ePub 版

cle of the rules and articles of war. Even if I belger set up a claim to that character. Are you iglonged to your division, I should not liesitate to re- norant, sir, that had my order, at which your refined peat to you all that I have said, at any time, on your judgment is so extremely touched, been made the subject, if a proper occasion offered; and what is subject of enquiry, you might, from your standing, more, I should expect your appobation, as in my not your character, been constituted one of my humble judginent, refutation is impossible. judges? How very proper then was it, thus situated,

As you do not doubt the imputations contained and without a knowledge of any of the attendant in the anonymous letter, a copy of which you enclos circumstances, for you to have pre-judged the ed me, I shall not degrade myself by any further no- whole matter. This at different times, and in the tice of it. .

circle of your friends you could co; and yet had I I have just shown the article from “The Colum- been arraigned, and you detailed as one of my bian" to some military gentlemen of this place, judges, with the designs of an assassin lurking unfrom whom I learn, that it was probably intend der a fair exterior, you would have approached the ed to be applied to a case wlrich has recently oc- holy sanctuary of justice. Is conduct like this concurred ot West Point. The writer is supposed genial with that high sense of dignity which should to proceed upon a report (which is neverthe- be seated in a soldier's bosom? Is it due from a less believed to be erroneous) that brigadier gene- brother officer to assail in the dark the reputation ral Swift had orders from the war department, more of another, and stab him at a moment when he canthan twelve months since, to remove captain Par- not expect it? I might insult an honorable man by tridge from the military academy, and that he sup- questions such as these, but shall not expect that pressed those orders, &c.-The author is believed they will harrow up one who must be dead to all to be a young man of the army, and was, at the time those feelings which are the characteristic of a genof publication, in this city; but not under my com-| tleman. mand, and with whom I never had the smallest inti- In terms polite as I was capable of noting, I askmacy; I forbear to mention his name, because it is ed you if my informant had stated truly-if you only by conjecture.

were the author of the publication and remarks I have the honor to be, &c.

charged against you, and to what extent; a refer(Signed)

W. SCOTT. Tence to your letter, without any comment of mine, To major gen. Andrew Jackson, &c. &c.

will inform how far you have pursued a similar LETI ERIII.

course;-how little of the gentleman, and how General Jackson to Gen. Scott.

inuch of the hectoring bully you have manifestaci. Head quarters, division, of the south. If nothing else would, the epaulets which grace

Nashville, December 3d, 1817. your shoulders, should have dictated to you a difSIR-have been abgent from this place a consi- ferent course, and have admonished you, that howderable time, rendering the last friendly office lever small may have been your respect for another could, to a particular friend, whose eyes I closed on -respect for yourself should have taught you the the 20th ultimo, Owing to this, your letter of the necessity of replying, at least mildly, to the enqui4th of October was not received until the first inst. ries I suggested; and more especially should you,

Upon the reccipt of the anonymous communica. have done this, when your own convictions must, tion made me from New York, l-hastened to lay it have fixed you as guilty of the abominable criine of before you; that course was suggested to me, by the detraction of slandering, and bohind his back, a respect I felt for you as a man and a soldier and brother officer. But not content with answering that you might have it in your power to answer to what was proposed, your overweening vanity has how far you had been guilty of' so base and inexcu- led you to make an offering of your advice.* Besable conduct. Independent of the services you lieve me, sir, it is not in my power to render you had rendered your country, the circumstance of my thanks: I think too bigbly of myself to suppose your wearing the badge and insignia of a soldier, that I stand at all in need of your aimonitions and led me to the conclusion, that I was addressing a too lightly of you to appreciate them as useful. For gentleman. With these feelings you were written good advice I am always thankful; but never fail to to, and had an idea been for a moment entertained, spurn it, when I know it to flow from an incompetent that you could have descended from the high-and/or corrupt source; the breast where hase and guilty dignified character of a major general of the United passions dwell is not the place to look for virtue, or States, and used language so opprobrious and inso. any thing that leads to virtue. My notions, sir, are lent as you have done, rest assured, I should have not those now taught in modern schools, and in fashi.. viewed you as rather too contemptible to have held onal high life; they were imbibed in ancient days, any converse with you on the subject. If you have and hitherto have, and yet bear me to the conclu. lived in the world thus long in the entire ignorance sion, that he who can wantonly outrage the feelings of the obligations and cuties which honor impose, of another-who, without cause, can extend injury you are indeed past the time of learning; and surely where none is done, is capable of any crime, how's he must be ignorant of them, who seeins so little ever detestable in its nature, and will not fail to comto understand their influence.

