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On the whole, the committee believe it best, at least in the circumstances of this country, to adopt absolute standards, conformed to the weights and measures which are in most general use among us. If it be thought necessary to provide by law for the -loss of these standards, the provision may be formed on the basis of the best experiment, and the exactest science, which the country can now command, and without change of standard, this provision may be varied whenever the advancement of science shall furnish a better process. The committee will therefore confine the proposals which they shall submit to the house, to the object of the first plan proposed by Mr. Jefferson, “to render uniform and stable the measures (and weights) which we already possess.” In pursuance of this view, they propose that models of the yard, bushel, wine gallon, and pound, supposed to conform to those in most common use in the United States, shall be made under the direction of a commission of persons to be selected by the president of the United States, and if satisfactory to congress, that they shall be declared the standard yard, bushel, liquid gallon, and pound of the United States. If these standards shall be adopted for our measures, the law which will establish them will determine how greater or less measures shall be formed from them. There is no variety in the composition of these in the different states, and, in the opinion of the committee, no adequate motive for proposing a change. There will consequently be no difficulty in this regulation. . . As to weights, there seems to be no strong objection to confirming the change which general usage Thas made, by giving up, as is recommended by Mr. Jefferson, the pound and ounce Troy, and the quarter and drachm avoirdupois. The pound Troy has been alone disused; there is no coin as heavy as a Troy ounce, and no coin of the United States, as heavy as an ounce avoirdupois. The silver or gold contained in the largest coins is stated generally in ins, without the use of any higher denomination. In the sale of drugs or bullion, indeed, large weights are necessary; but drugs are now sold by avoirdupois weight; and the suppression of the pound and ouce Troy will produce no change in the weights used for bullion in the United States, as these are now multiplies of the pennyweight as far as five thousand. But if it were not so, neither the mint, the banks, nor the merchants who deal with them, can be embarrassed by employing in their large transactions, not a new weight, but the counmon pound and ounce of the country. If we suppose the proportion between the com: mon pound of the United States, and the grain used in money and medicine, to be one to 7,000, we shall probably not be materially wrong. It is the difference ascertained between those weights in England, from which our weights were derived originally, and observations made, as the committee believe, with great care at the bank of the United States, give 7,000 grains of the weight of that bank as equal to the pound used in the most commercial city of the United States, (New York.) Assuming this proportion, it will follow, that of weights that are in use below a pound avoirdupois, { we omit the drachm and quarter avoirdupois, and the pound and ounce Troy) the ounce, the scruple and the grain are aliquot parts of the pound, the pennyweight and drachm are not so; nor are the drachm, pennyweight, scruple, or grain, aliquot parts of the ounce. The want of a series in which all the weights should be multiplies of those which are below them,

and the aliquot parts of those above them, may be inconvenient, and is certainly not systematic. But the inconvenience is not great. There is the same defect in the coins in common use. The quarters of a dollar are not multiplies of a dime, nor the eighths multiplies of a cent. The eighths of a dol. lar indeed are foreign coins, but the irregularity is found to be of little consequence. ‘the committee think, that the defect in the scries of weights can produce no real embarrassment, if we have a uniform pound, with sub-divisions descending regularly to the 64th part of the pond or quarter ounce; if we have a uniform grain, which is an aliquot part of a pound, o and of the eighth of the pound, or double ounce, and which bears to the ounce a proportion, which, though expressed by a fraction, is represented, and may be ascertained, by weights in common use, (18 divta. 54 gts, or 7 drums. 23 grs, or 437; grs.) 'smail, how. ever, as the defect is, if it can be removed without inconvenience, it ought not to be overlooked. They know no better plan for removing it, than that sag. gested by Mr. Jefferson. This is substantially to divide the pound into 6,912 instead of 7,000 grains, and the ounce into 18, instead of 20 pennyweights. The grain would b: increased by this pian by about 1 1-3 per cent. the pennyweight by somewhat less. The eagle would contain 3 less of the new than of our present grains; or, if it were thought important that it should con. tain the same number of grains, its value would be about 12 cents greater. In medicine, it may be feared that the knowledge that there was a change, might produce some uneasiness in those who could not exactly estimate its extent; nor would it junch improve the system of apothecaries' weights, since, though it would make the grain an aliquot part of o ounce, incither the scruple nor the drachm would C. So. The cominittee think it best that the pound and the grain, which may be considered for different purposes, as both units of weight, should be changed nor be suspected of being so. They proposé, therefore, that the commission shoul! ascertain the proportion between the grain and the pound, and . that proportion should be maintained unalter. a Die. - In respect to the composition of small weights, it seems proper that the discordance between the use of the hundred and the long hundred, (or 100 and 112 lbs.) and their divisions, should be removed, and of the two set of weights, that of the hundred pound. and its divisions, is the simpler and the better. As to weights above the hundred, except the ton of shipping, they are properly but the names of ves. sels ofcapacity, of no very determinate contents, and ought not to be recognized as weights. The modes of measurement, the allowances and tares which are used in the different states, require correction as well as the measures themselves. The subject was brought to the view of the house by a report of the secretary of the treasury, in January last, but in that laborious session there was not time to undertake it. It will still be better to defer the provisions which it may require, until they can be included in the law which shall cstablish the stan. dards. In fixing standards of weights and measures, it will be proper that congress shall de ermine the means which shall be employed for their preserva. tion, and perhaps, as connected with this object, for their restoration, if they shall be lost; for the distribution of models with which the weights and messures eumployed in commerce may be compared,

