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by the introduction of East-India goods, four or five vine why the regulation is evidently useless,"_why hundred thousand persons, (about one-half of the "hurtful.We must therefore endeavor to explore whole number engaged in the cotton manufacture) the meaning. It appears to be, if we understand the in England, are at once thrown out of employment. first sentence of this maxim, that wall restrictions or Can any man be led to believe, that they could find regulations,” in favor of domestic industry, to the a vacuum in the collateral woolen "manufacture"exclusion of rival manufactures, are wyseless" it "the to which “they could easily transfer their industry.P" | articles can be inade at home as cheap' as the imported Fatuity alone could barbor the supposition. They ones; because in that case the domestic manufacwould find all the places full and overflowing. turer, is secure from injury by the competition.

But the strongest argument against the doctor's This is highly erroneous. Suppose our woolen oscollateral manufactures," and transfers of industry,manufacturers sell their best broadcloth at eight dolremains. He obviously did not calculate the results lars per yard, and that foreign broadcloth to an imof his own system. He did not take into considera- mense amount, is imported “as cheap.Is it not obtion, that, to give it free operation, its pernicious ef- vious, that the glut in the market, and the ardent fects would not be confined to one or two branches competition between the two parties, would produce of industry. It would extend to the whole body. The the eifect which such a state of things has never failtood of importation would bear down, in one massed to produce, that is, a reduction of the price below of ruin, all those articles within his description of be- the minimum at which the manufacturer could sup. ing “purchased cheaper elsewhere.” What then port himself by his labors, and that he would there. becomes of his collateral manufactures,and “trans. fore be ruined? fers of industry," and "employment of capital," and all We now proceed to consider the last proposition: those elegant sounding phrases, with which he The capital of the country remaining the same, the rounds of his paragraphs? Are they not swept away, demand for labor will still be the same, though it may be

like the baseless fabric of a vision,” not leaving a exerteit in different places, and in different occupcie. trace behind?


. The doctor, with great gravity, informs us, that To prove the extreme fallacy of this position, we "the greater part of such workmen are occasionally en- will take the case of any particular branch, in which ployed in country labor.” This is most extravagantly there are one hundred master manutiturers, each erroneous; for all the manufacturers in England or worth ten thousand dollars, “a capitaitogether, of any other country, there is not probably one in ten, one million, wliose business Is destroyed by the “reperhaps not one in twenty, that has ever been in his storation of the freedom of comerce,"and the purchase life six months at “country labor.Their habits and of articles from abroad, cheaper than we ourselves cara manners wholly incapacitate them for that kind of make them.It is well known that the property of employment. A jeweller, a watchmaker, a hatter, a manufacturers generally consists in buildings for shoemaker, or a weaver, would be almost as unfit for their works, machinery, raw materials, manufactur*country labor," as a ploughman, or a gardener, or a ed goods, and outstanding debts. The result of the shepherd, to make hats or coats.

restoration of the freedom of commerce," on Ir. Sinitli's But suppose for a moment, through courtesy, we plan, would be to reduce the value of the four first admit with Dr. Smith, that all these diferent manu- items, from twenty to fifty per cent, and to bankrupt facturers are so much accustomed to country labor" a large proportion of the proprietors. as to be adepts at it, what inference is to be drawn. As this is a point of considerable importance, we from the admission? Did the doctor believe, did he shall take a single instance, which is always more intend the world to believe, or does there live a man easily comprehended than a number, and yet affords who can believe, that when, by the grand project of as clear an illustratioil. cirestoring the freedom of trade," and "buying commodi- We will suppose the case of a tanner, worth thir: ties from foreign countries," which can supply us with ty thousand dollars; of which his various vats, buildthem cheaper than we ourselves can make them,"ings, and tools are equal to ten thousand; his hides thousands and tens of thousands of people are wall and leather, ten thousand; and his outstanding debts, at once thrown out of their ordinary employment, and an equal sum. By the inundation of foreign leather, common means of subsistence,” they can find employ- sold, we will suppose, at half price, he is unable to ment at "country labor.?” However extravagant and carry on his business, which sinks the value of bis childish the idea is, the doctor must have meant this vats and building's three-fourths, and of his stock or the words were introduced without any meaning one half. At once, his fortune is reduced twelve whatever.

