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All great undertakings, such as the establishment Under Charles the II, the prohibition was extendof extensive manufactures, require heavy disburse.
ed to ments previous to their commencing operations; Wool-cards Cue-work
Card-wire and in their incipient state are attended with great
Bution or needle, Iron wire
Fringe difficulty, in consequence of which they too fre-Bone-lace quently fail of success in all countries, and involve the list of articles at present prohibited to be the undertaker's in ruin. While they are in this pe imported into Great Britain, is not quite so formida. rilous situation, the aid of government is necessary, ble as that of Edward IV. They are as follows: and wisdom commands to afford it. Small tempo- Brocales
Silk or leather mitsShapes for gloves or
Calicoes rary sacrifices are abundantly compensated, by im- | Chocolate and cocoa Manufactures of gold, Silk
mits mense permanent national advantages. We shall paste
silver, or metal Silk stockings furnish noble instances of this kind, on a large and Cocos nut shells or Laces
Tobacco-stalks and liberal scale, worthy of a great nation, when we en-| Emdroidery Plate
snoft-work ter on the discussion of the policy of France. Fridge
Velvet, and wirest
Girdles It was by these means that the woolen manufac. Gi
The penalties for the importation of some of those tures were first established in England. Edward
articles are very severe. Besides the confiscation III., a wise prince, held out great inducements to
of the goods, there is a forfeiture of two hundred the manufacturers in that branch, to remove from
"I pounds sterling for every offence, in the case of lea. Flanders to England. “Very great privileges were!
ther gloves. granted, and pensions were allowed them from every
The most general mode, however, of encourag. crown, till they should be able to gain a comfortable live
Vejing domestic industry in Great Britain, at present, is lihood by their ingenuity and industry."* Further, to favor and foster this infant manufac
I by the imposition of such heavy duties, as in most ture, the exportation of wool, and the importation
cascs amount to prohibition; or, if the rival arti.
cles will still admit of importation, they cannot from of foreign cloths was prohibited.
the necessary advance of price, materially affect the Such was the degree of care and attention unde
native manufacturer, We annex a list of some of viatingly bestowed on it, that in the short and tur
the articles, with the amount of duties imposed on bulent reign of Henry IV." who reigned but four
them. teen years, and was almost constantly at war, “there
Extracis from the British tariff of 1818. were no fewer than twelve acts of parliament made
Articles subject to duty of 591.78.6il. per 1001.value; for the regulation and encouragement of that manu
Musical instruments Steel not otherwise Watches facture; for preventing the exportation of wool and Nuts
Wicker ware importation of cloth; and for guarding against frauds Oil of pine
Walking sticks Silver, gilt, or plated
Oil not particularly 'Thread or worsted wire in the fabrication of it at home.”+
Worsted yarn It is obvious that the continuance of bounties be Paintings on glass Filtering stones Guods of all kinds, in yond the infancy of manufactures, would be oppres
part or wholly ma..
nufactured sive to a nation, and waste its treasures. And there.
Tapestry not of silk Almond paste fore as soon as they are established, the English go Stone pots
Baskets vernment has usually adopted a more effectual
Colored paper prints Thread not otherwise Dressing-boxes
Snufr.boxes mode of fostering them, by the total prohibition of Scratch brushes Ticking
Manufactures of brass the rival articles, or by the imposition of such heavy | Seeds not particularly Ticks
Bronze figures enmurated
Tin foil duties as nearly amount to prohibition, and thus se-silk-worm guts
Tooth-powder Carpets curing to its own subjects the whole or principal | Skates
Skins and furs part of the domestic market.
Tubes for smoking Clocks
Manufactures of cop. In the year 1463, under Edward IV. the wisdom furs
Turnery, not other per and policy of fostering domestic industry having be-Spout of wood wise enumerated Copperplates engray.
Statues,except of mar.Vases, except of stone ed, &c. &c. come generally understood, the probibition of im
ble or stone
or marble portation, which had previously been confined chief
To 311. 133. 4d. per 1001. ly to woolens, was extended to a very great variety Chalk
Limestone of articles, viz.
Copper in pigs Mineralsnot otherwise Polishing stones
Hoofs of cattle
Ships with their tac-Tare
To 791. 33. 4d. per 1001.
