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BALTIMORE, APRIL 24, 1819. [No. 9-Vol. XVI. WHOLE No. 399

THE PAST-THE PRESENT FOR THE FUTURE

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PRINTED AND POBLISHED BY H. XILES, AT 5 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

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The editors of the National Intelligencer cops., thors and inventors the profits of their writings ors ed our remarks on “private claims,” some days ago, inventions, for a limited time. The reasons for this and because they did copy them, the editor of the are manifest: yet in the broad clause charging con «Daily Advertiser," at New York, has run a-fuul of gress with the “general welfare," this power might them, by taking up where a little and there a little” have been readily implied, if it had been designed of our essay,—to make it suit hus own purposes. to leave any thing to iinplication in the constitution

We refer to this thing only because the editors of 1 be "general welfare" is deeply concerned in those the “Intelligencer" have felt it proper to nutice the things, and men will not spend their time and money remarks of the "Advertiser"-who might have been to produce useful books and inventions, without the dismissed more briefly, by saying, “Satan can quote hope of reward. This instance plainly shews 113 scripture." There are many of the most interesting that our government rests on delegated powers only, ebapters in the Bible which might be represented as and the 10th amendment seems conclusive on this little short of blaspbchoy, if liberty were noted to head. But let us recur to original landinarks, and extract from them just such words as suited a design the earliest interpretations of the nature and spirit, to make them appear so. We do not claim a coni- of our constitution. It cannot be believed, that there parison with the inspired writers: but require this is a man in the United States who will venture to as. that when one sentence, or a part of a sentence sert that the constitution would have been ratified, if bears upon, or is the contingent of another, that it had been understood that congress might grantmo.' both should be given-or the whole laid aside. . nopolies, or deprive the states of their right to tak

property, except as to imports and exports. In Summary process. It is stated in the Washington every other instance, tlie right to tax is reserved. City Gazette, that a circular is about to issue from the Among the reasons given by Virginia for ratifying parent boaxl of the bank of the United States, or the constitution, were thesedering that all notes under protest shall be sued for, “ hat therefore no right, of any deslomination, can unless paid or satisfactorily secured, in ten days be cancelled, abridged,or restrained, or modified, by : thereafter--and that none of the District bank notes congress, by the senate or house of representatives, will hereafter be received at the Washington branch, acting in any capacity, by the president, or any de. on deposite. See the article, “how tame an ele partınent or officer of the United States, except in phant," page 147.

ihose instances where power is given by the constitution

for those purposes," . hat each state in the union The Sovereignty of the States—No 3. and ri

shall respectively retain every power, jurisiliction overeignty ome states 03 and right, which it not by this constitution delegat. We repeat it--that the late decision of the su-led to the congress of the United States, or the preme court about the bank of the United States, departments of the federal government. “That these vests in the general government the right and power clauses which declare that congress shall not exerto grant monopolies, under so many pretances, that it cise certain powers, be not interpreted in any manmay be said to extend to all cases whatsoever," and ner whatsoever, to extend the powers of congress;. for unlimitted periods; and it settles the principle, but that they be constructed either as making exthat property introduced into a state by, or growing Iceptions to the specified powers where this shall be out of, such monopolies, is exempted from the com- the case, or otherwise, as inserted merely for greatmnon operation of the laws of the states, affecting pro-ler caution.” perty of the same description. This is truly alarm New York, with others, assigned the following ing my passit squints atCONSOLIDATION.

