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which 40,000,000 are said to be deposited in Eng-1 Accounts by way of Trinidad, of the 15th of land, and 10,000,000 in France.
March, announce the retreat of the royal army over In Spain they speak loudly of sending 20,000 men, the Arauca, exceedingly harrassed by gen. Paez,who in a body, to America-it is estimated that this num- had skilfully avoided a general action, and yet said ber would require 100,000 tons of shipping, or 300 to have cut off 1400 of Morillo's force. Reinforce. vessels.
ments were marching to join Paez, and it is now said Madrid, Feb. 23. Nothing is talked of here but that the royalists will be annihilated, and the inde. the marriage of our sovereign. It appears that the pendence of Venezuela secured in the present cam. choice is divided between a princess of Sardinia and paign! Last week, the reports were exactly the one of Saxony; but the most general opinion is, tiiat contrary. we shall have for queen, a daughter of the king of The English soldiers, of whom as before report. Sardinia:
ed, it appears that 3000 have arrived, had not yet ITALY.
been in action. Morillo's men are represented as A letter dated at Palermo, on the 4th of March, | skeletons, from the hardships they have undergone, says, “We have had most dreadful weather here and in their retreat they have to cross 400 miles of these last fourteen days, with three heavy shocks of plains, harrassed constantly by Paez's cavalry, 2500 an earthquake, which has done much mischief on men. the south part of the island, throwing down church.
Laguira is blockaded by Brion and Taylor The es, and destroying whole villages. Such damage former has attacked the roval squadron in the bay of has also taken place among the shipping."
Cumana-result not know. Important events, may Pompeii still furnishes many precious works of be daily expected. Wouid that' Venezuela was reantiquity. A beautiful bronze vase, encrusted with lieved of this exterminating war! The population of silver, and an admirable bronze statue of Apollo, of the country has been reduced more than one half the usual size of a man, in the act of sacrificing the since the evolution began. family of Niobe, have lately been found.
| Si, Thomas, March 30: «By a vessel just arrived GERMANY.
from Cur acon, news had been received by a vessel A private letter from Manheim, dated the 23d arrived there from Carthagena, that the governor of inst. announces, that M. de Kotzebue was assassinat-Panama had written to the governor of Carthagena, ed on that day by a student, and that the latter im- for all the forces he could mustér for his succor, as mediately committed suicide with the same poniard | he dreaded an instant attack from the independent, which had been the instrument of his crime. Both lariny, which after having taken Lima, was then adinstantly expired on the spot Journal de Paris.
vancing rapidly to the northward, nu doubt to at. . The states of Hanover have assembled again. A tack his post. It is also stated, that of the fleet which reduction in the army, which is to commence on the some time ago had sailed from Spain for Peru, the 1st of May, has been determined upon. It will fall crew of one vessel had mutinied, and carried her inchiefly on the infantry, which will be reduced from to Valparaiso, riving information that the rest of the 30 to 20,000 men. The military establishments, also, squadron were in a similar state. On receiving these are to cost two millions of dollai's, instead of two accounts, the government of Valparaiso immediate. and a half.
I ly despatched the same vessel, together with the The German papers contain some accounts of the the rest of the squadron then in port, to intercept universities of Germany, from which it appears that them, which they accordingly effected; and after there are eight thousand four hundred and twenty one exchanging a feir shot, the whole Spanish flect students in the several universities; in Gottingen 770, joined them. They immediately proceeded to Cal. Hille 500, Berslau 366, Heidelburg 363, Giessenlao, under the Spanish flag, forwarded the dispatch241. Marbourg 197, Riel 107, Rostock 160, Griess. les taken on board the scuadron, to the viceroy, and wald 55, Landsfurd 640, Tubenjen 698, Berlin 942, | debarked the whole of their forces, which were reLeipsic 911, Jena 634, Vienna 957, Prague $80.
ceived with every demonstration of joy. They imRUSSIA.
meiliately set out for Lima, and took peaceful posThe emperor has issued an ordinance by which session of that city, the government supposing them all peasants in the empire are authorised to establo be friends."