China-ware Earthen-ware Tobacco-pipes Shawls
To 631. 68. 8d. per 1001.
| Linen not being chequered or striped. Gauze of thread" Silk in any wise em-Any thing wrought of Hanging candlesticks
To 851. 108. per 1001. broidered
tanned leather Rings for curtains Cotton stockings. Cotton cape Cotton thread. Linen sails, Laces of gold Any tanned furs Ladles
To 1141. per 1001. Ditto of silk and gold Buskins
Glass botties, rough plate glass, German sheet glass, glass mana.
To 1421. 108. per 1001,
Leatber fan mounts any way dressed Jualıle part .
Lineus chequered or Articles made of lea Hides, or pieces of Bosses for bridles Sword-blades
bides, tanned, taw.
Articles whereof lea ed, or a any way Gridirons Shears
importation.chey were skins or furs, tanned, ther is the most va. dressed. Locks Scissors
to be forfeited, one tawed, curried or Hammers Razors
ball to the king, and Here an important consideration arises, that de. Pinchers Chessmen
the other to the iw | mands the most sober and serious consideration of Fire-tongs
Playing cards formers Dripping-pans Combs
the people of the United States, in their future poli
cy. An idea has long been entertained, by many * Mortimer's Elements of Commerce, p. 16. well
meaning people, that to secure the home mar. +Anderson's History of Commerce, I. 401. Henry's History of Great Britain, X. 187.
• Postlethwaite's Dictionary of Commerce, I. 975. Sandersofs History of Commerce, I. 63 for
+ Pope's Practical Abridgment of the Laws of Customs and E.r. Icire, Title 284.
ket to our own manufacturers, operates merely to terests of its constituents, so far as respects domestic enable them to prey on and oppress their fellow ci-(industry in all its various forms. tizens, by extorting extravagant and exorbitant pri. We might exténd the consideration of the wonces for their productions. And hence many of our derful excellence and immense advantages of the planters and farmers have uniformly opposed, in British policy respecting manufactures, trade and congress, duties for the mere purpose of protecting commerce, to volumes. The subject appears inex. manufactures. There are some who have openly haustible. But our limits forbid much detail, and avowed, that their sole view in laying impost duties, constrain us to confine ourselves to two points: is to provide a revenue for the expenses of the go- I. The immense wealth Great Britain acquires vernment. And a writer of considerable celebrity, by her system; and John Taylor, esq. of Caroline county, Virginia, in his II. The astonishing increase of power it has secur. Arator, has devoted a number of chapters to prove ed her. that every dollar given by a nation as bounty, or im- I. We shall, on the first point, confine ourselves posed as duty, to protect domestic manufactures, is to the four great manufactures, linen, cotton, woolen a dollar robbed from the pockets of the farmers and and leather, and make no doubt, the statement will planters!
astonish our fellow citizens, and remore all doubt of It is a trite but indisputable truth, that one solid,
the correctness of the high eulogiums we have hawell established fact, bearing upon any particular zarded on the British policy. point, will countervail a long train of arguments,!. According to Coiqu
cuments. According to Colquhoun, the proceeds of the cothowever plausible, which militate against that fact. / ton manufactures are 29,000,0001.; of the woolen. Behold a case, which must operate to open the eyes 26,000,000
ves 26,000,000!.; of the linen, 15,000,0001.; and of the of every man accessible to conviction. There is leather, 15,000,0001.; being, in the whole, 85,000,000+ probably no country in the world, where the system sterling: whereas the cost of tie raw materials is onof prohibitions and heavy prohibitory duties is car. I ly 22,000,0001.; of which the cotion amounts to ried farther than in England: and yet, notwithstand -16,000,0001. the woolen to 8,000,0007, the linen to ing this circumstance, and the enormous burden ofi 5,000,0001, and the lether to 3,000,0907. Tlius se. taxation which she sustains, as well as the boundless curing a gain to the nation of 63,000,000 of pounds extent of her paper money, which must enhance the sterling, or above 270,000,000 of dollars annually. expenses of living, she is able to meet in their own | This at once solves the mystery of the wonderful markets, and undersell, a large proportion of the “power and resources” of Great Britain, and estamanufacturers of all the other nations of christen-blishes beyond controversy the wisdom ofits policy; dom. This mighty and never-to-be-controverted, which is, in every respect, let us observe, the antifact, sets the question at rest forever, and establish. podes of the doctrines of Adam Smith in the Wealth es on the firmest basis the luminous inaxim of Alex. of Nations. ander Hamilton, a maxim that ought to be written in! What stupendous facts! What a lesson to the leletters of gold, and affixed in a conspicuous place in gislators of other countries, particularly the United the hall of congress, that powerful body, on whose States! We possess the capacity of raising the raw wisdom or errors depend the prosperity or decay of material of the cotton manufacture, the chief of the a mighty empire:
four kinds above stated, to an extent commensurate
with the demand of the whole world; and we could, “Though it were true, that the immediate and certain with ease, if proper encouragement were afforded, effect of regulations controlling the competition of fo- produce the materials of the other three, in suffici. reign with domestic fabrics, was an increase of price, lent quantity for all our purposes. it is universally true, that THE CONTRARY IS THE ULTIMATE EFFECT WITH EVERY SUCCESSFUL MANUFACTURE.