"That every power, jurisdiction or right which is What is a monopoly? The dictionary which I hap. not by the said constitution clearly delegated to the pen to have before me, defines it to be, "a grant from congress of the United States, or the departments the king or severeign) to any person or persons of the government thereof, remains to the people of for the sole buying, selling, working, or psing any the several, or to their respective state governthing." The bank of the United States, then, is a ments, to whom they may have granted the same; monopoly-because the privileges granted by its and that those clauses in the said constitution which act of incorporation are exclusive-for the “sole" declare that congress sball not have or exercise cerbenefit of the stockholders of this particular institu- tain powers, do not imply that congress is entitled tion; and such privileges cannot be granted to other to any powers not given by the said constitutions but persons during the existence of the act. The gene. such clauses are to be construed either as excep. ral government is as the "king" in the case, and ab- tions to certain specified powers, or as inserted solute. It is, and ought to be, sovereign in respect merely for greater caution." to all powers delegated, and such as are necessary to "THAT CONGRESS DO NOT GRANT MONOPOLIES, ON ERECT Luaintain those powers. But certainly, it never was ANY COMPANT WITH EXCLUSIVE ADVANTAGES OF COMsupposed to be “necessary or proper," that the Unit- / MENCE." ed States should deprive the states of their right to By Massachusetts- That it be explicitly declared tax property, except in the case of impurts and ex. that all powers not expressly delegated by the afore. ports, as specially provided for. It is impossible that said constitution, are reserved to the states, to be uniscould have been the originaliniention of the fra- by them exercised: That congress shall erect no Siers of the constitution; it is neither expressed company of merchants with exclusive advantages of 3.or inplied.

commerce. There is only one case in which congress is con. By Maryland, alhat congress shall exercise no stitutionally vested with the right ot investing any power but what is expressly delegated by this conWith exclusive privileges-dat is, to secure to auastitution.

VOL XVI.--.11.

ffidavits (agreeaby, By New Hampshire. "That it be explicitly declar- words “necessa. wp” is not only consoi ed, that all powers not expressly and particularly de- nant with that which prevailed during the discus

legated by the aforesaid constitution, are reserved sions and ratifications of the constitution, but is absoto the several states to be by them exercised. That lutely necessary to maintain their consistency with congress shall erect no company of merchants with the peculiar character of the government, possessed exclusive advantages in commerce."

of particular and defined powers, ONLY; not of the geConnecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Dela- neral and indefinite powers vested in ordinary governware, and Georgia, ratified the constitution by sim- ments.pk acts, without comment. We have not been able! We cannot add any thing to the force of these reto lay our hands upon the ratifications of North and marks, and shall not attempt it. South Carolina and Rhode Island.

| Mr. Hanrlton, the writer of the s3d No. of the Judge Filson,* of Pennsylvania, one of the most “Federalist,” speaking about the words “piecessary profound lawyers of his day, addressing the people in and proper," says, “they are only declarations of 2 javor of the constitution (Oct.1787) said, “But in de- truth which would have resulted by necessary and legating federal power, another criterion was neces- unavoidable implication, from the very act of constisarily introduced: and the congressional authority is tuting a federal government, and vesting it with certo be collected, not from tacit implica ion, but from tain specified powers.” To the question why these the positive grant, expressed in the instrument of the words were introduced, he answers, "only for the union. llence it is evident that in the former case greater caution,” &c. But to the very point,

of the states) every thing that is not reserved is he observes-ersthough a law laying a tax for the given: but in the latter that of the United States]the use of the United States would be supreme in its pa. reverse of the proposition prevails, and every thing túre, and could not legally be opposed or controlled, zvhich is not given is rescrued.

lyet a law abrogating or preventing the collection of a in several files of newspapers and a number of tax laid by the authority of a staie (UNLESS ON IMPORTS (books, we have looked over many hundred pages AND EXPORTS) would not be the supreme law of the land, of discussions, resolves and proceedings about the but an USURPATION of a power not granted by the con. constitution, and see nothing in any of them to jus-stitution.In the 34th No. in which the same subtify the opinion that an idea was then held that con-ject is continued, after arguing the right and necesgress could vest any persons with monstrous power sity of a concurrent jurisdiction in the general governand odious privileges now possessed by the bank of ment and those of the states, as to taxation, he says the United States, as a monopoly. It is no matter "a concurrent jurisdiction was the only admissi

that the bank has paid a "bonus" for its extensive ble substitute for an entire subordination, in respect to j advantages, or that it is to perforın certain services this branch of power, of state authority to that of the

--these have no effect upon the principle involved; union.for the bonus might as well be one cent as ten mil. Then, even if the right exists in congress to es. lions of dollars, and the services nominal, (like that tablish the bank of the United States, the concurrent of crat-catcher to his majesty'), as real.