and for enforcing the use of such as correspond with these models. The committee propose, that the standards shall be deposited in the office of the secretary of state. These will be employed but rarely to verify the models which may be issued under the authority of the government. The law which establishes the standard, will determine the temperature at which it is to be used. The means which may be employed for the restoration of the standards, if they should be lost or impaired, are sufficiently analogous to some of those which may be used for securing the accurate execution of the models, as well as the weights and measures in common use, to make it convenient to consider the two subjects together. Indeed it must be an extravagant fondness for system which would lead us to deny that the models, if proper precautions be taken to secure their fidelity, will probably furnish a sufficiently correct, as well as an easy mean so the restoration of the standards if they should be ost. * . The careful observation of the proportions which the standards of measure bear to each other, and thout of the relations which each of these holds to the do mensions of a quantity of pure water of a given ten rocrature, which is equal to the weight of the standard pound, wiłł sufficiently provide for the contingen cy of the loss of any number of these standards less than the whole. The committee propose, that these relations shall be ascertaincol and reorted by the commission, whose appointment has een already suggested. if it be thought prudent to provide for the contingency of the loss, at the same time of all the standards and all the models, on which a just reliance may be placed, it may be done by ascertaining the relation between the standard measure of length and the pendulum, and an arc of the meridian. Which of these relations can be most safely relied on for the restoration of the standard, can be best determined when its loss shall occur. The designation of these relations by a commission may also facilitate a comparison with the measures of foreign countries. The committee do not, however, recommend the difficult and costly expedient of measuring a large arc of the meridian in this country; but the commission may ascertain the proportion between our standard and the great arc which has been measured by the the French mathematicians, or the quarter of a meridional circle inferred from it. They can do this, indeed, only by a comparison with the French measures in which the result of that operation has hccm stated. The length of a pendulum or rod, which shall vibrate seconds of meantime, is an object of more convenient comparison, and the commission may probably think it necessary to ascertain the relation between this and our standard of length by their own observation. - - Thic most accurate designation of the relation be•ween the standard of length and the pendulum on an arc of the meridian, cannot be expected to be of any direct service in promoting the accuracy of meas to si common usc. Considerable variation is less to be apprehended in the models of lineal measure than in any other. And the determination of the proportions between lineal measures and measures of capacity, and betwee: both these, weights, may have some effect in enabling us to detect without too difficult a process the defects of measures of capacity and possibly of weights in common use. For this purpose it would perhaps be convenient to establish not merely the cubical conten's of the com

