon spected. the subject, the states may pass insolvent or bankrupt The islands adjacent to Florida are ceded, with laws, which, however, can have no other effect the territory. than is above stated; but may be beneficial in put. It is stipulated that the territory shall, having the ting an end to the partial dispositions of property, necessary requisites, be admitted into the union on which now operate so severely upon the great mass an equal footing with the original states.-Nat. Int. of the creditors of those who fail among us.

This is all that has yet been settled upon this in. teresting subject. Gentlemeìì of the profession

State Banks, &c. will perceive that many points remain for discus. Letter from the secretary of the treasury, communicating sion.

informution, pursuant to a resolution of the house of Our readers may be satisfied that the source reprcsentative8, of the 221 insi, in relation to the bowhence the above information is derived is such as lances due by the state bunks to the bank of the Unitto preclude all doubts of its authenticity

ed States. February 25, 1819. Read and ordered The Baltimore American observes.-We under to lie upon the table. stand that the judges of the supreme court of the

TREASURY DEPARTMENT. United States have in every instance recognized as

24th February, 1819. legal and constitutional, the act of limitation exist- Sin-In obedience to a resolution of the house of ing in the different states, it being an evidence of representatives, of the 22d instant, directing the sedebt which the legislature have the power to pre-cretary of the treasury “to inform the house, whescribe and determine. This information being de-ther any, and, if any, what part of the balances from rived from a member of the court, may be confident the state banks, to the bank of the United States, ly relied on.

under the second article of the compact between Hence it follows that debts of longer standling them, for which balances the bank of the United than three years, are barred by the statute of limi. States was to receive interest, were retained by the tation; and as the legislature at their last session ex- bank of the United States, as special deposits for tended the operation of this law to foreigners and which it was not obliged to pay specie upon deresidents of other states having claims against citi- mand”, I have the honor to state, that no part of zens of Maryland-the effect of the late decision the sums transferred to the bank of the United States becomes much more partial and limited than was by the treasurer of the U. States, upon which interest apprehended.

was payable by the state banks to that institution, On the 25th ult. Mr. Justice Story delivered the was considered as special deposit. The bank was opinion of the court, in the case of the brig Friends bound to pay for the sums so deposited, specie whenever demanded. In the case of the transfers toasts drank were neat and appropriate. The folo made subsequently to the 30th of June, 1817, a pro- lowing was given position on the part of a state bank to pay interest By the president of the day. Our illustrious guest, on the sum transferred, when accepted by the bank major general Andrew Jackson-May he long enof the United States, changed the character of the joy the affections of his fellow citizens, for his galdeposit from special to general deposit, and subject. lant services on various occasions, particularly in ed the bank to the payment of specie when demand- the signal repulse of an invading army, near Newed.

Orleans, I have the honor to be, your most obedient ser- After this toast, general Jackson, in a dignified fant,

WM. H. CRAWFORD. and impressive manner, offered his thanks for the Hon. Henry Clay,

polite attentions and distinguished honors he had reSpeaker of the house of representatives.

ceived, and expressing his high sense of the gratitude we owed the heroes and statesmen of the revo.

lution, for our present happiness and elevated na. Honors to general Jackson. tional character, he gave the following toast: * The late tourof this distinguished commander has The memory of Benjamin Franklirit given an opportunity to a small portion of his fellow-! The general left Philadelphia on the 19th and citizens, to afford an evidence of their regard for reached at New York on the 20th. When the steam his invaluable services to his country. As the fame boat in which he was arrived off the battery, a saof such men is the property of the nation, we have lute was fired by a corps of artillery stationed there; cheerfully given up a few pages of our paper to and on landing, he was escorted by the Governor's record some of the things that occured.

Guards" to the City Hall. Previous to his arrival, We have already noticed his passage through the common council had met and acting in the name Baltimore, proceeding eastward, and assigned the of the citizens of New York, voted to him the free. reasons why this patriotic city did not offer to him dom of the city, in a gold box, with suitable inscrip. the first testimony of public respect--the people tions, passed a resolution requesting his portrait, being unadvised of his expected arrival, and it was and appointed a committe: of their own body to rea continued snow storm during his short stay with ceive him and wait upon him during luis stay. A 113. Ile was however, waited upon and the arrange- very respectable committee of the citizens had also ments made for those things which took place on invited him to partake of a public dinner, which the his return.