thousand five hundred dollars: and thus, with a diBut it is well known, that except in harvest time, minished capital and broken heart, perhaps in his old there is in the country no want of auxiliaries. The age, he has to go in quest of, but will not find, 2 persons attached to farms are generally, at all other collateral manufacture," to employ that diminished seasons, amply adequate to execute a!l the "country capital. Analogous cases without number would laborthat is necessary.

occur, by the doctor's system of restoring the fiecDr. Smith, in order to prove the impropriety of dom of trade:” and let us add, as we can with perfect those laws whereby rival manufactures are wholly truth, and we hope it will sink deep into the minds excluded, obsesves,

of the citizens of the United Staics, that, throughout "If the domestic produce can be brought there as this country, there arc cases equally strong, to be cheap, the regulation is evidently useless. If it cannot, met with in great numbers, which no man of sound it is evidently hurtful."*

mind and heart can regard without the deepest symThis passage is ambiguous, and is written in a path

e written in al pathy for the ill-fated sutierers, and the deepest restyle different from the usual one of Dr. Smith, who gret at the mistaken policy which produced such a is as lavish of words as any writer in the English lan- St

any writem in the English lan state of things. guage, and equally lavish of explanations and am.1: It therefore irresistibly follows, that Dr. Smith's plifications. But here he falls into the contrary ex

idea, that the capital of the country will be the same'," treme. He does not condescend to give us the why

ho after the destruction of any branch of manufacture, or the wherefore. He leaves it to the reader to di

er todi. is to the last degreeunsound: and, of course, that the

superstructure built on it partakes of its fallacy. *Wealth of Nations, I. 319.

*Wealth of Nations, 1. 354.

The doctor gravely informs us, “The tailor does riched a country," without the aid of the Wealth of not make his own shoes, but buys them of the shoemaker. Nations. It is impossible. Take any man of sound

The shoemaker does not attempt to make his own clothes, mind, who has followed the plough, or driven the but employs a tailor."* And he adds further,

shuttle, or made shoes all his life, and state the opera“By means of glassess, hot-beds, and hot-walls, very tions of trade to him, for fifteen minutes, and he will good grapes can be raised in Scotland, and very good rationally account for the manner in which foreign quine too can be made of them, at about this ty times the trade enriches a country.” Indeed a merchant's ap. expense for which at least equally good can be brought prentice of six month's standing, could not mistake from foreign countres. Would it be a reasonable law "the manner.. Any one of the would at once pro10 prohibit the importation of all foreign wines, merely nounce, that foreign trade enriches a country, exto encourage the making of claret and Burgundy in actly as firmers, planters, or manufacturers are en. Scotland?"7

riched; that is, by the very simple process of selling From these positions, to which no man can refuse more than they buy. No nation ever was, none wiīl assent, he deduces the specious, but delusory maxim ever be enriched in any other way. And it is unof “restoring the freedom of trade," which, in fact and accountable that Dr. Smith should bave supposed in truth, is nothing more nor less than impoverishing that it was reserved for him to make such a grand the nation, and sacrificing domestic industry at the discovery. The principle was well understood by shrine of avarice, in order to purchase goods cheap. the merchants of Tyre, 3,000 years before Adam er than they can be made at hoine.

Smith was born. And we hope to satisfy our fellow But by what process of sound reasoning doesit fol. citizens, before we close these addresses, that if low, because the shoemaker will not turn tailor, or Spain be one of the most forlorn and wretched coun the tailor shoemaker; or because it would be folly I tries in Europe, it has not arisen from ignorance of and inadness to exclude foreign wines, in order to the true principles of political economy, but from introduce the culture of the vine in Scotland, a neglecting them, as well as the counsels of her wi. country wholly unfit for that object, that therefore scst statesmen. Ustariz, who flourished about a hun. thousands of men, employed in useful branches of dred years since, in that ill-fated and impoverished business, diffusing happiness among tens of thous country, has, as we shall make appear, ably devesands of workmen and their numerous families, and loped the grand principles of that noble science, in enriching their country, are to have their usefulness a system as far superior to Dr. Smith's as the condestroyed, their prospects blasted, their workmen stitution of the United States is superior to the form with their families reduced to distress, and the coun. of government of Spain. try exposed to a ruinous drain of specie?