I mitit, whenever it may be imposed by necessity. Pray, sir, does your recoilection serve, in what I shall not stoop, sir, to a justification of my order school of philosophy you were taught: that to a let-before you, or to notice the weakness and absurdi- ter enquiring into the nature of a supposed injury, ties of yourtinsel rhetorick: it may be quite conclı:and clothed in language decorous and unexception- sive with yourself, and I have no disposition to atable, an answer should be given, couched in pom- tempt convincing you, that your irrenuity is not as pous insolence and bullying expression? I bad profound as you have imagined it.' To my govert lioped that what was charged upon you by my ment, whenever it may please, I hold myself liable anonymous correspondent was líounded; I had to answer, and to produce the reasons which hoped so, from a belief that general scott was a sol- prompted me to the course I took; and to the interdier and a gentleman; but when I see those state- meddling pimps and spies of th: war department, Thents doubly confirmed by his own words, it be coll.es a matter of enquiry, how far a man of honor- *When, where? General Scott is unconscious oj able feelings can reconcile then to himself, or lon-! the fact.

who are in the garb of gentlemen, I hold myself re- say thought of, since. These circumstances will sponsible for any grievance they may labor under show that it is my wish to reply to you dispassionateon my account; with which you have my permission ly. to number yourself. For what I have said, I offer I regret that I cannot accept the challenge you no apology; you have deserved it all, and more, were offer me. Perhaps I may be restrained from wishit necessary to say more.-I will Darely remark in ing to level a pistol at the breast of a fellow being, conclusion, that if you feel yourself aggrieved at in private combat, by a sense of religion; but lest what is here said, any communication from you will this motive should excite the ridicule of gentlemen reach me safely at this place.

of liberal habits of thinking and acting, I beg leave I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your to add, that I decline the honor of your invitation obedient servant,

from patriotic scruples. My ambition is not that of (Signed) ANDREW JACKSON. Erostratus. I should think it would be easy for you Brevet major general W. Scott, United States to console yourself under this refusal, by the applicaarmy, New York,

tion of a few epithets, as coward, &c. to the object

of your resentment, and I here promise to leave you The foregoing extraordinary letter was laid aside until the next war, to persuade yourself of their truth until almost forgotten. When certain of his feelings, Your famous order bears date the 22d April, 1817. general Scott sat down to reply to it. He thought At intervals of three or four months thereafterof New Orleans and some other affairs, in which the that is, when it had been officially published to the parties had been respectively engaged, and it ap- troops of your division, and printed in almost every peared to him that a brace of pistols could add paper in the union—as if to challenge discussionsnothing to the character of either. He conceived I found myself in company where it was the subject that at the age he had then attained, some little re- of conversation. Not being under your command, putation for temper and moderation began to be an I was as free to give my opinion on that public act as object worthy of his consideration, however they any one else; for, I presume, you will not assert, might be disregarded by his opponent. In fact, it that where an officer is not expressly restrained by did not once seriously occur to him, that the cou- the military code, he has not all the rights of any rage of either could be put in question, and there other citizen. For this fair expression of opinion, fore, he found himself perfectly at liberty to consult on a principle as universal as the profession of arms, his sense of justice and propriety, rather than his and which opinion I afterwards, at your instance, passions. Yet he understands, that, on this point, state to you, in all its detail, you are pleased to general Jackson shrugs his shoulders and looks mys- charge me with having slandered you behind your teriously, whilst he suffers his minions to flatter him, back-an accusation, which I consider the more that he has obtained a triumph. Miserable vanity amusing, as I never had the honor of being in your Most puerile and unworthy conceit! A triumph presence in all my life! I can assure you, sir, that over the fears of gen. Scott! The latter does not nothing but my great respect for your superior age doubt the courage of general Jackson; yet he might and services prevents me from indulging, also, in a enumerate several affairs, in any one of which, he little bitter pleasantry on this point. was, probably, exposed to greater personal danger! It seems that you are under the further impressithan general Jackson has encountered in his whole lon that it you had been brought to trial for publishmilitary career. And here let him not be called a