III. The second point, to which we wish to turn the
" When a domestic manufacture has attained to perfection, at
tion attention of our fcilow citizens, in order to establish and has engaged in the prosecution ofit a competent
of the soundness of the system of political economy number of persons, IT INVARIABLY BECOMES CHEAPER. pursue
pursued in England, is the wonderful incrcase of Being free from the heavy charges which areend the im- power it has secured her. portation of foreign commodisies, it can be afforded! For twenty years she was the main support of a cheaper, and accordingly seldom or never fails to be sold war of unexampled expenditures, against the most cheaper, in process of time, than was the foreign article gigantic combination of power, and the most formidfor which it is a substitute. The internal competition iable monar
on able monarch, that Europe has beheld for a thouwhich takes place, soon does away every thing like mos
sand years. From her resources alone it arosc, nopoly; and by degrees REDUCES THE PRICE OF THE AN-) that he did not arrive at universal empire. She not TICLE TO THE MINIMUM OF A REASONABLE PROFIT or only preserved herself from the loss of her own posTIE CAPITAL EMPLOYED, This accords with the reuson se
son sessions, but conquered colonies and dependencies of the thing, and with experience,"'*
of her enemies, of great extent and immense value, The true tests of the excellence or folly of any 10007.
Her revenue for the year 1812, was above 63,500.
of any 0001;t and in the same year, her expenditure was system, are its results when carried fully into ope-labove 12.000.000/t. ration. These confirm sound theories, however un.
During the whole of thus war, she was not obliged popular they may appear on a superficial view; and set the seal of reprobation on pernicious ones, how loans to several.' She subsidized some of the first
to borrow money from any nation; but made large plausible soever an aspect they wear on paper. rate monarchs in Europe.
By this touchstone, let us judge the political eco- jier enormous debt, which according to Colgunomy of England, and on a fair examination, we shall houn, amounted at the close of 1813 to above 90). unhesitatingly bestow the most unequalled plaudit 000,0001., $ is wholly owned by lier own subjects, on her parliament, for the admirable and incomparable systein it has devised. We may fairly assert, *Colquhoun on the wealth, power and resources without the least danger of contradiction, that there of the British empire, p. 91. never existed a legislative body which bestowed fidem, 258, more attention on the solid, substantial, and vital in- 1dem, 261.
SPage 273. Ile states, however, in this page, that * * Hamilton's works, 1.212.