forms for all these, and dimensions whose correctness might be ascertained by the common measures of length. What these forms should be, it would be p; oper to leave to the decision of the commission, although the strength cf the cylinder, its general use, and, according to the commission of the French institue, the greater exactness which may in practice be given to that figure, are strong reasons for employing it. The designation of measures of capacity, the contents of which, if of rain water of a convenient temperature, would be equal in weight to a pound, or, any part or multiple of it, would flirnish a test which might sometimes be applied to common weights. But it will be easier to avoid considerable variation in the models of weight, than of cubic measure; and and the determination of the weight of rain water, of a convenient temperature, which ought to be coutained in the several measures of capacity, furnishes a security of easy employment for the fairness of such measures. It will be necessary that models of weights and measures, exactly compared with their several standards, shall be deposited in the different states. To prevent unnecessary delay, it may be proper to allow the commission entrusted with the charge of preparing the models which are to be proposed as standards, to cause to be prepared, also, a number of models for distribution. The committee think that there should be sent to each state, to be distributed as may be directed by its legislature, a number of each of these models equal to the number of members to which the state is entitled in the house of representatives of the United States; and that models of each standard should be deposited with the marshal of each state, and with every collector of customs throughout the United States. To enable the government to make this distribution, and to reserve the number of models which it may be proper that it should have at its disposition, the committee propose that of each model should be provided. The committee are not unaware of the difficulty in the accurate execution of models of measure. There are too many memorials of this, to allow them to doubt that it is in the province of the artist that the great impediment to uniform measures will be fond. They believe, however, that all the practical advantages of uniformity may be obtained by a degree of skill and attention, which it is not unreasonable to expect. The committee do not deem it necessary to propose any penal provision for enforcing the use of the standards which may be established by congress. The constant interference which such provisions would imply, with the minutest and most frequent transactions of society, might be justified by the words, but unless they shall be found indispensable, would ill comport with the general spirit and character of the constitution. It was right that there should be a provision for uniform standards of me:sures and of weights, as of coins, throughout the UStates. The only authority capable of establishing these was the general government. Buttle power of enforcing the use of measures and weights, which shall conform to these standards, may be most conveniently and effectually exercised by the state au; thorities. The laws of many, and perhaps most of the states are adequate to this purpose, without much amendment. But, to admit of amendments where they may be necessary, it may be well, if congress shall approve the standards proposed, that it should determine on a more distant day than would otherwise be proper, after which no other weights *rds, should be esteemed legal. For the execution of contracts made before that day, in states whose legal weights and measures have been different from those which shall be prescribed by congress, a table of equivalents, between the new and old weights and measures must be formed, or in this class of cases, comparatively few, and which will every day become fewer, the old ones may continue to be used without inconvenience. , There does not, however, appear to the committee, to be any objection to the employment of the models of weight and measure, (assoon as the standar's shall have been established) in all the cases in which the government is a party, either in sales or purchases, or the collection of duties. In old contracts, the same provision must apply to the government as to any other party. The committee are sensible how large a part of their report consists rather in objections to the plans of others than in the recommendation and development of their own. They propose, indeed, that Fittle should be done; that standards conformed to those in most common use among us, should be accurately made, and carefully preserved, at the seat of government; that correct models should be placed in the different districts of the country, and that the proportions and relations between these should be ascertained. The committee have directed their chairman to move the resolutions which will be necessary to carry into effect the proposals contained in their reort. p Resolved, by the senate and house of representatives of the United States of .imerica, in congress assembled, That the president shall be authorised to appoint a commission of persons, for the purpose of carrying into effect the following resolutions: Resolved, That the commission so appointed shall cause to be traced on a rod of whatever metal they shall deem best adapted to the purpose, the yard measure which is in most common use throughout the U. States. I'esolved, 'That the commission shall cause to be made, of whatever material and shape they "shall deem best adapted to the purpose, a vessel, whose capacity shall be the same as that of the bushel, - in most common use throughout the United States. I?esolved, That the commission shall cause to be made, of whatever material and form they shall deem best adapted to the purpose, a vessel, whose capacity shall be the same as that of the wine gallon in most common use in the U. States. Resolved, That the commission shall cause to be made, of whatever metal they shall deem most ad'visable, a pound avoirdupois, of the weight of that which is in most common use throughout the United States. Resolved, That the commission shall cause experiments to be made under their direction, to ascertain, with the utmost exactness which the state of science permits, the proportion which the yard measure of the to...". bears to the length of a pendulum, vibrating seconds of mean time, at the level of the sea, and at the place and temperature at which they shall deem it most advisable that the experiment shall be made. * . Resolved, "That the commission shall ascertain the proportion which this yard bears to an arc of the the terrestrial meridian, intercepted between the equator and the north pole, according to the most accurate measurements, which have been made of degrees of a incridional circle, and the best establish

mon measures of capacity, but to fix deterolinate' and measures than Soch as conformn to these stand