ling that order-(an idea that I never heard any a fool for boasting;” for he may say with one of the other suggest) and I appoined one of your judges, greatest of men, “mine enemy has forced me to that, assassin-like, I should have approached the it.” But is it a boast, in an American, to assert his holy sanctuary of justice, &c. such is, I think, your indifference to personal danger? General Scott has

has language. Now, like you (without believing one commanded some thousands of his countrymen at I word of it) it would be as easy for me (manually) to different times, and does not remember three indiretort all this abuse, as it was for you to originate it:

is among them, who were deficient in that al. but I must inform you, sir, that however much I may most universal attribute.

| desire to emulate certain portions of your history, I But the foregoing letter has been represented as I am not at all inclined to follow the pernicious exama challenge, and the reply to it a non' acceptance

ple that your letter furnishes. on the ground of religious scruples. The double falsehood will not escape the reader, although it be true

You complain of harshness on my part. My leta that general Scott, in a playful humor, chose to treat I ter to which yours is a reply, is, doubtless, somewhat the letter as a challenge. And as to the other point, bol

erpoint bold in its character, but, believing that in an affair however repugnant to his principles, it may be with you, it was necessary to have right on one's “to do a contrived murder," either under forms, or side, in

har side, in order to obtain approbation, I had no other in violation of them, or by his own voluntary seek.

seek.care in its composition, than to avoid every thing ing-General Scott, whenever he shall think it ne personally offensive, as far as the truth, and a fair cessary, will be as free to defend his reputation

discussion of the subject would permit; and I still against calumny, as he would be to slay a robber rest persuaded, that the fact corresponds with my who should attempt his life on the highway. He intention.

intention. It is true, that I spoke of you and treat. knows of no code of morals which would disarm him ed you as a MAN, without the petty qualifications of in either case, nor does the promise in the following common usages; because, in addressing you, they letter; for as that was made without consideration were then considered as so many diminutives, but I so may it be withdrawn without explanation or apo- am now to apprehend that universal success and ap

plause have somewhat spoiled you; and that I shall logy.

ultimately be obliged to fall into the common place LETTER IV.

| habit, observed in respect to common place people, General Scott to general Jackson.

and consider you as nothing more than a gentleHead quarters, 1st and 3rd miltitary depart. įman.

ments, New York, Jan. 2nd, 1818. ] Permit me to request-I think I have a right to Sir,--Your letter of the 3rd ultimo, was handed demand—a sight of the original anonymous letter me about the 22nd, and has not been read, I might / which has given rise to this discussion. If I mistake May,



pot, your correspondent is a greater personage than

Mexican Coinage. you, perhaps, imagine-nay, so hig!ı, that he has once essayed to sit himself above the highest in our [Copied from the Gazette de Mexico into Flavanna

"I papers, and translated for the “Federal Republic political sphere. The letter shall be returned as soon

I can.”] as the hand is compared with that of a certain agent stateme

certain igen Statement of monies coined at the royal Mexican of the personage alluded to.

mint, with the stamp of Ferdinand the 7th, in the I cannot close this letter without expressing a

year 1818, in gold and silver. belief, that on the return of your wonted magnanimity, I shall be requested to burn the one which


IN GOLD has elicited it, by way of apology for the injury it

IN SILVER does me. Accordingly, it has been seen, as yet, by


409,624 00 but one individual, (of my staff), and shall be held

829,671 25 in reserve, until a certain time has elapsed--attend-1 February,.