| warrior frankly accepted of; and major gen. Mortoti, Arriving at Philadelphia, the general was waited in a very handsome general order, directed the dis apon by the militia officers of the division, on which vision of artillery to hold itself in readiness to honor occasion a neat address and reply were delivered him by such services as might be required, &c. and received.* On Thursday the 18th ult. he dined! He dined with the mayor on the day of his arrival, at the Washington hall hotel, a large and very re- and attended the theatre that evening. It was spectable company being present-major Pierce crowded to excess, and he was received with shouts Butier, presided, assisted by Charles Biddle and of applause that for a considerable time suspended Chandler Price, esquires, as vice presidents. The the performance.

The next day he partook of the public dinner *Philadelphiałeb, 19,– The officers of the 1st di prepared at Tammany Hall,which was tastefully de. rision Pennsylvania militia yesterday assembled to corated for the occasion. The mayor presided, suppay their respects to major general Jackson; when ported by several most respectable vice presidents. general Cadwaladier, at the request of the meeting, The company consisted of nearly four hundred peraddressed him as follows:

sons. The toasts were all exceedingly good; we se. General, The officers of the militia of the 1st di-llect the following as specially belonging to the occavision, who now wait upon you, desire me to express, sion the high respect they entertain for your valor and Andrew Jackson-The saviour of the south: white patriotism, and the satisfaction they feel in seeing a- the Mississippi bears her tribute to the ocean, his mongst thema man,to whose consummate prudence, name and his deeds want no other remembrancer. skill and energy the nation is so largely indebted; The Spartan band of modern story- The volun; whose name, identified with the glory of our counteers of Kentucky and Tennessee on the ramparts try, naturally excites the recollection of her proud of New Orleans. est achievments.

The other toasts were, the president--the vice I make this communication in behalf of major ge- president-the constituted authorities of the United neral Worrell; and permit me to add, that in these States-the United States-Washington-Franklin; sentiments of my brother officers, I most cordially agriculture--commerce-domestic manufacturesparticipate.

the sovereign people-new states--the army REPLY.

the navy--the militia—John Adams— Thomas JefGentlemen, To meet you and the militia oficers of ferson James Ma'lisun, &c. with appropriate coma the 1st division affords me the highest gratification. pliments or appendages. The general's volunteer

The military ardor an! patriotism,ever evinced by was, the governor of the state-De Witt Clinton. the citizens of Philadelphia and the adjoining dis- On the 22d, there was a very splendid ball and tricts; their zealous devotion to the constituted supper in honor of Was sington's birth day, but the principles of our government; is the utmost pledge opportunity was also embraced to honor the genethat they will ever prove the guardians of their ---coutry's liberty in peace; in war, its bulwark and the memory of W'ashington was one of the re. defence.

guiar toasts. It would be well generally, to associate For the polite attentions with which you have the names of these illustrious dead together. The been pleased to honor me, and the flattering opi. nature of their services to their country and to man. mion you have expressed of my services, permit me kind, was different, yet each gave equal lustre to to preseni to you and your associates my acknow-the American character, and will long be cherished lengements.

ANDREW JACKSON. Im the hearts of the good and enlightened of every To major gen. florrell and brig. gen. Calwalader. lland,

zal. Every thing was in great stile-700 persons Permit me also to assure you, that we shall feel were present. We have a long description of the great pride in being able to claim you as our felornaments of the rooms, &c. When the general en. low-citizen, and in placing the portrait of one who tered he was saluted by a discharge of artillery his deserved so well of his country in our gallery, from a miniature fort raised on the orchestra. “The already occupied by the resemblances of many who supper room (says the account) was thrown open at have similar, though no one superior, claims to our 12 o'clock, and so numerous was the company that grateful acknowledgments. there was scarce room for the ladies. Over the head To which gen Jackson made the following reply: of this elegant table was a transparency with this Sin-The distinguished honor which the commotto, In the midst of festivity, forget not the services mon council of the city of New York bas conferred and sacrifices of those who have enabled you to enjoy it by my allmiosion as a freeman of their city, is to me a 14th October 1780.

source of the highest gratification, and will ever 8th of January, 1815."