power remains to tax the property vested in it. It Judge Tucker, on the constitution-See Tucker's CANNOT BE OTHERWISE. Black. Vol. I, part 1. app. 142 ..speaking of the Since the preceding was in type, we have receivs10th] amendment, says:- This article was added the Richmond Enquirer of the 20th inst. which od sto prevent misconstruction or abuse of the contains a strong editorial article on the subject powers granted by the constitution; rather than before us. We borrow from it the following essupposed necessary to explain and secure the rights tracts of the states, or of the people. The powers dele. Judge Marshall, in his Life of Washington,speaking gated to the federal government being positive, of the establishment of the old bank, says and enumerated, according to the ordinary rules “This measure made a deep impression on many of construction, whatever is not enuinerated is re- members of the legislature, and contributed not intined; for, ex-pressum facit tacere tacitum is a max. considerably to the complete organization of those

im in all cases of construction: it is likewise a max-distinct and visible parties, which in their long and "im of political law, that sovereign states cannot be dubious conflict for power, have since shaken the

deprived of any of their rights by implication; nor U. States to their centre!"
in any manner whatever but by their own voluntary The editor, in conclusion, observes
consent, or by submission to a conqueror.”

| In fact, our doctrine on this subject is to be found We recommend to the attentive perusul of crery in the luminous and noble speech of the illustrious one, the reniarks of judge Tucker, as well as the George Clinton, when he put his veto upon the reessays of the Federalist,” on the article vesting vival of the old United States bank, in 1811. The an authority in congress to make all taws «neces- following words of his, deserve to be written in let. sary and proper," for carrying into execution the ters of gold over the door of congress: powers granted (See as above, p. 286 to 289, and “In the course of a long life I have found, that the “Federalist," No's. 33 and 44.) “This neither government is not to be strengthened by the assumpenlarges any power specifically granted, nor is it a ption of doubtful powers, but a wise and energetic ex. grant of new powers.” He adds “whenever, there.ecution of those wbich are incontestible; the former fore, a question arises concerning the constitutional. never fails to produce suspicion and distrust, whilst ity of a particular power, the first question is, whe. the latter inspires respect and confidence. If, howy ther that power is expressed in the constitution. ever, after a fair experience, the powers vested in.) If it be, the question is decided. If it be not ex. the government shall be found incompetent to the pressed, the next enquiry must be, whether it attainment of the objects for which it was instituted, is properly an incident to an express power, the constitution happily furnishes the means for re. and necessary to its execution. If it be, it may medying the evil by amendment. be exercised by congress. If it be not, congress It is useless to multiply instances of construction; cannot exercise it-And this construction of the they are to be found in favor of the side we have

taken, in the writings and speeches of every patriot *He was a member of the convention, and after- who advocated the adoption of the constitution of wards a judge of the supreme court.

(the United States: no other construction was thought

ing.

possible by the friends of the federal government as the master spirit, demanding "unconditional subAnd the opinion of these, together with the acts of mission." the states, at the time, are entitled to great weight. Comment is useless. Certain late arrangements

Of the danger of admitting that congress may will very soon develope the mystery concealed in grant monopolies, and excmpt thejinonopolists from our similitudes. It does not become the line we the sovereignty of the states, we have spoken free- have marked out for onirselves to shrew the progress ly, and perhaps enough for this time; and shall of political manquvring. We can only hope, that now let the subject rest for the moment, exhorting the deceived elephant will cast off his pretended every man who loves his country to investigate it for friends, and regain his “natural and unalienable himself, that he may appreciate its consequences. rights" of "peace, liberty, and safety." When in the course of things, our fecble aid shall appear to be useful to promote a return to the origi. nal principles of the constitution, it shall not be want