1 We had proposed to.enterinto the examination of A large portion of Dr. Smithi's work, indeed the sundry other positions and maxims of Adam Smith, most important part of it, depends on those maxims. equally fallacious. But we postpone it for the preThey are the basis whereon it is erected. If the ba- sent, and fondly indulge the hope that we have consis be solid and impregnable, the fabric will stand vinced our fellow citizens, that he is not quite so orafirm: but if the foundation be sandy, lile superstruc- cular and infallible as his disciples have contended; ture will crumble into ruins. We trust we have ful and that the nation which takes him for a guide, is in ly proved that the foundation is thus sandy; and that the high “road to ruin.the necessary and inevitable consequence follows, P. S. But a week has elapsed since the publication that the theory itself is wholly untenable and perni- of our address No. 1.; and recent advices from Eng. cious.

land and the East Indies afford the most powerful With one more extract, we shall conclude this recorroboration of the views therein given. In the view:

former country, cotton had fallen, in a few days, “That foreign trade enriched the country, experi. from twelve to fiftcen per cent, and was likely to ence demonstrated to the nobles and country gen- fall still lower;* the other staples of our country tlemen, as well as to the merchants; but how, or in were likewise in a very unpromising state for the what manner none of them knew. The merchants shippers. And in the Fast Indies, preparations are knew perfectly in what manner it enriched them- making to prosecute with ardor the cultivatiou of the selves. It was their business to know it. But to know best cottoris. in what manner it enriched the country, was no part of their business. The subject never came into their * From the Aurora of April 6th, 1819. consideration, but when they had occasion to apply “Ertract of a letter from Liverpool, dated 16th Feb. to their country for some change in the laws respect. “Enclosed herein, we hand you a price current ing foreign trade."

which will show you, that cotton has declined in vaIt is hardly possible to conceive of a passage more lue considerably. Upland is now selling at 15 to absurd or erroneous than this. That, “ihe nobles, and 16 d per pound. The importations have been greatcountry gentlemen, and nerchants," were ignoranter than we expected and we have accordingly to how foreign trade enriched their country," is almost recommend to you, not to ship that sort, unless you too ludicrous to be assailed by argument, and is a can obtain a good quality at 20 cents, which, from the strong instance of the délirium, in which enthusias. intelligence we have, is very unlikely. Rice has been tic theorists are liable to be involved, by the ignis sold at 34s, 6d. per hundred weight; but we would ad. fatuus of their visionary views. Can there be found a vise you not to touch it at a lugher price than 54. In• man, in the wide extent of the United States, to be- dian corn is selling at 48.7d, a 48. 10d. per bushel. lieve that sir Joshua Gee, Josiah Child, Theodore Wheat and flour are now excluded by the operation Janssen, Charles King, Thomas Willing, Robert Mor of the corn bill, until the 2d of next May, and very proris, George Clymer, Thomas Fitzsimons, and the babiy for three months longer. American sweet flour thousands of other merchants, of equal mind, who is selling at 42s. a 478. per barrel. Sour at 32s. a 368. Lave flourished in Great Britain and this country, --so that you must not ship it. were ignorant "in what manner foreign coinmerce en 1 "P, s. 23. February. Since the foregoing was

| written, cotton has declined one half peony per *Wealth on Nations, I. 320,

pound; in consequence of which we would recomfidem, 321.

mend you not to ship at a higher rate than 18 cents. -Ideiii. 303.

I Indian corn is also lower; more than 4. ger bushel car


Mexican Coinage.

| Defendant pleaded payment, with leave to set The Democratic Press, on noticing the tabular state

tote off, and give the special matter in evidence. ments respecting the coinage of Mexico, as pub.

| 8150 were paid on account of the note. lished in the Register of the 10th inst. says

YOUNG, President-to the jury: . The total amount of each metal for the 8 years

The main question is, whether the note declared

upon, which is upon condition, &c. is founded upon stands thus, Gold

00 709 ve a good consideration or not. If the consideration Silver

59,638,252 39

be illegal, the note is void; otherwise, the plaintiffs Copper

330,193 36

& are entitled to recover. Upon abstract principles

of honor, every man is bound by his engagement, Total i $64,889,244 44

when he derives a benefit from the person to whom We saw a few weeks aasta proof copy of a man I the engagement is made, and no fraud intervenes. of South America, including the Gulf of Mexico,