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Resolved, “hat the commission shall cause to be *scertained the number of cubical inches contained in the bushel of the U. States, and the dimensions and forms of vessels of equal capacity to such bushel, and to the half, fourth, eight, 32d and 64th part thereof, to which the common measures of length may be conveniently applied, to ascertain such capacity. Resolved, That the commission shall cause to be ascertained the weights of rain water, at any temperature which they may deem it most advisable to use, which would be contained in the bushel of the U. States. Resolved, That the commission shall cause to be ascertained the number of cubical inches contained in the wine gallon of the U. States, and the dimenSions and forms of vessels of equal capacity to such gallon, and to the 4th, 8th, and 16th part thereof, to which the common measures of length may be conveniently applied, to ascertain such capacity. Resolved, That the commission shall cause to be ascertained the weight of rain water, at any temperature they may deem it expedient to employ, which would be contained in the wine gallon of the United States. . - Resolved, That the commission shall cause to be ascertained the number of cubical inches of distilled water, at any temperature they may deem it most advisable to use, the weight of which shall be equal to the pound of the United States. Resolved, That the commission shall cause to be ascertained the proportion between the pound of the United States, and the grain employed for weighing medicines and the precious metals. Resolved, That the commission shall cause to be prepared a number of the models of the yard, bushel, wine gallon, and pound, not exceeding of each, of the form and material which may be most conve. nient for distribution and comparison among the States.

Generals Jackson and Scott.

We were a long time in doubt whether the fol. lowing correspondence ought to be Registened or not. It is personal and er-parte, and will necessarily lead to a counter statement. But, on the whole, believing that most of our readers will be desirous of seeing and preserving these papers, we have concluded to gratify that desire, at some small sacrifice of opinion; for this paper cannot become a depository of the conflicts of individuals, no matter how high their standing may be.

We have only one remark to make on this correspondence: the practice of writing anonymous letters is among the meanest of all things, and we sincerely regret that general Jackson did not throw that which he received, unread, or at least unheeded into the fire. The “Columbian” undertakes to say, but not by authority, that gov. Clinton is not the author of the anonymous letter—and we really hope that he is not. We should indeed, be sorry to see such a retailing of private conversation fixed upon any one pretending to the character of a gentleman. - - - Ed. REGISTER.

Correspondence between major general Jackson and brevet major general Scott, on the subject of an order bearing date the 22d April, 1817, published hy the former to the troops of his division, and printed about the same time, in most of the public papers.

to 'i'it: pt. 1; Lot.

This correspondence is offered in manuscript, un

der the following cort imstances.

On the 21st of Feb. 1818, the war department issued in orders, a regulation in these words—“All publications relative to transactions between officers, of a private and personal nature, are prohibited. Any newspaper or handbill, of such a character, will be cause for the arrest of an officer, and the foundation of charge against him. It is made the duty of all officers, having the power, to arrest and prefer evidence for charge on such publication, and whenever such charge is preferred, one specification of which, will be the violation of this regulation, the proper authority will bring the officer to a trial before a general court martial.” Up to this moment, general Scott has not violated this regulation, either in its letter or spirit. Indeed, he had no inclination to obtrude on the public, his difference with general Jackson, until the latter had, particularly during his recent tour between Nashville and New York, widely circulated garbled" manuscript copies of the correspondence, and caused allusions to be made to it in certain pubIic papers, in a similar spirit of malevolence and misrepresentation. These facts having come to the knowledge of general Scott, he, on the 22d ultimo, called the attention of the secretary of war, to the above regulation; not for the purpose of invoking the aid of the government, but to ask permission to defend himself, by a fair publication in a pamphlet form, as that mode seemed to stand precisely on the same ground with a publication in manuscript; neither being erpressly prohibited. . The secretary said, in reply, that the department was not in possession of evidence to the fact of the -violation of its regulation, and even if such evidence were furnished, that would rather be a reason for enforcing the penalty against the guilty, than a motive for relaxation in respect to the other party. Without deciding in his own mind, whether this could or would be done, in respect to general Jackson, general Scott on the 8th inst. furnished the secretary with the most unequivocal evidence of the garbled publication before asserted—leaving it to him, as the conservator of the discipline of the ar. my, to say, whether this regulation was violated or not, and to act or acquiesce as he might think proper. But feeling at the same time, that whatever might be the result of his controversy with general Jackson, a vindication of his character before the public, was a preliminary step of the the first necessity, general Scott in the same letter, submitted for the consideration of the proper authority, the following points. 1st. Seeing that the regulation in question had not received the sanction of congress, to which body the right is given “to make rules for the governonent, and regulation of the land and naval forces,” (1st section 8th article constitution) and according to the practice in such cases, general Scott suggested, that, perhaps it might be recalled.