767,782 00 ing that just expectation. In the mean time, I shall have the honor to remain, sir, very respectfully,

1,022,715 00

1,074,226 00 your most obedient servant, (Signed)


604,149 18

973,041 00 To major general Andrew Jackson.


819,080 00 No reply was ever given to the foregoing, and of September,

767,811 00

October, course, gen. Scott has never seen the original ano

1,037,647 12 nymous letter. His suspicions and the whole cor-1


1,024,557 00

December, respondence were fully communicated, in January,

$533,921 00 1,524,084 371 1818, to a particular friend of governor Clinton, who was perfectly at liberty to give notice thereof to

$533,921 00 10,852,367 00 that personage. Whether he did or not, gen. Scott

Table of munies coined at the mint of Mexico, in gold, is not informed. A copy of the correspondence it. | silver and copper,* in the years 1811, to 18, inself would have been sent to Mr. Clinton, but for clusive. the prohibitory regulation above cited, and which came out before gen. Jackson had time to reply to YEARS


TOTAL the letter, if he had been so disposed. Gen. Scott, until his opponent set him the example (a precedent 1811, $1,055,263 75 8,956,432 24 10,041,796 09 not disapproved by the war department) supposed|1812, 331,646 00 4,027,620 091 4,409,266 09 that the first sentence of the regulation, "all publi. 1813,

6,133,983 75 6,133,983 75 cations,” &c. interdicted manuscript copies as well 1814, 618,069 00 6,902,481 53 7,624,105 13 as others. Until then a distinction of this sort ap- 1815, 486,464 0S 6,454,799 63 7,042,620 28 peared to him absurd; for how easy would it be for 1816, 960,393 00 8,315,616 04 9,401,290 78 any of the numerous personis to whom gen. Jackson 1817, 854,942 00 7,994,951 00 8,849,893 00 has delivered copies, or rather parts of the corres- 1818, 533,921 00 10,852,376 93 11,386,288 52 pondence, to print them. The moment they passed out of his hands they ceased to be under bis con- 8 years $4,920,79878/59,638,252 39|64,889,244 4. trol. After all, it is possible that the suspicions above

*The amount of the copper coinage was, in the expressed are unjust, as it respects one individual;

whole, S330,193 36; nearly in equal proportions in although there is not room to doubt, that the anony

the years 1813, ’14 and '15. In no other, is any mous letter was written to serve the views of Mr. coppers

copper coinage returned. Clinton, and that those views have been effected, at least so far as they respect gen. Jackson. Should New York Bills of Mortality. gen, Scott ever discover or find cause to believe, Report of deaths in the city and county of New York, that Mr. Clinton neither wrote nor dictated the

for the year 1818. anonymous letter, there is no apology which one The whole number of deaths during the year gentleman may prescribe to another, that shall not 1818, was 3265, viz. 984 men, 736 women, 857 boys, be promptly and cheerfully rendered.

and 688 girls. Of this number, 783 were of, or urAnd here, general Scott must, in candor, state, der the age of 1 year; 328 between 1 and 2; 198 that sometiine during the summer or fall of 1818, between 2 and 5; 101 between 5 and 10; 134 be. when a threat of general Jackson's (that he meant tween 10 and 20; 383 between 20 and 30; 495 beto visit New York for the purpose of “calling out” tween 30 and 40; 359 between 40 and 50; 239 be. general Scott-published in a Georgia paper, on in-tween 50 and 60; 140 between 60 and 70; 110 be. formation derived, as was said, from an officer direct tween 70 and 80; 51 between 80 and 90; 12 between from Florida) was mentioned in the hearing of Mr. 90 and 100; and 2 aged above 100 years. Clinton, the latter replied “general Jackson would Of the diseases, 591 were cases of consumption, have enough to do, if he undertook to fight every 201 of convulsions, 106 dropsy in the bead, 141 dybody who thinks with general Scot, on the subject sentery, 263 typhus fever, 87 of other fevers, 68 of sfthe famous order," -- intimating thereby, that he infantile flux, 74 of hives, 195 of inflamations; 38 of (Mr. Clinton) was still one of those persons.-Gen. intemperance, 92 of old age, 19 of small pox, 159 Scott's informant who had previously heard of the still born, 24 of suicide, 111 tabes mesenterica, 123 suspicion entertained in respect to the anonymous | whooping cough. letter, was certainly impressed, in that incidental Deaths, in January, 230; February 221; March, conversation, with tbe idea, that Mr. Clinton had no 254; April, 250; May, 221; June, 227; July, 325; agency in dictating the letter: gen. Scott would be August, 386; September, 363; October, 297; Novemvery well content to yield himself to the same belief.ber, 232; December, 259. O For General Jackson's order, which gave rise