But however obligatory such a contract may be in &c. It was in possession of its author, the ac-12

'I point of honor, if it be injurious to the public welfare tive, enterprising and intelligent Doctor Robin

in its consequences, it ought not to be enforced by son, who accompanied the late general Pike, on

a legal remedy. It appears, that James Sloan held his travels to the sources of the Mississippi, '&c.

certain offices in this county, of great public trust, On this map were many statistical tablis which which he resigned in favor of Guy Hiccox. who.it attracted our attention, froin our knowledge of

may therefore be presumed, was appointed to those the opportunities of the author to ascertain the

offices, in consequence of the late Mr. Sloan's spe. facts connected with those tables. We remem.

cial recommendation to the former governor. I ber that he estimates the amount of taxes paid by

have too good an opinion of that gentleman, howethe Mexicans to Spain, at $19,980,000, and the ex

ver I may have differed from him in political princi. penses of Spain in Mexico at a fraction more than

ples, to believe he was made acquainted with this $7,000,000, leaving to Spain from that one province,

bargain. If he had, it may be fairly presumed the a clear nett revenue of more than twelve millions of .

appointment of Mr. Hiccox would not have taken dollara!!! The estimates were made from periods

place. It would have been opening a door to the antecedent to the revolt of the province,

buying of public offices, incompatible with public Among the items of taxation, was 5 per cent upon Virtue, which, when once generally corrupted. poall gold and silver, and the amount was stated to be

venment, by whatever name it may be termed, beof gold, for one year,

000 000 comes corrupt along with the community. In a go. Silver do.


vernment such as ours, founded upon public virtue,

as it ought to be, the greatest care ought to be taken Giving a total of


64 000 000 by the citizens to preserve it pure. This is pecu. Equal, within less than a million of dollars, to what

Alliarly the province of those who administer the laws; is above given on royal authority, as the coinage of

and we have therefore no hesitation in giving it as eight years. How can these accounts be reconciled? our opinion, that the contract in question is contrary Are there any other mints in the province besides to the maxims of a sound policy, and is therefore inose in Mexico? Are the statements of Dr Robin. I vold at law. son so greatly overrated, or are those published by a

As to the recovery back of the $150, it cannot be

Idone. It is no set off, for that supposes an original the Spanish government so much underrated? Wel, shall doubtless have much information on this as 11.

legal contract. Your verdict ought, therefore, to well as many other important subjects. when the be generally for the defendant. map of Dr. Robinson shall be published, as it is to be

Verdict for defendant. accompanied with a Memoir, for whish we look with some impatience and anxiety."

Foreign Articles.

Sale of Offices.

London dates to the 6th March.
From the Greensburg (Penn. ) Gazette.

· The British funds are rising a little again, money The following opinion, upon an interesting case, seems to be getting more plenty than it was-conwas delivered by his honor Judge Young, at the last sols 73... Kittaning court, and has been placed in our hands,

ds. The treaty of sovereigns known by the name of by a gentleman of the bar, for publication.

the «Holy Alliance," was not to be submitted to Armstrong County-March Term, 1819. parliament, because the British government was • The admin. of James Sloan, dec.)

not directly a party to it. The admin. of Gay Hiccox, dec. s

Another petition has been presented to parlia. This suit was instituted on a note, of which the ment, praying that the English Roman catholics following is a copy.

may be restored to their civil rights. A proposiFor value received, I promise to pay James Sloan to

tion has also been offered to remove the disabilities the sum of three hundred dollars, lawful money ofur

under which the Dissenters labor. Pennsylvania, within two years from this date, on

United States 6 per cent. stocks, 99 to 101; bank condition that I obtain the appointment to the of. /shares 216. 78. od. fice of prothonotary, and the other offices in Arm.

| Jt was expected that the convention with the Unitstrong county, now held by James Sloan; he now ea

ed States would soon be laid before parliament.. having resigned in my favor. GUY HICCOX.