The Paper System. It is with awful feelings, indeed, that we publish the terrible list that follows, of counterfeited and

spurious bank notes, collected within the last eight or How to tame an Elephant! nine weeks,as we happened to meet with notices of The elephant has larger claims to independence such things in the newspapers. It is the last time than any land animal that we know of, yet he is that we shall attempt a collection of this sort among the most generous and docile of any, two-leg. it is toodebasing to the character of our country to ged or four-legged, that has been civilized. His affec- be repeated; but the detail was due to the history of tions are of the most interesting character, and his the paper system. What a prostration of morals does intelligence is as remarkable as his attachments; it indicate!-yet, we are serious), of opinion, that the for those that he loves, he freely puts out his greater part of the evil must be solemnly laid aithe strength to promote the works of peace, or mingle doors of our legislators, for permitting or establishin the clash of war: with Job-like patience he tugs ing so many banks. They who tenpithe people to the ponderous load, or rushes impetuous through commit sin, are more inexcusable than the sinners. the armed ranks of the foe. Always great, though There appears to be a gång of accomplished vilhis unsuspicious disposition is often deceived; al. lains stretching from one end of the United States ways generous, though frequently imposed upon. Ito the other, under various pretences, as traders,

An old housewifery book, in directing us how to pedlars, and the like, whose chief business it is to cook a salmon, says_“first catch a salmon:” this is a deal in counterfeit bank notes and bad money” rery important preparation for the cooking of one! and they are so very artful, tbat it requires a consi.

So, before we proceed to tame an elephant, derable degree of smartness to prevent them from • it is necessary that we should get him into our toils. succeeding.

This, we are told, is most certainly done by means! We are very far from feeling any thing like plc.com of several femaie elephants, taught for the business sure in publishing this list; we do it as an act of duty speciilators in their fellow animal's misery, who enxto put honest men on their guard, and shew them compass him about, and coax and caress him, while low necessary it is to exercise caution in the receipt the inaster spirit of their actions binds him with of bank bills. Happily, so it is, that most persons ropes, passed frequently round his legs, and very accustomed to eramine paper money, can nine times tight. When he is completely secured, the deceiv. in ten, tell a counterfeit or altered note, though on a ers retire and leave him to his fate. On discover- bank which they never saw one of before; but they ing this, he becomes outrageous; but he exerts are often `received without due examination by his mighty strength in vain; he is fastened to the those who are capable of detecting them, and the spot, and no longer moves at the impulse of his own people, in general, are very indifferent judges. It desires; a captive, smarting under a sense of his becomes every body, when the bills of strange or wrongs, and indignant at hypocrisy.

distant banks are presented to them to suspect them, • The next thing is to tame him. Whilst thus unless they know the character of the person offer. • bonnd, one fellow, armed with a club or some other ing them, and to reject them altogether from transi.

offensive weapon, falls foul of him and abuses him inent individuals, without some test to satisfy the mind the most shameful and barbarous manner; when the that they are genuine representatives of money, at suffering has reached its destined point, and the ani. home. In this case, the calculation may be made, mal finds that dependence on himself avails nothing, whether the profit on the articles exchanged for the another person appears and seems to chastise the paper, will satisfy the difference or difficulty of con.wretch that maltreated him, driving him away. verting it into money, &c. This is repeated day after day, until the sagacious

THE BLACK LIST. animal, filled with gratitude to his supposed bene- A fellow found guilty at Baltimore for dealing in a factor, knows his voice and person, and regards him counterfeit bill of $100 of the Philadelphia bank, as a protector and friend. Then this same person and several 20's of the bank of the Northern Liber. loosens the ropes, or restores their pressure on the ties. elephant, as he shews a disposition to submit to, or An emission of $50 notes of the bank of the state reject his authority, or resist the good impressions of Georgia, very well altered from genuine 5's of the made as above described, until he finally becomes same bank. a passive slave, and kisses the hand that robbed him A man sentenced by a court in Delaware to a fine of his freedom.

of $500, solitary confinement three months, and forNow for the application of our story; the people ever to wear the letter F, made of scarlet cloth sewof the United States, (but especially those of the ed on the back of his outer garment, to be whipped, west, in present circumstances) may be considered as &c. if found without it, &c. &c. &c. for passing a 3 the elephant-the paper system as the females who conterfeit note of the Farmer's bank of Delaware, deceive him; their obligations to the banks as the payable at Wilmington. cords that fasten him; speculators as the person The receipt by the editor of the Register of a $5 who beats him, and the bank of the United States, counterfeit note of the same bank and office, which drough the agency of the government deposits, Esc. I unfortunately, he was compelled to light a segar

found.