Philad. Gaz. lish manufactories, a right which they did not be fore possess, but which was limited to the nobility, and to the merchants of the first and second class.
FROM THE FEDERAL GAZETTE. A wonderful spring was lately discovered in Swe- Ertract of a letter from Lewisburg, Penn, dated den-it was revealed to a woman by an invisible
March 29, 1819. spirit-the whole kingdom was astonished at the “Agreeably to thy request, I will now furnish thee cures performed by its waters! it was consecrated by with a statement of facts relative, to my patient, the name of the Miraculous Fountain," on which whose case I mentioned when I last had the pleaoccasion many religious ceremonies took place!- sure of seeing thee. By a careful analysis, this fountain is proved to af. Elizabeth Consor, aged 24 years, was born with ford nothing but good pure spring water!!!
cataracts in both cyes; in early childhood she could HAYTI.
see a little, but never well enough to avoid running A district of this island, under the sway of presi- against objects, that were not of a very light color; dent Boyer, called Gran-de-Ause, is in a state of in- as she advanced in years, the sense of vision gradusurrection. King Henry, it is stated, lately received ally diminished, and at length she become totally a present of a bible from a gentleman of Massachu-blind. getts, and gave him in return a draft for six thousand Being a very beautiful young woman and of most dollars, in a letter of thanks-written with his own interesting manners, she was addressed by a decent royal hand.
young mechanic, who married her. ' About a year SOUTH AMERICA.
afterwards she became a mother. On occasion of A col. Eyre has raised in Galway, Ireland, two re- tue illness of herinfant, I had an opportunity of eeing. giments of 1200 men each, for service in New Grena- the mother for the first time. Upon examining her da, South America,
Teyes, I recommended an operation to which she
cheerfully consented; and on the 20th December, Sunday last, in 21 days from Liverpool-they sailed last, her left eye was successfully operated on. No on the same day, and continued in sight of each pain or inflammation succeeded, and about 8 days other nearly the whole of the voyage.. afterwards, I removed the dressings, and permitted the new Russian minister to the United States, her a limited enjoyment of the blessings of vision; Mr. Poletica, has arrived at New York. ; her raptures were indescribable. Her newly ac- Mr. John Randolph is elected to congress, from quired sense was, however, from want of habit, of Virginia, very little service to ber for several days-she was Travelling. The route between New York and unable to estimate the distances of objects and was Philadelphia has been travelled by the citizens perpetually in fear of running against every thing line" of coaches, in 8 hours and 35 minutes—at the she saw. On the day of removing the bandage for rate of 114 miles per hour! the first time, I requested her to designate lier hus- Marriage. A young ladiy near Philadelphia, has banil, who, with several others, was present; this received a verdict of $2,000 against á scoundrel she was enabled to do by hearing him breathe, or who promised her marriage, and seduced her. by some slight noise that he made.
Another person a "preacher of a certain religious On ne 27th Feb. last, I performed the opera- society," has been brought in for 15,000 dollars in * tion on her right eye: my success in this case was similar case, we suppose, in North Carolina -- this instantaneous the cataract was removed whole out sum was regarded as the value of half his estate. A of the axis of vision, while that in the left eye being case of crim. con. has also been tried in that state, in soft, was only broken up and lacerated by the instru- which the amount of the verdict was 1000 dollars. ment, and dissolved by the aqueous humor. No The plaintiff had left his wife in search of employ. pain or inflammation followed the last operation, ment-he was absent but a few months, during which and she is now visiting and receiving visits of her the defendant, by regular license, married the wofriends. She can see without glasses to thread a man! needle; and so soon as she gets a pair of suitable Sales of bank notes. Since our last, the potes of spectacles, she intends learning to read and write. the banks south of Maryland have depreciated very
If this woman, when totally blind, was an object of much. hose of North and South Carolina and Geor. love, what must her value be now in the estimation gia cannot be shaved in Baltimore for less than 4. or of her husband? I am very happy to have it in my 15 percent. and those of Kentucky and Tennessee are power to say her husband seems fully sensible of at from 10 to 15 per cent. discount! pretty busin the value of his wife, and very worthy of her affec-ness, truly. won. Thy sincere friend,
Before the circuit court of the state of Kentucky at Bardstown, was tried towards the close of the last
month, a suit for slander, in which Miss Des Marsley, CHRONICLE.