! 236,000,0001. of this debt have been redeemed.
except about 17,000,0001., purchased and owned by tuation of our affairs. No two nations ever carried foreigners.
on intercourse on terms more entirely destitute of It is no impeachment to the merits of her system, reciprocity: and hence our citizens on the banks of that her paupers amount to above 1,500,000, and her the Missouri are clothed with fabrics manufactured poor tai'to 6,000,0001. sterling, equal to 26,000,000 in Hindostan, while thousands of useiul men, woof dollars. This lamentable feature in her affairs, men and children, capable of furnishing superior arises from the wasteful and ruinous wars she has goods, at equal prices, are literally pining in wretchmaintained, which alone have prevented the coun. edness, in our towns and cities, for want of employe try from being an earthly paradise.
ment, and many of them driven to mendicity, to "Since the war, she has been enabled to lay this support a miserable existence! and while our councountry under heavy contribution, so that there is try is impoverished, and its wealth exhausted, to an enormous debt due her, notwithstanding she has support the manufacturers of the East Indies and possessed herself of a very large portion of our every part of Europe. And why (let ils solemnly bank and other public stocks, which will yield her a ask) does this lamentable state of things exist? great and permanent income, at the expense of the Because, in the language of Adam Smith, foreign United States.
countries can furnish us with commodities cheaper than To her support of domestic industry alone, she rue ourselves can make them," and we have thought · chiefly owes these capacities and advantages, and it better to buy from them, with some part of the pro
the inordinate power she possesses. Were she to duce of our own industry.!” abandon her system, and adopt that of Adam Smith, On the subject of drawbacks, we forbear to deshe could not fail, in a few years, to be reduced to a scant; as that part of the English system is in operalevel with Spain and Portugal. All her treasures tion in the United States: would be drawn away to the East Indies, France, Every prudent merchant, farmer, or planter, Germany, &c.
commencing his career of business, will naturally Trusting to the good sense of our fellow-citizens, enquire into the plans acted on by those engaged in for duly weighing the great mass of important facts similar pursuits, before lie determines on his own. presented to their view, we shall close with a com Those dictated by wisdom, tested by long experi. parison between the policy of Great Britain and that ence, and attended with success, he will study as of the United States, on a few plain and simple rules by which to regulate his conduct. Those emapoints:
nating from folly, sinister views, or empiricisin, he GREAT BRITAIN
THE UNITED STATES
will regard as beacons to warn him to beware.." Prohibits the importation of Prohjbit no manufactured ar calicoes. silks, tbreads, ribands, ticles whatever, however great
velvets, &c. even from her owu the capacity of our citizens to imperiously the duty of those on whom rests the 7 dependencies. (see page 3.) supply them.
rice high responsibility of regulating the career of naShe imposes a duty of 83 per They admit all cotton fabrics, cent ad valorem on various ar of every denomination, from tions, particularly in their infancy or youth. This ticles of cotton, the production Great Britain and her depen. is a duty which no enlightened or honest legislature of those dependencies.
dencies, and any other part of
"I will ever neglect. She imposes a dncy of 79 per Although they could supply! We trust, therefore, that a calm and candid obcent ad valorem ou earthed. themselves superabundantly
servation of the fatal consequences of adopting the ware.
with earthenware, they admit She imposés a duty of 142 1-2 it at 22 per cent!!!
doctrines of Adam Smith, as well as of the transcenper cent on leather manufac. They admit leather manufac.
dent benefits, public and private, resulting from the tures.
tures at 33 per cent. COMPARISON CONTINUED.
English system, which is in undeviating hostility BRITISH DUTIES. UNITED STATES'DUTIES
with that of the doctor, will serve to display the Woolen cloths, per sand, 34. 25 per cent ad valurero. true policy which this country ought to pursue, in equal to about 7 duls. 50 ets.
order to fill the high destiny which appears allotted "Hats, per piece, 345. or 7 dols. 30 per cent. 50 ets
to her in the course of human events; and induce .Glass bottles, 114 per cent.
20 per cent.
the legislature of the union, to devote that attention Linens, not chequered or 16 1-2 per cent.
to the protection of domestic industry, without striped, 63 per cent. Lineas, chequered or uriped, 16 1-2 per cent.
which the United States can never hope to be real142 per cent.
ly independent, or to enjoy that degree of prospeThe annals of legislation and revenue cannot pro.
rity and happiness which God and nature have duce a stonger contrast between the most profound
placed within their grasp; and which cannot be nepolicy and its direct opposite.