with at his own loss-through uncommon careless-, Marine bank of Baltimore. They had also some coun ness, in not examining it.

terfeit coin. The breaking up of a large establishment at A notice of 10's on the bank of North Ameri. Bloomingburg, where much apparatus for making Cil, 3's on the bank of New Brunswick, 3's on the bank notes, and many bills partially executed, were Hagerstown bank, 2's of the Mechanic's bank of Bal

timore, 5's of the Hartford bank; counterfeits. The arrest of several persons near Pittsburg, with AS20 counterfeit note of the Bank of Baltimore a large amount of notes of the following descriptions (old plate,j remitted to the ediior of the REGISTER -5's of the Marine bank of Baltimore; 3's of the from Illinois, and sent back again, being crossed. bank of Delaware, 10's of the bank of Auburn, l's Counterfeit bills of $50 on the Hudson bank of of the bank of Philadelphia, 10's of the bank of N York, attempted to be passed in Charleston, S. Puck's county, 20's of the bank of New Ark, l's of Carolina. the bank of Sandusky Bay-counterfeits; a note of Spurious bills in circulation, on the Silver Lake the bank of Steubenville altered from 1 to 10; and Bank, payable at the Union Brink, in the city of N. of the bank of Utica, altered from 1 to 50. A whole- York, subscribed by the fictitious naines of Ives Sutsale business was hereby interrupted.

· lon, president, and Daniel Iroodbridge, jun. cashier, The capture of two men at Sheffield, Mass. for 10's and 5's of the bank of Virginia, counterfeits passing counterfeit bills, chiefly 10's of the bank of-well calculated to deceive superficial observers; Auburn.

but easily detected with common care. The passage of 50 dollar bills at Savannah, to a Counterfeit notes, l's and Y's, of the old emis. considerable amount, of the Marine and Fire Insur-sion of the bank of Cape Fear--miserably executed. ance company-well counterfeited; but the villain A large quantity of counterteit and spurious paper not caughi.

circulated in Monroe county, Ohio, and the parts The putting to jail of a fellow for passing 3's of adjacent, viz_3's of the bank of Niagara, Y's of the the Fayetteville branch, of the state bank of North Phanix bank, Hartford; notes said to be of a ban!: Carolina, altered to 50's. He had in his possession at Circleville, where there is no bank-counterfeit counterfeit bills of several other banks, among them, i's on the Philadelphia bank, &c. one of 20, on the Elkton bank.

A notice of the aiteration of one dollar notes of the Three dollar notes of the City bank of New York, Hagestown bank into tens. altered to 50's.

| Counterfeit notes of 5 dollars, on the Franklin The seizure of a person called Hunter, at Bavan- bank of Baltimore. The signatures badly executed. nah, wlio hai iniis possession a vast quantity of notes, 50's, 100's and post notes, of the bank of Newport,

Joseph Lancaster. Kentucky, engraved by Murray, Draper, and co.

| This father and founder of the system of educa(who had been imposed upon by him,) but not filled up. This chap's re:] name is said to be Morse; and,

tion known by his name, and extensively adopted in

Great Britain and Ireland, and in the United States, as he graduated at Rhode Island college, he has been called, by way of eminence, “a classical scoundrel,” and partially introdu

1 and partially introduced into France and GermaHe had some hundreds of thousands of dollars in Iny, &c. and even spoken of as being countenanced *

in Spain, has taken up a tenporary residence blank notes.

on in Philadelphia, and will probably become a citizen An account of another imposition practised on

of the U. States. Murray, Draper, and co. in engraving or striking off

The editor of the REGISTER is honored with the . plates to a large amount, for the Steam Factory

personal acquaintance and private friendship of this company, of Cincinnati- there being no such com.