alias Mrs. Fishley, was plaintiff, and Mr. Fishley, of Died on the 23d ult. at his residence near Balti | Louisville, defendant. After a trial of two days. more, Alexander C. Hanson, esq. a senator of the U. the jury being permitted to retire, brought in a ver. States, in the 33ril vear of his age.
dict for the plaintiff, and assessed the damages at , at Sackett's Harbor, on the 14th inst. lieut. twenty-seven thousand nine hundred dollars. This is a Lewis German, of the U.S. navy-a brave and meri. curious case, for the parties had been married, and torious officer. He was in the Constitution when the husband, the defendant, had in a few days after she captured the Guerriere and Java,
marriage deserted his wife. However, the verdiet, Maine. The separation of Maine from Massachu. it appears, falls to the ground, the judge having setts is agitated. It should reasonably take place. I decided, that the marriage being a legal one, a suit : and will, no doubt, happen before long.
* for slander could not be maintained by the wife The 5th U. S, reg. of infantry is to embark at De-l against the husband.
Nut, Int. troit for Green Bay, thence ascend the Fox river in batteaux to the portage-when the boats will be
from the London Statesman of March 10. drawn across the portage [about one mile) and the
| On America's rising greatness. By looking over troops re-embark on the Ouisconsing descend to its the newspapers of the three great sea-ports of Ame. mouth and thence ascend the Mississippi to the St. rica, any man without being a statesman, may disPeter's river.
cover the gigantic growth of this infant state in the Pensioners. It is stated that the number of revo: new world, but if the politician examines its treaties lutionary pensioners, who are now receiving their with the different powers it is connected with, he semi-annual dividend at the branch bank in Midille. cannot but discoverits wise and firm policy. Nothing town, (Con.) exceeds 1200, all residents of the state can shake it in any one respect. Even with Great of Connecticut, and the total amount paid to them Britain it has so far grained its point with respect to exceeds $120,000 per annum, ..
the great article of the fisheries, that a middle-aged Gen. Gaines intends to fix his head-quarters on
man may live to see the time when the Americano Sullivan's island, for the summer months. Ata din.
will enquire of us what business we have to fish on ner given to the general by the citizens of Savannah. their shores and beds. In fact, our state is attenuatthe following toast was given by Mr. Harney.
ing by luxury and extravagance, their's is acquiring «The defender of Fort Erie
additional strength by temperance and economy. By foes though outnumbered, the fight he maintains: Sir W. Jones ('tis thought in the Muse Recald) While their LOSSES they mourn, we rejoice in our say GAIXES."
Beyond the vast Atlantic deep The Ontario sloop of war, capt, Biddle, has arriv.
A dome hy viewless Genü had been rais'd; ed at Annapolis, last from Pernambuco, in 29 days . The walls of a lamant, compac and steep, tom a two years cruise in the Pacific Ocean, &c. The portals with sky-tincturerl gems emblaz'd
Emigration. A considerable number of persons There on a lofty throne shall virtue stand; : are arriving in the United States-chiefly from Eng To her the youth of Delaware shall kneel, . land,
And when her smiles rain plenty o'er the land, Sociability. Three ships arrived at New York on! Bow, 7'yranis, bow beneath th' avenging steel.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY H. NILES, AT $5 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE,
Mitigation of Slavery-No. 1. We intend to offer a few remarks upon each of
the following propositions, and some of then may • One of the subjects proposed to be discussed in be accompanied with considerable details and stá. the present volume, was the amelioration of the tistical representations of faets, to elucidate their condition of our slaves--with a view to the present subject: and future benefit of all the parties interested; and 1. That slavery must, at some future day, be abo. especially to prepare the way for the well-being of] lished in the United States. ! here is no man who such persons of color as may become legally emanci. believes that God is just, or affects a veneration pated.
