網頁圖片
PDF
[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

Henry, Herod, Hoffman, Hopkins, R. M. T. Hunter, W. C. Johnson, Lawler, Lincoln, A. W. Loomis, Mallory, Marvin, Samson Mason, Maury, Maxwell, McKennan, Menefee, Mercer, Mathias Morris, Calvary Morris, Naylor, Noyes, Ogle, Patterson, Peck, Pickens, Pope, Potts, Rariden, Randolph, Reed, Rencher, Ridgway, Robertson, Rumsey, Russell, Sergeant, Augustine H. Shepperd, Sharles Shepard, Shields, Sibley, Slade, Stratton, Taliaferro, Thompson, Underwood, A. S. White, John White, Elisha Whittlesey, Lewis Williams, Sherrod Williams, Joseph L. Williams, Christopher H. Williams, Wise, Yell. Yorke—94. Nars—Messrs. Anderson, Andrews, Atherton, Beatty, Beirne, Bicknell, Birdsall, Boon, Brodhead, Bronson, Bruyn, Buchanan, Bynum, Cambreleng, Casey, Chaney, Chapman, Cilley, Claiborne, Clark, Cleveland, Coles, Connor, Craig, Crary, Cushman, Davee, DeGraf, Dromgoole, Edwards, Farrington, Fairfield, Foster, Fry, Gallup, Gholson, Glascock, Grantland, Grant, Gray, Haley, Hammond, Harrison, Hawkins, Haynes, Holt, Hubley, W. H. Hunter, T. B. Jackson, J. Jackson, J. Johnson, N. Jones, J. W. Jones, Kemble, Kilgore, Klingensmith, Leadbetter, Lewis, Logan, Arphaxed Loomis, Martin, May, McKay, Robert McClellan, Abraham McClellan, McClure, McKim, Miller, Montgomery, Moore, Morgan, S. W. Morris, Muhlenberg, Murray, Noble, Owens, Palmer, Parker, Parmenter, Paynter, Pennybacker, Petrikin, Plumer, Potter, Pratt, Prentiss, Reily, Rhett, Richardson, Rives, Sawyer, Sheffer, Sheplor, Smith, Snyder, Spencer, Stuart, Taylor, Thomas, Titus, Toucey, Towns, Turney, Vail, Vanderveer, Webster, Weeks, Thomas T. Whittlesey, Jared W. Williams, 109. So Mr. UNDER wood's amendment was negatived. Mr. ROBERTSON moved to amend the bill by striking out the whole of it, after the enacting clause, and inserting, in lieu thereof, the following: That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby authorized, with the approbation of the President of the United States, to borrow on the credit of the United States, from time to time, such sum as the President may think expedient, not exceeding in the whole, $7,000,000, to be reimbursed with interest not exceeding 6 per cent. per an. num, at the expiration of twelve months from the date of the loan or loans respectively. The question upon agreeing to this amendment was decided—Yeas 86, nays 131, as follows: YEAs—Messrs. Adams, Alexander, H. Allen, J. W. Allen, Aycrigg, Bell, Biddle, Bond, Briggs, W. B. Calhoun, J. Calhoon, W. B. Carter, Chambers, Cheatham, Childs, Clowney, Coles, Corwin, Cranston, Crockett, Curtis, Cushing, Darlington, Dawson, Davies, Deberry, Dennis, Dunn, Elmore, R. Fletcher, Fillmore, Goode, Grennell, Griffin, Halsted, Harlan, Harper, Hastings, Hawes, Henry, Herod, Hopkins, R. M. T. Hunter, W. C. Johnson, Lawler, Lincoln, A. W. Loomis, Mallory, Marvin, S. Mason, Maury, Maxwell, McKennan, Mercer, Milligan, Calvary Morris, Naylor, Ogle, Patterson, Peck, Phillips, Pope, Potts, Rariden, Randolph, Reed, Rencher, Ridgway, Robertson, Rumsey, Russell, Sawyer, Sergeant, Slade, Southgate, Stanly, Stone, Stratton, 'I'aliaferro, Thompson, Underwood, A. S. Whito, E. Whittlesey, C. H. Williams, Wise, Yorke–86. Nars—Messrs. Anderson, Andrews, Atherton, Beatty, Beirne, Bicknell, Birdsall, Boon, Borden, Bouldin, Brod. head, Bronson, Bruyn, Buchanan, Bynum, Cambreleng, J. Campbell, Casey, Chaney, Chapman, Cilley, Claiborne, Clark, Cleveland, Connor, Craig, Crary, Cushman, Davee, DeGraft, Dromgoole, Duncan, Edwards, Farrington, Fairfield, Foster, Fry, Gallup, J. Garland, Gholson, Glascock, J. Graham, Grantland, Grant, Gray, Haley, Hammond, Harrison, Hawkins, Haynes, Holsey, Holt, Howard, Huhley, W. H. Hunter, Ingham, T. B. Jackson, J. Jackson, J. Johnson, N. Jones, J. W. Jones, Kemble, Kilgore,