great apostle in the cause of knowledge. From our pany existing The detection of 10 dollar counterfeit notes of the

social conversation, as well as from his public lec. bank of Illinois, at Shawneetown-said to be badly

he hadistures on education, the mystery of his system is-if

there is any mystery in it-that all things belonging i done. Alarge issue of a sort of a bank in Fayette county,

to it are done by method, and the pupils taught to

UNDERSTAND one thing at a time. But of a system so Penn. called the “Connelsville Navigation Compa

generally known and approved, it is not necessary, ny,”in defiance of the laws relating to banking."

to speak at this time. Mr. L. is now superintendThe capture of five counterfeiters in Golconda, ing a model school at Philadelphia, wherein it is ex. Ulinois, with several thousand dollars of their pected that many young men and women will be own make, in their possession. They had a com- fully qualified for the instruction of others. plete set of apparatus and worked in a cave The

e

Butou

But our present purpose ischiefly to notice the re." chief part of those fellows' notes were of 10's 5's and spectful attentions wlich were paid to him on his

's of the state bank of Indiana; but they had 10's visit to Washington City, during the late sitting of and 2's of the Middletown bank, 2's of the Phenix congress, and to record them, as honorable to all bank, 5's of the bank of Auburn, 5's of the Exchange parties and individuals concerned. " Bank, 3's of the Eagle bank, 5's of the Marine bank, In the house of representatives, on the 9th of Jaand 5's of the Worcester bank.

nuary, 1819, Mr. Bassett addressed the chair, and • The circulation of 10's of the bank of Auburn, said, that he rose to perform a pleasing task, beciuse and 20's of the Planter's bank of Georgia - good it was connected with humanity. It was to give .. counterfeits,

praise and honor where praise and honor were • A caution against notes of the Frederick county | due. It was (continued Mr. B.) said last night, bank, altered from 1 to 10 dollar notes.

from that chair, that sensible objects most forci. A Guantity of three dollar counterfeit notes of the bly felt, attracted us. Niy heart responds to Frarikiin bank of New York, detected in thai city. its truth. Most sensibly did I feel, on behold. : The breaking up of a gang of counterfeiters by ing in that chair a man whose life has been de. catchingtemat Lancaster, O., the rascals made voted to the ainelioration of the state of man; one

cile, but were subdued. Their stock was very who, without the influence of kindred or country, intre, chiefly in 20's and 50's on th: Miami Export- and without any aid save that of a common tongue, in Company, 10's on the Farmer's bank of Buck's has passes the vast Atlantic to make known the hid. couny, 5's of the bank of Columbiid üri 5's of the den powers and blessings of knowledge. Thou.

sands, said Mr. B. are now enjoying the happy fruits duty calls me to arduous exertion, it will be a stimuof his exertions, and inillions to come will icap their lus to activity, a light on my path io cicer me on profits, and drink again and again of the neverfail- my way. Ihail it is a mercy from Ileaven granting me ing spring. I should do injustice to the feelings of a most honorable introduction to a great nation--a the house, to dwell on this subject. Mr. B. then new call to duty; a powerful passport to usefulness. submitted the following resolution, which was read But there is one point of view in which it is to me a and agreed to:

consolation-ajoy-man honor beyond all price, both Resolved, That Joseph Lancaster, the friend of) in the thing done, as well as the time and manner of learning and of man, be admitted to a seat within doing it. the hall of the house of representatives.

I have in my own country a venerable and belov. This resolution was passed without oppositioned father, a pious old man of seventy-five. I am perbaps, we should say, by unanimous approba- his youngest son-the joy of his life, the consolation tion. The following is a copy of Mr. Lancaster's of his old age. On parting he wept over-me with letter to the speaker, on the presentation of the re. tears of joy he gave me up frcely, he said, without solution to him.

a sorrowful accent. “Go, my dear son, God will WASHINGTON CITY, 1st. Mo, 27th 1819. bless thee--I rejoice that thou art going to be a • HororeD FAIENT-I have been favored with the blessing to the children of another nation. The vote of the house, on the motion of Burwell Bassett, good will of him that dwelt in the bush will be with of Virginia, respecting myself; an honor wholly un- thee." This honored parent I am not likely to see expected, and if the house of representatives had any more, short of that mansion which he looks to not thought otherwise, I should have considered it as as his own an inheritance with the saints in ligit beyond any merits of mine: however, I am determined -a city that hath habitations, where God wipes all that, by the mercy of my Heavenly Father, accord. tears from his people's faces, and gives them joy ing to my ability, it shall not be uninerited in future. unutterable without end-without alloy.