for our republican institutions, that can bear the This subject is one of the highest importance. It
assurance to his own mind, that this blot, or curse, is encompassed with difficulties and most fruitful in!
is to remain as long as our country endures. errors of opinion; for men judge differently, on mat-12. That it is true wisdom to exalt the minds of the ders of policy, though they may generally agree in slaves-- to invest them with correct ideas of the the RIGHT, as they are differently educated. On the moral duties, and encourage them in the acquirebroad question, ought slavery to exisl? there would ment of a qualified property. be very few in the affirmative: but, on that, shall we 3. On the proper means of checking the propaga. cause its existence to cease? we should be much tion of the slave-species-- Among others, by iardivided-and, if it were decided in the affirmative,
rowing the extent of country in which they shall the manner of it would be severely disputed; and
be permitted to exist, with a notice of the late dc. many, perhaps, bopeless of coming to a safe conclu
bates, &c. in congress about allowing the intro. sion about it, would relax into the indifference of
duction of slavery into the regions west of the necessity or despair.
Mississippi. It is the policy in some sections of our country, to 4. That the present emancipation of slaves in the keep the free people of color as well as the slaves, southern states should not be extensively supportin the grossest ignorance possible-to deprive them, ed, unless efficient provision is made for separating as far as practicable, of the capacity of reasoning
the free negroes from those w:") are not--the and deny them the means of improvement to sink
mixture is fatal to the progress of improvement in them into the bestial state of laboring machines. Hence,
both, and at open war with the safety of the per. certain of the laws passed in respect to persons of
sons and property of the white population; and color, are calculated to chill the blood of those who
must remain so, until the practices recommended regard them as men.
in the second proposition have had operation. On the other hand, in some parts of the union the 5. That the states in which slavery is not allowed, people are clamorous for emancipation, without should offer every reasonable facility and encoll. considering the consequences that must result from
ragement to free people of color wishing to reside it, affecting almost equall; the welfare of the eman
therein; and adopt some measures to lessen the cipated and the safety of their late masters. They say,
prejudices and antipathies of the whites, in qua. and say truly, that it is wrong to hold slaves: in their lifying the blacks to attain a respectable standing present state, however, we hold the opinion, that it in society. would be almost as wrong, speaking generally, to The range of discussion afforded in these propogrant them their freedom, - having no hope of the sitions will, probably, einbrace every thing that we success of the colonization scheme, except as to desire to say on the subject, and occupy as much the object to which the present attention of the so-time and room as we can allow to it now and we ciety, as noticed in our last REGISTER, is direct shall proceed with it leisurely, in the bope that ed, in which every good man must feel willng to some little good may result from it. aid them. To prevent the introcluction of a slave, is much more interesting and important than the ex- Port of a freeman of color, and much easier cione. | Hints on Domestic Manufactures.
We are aware that the thing we are now about to Every intelligent man now sees, and many begin enter upon is exceedingly delicate. The mere to frel the necessity of applying the surplus labor of mention of it rouses the angry passions of one party the people of the United States, to furnish commo. almost to rage, and the other responds in the warm dities for their own wants. We cannot much lon. language of an honest, but miscalculating enthusi-ger, be "buyers of foreign bargains," because we asm. Hating as we do-most solemnly, sincerely cannot pay for them. There is also an increased and religiously hating, all sorts of slavery. whether spirit of patriotism among us, to encourage all sorts the subjects of it be white men, as in Europe, or of domestic manufactures. "he balance of trade black men, as in America; whether inflicted by prin- has long been against us, and nothing prevented us ces, priests or planters, and whether it affects that from being as "hewers of wood” to the manufacliberty of person or freedom of mind, whichit pleas- turers of Great Britain, but the great productive. ed the ALMIGATY to bestow upon miin, when Heness of our country, and the extraordinary prices created him;-we may, not with standig, advance which our agricultural commodities brought in fo. sonne doctrines almost as unpleasant to the very ar- reign parts, aided by the genius and enterprize of dent friends of emancipatioit, as others will prove 10 our citizens in commercial pursuits. But the means the brutal Slaveholder. We are not above advice, of keeping that balance within reasonable bounds nor superior to instruction; but in this case, as in all no longer exist--there is so little demand for our others which we speak upoli, we shall say just what products, that a saving voyage is now accounted a ve please, consistent with our own ideas of the good one, by our merchants. Even at the time whe, right of the matter.