A motion introduced by Sir J. Macintosh, top. Kittaning, Dec. 19, 1815.

point a committee to consider so much of the crimi.

Inal code as related to the capital punishment of felo. not be got to-day, which will produce a loss to the ironies-prevailed against the opposition of lord Cas. porters of fully 50 per cent. In other articles we have tlereagh, by a majority of 19 votes. no alteration."

The secret committee about the bank had not yet DAccounts since received, state that cotton had reported. fallen to 14d. and was expected to sink to a shilling, Died, lately in England, Archibald Hamilton the which is cqual to 22 cents.

duke of Brandon,--the duke of Hamilton-the duke


stichetelherault--the baron Dulton-the marquis of nor, by message, desired that these resolutions Douglas--the marquis of Clydesdale--the marquis should be expunged-his request was refused; 4 for of Hamilton-the earl of Angus-the earl of Arran 19 against it. "His excellency" then dissolved the

the earl of Lanark-lord Maconshire--lord Pol- assembly, and sent the members home. A consideramont-lord Abernctby-and lord Aberhothock- able political war is confidently expected. all these in one poor frail creature.

SOUTH AMERICA. Trade appears to be reviving in England, and By way of Curracoa, we hear of a great battle there was a small advance on the prices of cotton between Morillo, with 9000 men, and Bolivar with and tobacco.

- 17000, in whichi after a desperate contest, the latter Kine making! The German wives of the four Bri- was defeated with the loss of three hundred men, tish royal dukes who have married since the death their baggage, &c. A desperate battle and the 300 of the princess Charlotte, are all pronounced to be men, do not tally well together; but there seems in the family way, and are expected to produce good reason to believe that the royalists now calcumasters for the people of England. «Glo ious news?” late upon their strength as sufficient to subdue Ve. · Westminster election-returis complete; Mr. Lamb nezuela--perhaps, however, as large supplies of 4465: Mr. Hobhouse, 3861; Major Cartwright 38. men and munitions of war are expected by the pa. Mr Lamb is an opposition man,” but there is some triots, these stories are fabricated to prevent their shade of difference between him and Mr. Hobhouse arrival.

A riot occurred in London on the 3d of March. It is further said that Morillo has made himself The mob was composed of several thousand per- master of San Fernando de Apure, and was preparsons, of the couniversal suffrage party.The mis-ing for the siege of Augustura. chief committed in different parts of the town was A letter from Curracoa of 3d of Feb (received by considerable and several peace officers were wound. way of Jamaica) details some military operations on ed. The house of lord Castlereagh was, for the the Main, in which the patriots were successful. time, rendered uninhabitable; the front of Mr. Wish-| The island of Margarita is well fortified and suppliart's premises was completely demolished; and the ed, and is the principal depot of arms and ammuni. same destruction took place at the committee rooms tion; the gov.guards consists of 1,000 dragoons. The in Henrietta street, in Park Place, and the New Cas. Danish authorities at St. Thomas's have agreed to tle Coffee-house-birt what is still more horrible, admit into their ports, independent vessels of war the gentlemen who appeared on horseback to show and their prizes, with permission to dispose of the respect to the successful candidate, escaped with latter. difficulty from being murdered.

1 Another letter dated the 14th, announces that Mr. Lamb, elected from Westminster, took refuge the national congress of Venezuela had been instalin a church, and was advised to retire by a back way ed: troops continually arriving from England: a loan -he refused, and the police had great difficulty to of 100,0001. been obtained in London in aid of the prevent his being sacrificed by the mob. Lord Sef-patriots' cause-Gen. McGregor was at Aux Caves ton and his friends were pelted with stones, &c. on the 1st of March, preparing to sail with an expea FRANCE.

dition, consisting of four armed ships and brigs, and Trade of Marseilles in 1818. Arrivals, 7,516 vessels 500 troops, against Porto Bello. It was reported

the whole tonnage of which measured 901,920 that col. English had arrived at Angustura with tons, and were navigated by 75,100 seamen. troops in ten transports. The whole force when

Departures, 8,737 vessels-Tonnage, 1,048,320 arrived, would be about 7,000 men... tons--navigated by 87,860 seamen.