Klingensmith, legare, Leadbetter, Lewis, Logan, A. Loomis, Lyon, Martin, May, McKay, R. McClellan, A. McClellan, McClure, McKim, Miller, Montgomery, Moore, Morgan, S.W. Morris, Muhlenberg, Murray, Noble, Noyes, Owens, Palmer, Parker, Parmenter, Paynter, Pennybacker, Petrikin, Phelps, Pickens, Plumer, Potter, Pratt, Prentiss, Reily, Rhett, Richardson, Rives, Sheffer, A. H. Shepperd, C. Shepard, Shields, Sheplor, Sibley, Smith, Spencer, Stuart, Taylor, Thomas, Titus, Toucey, Towns, Turney, Vail, Wanderveer, Wagener, Webster, Weeks, J. White, T. T. Whittlesey, s. Williams, S. Williams, J. W. Williams, J. L. Williams, Worthington, and Yell—131. So the amendment was negatived. Mr. ROBERTSON then further moved to amend the bill by adding the following: Provided, however, That no notes shall be issued as aforesaid, so long as there shall remain in the Treasury available funds applicable to the prompt payment of said debts, after reserving one million of dollars. This followed the course of those previously offered, being negatived by yeas and nays–Ycas 102, nays 120, as follows: YEAs—Messrs. Adams, Alexander, H. Allen, John W. Allen, Aycrigg, Bell, Biddle, Bond, Bouldin, Briggs, W. B. Calhoun, J. Calhoon, J. Campbell, W. B. Carter, Chambers, Cheatham, Childs, Clowney, Corwin, Cranston, Crockett, Curtis, Cushing, Darlington, Dawson, Davies, Deberry, Dennis, Dunn, Everett, Ewing, R. Fletcher, Fillmore, J. Garland, Goode, J. Graham, W. Graham, Graves, Grennell, Griffin, Halsted, Harlan, Harper, Hastings, Hawes, Henry, Herod, Hoffman, Hopkins, H. John. son, W. C. Johnson, Lawler, Lincoln, A. W. Loomis, Lyon, Mallory, Marvin, S. Mason, Maury, Maxwell, McKennan, Menefee, Mercer, Milligan, C. Morris, Naylor, Ogle, Patterson, Peck, Phillips, Pickens, Pope, Potts, Rariden, Reed, Rencher, Ridgway, Robertson, Rumsey, Russell, Sawyer, Sergeant, A. H. Shepperd, C. Shepard, Sibley, Slade, Southgate, Stanly, Stone, Stratton, Taliaferro, Thompson, Underwood, A. S. White, J. White, E. Whittlesey, L. Williams, S. Williams, J. L. Williams, C. H. Williams, Wise, Yorke—102. Nars—Messrs. Anderson, Andrews, Atherton, Beatty, Beirne, Bicknell, Birdsall, Boon, Borden, Brodhead, Bronson, Bruyn, Buchanan, Bynum, Cumbreleng, Casey, Chaney, Chapman, Cilley, Claiborne, Clark, Cleveland, Coles, Conner, Craig, Crary, Cushman, Davee, DeGraff, Dromgoole, Duncan, Edwards, Farrington, Fairfield, I. Fletcher, Foster, Fry, Gallup, Gholson, Glascock, Grantland, Grant, Gray, Haley, Hammond, Harrison, Hawkins, Haynes, Holsey, Holt, Howard, Hubley, W. H. Hunter, Ingham, T. B. Jackson, J. Jackson, J. Johnson, N. Jones, J. W. Jones, Kemble, Kilgore, Klingensmith, Legare, Leadbetter, Lewis, Logan, A. Loomis, J. M. Mason, Martin, McKay, R. McClellan, A. McClellan, McClure, McKim, Miller, Montgomery, Moore, Morgan, S. W. Morris, Muhlenberg, Murray, Noble, Noyes, Owens, Palmer, Parker, Parmenter, Paynter, Pennybacker, Petrikin, Phelps, Plumer, Potter, Pratt, Prentiss, Reily, Rhett, Richardson, Rives, Sheffer, Sheplor, Smith, Snyder, Spencer, Stewart, Taylor, Thomas, Titus, Toucey, Towns, Turney, Vail, Vanderveer, Wagener, Webster, Weeks, T. T. Whittlesey, J. W. Williams, Worthington, Yell–120. Mr. SOUTHGATE moved to amend the bill so as to make the lowest denomination of Treasury notes fifty dollars, instead of one hundred. Mr. LEGARE hoped the gentleman would consent to modify his amendment by inserting $25 instead of $50. He stated a case of hardship which had occurred in Alabama, in support of the suggestion. Mr. JONES, of Virginia, protested against the amendment, and demanded the yeas and nays. Mr. WISE said that if we were to have a Government