I there was a foreign market for every thing that to VOL XVI.- 13.
had to spare, and our bread-stuffs, cotton, tobacco, factures operated as a tax levied upon them, without &c. were at their highest prices, a girl at Manches. any countervailing advantage. There never was a ter, assisted by labor-saving machinery, gave as more silly notion than this. The foreign demand much extra value per annum, beyond the amount of i. e. all that we have to spare from our own wants, the cost of her own living, as two or three men in is of no comparison with the demand of the home like manner produced in the United States and market so much so, that the sudden transfur of now, when our articles have lost from 30 to 50 per about 300,000 persons to the U. States might con. cent. of their former comparative value, the labor of sume all the surplus bread and meat* that we havez the same girl will equal in posizive productiveness, and the raising up of manufactures of cotton equal that of six or eight nien-forthough the clear profits to our consumption of it in clothing, additionally re. of the latter are so much reduced, there is no diminu. guire about an half of that which we send abroad. But tion of the quantity of labor required to support their we have said enough on these subjects, and demonconsumption. It is very evident that a balance thus strated the facts so often, that we shall simply refer created must be ruinous. Hence it is, that most to them now. However, let any notions be entertain. nations prevent the import of some articles to en- ed that may, we have arrived to that point in our af. courage their product at home, and without which fairs, when it is the home market which must be debeggary would be their portion. It has been con- pended upon clusively shewn that Great Britain, with all her ad. The essays that have recently appeared in the Revantages and improvements, supported by an im-GISTER, promulgated by the Philadelphia society mense capitalvested in manufactures and commerce, for promoting domestic industry,"leaves us little to cannot throw open her ports to receive foreign say at this time, on the general policy and peculiar commodities,because they might be imported cheap- advantages of encouraging this industry;--domes. . er than her own people can furnish them-nay, she tic manufactures must now be supported, because will not, at this time, receive even bread-stuffs from we cannot pay for foreign products: economy is us, her best customers. It is not the nominal price forced upon us—we must live more frugally, or beof a thing that establishes its value to a p'ırchaser: come bankrupt. In this state of the case, it must it is the means that he has in himself to purchase it be expected that the national government will exa. a man cannot give that which he has not. Every mine the subject with that attention which its im healthy person has an ability to labor, and this may portance requires-and prohibit the introduction of be exchanged for the product of the labor of others, many articles which we can make at home. But to either directly or through the medium of money--by aid this, our manufacturers have a very interesting this, life is sustained or its comforts enjoyed, and duty to perform they must pay particular atten. the latter are more or less experienced according ition to the quality of their goods, and render them to the equality of value reciprocally created or pro- not only useful for wear, but pleasing to the eye, duced by such labor. Hence it is evident that we and be careful not to extort unfair prices for them. cannot exchange the labor of six men for the labor It was more owing, perhaps, to the reverse of what of one woman, except at a ruinous loss; and it be- is here recommended, that our manufacturers failed coincs us to find out some way to forbid the ex- of receiving a reasonable support after the conclus change altogether, if we cannot prosecute it on more on of the late war, than to any thing else-many equitable terms. «The freedom of trade” is a pretty were disgusted with the depreciation of quality and thing to talk about-it looks well upon paper; but advance of price. The latter, it is true, will be reexists only in imagination, or by making slaves of gulated by the demand; but the former has in itself one nation to pamper another.