glected without a most culpable dereliction of our Thus we see that Great Britain, possessing ma-duty to ourselves and our posterity, on whom the chincry which increases her powers of manufactur. folly or wisdom of our councils will operate when *ing at the rate of two bundred for one, does not rely
we are consigned to the peaceful grave, on that for the protection of her domestic industry; but interposes the powerful shield of prohibition and enormous duties, to preserve them from dan
Foreign Articles ger; while the United States, which had, at the close
ENGLAND, &c, of the war, a great number of important and exten
London dates to the 16th March. sive manufacturing establishments, and invaluablel A bank has lately been discovered off the Shetmachinery, erected and advantageously employed land islands, which is resorted to by great numbers during its continuance, and although blesscl by a of cod-fish. The length of the bank is about 140 bounteous Heaven with a boundless capacity, for miles, the breadth from 18 to 25--depth of water such establishments, have, for want of adequate pro- from 28 to 49 fathoms. Thirteen vessels, of about 35 tection, suffered a large portion of them to go to tons, and manned by 6 or 8 hands each, caught se decay, and their proprietors to be involved in ruin, many fish as gave a profit of 30001. One vessel, "in the helpless victims of a misplaced reliance on that a tide or day, caught 1200 fish." The adjacent :protection.
shores of the islands possess superior advantages for The comparison might be pursued to a very great drying the fish. extent: but we trust there is enough stated, to ena- Price of American stocks, at London on the 10th of blc our fellowcitizens to account for the prostrate siMarch-U. S. 6 per cents 98 a 100. Bank shares Cagub oun, 125.
· A letter from Liverpool says, the import of cotton, though the election was over. The horse guards from the 10th of Feb. to the 10th of March, was had been called out to preserve the peace. 27,462 bags-11,979 from the United States, 10,000 A late London paper states, that no less than 500 from the East Indies, 4,580 from Brazil, and 903 persons, in the parish of Potsea, are about to emi. from other places. Prices again declining.
grate to the U. States. • An express has been sent from England to Cal. The state of the British navy is enquired into. cutta, over-land, with orders to prevent any further. The establislıment is considerably greater than usual shipments of cotton. The despatches are engaged in peace, and many very fine vessels are buildingto be delivered in three months from leaving. especially frigates of 46 guns.
The English merchants are likely to be indemni- In the British house of commons after a very in. fied by Russia for 140 vessels and cargoes, under neu- teresting inquiry, a debate on the petition against tral flags detained by Russia in 1810, principally the Hon. Windham Quin, a memberirom Limerick, loaded with colonial produce.
charging him of bribing; a resolution against him A dreadfulepedemic is spreading in Scotland-90 | was negalived; Ayes 73, Noes 162. persons died of it in one week at Dundee,
A letter from Liverpool says—«The cession of the The Britis: agricultural report for February says Floridas, the news of which was received by the
By general report, wages are very low, and many Magnet, has made considerable stir among the po. tretched laborers, in most parts, in a state of mendi- liticians; but the public attention is more particular. cancy." A letter from Manchester says, 50,000 ly cngrossed by the accounts received of the ap. weayers will be out of employ in that town and proval of gen. Jackson's conduct. Parliament is neighborhood, if business continued as it then was pledged to take the subject into consideration, March 10) to the end ot' April-and "insurrectiona- The ministerial party have evinced a backwardness
movements” are spoken of. “500 young poplars with regard to it, for which reason, it is said, the ophave been cut from a single plantation near Stock-position are urging a discussion.” port, as supposed for pike handles!"
An Algerine ambassador is at present in London, Price of bullion on the 11th of March; foreign A Persian minister was soon expected, having reachwold 41. 1s. 6d; new doubloons 41. 28; silver in bars, ed Paris. Latour Maubourg is to be the new French standard, 58, 6d.
ambassador to the court of St. James. By an account of the amount of bank notes and In a late debate in the house of commons it was haut nost bills in circulation from the 25th January, stated by one of the members that there was in 1819. to the 1st instant, it appears that on the 27th England and Wales, 25,000 miles of turnpike road, January the amount was 27,176,5801. and on the 1st which originally cost upwards of seven millions of March 24.991,4101. being 2,185,1701. less at the lat. money, and that the annual expense of keeping ter period than at the former.