REMARKS. to this correspondence, see the Register, vol. XII; p. The city inspector respectfully reports to the $20.

board, a statement of the deaths in the city and county of New York, for the year 1818; amounting The British ports were shut against the import of to three thousand two hundred and sixty-five, being bread stuffs. The last average of wheat was declar. an increase of seven hundred and thirty-eight above ed at 778 7d. per quarter. that of the preceding year.

In France, the king had been sick, but had got In consequence of the excessive heats that pre-pretty well again. The export of corn is permitted. jailed during the summer months of the past year, There is nothing interesting from Spain. Ferdi.

greater number of deaths took place, during those inand was trying to effect a loan. . months, than was usual in former years; this circum-l Hayti. Late accounts from this island indicate stance, combined with the increase of our popula-approaching hostilities between king Henry and tion to which may be added the constant influx of president Boyer. A battle was expected. Boyer has emigrants, many of whom being of the poorer class, directed that any of his people detected in acts of and unaccustoined to our climate, may account for piracy, shall suffer death. " The number of children that died of distempers pe- SOUTH AMERICA. McGregor, with 2 armed vessels culiar to our summer months, in an atmosphere unu- of 18 guns, 2 transport ships and 3 sloops, loaded sually rarified.

with arms and munitions of war, has sailed from Aux The returns of deaths received from Baltimore and Cayes for Carthagena. Many o his men are said to Philadelphia, however, sufficiently prove that the have deserted in consequence of not receiving their climate of New York is as salubrious as that of her wages, sister cities: to exemplify which, we need only ob-! The patriots in Venezuela, under gen. Pies, are serve that in the year 1817, the deaths in Baltimore said to have attacked Morillo's army, near Cassa.

with a population, perhaps,of thirty thousand ) amount.gua, and left 600 of them dead on the field --no pri. ed to 1320 whilst in our city, containing a population soners, with the loss of only 64 men. 'That Bolivar at least four times greater, we had not more than was waiting for 2500 English troops, which are as. twice that number.

cending the Oronoka to join him, when his force The fortunate exemption of our city from the pes. would consist of 6000 men, 3000 English and 3000 tilential visitation of the Yellow Fever, is justly a natives, with which, assisted by the squadron under subiect of general gratulation, and solemn thankful- | Brion of 15 sail, it was expected that Morillo's army nesg, and it is to be hoped that the same vigilance would be entirely destroyed a retreat being imposthat, under Providence, has guarded us from its sible.” scourge, will be the means of shielding our city from the patriot brig Irresistible, of 14 guns, has capits future visitation. , GEO. CUMMING. tured and brought into Margaretta the “late" royal

City Inspector. Spanish brig Nereyda, of 18 gins and 142 men, afunder fork, Jun. 11, 1819.

ter a short but lively action; in which the Irresistible EDITORIAL REMARK.

had none killed, and only one wounded, whereas Mr. Cumming has travelled a long way out of his/ the other lost 38 killed and 22 wounded. The Nerer. road to shew a most stupid ignorance, if not a wild da is a fine new vessel, carrying 18 pounders, and was ful perversion of truth. We harılly supposed there on her way to Rio Janeiro with despatches. was any person above 21 years of age in the United States, who had learnt "to write a legible hand and