A large ship, supposed to be an American, from An offer of 75 per cent. is, made at Paris to dis- having “General Jackson" on her stern, with a va. charge the debts of Lucien Bonaparte. Why not luable cargo of Brazil goods, has been run into a bay make him pay the whole, and set him to work to in the Danish island of St. John--where the cargo get a living?

was disposed of. It was thought that the captain A French financial report, presented by Baron and crew had been murdered—and it was reportLouis to the house of deputies, Feb. 15, states the ed that she was a prize to an Artigas privateer. expenditures for 1818, at 1,154,649,860f. and the revenue at 1,106,682,693.

CHRONICLE. Talleyrand is said to have lost all influence in Fires. During the week, ending on Sunday, the France.

| 11th inst. there was received at Baltimore an account SPAIN.

• of the following fires. Their extraordinary number It is stated that an entire regiment which left Za- seems to require a particular enumeration: ragoza to quell the disturbances at Valentia, inu. Two dwelling houses destroyed, and five others tinied on the road, saying that they would not act| materially injured, at Manchester, Va. to enslave their countrymen, killed their colonel Two dwelling houses and two stables burnt at and some other officers, and dispersed themselves. | Lancaster, Pa. EAST INDIES.

Two frame buildings destroyed in Philadelphia. Eighteen sail of piratical vessels, carrying from Three or four small houses destroyed in Washing150 to 250 men, all under the command of the ano-ton city on Wednesday, the 7th, three or four more on torious chief, Shekh Hossien bin Rama," are said to Thursday the 8th, and three fires on Friday, the 9th, be cruising in the Persian gulf. The place of ren- in different and very distant parts of the city; the dezvous is Rasai-Khima. The English have occasion. first did not cause much damage; by the 2nd, a large al rencontres with them.

3 story brick house and several adjoining out-hou. NEW BRUNSWICK

ses were destroyed; by the 3rd, several large three The governor, Smith, directed that a duty of one story houses, occupied as a tavern, and three or four shilling per ton should be paid on ship timber ex- others were burnt. There were also, one or two ported to prevent the waste and destruction of false alarms in the city the same day, and five chimthe king's woods." The assembly resisted this exer- neys on fire: on Saturday, the 10th, a stable was par. cise of prerogative,and reprobated the measure; the tially consumed. right of taxation being in them-and passed certain On the night of the 7th inst. between forty and pretty warm resolutions on the subject. The gover-/ fifty tenements, and about 100 buildings of all sorts, n the whole, were destroyed by fire at Norfolk. | late gov. Tompkins, and a speedy settlement seems They were chiefly wooden. Thirty four families to be expected. were deprived of their homes-the loss estimated Oliver Evans, esq. of Philadelphia, well known as at $80,000.

a mechanist throughout the United States, died at On Friday evening the 9th inst. a fire was kindled New York, on the 15th inst. aged 64 years. in a lumber yard, in Baltimore, but extinguished Suicide. The most singularinstance of self-destrucwithout doing much damage.

tion that perhaps ever was heard of, was perpetrated On Sunday morning the 11th inst, the extensive by a maniac in Philadelphia, last weck-his breakbuildings occupied by Oliver Evans, esq. as a foun. fast having been brought as usual, after drinking his dery and factory, on the Ridge road, near Philadel. tea he split the bowl in two, and with the rough phia, were consumed. This was the work of an in- edge of one of the broken pieces, cut his arın, near cendiary. The loss in moulds, alone, has been es. the shoulder, until every sinew was rent, and thus timated at $15,000.

bled to death. Four stables were on fire in Philadelphia, in as Thunder rust. A very l'emarkable thunder gust many days--and a dwelling house had its roof burnt and gale of wind were experienced at New York, on off, by the bursting up the chimney.

| Sunday last. It was so dark, that many were obliged The Lancasterian school house at Troy, N. Y. to light candles at their dinner tables, at about 2 was ncarly destroyed by fire on the 7th inst. The o'clock. The rain soon fell in torrents, mixed with steeple and upper story were consumed, and the hail; the wind was more violent than ever before rerest of the building and fixtures much injured, collected, and the sky seemed on fire with lightning.