*Extract of a letter dated at New York, March 2d.
1819, written by a gentleman of honor and intel-
ligence.
“General Jackson, during his late visit to this
lace, was at some trouble to cause to be widely
istributed, his correspondence with you—IIe left
with a gentleman !'. a lieutenant colonel in the
army) a copy, say of the anonymous letter, his letter
to you, your reply, and his rejoinder, all certified
by his aid de-camp.” The reader will perceive
that the fourth letter of the series was osmitted.
General Scott has other evidence of unfairness
practised at other places. -

2d. Supposing the regulation to be valid without such sanction, it was asked, whether a publication in a pamphlet form, like a publication in manuscript. might not be considered a casus omissus, and, therefore, innocent? Sd. If it were decided, that both those modes of publication were prohibited, general Scott desired that it might be particularly observed, that the regulation was, in the hands of general Jackson, at once an instrument of offence and defence. It seems, nevertheless, that the regulation is not to be recalled, and that general Jackson will not be selected as the pivot on which to try the question. whether, a manuscript publication be a violation of the regulation or not. As the weaker party, in the controversy, both before the government and the country, general Scott has no disposition to come to trial on the other point touching the pamphlet; although the principles governing the two cases appear to be precisely the same. It is enough that he admits, that “Laws are made for the weak, and not for the strong,” without wishing the public should have before it, at the same time, and at his expense, two living and concurrent illustrations of the truths contained in that apothegm. General Scott, therefore, has no mode left him to counteract the machinations he complains of, or to vindicate his character, except by shielding himself under the precedent set by his opponent, in respect to the form of publication; and in this form the public shall have the entire correspondence. But here, again, general Scott labors under a great disadvantage, in comparison with his oppoment. He has not a numerous staff to copy, to certify, and circulate the correspondence. He in the discharge of the laborious duty confided to him, happens, at this moment, not to have an aid-decamp with him. His occupations do not permit him to cry his papers through the principal cities of the Union, nor can he have recourse to any person about him for the convenient frank to relieve his pocket from the charge of postage. Laboring under these disadvantages, under fatigue and indisposition, he makes this appeal to the public, and begs that the few friends to whom he may have it in his power to send copies, will give them the widest circulation.—Some other persons will be furnished in due time. Richmond, (Va.) March 18th, 1819. Origin of the Correspondence. General Scott first saw, at his quarters, in New York, about the last of May, 1817, the celebrated order. He read it in haste, and does not rcoollect to have made any particular remark on it at that time. About the 9th of June following, gen. Scott went to dine at a private house, where he met a highly respectable family and company, and among the guests, the governor clect, of the state. By this time, the order had been printed in all the city papers, and was, as will be remembered, the leading topic every where. It soon became the subject of conversation (before dinner) between the governor and gcm. Scott, who were seated near each other. The governor thought the order mutinous, and general Scott felt himself called upon, by the turn of conversation, if not expressly invited (which is his belief) to state, professionally, what were the principles involved in the question raised by gen. Jackson with the war department or president. His opinion and his illustrations, or in other words, what was said by him, at the time and on two other occasions (the one before, the other after the 14th of August) will be found in substance, and almost