a principle that must be attended to, if we hope for In most European countries, especially in Eng. the establishment of manufactures adequate to the land, on account of the exactions of government. / consumption of the country. the quantity of labor required of the people is far greater than is compatible with their happiness. The three following articles which reached us at But in the United States, where the wants of govern- | about the same time, may serve to support the pollment are easily supplied, the people, in general, la. cy we have always advocated. 'bor less than their comfort requires; and hundreds
From the Augusta Herald. of thousands of women and children do little or The distressing accounts from Great Britain and nothing because they have little or nothing to do. the continent of Europe, appear to have at length In the city of Baltimore, there are several thousand convinced the planters, as well as the merchants, persons idle, who are capable of earning from one that the staple produce of our state, has really been to three dollars per week, and who would gladly above its actual value. work if proper kinds of labor were accessible to More than three thousand bales of cotton are ston them.' Thus it is every where, because men of ca- ed in this city, for which 23 a 24 cts. per lb. has pital do not find it an object to vest their money in been refused, and which would not now sell for 15 manufacturing establishments, on account of the cents. . foreign rivalry. What would we think of a farmer, Speculations to an immense amount have been having the ti'nber at hand, and the knowledge and entered into, upon a mere hope of profit, and the means at home of making a harrow,for instance, who consequences must be ruinous: indeed the extent should put bis timber into a cart and carry it some of the evil can scarcely be imagined. Men, who miles off, to a harrow-maker, and wait there while six months ago were wealthy, have hazarded their the workman executed the job, which he himself fortunes upon a speculation which has failed; an could have done as well at his own house? He ought to be considered as a prodigal. Yet this is the *This proposition may startle some who are al principle upon which nations act when they disre-ways looking abroad. Let'us allow to each person llb. gard their own industry and depend upon others to of bread, and 3-4lb of meat, and take into calculasupply their wants; it is a principle that must either tion the grain that would be consumed by the es. produce misery and distress, or exceedingly retard/ tra supply of domestic animals required for them, the rightful progress of prosperity.
and then, if we add the whole together, we shall see The idea has been entertained by some of our that our boasted exports would prove inadequate to agriculturalists, that a duty laid upon foreign manu-l the amount of their consumption.
Though they are not actually insolvent, yet their , vernment, and to demand that the collectors be in losses, consequent upon the sudden decline of cot. structed to receive payment for duties due the Unit. ton, has swallowed up the profits of years of indus-ed States, in any money which shall be in good cre. try.
dit in their respective districts.--Petersburg Intel. "The whole attention of the planter has been de. It is said the arrangements for placing the depo. voted to the cultivation of cotton, and what is the sits of the United States in the Farmers and Me. consequence? The state of Georgia is obliged to chanics' bank of Cincinnati, have entirely failed. look to the more northern states for bread stuffs.- Ohio. banks. The bank of Steubenville, the Corn, which might be raised for 50 cents, is import. Farmers and Mechanics bank at Steubenville, and ed from Massachusetts, and carried two hundred the bank of Mount Pleasant, in Ohio, bave resumed miles into the interior, at an expense of three to specie payments. The Western Reserve bank, the tour dollars per bushel.
| bank of Marietta, the bank of Chillicothe, and the We would advise every planter, to cultivate at Lancaster bank, are said to continue" to pay specie, least as much grain as will suffice for his own uses as also the St. Clairsville bank, which is winding up iet this be the first object of his attention: this at its concerns. tained he cannot lose money; the surplus of his labor Bank of the U.S. The late orders of the bank of may be applied to the cultivation of cotton and to the U. S. to their office at Washington City, to force bacco, and is so much clear gain but what profit the payment of debts lying over, does not seem to can a plantation afford, even if cotton were 50 cents be well relished by the good people of the district a pound, so long as the whole product must be ap. -and complaint is made that five years have been plied to the purchase of provisions, for the support allowed to certain speculators to pay off their notes. of his family and working hands.