It was put into my hands just as I was about oc- But the good wishes and the God of my father is cupying thy chair by thy kind permission, the second with me, and the news of this honorable act of thine tiine:-1 opened it, it overwhelined my heart, and will reach him -- will cheer his aged heart-will for some short time I was obliged to hide my eyes make his tears of joy to flow will console perhaps -with feeling the most handsome attention paid to his dying hours, and tune another song of praise a missionary of good-an attention which none but for mercies past, which shall rise to the footstool of perfect gentlemen could have ever contemplated.-Omnipotence as grateful incense, and bring down In fact, i accept it is an introduction to your country from thence the blessings of heaven on thy head. -a passport, to usefulness, I feel your politeness, While the heart of the writer beats, thy name and but when I consider the benevolence of the motive gratitude will be the same word, mean the same

- love to your country-good will to education--thing in my mind. May he who first loved little patriotic feeling for all children of this great nation children called them and blessed them, remem-I am doubly grateful.

ber thy kindness to me as their friend, and reward Under your auspices as a legislature, I trust those with his love thy goodness to thy measures will be matured which, with the Divine

Respectful friend, blessing on the wisdom of your councils, will accele. (Signed)

JOSEPH LINCASTER. rate such a total extinction of ignorance, that not Washington, 1st Month, 27th, 1819. ene uninstructed child will in future times be found During his stay at Washington he delivered two within your borders.

lectures, the hall of the house of representatives bcMy exertions require a little repose. At oneling permitted to be used for the purpose. They o'clock to-day I shall avail myself of the privilege were attended by very numerous and most respect. conferred--for which I now make acknowledgments, able audiences. At the close of one of them, it is and but feeble ones they are compared with my said that “Mr. Clay (the speaker) complimented him feelings.

in handsome terms, observing, that the chair (the In fact, the manner of my reception at Washington, speaker's chair) he occupied, had never been as and by congress, has been such as to endear the well filled before.” Mr, Lancaster modestly dis. country to me, which has given birth to men, who claiming the merit imputed to him by the speaker, knew so well how to love and befriend its children. said in effect, “that man in his purest aspect was I rejoice to see motives in action which give security but a very humble instrument of a higher power, to its future prospects-which consecrate the at. and that the chair he had just occupied, exalted as mosphere in which citizens of the world may breathe | it was, had not been filled by any thing better than -or hallow the ground on which he treads.

CLAY." With high consideration and gratitude to the ho- The editor had the pleasure to hear Mr. Lancaster norable house, of which thou art the speaker, and deliver his course of three lectures in Baltimoremy true respect to thyself,

The following extract of a letter from Harrisburg I remain thy obliged and grateful friend,

so well expresses his sentiments, that he adopts it JOSEPH LANCASTER. without hesitation in lieu of what he himself would To Henry Clay, speaker of the

have said on the subjectHouse of representatives, in congress.

A correspondent, under date of Harrisburg, FeHe also addressed the following letterto Mr. Bas. bruary 12, states:“We have had Mr. Joseph Lanseti

caster, the founder of the system bearing his name, "To Burwell Bassett, a representative from Virginia. visiting us. He delivered lectures on his peculiar

“HoxORED FRIEND—"Low shall I express the feel system of education. They were attended by the ing gratitude of an overflowing heart, when I pe- president and members of the state legislature of rused thy speech and the vote of the house of re- Pennsylvania, and as many of the respectable inha. presentatives yesterday respecting myself. I had bitants of Harrisburg as could get in. He was reno notion that my motives to action-my humble ceived with those distinguished tokens of respect services, in a great and righteous cause, would have and attention which a life of distinguished benevobeen so highly honored and appreciated. I receive lence and diffusive good will to man, must claim from it with fcelings as deep as they will belasting-When an onlightened people. Ignorance is the curse of a

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