CHRONICLE. cypher to the rule of three,” that would hare ventured the assertion-iperhaps, the population of Something new!- An account is just now published Baltimore amounts to thirty thousand;" for the prb-l in the newspapers, as if received only a few days lic documents are in the hands of every one, and it ago from the correspondents of their editors in Eng: is known from these that nearly ten years ago we land giving a description of the British stocks. The numbered above forty-six thousand. It is also noto. I very article alluded to, was published in the WEEKLY. rious to all men, that our city has continued to ia. REGISTER more than seven years since, and partly crease at a very rapid rate, and it is quite reasonable to made up for this work! See vol, 1, p. 62. believe that our present population (as has been puh' President'; tour. A Norfolk paper of 'the 5th licly stated in all the newspapers of the linitrd States inst, says--The president of the U. States and the amounts to not less than sixTY TIOITSA!. . secretary of war,departed from this place at an early · The elitor of the REGISTER, long accustomer to hour on Saturday morning for Elizabeth city, N. C. rndeavor to regud the United States as his home, is with the intention of proceeding from thence across always glad to hear of health and prosperity in any Albermarle and Pamplico sounds to Wilmington, part of it, and woull not feel a spark of envy if the Charleston and Savannah, with a view to the careful city of New York were the healthiest place in the inspection of the maritime froatier in that quarter. world--but when sich silliness, or wickedness, is Fionn Savannah it is understood that the president uselessly practised in an oficial report to give it pre. will take an interior direction and proceedi as far as eminence at the cost of another city, he cannot fail New Orleans, or take a westward course by Augusta, to deprecate and expose it.

through Tinanssee and Kentucky to the new states, as the season or circumstances may determine..

During the president's stay at Norfolk, the cit. Foreion Articles.

zens vied with each other in tendering to him their We had prepared for this paper a considerable best respects. He att-nded a public dinner, and quantity of foreign articles, chiefiy miscellaneous or anil was prekent at the lay ng of the corner stone of statistical--but are presard for room this week, I the new custom house, with military ceremony and and have postponed then for our next.

masonic form.] • The only things of mich inmediate interest are the Congress frigate, capt. Ilenley, has left Nor. as follows:

folk for the purpose of coming up 10 Amapolis, to There have been many failuires among the mer- take on board Mr. Graham, our new minister to the chants and bankers of Englanil and France-money Grazils-After landing him at Rio Janeiro, she will was scarce and l sorts o merchanlize exceedingly proceed round the Cape of Good Hope, traverse the Hull. Stocks had fullen considerably in both coun-Indiananci Pacific oceans, an i return bvcp

. 4/es; that of the ba: k or the Unitei Sutes was quo. She is fitted for a two y 4*'s crls, and ': 15 on board :c! in London at 20 a 211-98 81 to 9:3 24 duilara!'a large number of miusa.pinen, &c.

NEW SERIES. No. 8-Vol. IV.)

BALTIMORE, APRIL 17, 1819. [No. 8—Vol. XVI. WAOLE No. 398


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SUPPLEMENT TO V01. XV.--If any gentleman who,, made by national or private ships; and the latter may either by a general or special order, expects this sometimes, constitute the strongest part of the natisupplement, should not receive it in the course of onal force, as directed to the purpose of distressing the mails of next week, he will oblige the editor by an enemy. We have therefore been pleased to hear informing him of the fact.

of the capture of Spanish vessels by other vessels To preserve the debates on the bank question, under the flag of Venezuela, Buenos Ayres, Chili and on the proposition to forbid the introduction of or New Granada, that Spain may be compelled to slaves into the intended state of Missouri, and record acknowledge the independence of the people of many other articles indispensable to that fulness of those countries. But these flags are now so much the history of things for which we wish the REGIS- abused, as in many cases to cover acts of sheer piraTen characterised, the editor has already resoly-cy, and especially that said to be the flag of Artigas, ed to publisit a supplement for the present vo- that our wishes in respect to them have suffered in lume--which shall be so managed as to be finished material change, and we are almost led to desire that at the time that the volume is closed. This resolu- the whole of them, as attached to private armed .tion has been taken with unfeigned reluctance; we vessels, were swept from the sea. arc not fond publishing these large supplements, We can hardly take up a newspaper without see. the trouble of them is not compensated by the pro-ing an account of some outrage committed under fit--but, we can't help it.