them in repair exceeded twelve hundred thousand A parish clerk in a chapel of Ease at Meltham in pounds. Yorkshire, being ordered to advertise a horse, de- A fellow sold his wife at public auction, on a late scribed it as follows-Stolen, or otherwise conveyed market day, at Retford, in England, for 2s.6d, Sbe from Hallam, near Bedlam, a horse 15 hands high, was a good looking woman of about 20 years of age. four white feet, and a black one. God save the king, Junius. The real author of Junius is again with a pack-saddle on his back.”
said to be discovered for about the fortieth time. The latest accounts from Italy say, “the princess The present claim is in favor of a Dr. Wilmot, late of Wales is still at Pesaro. Young Austin, whom she of Oxford universitiy. has brought up from his childhood, is called Prince Purity of parliament. The following advertise. by his attendants."
ment appeared in the West Briton, a paper publishLondon, March 15. A phenomenon, which tends ed at Iruro, in the free and independent county of to elu idate the origin and nature of funguses, parti. Cornwall.” cularly of that species terined mushroom, lately “To gentlemen of fortune. Any two gentlemen, occurred to the observation of Sir Joseph Banks. who would wish to secure seats at the next parlia. Having a cask of wine rather too sweet for immedi. ment, may be accommodated at the borough of ate use, he directed that it should be placed in a Launceston. There are but fifteen votes, majority cellar, that the saccharine it contained might be eight. All letters, directed for A. B. to be left at more perfectly decomposed by age. At the end of the Exeter post office, will be duly attended to.. three years he directed his butler to ascertain the Jan. 24, 1819. state of the wine; when, on attempting to open the An Irish telescope.Sir Frederick Flood was one cellar door, he could not effect it in consequence of day observing to a friend that he had a most excel some powerful obstacle. The door was therefore lent Telescope.-"Do you see yon church,” said he. cnt down, when the cellar was found to be com- about half a mile off!--it's scarcely discernable pletely filled with a firm fungus vegetable produc- but when I look at it through my telescope, it brings tion, so firmn that it was necessary to use the axeit so close that I can hear the organs playing." for its removal. This appeared to have grown from,
FRANCE. or bave been nourished by, the decomposed parti. A great stagnation of business exists in France. cles of the wine; the cask being empty and carried | Many new and heavy failures have occurred. up to the ceiling, where it was supported by the Regnault de St. Jean d'Angely and the duke of surface of the fungus.
Bassano, have received leave to return to France. Later London papers of April 1.
· The Moniteur of the 6th of March contains a de3 per cent. cons. April 1, 743 7-8. The secret cree of the king by which fifty nine new members committees about the bank had not concluded their are added to the French chamber of peers. They investigations on the 1st April.
Jare of those who were most distinguished in the days Cotton, at Liverpool, April 3, 111 to 13, uplands. of Napoleon, and are called "our cousin." Among Am, flour, 30 a 40.
them, are the dukes of Albufera, Conegliano, Eck One hundred thousand dollars of U. States six per muhl, Dantzick, and Treviso, and count Jordan, w!! cent. stock, was put up at auction in London on the marshalls under Bonaparte. We see also the names Ist inst. and withdrawn, the highest bid being 95. of Lacepede, Chaptal, Cadore, Latoer. Maubours Westminster was a scene of uproar and confusion, Rapp, Poralis, Lebrun, &c.
This proceeding seems very much to have alarm- peers had chiefly taken their seats, without further ed the good royalists of France, and not a little dis- opposition. pleased those of England, also. On the 8th, the Eighty-two of the present peers of France being French chamber of peers was on the point of be- without heirs--some more new nobles are to be made coming a scene of commotion-it is said that several to keep up the important breed. There is some even grasped their swords! It was on the proposi- talk that the king, notwithstanding his age and infirtion of count Lamoignon to protest against the roy- mities, is to be married again. al ordinance--but the president put an end to bis Late accounts from Nismes represent that city as speech by suddenly adjourning the sitting, in the a scene of confusion and disorder. No actual mur. middle of his harangue!