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literally, in the second letter of the series. This conversation was, no doubt, partially overheard by one or two other guests, though conducted in the ordinary tone, and not obtruded on the company. The other conversation prior to the 14th of August (the date of the anonymous letter) was with three gentlemen, whose characters and pursuits, make it quite impossible to suspect either of them, of being general Jackson's anonymous correspondent LETTeR I. General Jackson to General Scott Headquarters, division of the south, .Nashville, Sept. 8, 1817. Sin—With that candour due the character you have sustained as a soldier and a man of honour, and with the frankness of the latter, I address you. Enclosed is a copy of an anonymous letter, post marked New York, 14th August, 1817, together with a publication, taken from the Columbian, which accompanied the letter I have not permitted myself for a moment to believe that the conduct ascribed to you is correct. Candour, however, induces me to lay them before you, that you may have it in your power to say how far they be incorrectectly stated. If my order has been the subject of your animadversions, it is believed you will at once admit it, and the extent to which you may have gone. I am, sir, respectfully, your obedient servant, (Signed ANDREW JACKSON. £eneral W. Scott, United States’. Army. Anonymous letter addressed to maj. general Andrew Jackson, post marked, “New York, August 14” and received the 3d Sept. 1818 (enclosed in the foregoing.) “Your late order has been the subject of much private and some public remark. The war office gentry and their adherents, pensioners and expectants, have all been busy: but no one (of sufficient mark for your notice) more than major gen. Scott, who I am credibly informed, goes so far as to call the order in question, an act of mutiny. In his district he is the organ of government insinuations, and the supposed author of the paperenclosed—which, however (the better to cover him) was not published until he had left this city for the lakes. Be on your guard, as they have placed spies upon Brown here —so it is probable you are not without them. The eastern federalists having now all become good republicans, and pledged to the support of the president, as he to them, government can now do well without the aid of Tennessee, &c. &c. A word to the wise is enough. The enclosed is taken from the Columbian, a paper of much circulation in this state, New York.” Certified and (signed) J. M. Glassell, aid-de-camp. NOTES.—son the above.] War office gentry, &c. If the writer meant to class gen. Scott among them, he was totally mistaken.— The acting secretary of war, between the summer of 1816, and December, 1817, was the chief clerk of the department—a very worthy and highly respectable private gentleman, but previously unknown as a public character, and therefore, in the opinion of gen. Scott (as was frequently expresssed by him at the time) an unfit person to preside over the army, or to represent it, before the congress or the country. It is due this gentleman to add, that whilst in the department, he conducted himself with great modesty and propriety: gen. Scott, had nothing to expect or to ask from the department, except what the law and his rank entitled him to. In this district he is the organ, &c. This it utterly false. Gen. Scott has never, since the war, taken

part either in general or local politics. He held no correspondence with the executive departments of the goverment, except on professional matters, and none with the president; and can almost say with certainty, that he never once had a conversation with a resident of New York, on the politics of the state, except with one or two friends of the army, the particular admirers of Mr. Clinton. They have placed spies upon Brown here &c. &c. -Generals Brown and Scott were, and are, on terms of friendship and intimacy. He has read this corres. ondence (in January, 1818) and frankly acknowedged that gen. Jackson had sent him a copy of the anonymous letter to put him on his guard against general Scott. The latter jestingly remarked to general Brown, that if a spy had been placed on him, the president was the person; for at the time the anonymous letter was writen, the two were making a tour around the northwest frontier together, and on terms of much mutual respect and good will.— General Scott has reason to believe moreover, that gen. Brown is well pleased with Mr. Monroe, as president, and the latter with gen. Brown, as the commander of the army. 'I his is to the honor of both, for gen. Brown is known to be a decided Clintonian. The eastern federalists, &c.—Here we discover the hand of a master. Never was gudgeon seized with more avidity! “A word to the wise is enough.” The bait was swallowed, and gen. Jackson has put his character for wisdom beyond all controversy. “De Witt Clinton our next president,” has since been, it is said, his standing toast. But let us recal to mind some of the political events of that day. Mr. Clinton has just been elected governor, and an election was then going on in Pennsylvania, from which, he was supposed to entertain hopes of the most favorable results. Had his friends succeeded in electing gen. Hiester, republican Tennessee and general Jackson would have constituted a handsome addition to the nucleus of opposition. It is impossible, therefore, not to perceive that a Clintonian must have been the anonymous writer. Gen Scott repeats, that he has been but a passive observer of those events—not that he had not all the rights of any other citizen, in regard to such questions, but because, a respect for himself (under his relation with the president, as commander and commanded) induced him to wave those rights. The following article was enclosed in the forego. ing letters: General Jackson's doctrines of obedience.—Queries to the editor of , and other learned casuists. 1. Suppose the government of the United States give orders to a general officer, or delicately signify their wishes and intentions, to remove from a cer. tain command, one of the general’s proteges and favorites? These orders, or intentions of government, are not pleasing to either the chief, or his subordinate. They, therefore, employ their joint faculties of manoeuvring to frustrate the object of government.—By artifices, evasions, and pretended misapprehensions of meaning, they have so far prevailed as to hold a command in defiance of government itself, for nearly a year. Does not this case prove, that government, when restricted, according to the dictatorial system of gen. Jackson, may not only be tricked and insulted, but absolutely nullified? What redress would an interested court martial afford? 2. Suppose that through the same general, positive orders were given, by government, for another officer to supersede his protere and favorite in the conmand of his usurped slace. Suppose these positive or icos, as they were not

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