one of those flags, upon the property and persons

of citizens of the United States--some attempt to We invite attention to the article headed “Na- smuggle the plunder into our country;--whilst mein tional Interests.” We have rarely seen any thing in tiny and murder makes up the horrid catalogue of which correct principles were better driven home. offences. The actors in such things are too often The subject too, is beginning to come home to every our own fellow citizens, and the vessels in which man's feelings.

they sail may have been fitted out and owned in our “Sovereignty of the States," No3, next week. own ports, in defiance of the law of the land.

The depreciation of character caused by those Hiving said much about our land privateersmen things, is lamentable. No man becomes suddenly --that is, our speculators and stock-jobbers, bank vile-the heart grows callous to virtuous serisibilities managers and money-manufacturers, we have now. as it is familiarized to scenes of iniquity. It is ste) something to say respecting privateering on the by step, that we arrive at good or evil; the mind is ocean. Justice will decide which is most guilty chastened as it receives light, and hardened as it inhe who lays a tray), and, with a smiling countenance, dulges itself with thoughts of crinie. In the berincheats his neighbor out of his property,mor, the ning of the contest between Spain and her late coloperson who, with force of arms, and honest looks, nies, especially those of Venezuela and Buenos Aifairly seizes it as his own. The first is the right of res, we thought it easily possible that many persons cunning-the other the right of power; but their cha- might have sailed under the flags of those states, pur. racter is the same, and they merit the same repre- tiully induced by their love of liberty, as well as for hension.

the hope of gain, and their acts could not be wholly regarded by those of mere plunderers, the gico uni.

mo giving a character of their proceedings. lut Privateering—and Piracy when to get money is a man's sole purpose, whether War has been defined to be the “unprofitable con on the land or at sea, orin a public or private station, test of nations, trying to do each other most harm;" he gradually retires from the rules of right which and is considered prosperous by one party as the he had prescribed for his own government; and, sti. greater harm is inflicted upon the other. We are mulated by good luck or exasperated by disappointof those who most sincerely wish that mankind mant, he casts down every barrier betweeir himself wouldagree to mako justice, instead of force, the and his object, and is restrained only by the fear of umpire in disputed cases. But this is not to be hoped detection and punishment. for in the present disposition of the human heart, The fidelity and good dispositions of our seamen nor will the state of society admit of it. Hence, we have suffered materially from privateering under the do not regard all wars as unnecessary or unjust. So- patriot flags. Hitherto, we seldom, if ever, heard vereigns will not acknowledge any governing prin- of a mutiny on board of an American vessel (and ciple but power; it is on this principle that monar- they were very rare,) without beinglable directly to chies exist, it is only by it that a people can recover trace it to some one who had received his education possession of their natural rights. Under these on board a British man of war; and if murder was ad. views of the subject, we have thought it just that|ded to mutiny, it was almost a certainty that the the inhabitants of South America should make war ringleader was a foreigner. But now we hear of upon Spain, and have most truly wished them suc- both, and are awfully led to believe that some of our cess: feeling also willing that they might derive eve- own countrymen are the chief actors; and so it is. raid from the United States which was compatible that the owner of a valuable merchant vessel will with our own local laws, and those which are pre-not ship any seaman who has been engaged in such scribed for the grovernment of civilized nations privateering, if he knows the fact, and can provide

The capture of private property on the sea, either himself with others The poor seamen, too. Si by public or private armed vessels, is held to be a wretchedly defrauded of their hard earned share legitimate mode of warfare, and is practised by all the plunder, and sometimes turned ashore from maritime nations at war. The effect produced on long cruise, which was apparently successful. tot, either party is the same, wlicther such captures are l tally destitute, with a prize ticket, perbraps, who

Vol XVI.- 10.

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