be recollected with feelings of the warmest sensi

bility. To be associated with those who have been This was surmounted by a bust of Washington, die

hington, distinguished for their patriotism and zealous at. crowned with laurel. From the joy and hilarity that

tachment to the republican principles of our goprevailed, we calculated on a complete exhaustion

onvernment, is the most exalted station of an Ameof animal spirits in order to account for a certain

rican citizen. The approbation you have been flagging that appeared after supper; but to our sur

pleused to express of my humble efforts in the field, prise, there was suddenly displayed from the new

command my grateful acknowledgments, for those orchestra, with the swiftness of a telegrap!) or signal, sentiments am I indebted to the bravery of the a flag, on which there was the vivifving motto,

troops I had the honor to command. «DONT GIVE UP THE SHIP!" The effect was elec

What I have done was for my country; had I trical the band struck up «Washington's march" erred in the discharge of my official duty. that and the ball seemed but beginning!!

error would have originated in the warmth of my The diffusion of light upon an assemblage the most

age the most devotion to her interest, and a misapplication of brilliant we ever beheld; the taste with which the the means best calculated to promote her happi. room was decorated with nearly two hundred flags, lness and prosperity. But to find that my conduct including those of almost all the nations in the world, li

nost all the nations in the world, has been sanctioned by my government and approv. combined with the military glitter of about two hun- edbymy fellow.citizens, is a source of happiness une: dred gentlemen in full uniform, interspersed in the curved

nequalled in the occurrences of my life; for the proud dance with the female beauty and elegance of the

the est honor which can grace the soldier, and the city,produced an effect of the most pleasing nature.” richest reward which he can receive, for the fa

tigues, perils and privations of his profession, is Whenever the general went into the streets, itine

ets, it the approbation of a grateful cotintry. was difficult to find a passage through them, so

ANDREW JACKSON. great was the desire of the people to see him.

He was also handsomely addressed by the corThe following was the address of the mayor of Iporation, to whom he made an'appropriate reply. New-York, on carrying into effect the resolutions of the following is an account of the proceedings of the city council:

the Tammany Society, a powerful body of republi.

February 23, 1819. cans in New-York. MAJOR-GENERAL JACKSON-No task could be more

Tanmany Society, or Columbian order, gratifying to me than that which I am now to per.

New York, February 15, 1819. form. I am to congratulate you in behalf of the SIR-In addition to the honor-we feel the livecommon council, and of our fellow-citizens, on your liest pleasure in transmitting to you the unanimous arrival among us..

sentiments of our national institution; they are such We are happy to avail ourgelves of the first op as we anticipated from the whole American nation portunity of testifying, by every mark of respect, and which are fully demonstrated by their voice the feelings your high military services have in- in the great council of the union. spired:

| The date of our resolutions, sir, will show you While the whole country was agitated by the the early interest we took, in publicly expressing threatened invasion of a powerful foe, we could not our undiviiled determination to defend your hoXOR, but learn with anxiety that he bad directed a large your disinterested PATRIOTISM, your GALLANTRY and armament to a point where, it was known, he could DECISION, in the arduous conflicts you so happily, only be met by an inferior force, chiefly composed and so gloriously, succeeded in. The very extraof our undisciplined and inexperienced country. ordinary and brilliant events which occurred in men. We knew that Britain, at the end of a con. terminating the late glorious war with Great Bri. test which had convulsed Europe for twenty years,tain, have stampt, with imperishable eclat, the had designed her veteran and victorious troops to American name; especially, the transcendant scene make war upon us; but the song of our soil, ani- which closed the last act, of inflated British pride mated by your spirit and conducted by your wis. and folly at New-Orleans. To you, sir, under the dom, drove the invaders from our shores, and Divine auspices, and the amor patria of our brave, achieved a victory, which, whilst it raised the cha- our virtuous, western brethren, our country is inracter of our country to an elevation that attract-debted for the result of that most unprecedented ed the admiration of the rest of the world, left to day. every American a debt of gratitude to you, and to Columbia's voice, in peals of iron thunder, proour brave brethren who fought with you, which claimed the dread fiat of that eventful morn! Terra never can be cancelled.

was drenched with human gore! The perturbed With these sentiments, allow me to present to lelements were hushed! Mars and Bellona retired you this certificate of your being admitted a free- from the ensanguine field! and god-like peace reman of this city, and to thank you for your com- sumed her gentle reign! But how transitory are pliance with the resolution of the common coun. the fleeting views and hopes of credulous man cìl, requesting your portrait.

the furies are again unchained, personated by the

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