Brokers. There is a great outcry about this very From New York Advocate.
accommodating fraternity of shavers, by some of the THE TIMES.—The pressure of the times is now be- bankers. The banks made the brokers, and in the ginning to be most seriously and dangerously felt. rapid decrease of the former(which we most sincere In New York, four or five highly respectable and im- ly pray for!)—there will be a rapid diminution of shaportant mercantile houses have stopped payment, ing and shavers. But let not bank-inakers growl at and there is reason to fear that the evil will be in-theirlegitimate" offspring, the brokers! creased. The rage for speculation has carried them Counterfeits. By the amount received at the office beyond their depth, added to which the extraordina- of the Register, we may reasonably suppose that at ry state of commerce in Europe affords no hope of least one million of dollars, in counterfeit five dol. better prospects. Under such circumstances, pru- lar notes, on the Marine bank of Baltimore, are dence should dictate to our merchants a cessation of spread through the western country. We return further hazardous enterprize; and by a more judi. a number every week. These notes are easily cious application of their means at home, retrieve detected by those who are acquainted with the their past losses.
| genuine billsbutare done well enough to deceive From the Aurora. .,
strangers. Some counterfeit tens of this bank, also British dry goods on the decline-good news for the of the old enission, are met with. Amercan manufacturer.
The police of New York has published an interLet the American people now turn to the spindle; cepted despatch from a counterfeiter to his partner the day is near at hand, when the cotton planter will in trade, detailing the progress he had inade in mo. earnestly desire his cotton to be sold in domestic mart ney-making--he mentions the names of about FIFonly. The price of cotton we hear, has already fal-| TY banks, the plates for striking the notes of which len to 10d, and 11d. in England, per lb, and we mav he had got engraved, &c. The story is probable expect to hear of its being still lower--British dry enough, for on most of the banks as stated by him, goods have also fallen in proportion to the fall of the we know that counterfeits are in circulation --The raw material, at the place of manufacture-33 1-3 business of making and passing off such bills is a res to 50 per cent, and will still fall--let the consumer gular affair--thus one speculation begets another; beware how he purchases goods at this time, for he but we do not hear that any company of counterfeitwill soon have to buy domestic goods at a very lowers have yet been incorporated under their proper rate; let the wholesale dealers beware how they buy appellation. of British agents, for they will not be able to pay We reiterate what we have said there is no safe. them; the goods will fall too much upon their shelves ty to the people in general, that is, those not accus. to enable them to do so.
tomed to handle and observe many and different The intention of this communication is to caution bank notes, except in refusing to receive any except the unwary; we are going to have sad times, and such as are issuedin their neighborhood, or compos. plenty of goods under the hammer at any price they ing its common currency. will bring. Let the man that can pay twenty shil. Legal tender! We see that certificates to be issus ling's take care of himself. Tom Straddle is almost ed at the mint of the United States, for foreign coin dismounted, and will soon accompany Jack Minches or bullion deposited therein, are recommended as a ter home.
PETER. I legal tender, by a writer in the Baltimore Federal
Gazette; who would also prohibit the exportation of
American coin, and at once bless us with a paper Banking, et cetera.
currency. He seems to desire that payment of those Desirable equality. The secretary of the treasu- certificates in money,might be demanded at the end ry has lately dispatched his circulars to the west, of “10 or 20 years'- if it should be convenient, in by which every land office in the United States is the mean time, to re-coin the cash or coin the bula authorised to receive payments in such money as is lion! in good credit in the district. We have no objection Bank of England. - We have received a devise to urge against this arrangement on the contrary, for a bank note, published in England by Mr. Hone. we would advise the officers of government to re- On the left are these words “specimen of a bank ceive pay for the public land in any way, and as soon note-not to be imitated. Submitted to the consias they can. But we think the Atlantic states have deration of the bank directors and the inspection of an equal right to participate in the liberality of goo the public.” Under these worils is the represents