In the last week and the present, we have in the midst of this war of elements, the fire bells counted about twelve or fifteen more-among them were rung, the cry came from several directions, and a valuable factory in Massachusetts, loss $40,000. the people with fire, fire” on their lips were lite. Also at Monticello-the neighbors promptly col- rally wading through the streets, filled with water, lected and saved the main building, by throwing the to find it. The lightning took effect in five places, ice from the ice-house, on the flames. Mr. Jefferson and set a schooner, richly ladened, and a rope-walk sustained a slight personal injury.

in flames. Several persons were knocked down, In noticing the fires at Washington city, it is but no one killed. remarked in a paper of that place, that “Mr. Craw. Bank of the United States. On Monday last, the ceford, secretary of the treasury; Mr. Neuville, the remony of laying the corner stone of a building for French minister; Mr. Bagot, the British minister; this institution was performed at Philadelphia, at and many others of the foreign legations, vied with 12 o'clock the throng, in contributing their aid to arrest the Enclosed in the stone was deposited secured in a progress of the flames, though showers of burning leaden case, a glass vase containing several of the cinders were scattered in every direction by the cold, silver and copper coins of the United States, force of the wind."

and the following inscriptions beautifully printed on This would go to shew that such services were vellum paper:

pected of these gentlemen. We, by no means, On the 19th day of the month April, in the 43d desire to depreciate the merits of their conduct- year of the independence of the U. S. of America, but, as there is no one possessed of a manly sentiment being the year 1819 of the christian era,) who can carelessly look on and see the progress of this, the corner stone of the BANK of the UNITa fire, when his services might be useful to arrest it, ED States, was laid by Langdon Cheves, president -we cannot therefore, see the necessity of such pe-ard Jonathan Smith, cashier. culiar designation, because we always supposed Attended by Nicholas Biddle, John Connelly, that Messrs Crawford, &c. were men. If they had James C. Fisher, and Joshua Lippencott, the buildbeen at the fire, and refused or neglected to assist in ingcommittee, William Strickland, architect-Adam putting it out, they would have been less.

and Thos. Traquair, marble masons-Philip Justus, The habeas corpus. The following case is the sub-Icarpenter--Daniel Groves and Joseph S. Walter, jeci of much discussion in some of the Georgia pa- bricklayers. pers:

. And a numerous assemblage of the citizens of A colored man petitioned a judge for a writ of Philadelphia. kabeas corpus-he stated that he was born of free The vice president. An act has passed the legisla parents in Rhode Island_had served in the late war, ture of New York authorising the settlement of Mr. and was beld a prisoner at Dartmoor. He return. Tompkins' accounts, as late governor of that state. ed from captivity, via Charleston, where he was seiz- ayes 60, noes 46. It appears from this act that a ed by one of the most rascally part of creation, a kid- balance is presumed to be really owing to him, napper, and forcibly carried off to Georgia, and there for the law authorizes the treasurer to pay him, if a sold for a slave. The facts were attested by two balance should be found in his favor! The National credible white witnesses.'

Advocate says, that this balance will not probably, The judge, it appears, granted the writ--the be less than 100,000 dollarg! We most heartily rebwner of the freeman returned, that he held the ap.joice that this gentleman, to whom our country owes plicant as a slave, by a bill of sale," on which it was so much for his services in the late war, and at the contended that he ought to be sent home to his mas- time of our cutmost need,” is, at last, about to be ter! - The judge, however, thought otherwise, righted. and liberated him. Those opposed to the proce. The mint.--From official documents, transmitted dure, say, that the case ought to have been tried by to congress during the last session, it appears that a jury, &c.

the total aniount of gold, silver, and copper coinage Erie canal. Among the acts passed by the legis at the mint of the United States, from the date of its lature of New York, there is one declaring the establishment up to the end of the year 1817, was terms and conditions of a grant of 100,000, acres of $14,183,768 36; and that the amount of gold coins land from the Holland Land Company, to the peo-made during the year 1818, was $242,940; of silver, ple of thig state, to aid in completing the great $1,070,427 50; of copper, S52,320; making a total vestern canal. There is another, authorizing the amount of $1,365,687 50-which, added to the agcomptroller to settle and adjust the accounts of the igregate of coinage in former years, makes the


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