|ders had been committed, but it was every day apSome of the English papers appear deeply con- prehended that the butcheries of 1815, when many cerned on account of this thing of calling to the scr protestants were killed, would be repeated. Some vice of the crown its ancient enemies,"and asks“why priests, are doubtless, at the bottom of this business. are not the manes of Ney and Labadojere propitiat. The protestants were prepared for to make battle, ed by some posthumous atonement?”—they having if attacked; and resolved not to be killed off unresistbeen of the same class of men now cherished, &c. ing. It is, probably, the great talents of these men that! The memoirs of count Las Cases have been seiz. the English do not like. It is suspected that the ed at the booksellers-unpublished. king of France has acted thus to strengthen himself London, March 25. We have received the Paris and his ministry against the ultra royalists, who journals of last Sunday. The finance minister openwould be glad if the country were to re: ugrade to led to the chamber of deputies the ways and means that state of things when Englisiimen always called for the current year; which he said would be suffithe Frenchmen "slaves."
cient to meet the expenditure without recurring to The following list will shew the political charac- fresh taxes. ter of the new batch of peers crcated by the king of The total demands of the public service have France.
been already stated at 889,210,000 francs-more than Marshals of Bonaparte
6 equivalent, as we observed on a former occasion, to Members of the house of peers of the 100 days 22 37,000,0001. Of the ways and means described by Members of the house of representatives of the the minister, the following are the principal items.
100 days Ministers of Bonaparte
France. Lieutenant generals of Bonaparte
3 Direct contributions on land tax 393,558,000 Apothecaries
2 Domains, registry, and stamp duties 163,566,000 Unknon peers
17,600,000 Decided Royalist
113,013,000 The struggle between the liberales and ultras is Indirect contributions including sale of hastening to a crisis--and one or the other must go tobacco
174,834,000 completely down.
22,460,000 The chamber of peers of France was composed of Lottery (more necessary in its produce 208 members, not including the sons of France, the than desirable in its nature,")
12,500,000 princes of the blood, and the chancellor, president Salt . .
5,298,500 of the chamber. The royal ordinance, increases the Rentes not yet negociated, remaining in number to 270.
| the treasury from the loan of last year, St. Jean d'Angely who had obtained permission the public having been already debited to return to France, arrived at Paris March 10, and with their amount
5,180,009 died the day after of the gout in the stomach. ' Deduction from salaries, &c.
11,200,000 A certain woman wished a second husband while her first was living. The latter had been transported Francs
889,209,000 for life, for some offence against the state, and was on the presentation of a projet de loi on the precivilly dead. She carried her case through the dif- ceding estimates, a debate took place, which was ferent courts, and at last accomplished her purpose. conducted so disorderly, that the president was disSuch appears to be the law of France; at which the respected and the assembly broke up in great conattorney-general expressed his regret.
fusion. · The frontier towns of France, dismantled by the
NAPOLEON BONAPARTE. allies, are preparing to be put in a state of defence. The Austrian commissioner who accompanied Na'
Clerical venality. The French bishops have poleon to St. Helena, has returned to Vienna. Re. thought fit to write to his majesty a letter, pressing port says that the exile is writing his own life, and him to put in execution the concordat concluded by that permission has been granted to his mother to M. Blacas, with the holy see, but never yet submit- send him two priests and the plate and furniture ted to the approbation of the French legislature, necessary for a chapel. A letter from St. Helena, from a well grounded belief, as we have always dated Dec. 23, 1818, says "No person is now seen beard, that the treaty would be there rejected. The to speak to general Bertrand, or even to poor Ma. bishops do not pray the king to lay the concordat dame Bertrand, as (independent of the proclamabefore the chambers, but they urge him to enforce tion) sir Hudson Lowe has officially prohibited any it and act upon it, without the consent of those intercourse with them.” two bodies, by virtue of his own supreme will and It also gives a hideous description of the new absolute prerogative!_They tell him, in so many house erecting for his accommodation for tomb}, words, that as the charter emanated from his own says that he has not received the new physician sent supreme will, so his will is its sole interpreter; and, to him, spoken to an Englishman since July last, or in fact that he may put what meaning upon any, or been seen out further than the balcony in front all of its provisions, that best suits the royal pleasure of his room. and judgment, without the control or interference
SPAIN. of any assembly whatever!
Paris paper. A German paper estimates the fortune of the Later. We have Paris dates of March 29-the prince of Peace at 100,000,000 Spanish dollars, of