[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

paper currency, he was for bringing down the denominations of the notes not only to $50, but at once to $5 and to $1. Let the laborer have the benefit, if there was any, as well as the capitalist and the aristocrat; he hoped the democrats of the “democracy of numbers” would unite with him in giving the advantage of this new money to the “bone and sinew” of the country. Mr. CAMBRELENG objected to making the denomination less than $100. He protested against making the credit of the Government a currency. Mr. WHITTLESEY adverted to the law which enabled a poor man to enter a tract of forty acres of land; the price of which was just $50. He urged the hardship of depriving such a settler of the benefit of paying for his land in Government currency, and compelling him to pay down the gold and silver under the specie circular, while the wealthy speculator could pay in Treasury notes. If the gentleman from New York would come to the West and advance such a doctrine, he would soon have such convincing arguments applied to him as would quickly work a change of opinion in him on this point. Mr. SOUTHGATE modified his amendment so as to insert $25, instead of $100, as the lowest amount of any Treasury note. This amendment was rejected by yeas and nays: Yeas 88, nays 130, as follows: Yeas—Messrs. Beirne, Bond, Boon, Briggs, Bynum, J. Calhoon, John Campbell, William B. Carter, Casey, Chambers, Chapman, Cheatham, Childs, Clark, Corwin, Craig, Crockett, Deberry, Dennis, Dunn, Elmore, Ewing, Isaac Fletcher, J. Garland, R. Garland, Gholson, Glascock, Goode, James Graham, Wm. Graham, Grantland, Graves, Halsted, Harper, Hawkins, Henry, Herod, R. M. T. Hunter, H. Johnson, J. Johnson, W. C. Johnson, Lawler, Legare, Lewis, Lincoln, A. W. Loomis, Lyon, Mallory, Martin, May, McKim, McKennan, Menefee, Montgomery, C. Morris, Murray, Ogle, Patterson, Peck, Pickens, Rencher, Rhett, Richardson, Ridgway, Rives, Robertson, Rumsey, Russell, A. H. Shepperd, C. Shepard, Shields, Sibley, Smith, Snyder, Southgate, Spencer, Stanly, Stone, Taliaferro, Underwood, A. S. White, John White, Elisha Whittlesey, Lewis Williams, Sherrod Williams, Joseph L. Williams, Wise, Yell–88. Nars–Messrs. Adams, Alexander, Heman Allen, J. W. Allen, Anderson, Andrews, Atherton, Aycrigg, Beatty, Bicknell, Biddle, Birdsall, Borden, Brodhead, Bronson, Buchanan, W. B. Calhoun, Cambreleng, Chaney, Cilley, Cleveland, Coles, Connor, Crary, Cranston, Curtis, Cushing Cushman, Darlington, Dawson, Davee, Davies, DeGraff, Dromgoole, Duncan, Edwards, Everett, Farrington, Fairfield, R. Fletcher, Fillmore, Foster, Fry, Gallup, Grant, Gray, Haley, Hammond, Harrison, Hastings, Hawes, Haynes, Hoffman, Holsey, Holt, Hopkins, Howard, Hubley, W. H. Hunter, Ingham, T. B. Jackson, J. Jackson, N. Jones, John W. Jones, Kemble, Kilgore, Klingensmith, Leadbetter, Logan, A. Loomis, Marvin, J. M. Mason, S. Mason, Maury, Maxwell, McKay, R. McClellan, A. McClellan, McClure, Mercer, Milligan, Miller, Moore, Morgan, S. W. Morris, Muhlenberg, Naylor, Noble, Noyes, Owens, Palmer, Parker, Parmenter, Paynter, Pennybacker, Petrikin, Phelps, Phillips, Plumer, Potts, Potter, Pratt, Prentiss, Rariden, Randolph, Reed, Reily, Sawyer, Sergeant, Sheffer, Sheplor, Slade, Stewart, Stratton, Taylor, Thomas, Thompson, Titus, Toucey, Towns, Turney, Vail, Vanderweer, Wagener, Webster, Weeks, T. T. Whittlesey, J. W. Williams, C. H. Williams, Worthington, and Yorke—131. Mr. SOUTHGATE then moved to insert $50, in place of $100, as the lowest amount. The yeas and nays being taken upon this motion of Mr. S. stood as follows: Yeas 140, nays 81, viz: YEAs—Messrs. Alexander, J. W. Allen, Anderson,

Andrews, Beirne, Bond, Boon, Bouldin, Briggs, Bronson,
Bruyn, Bynum, John Calhoon, J. Campbell, W. B.
Carter, Casey, Chambers, Chaney, Chapman, Cheatham,
Childs, Claiborne, Clark, Cleveland, Clowney, Connor,
Corwin, Craig, Crary, Crockett, Cushman, Davee, De-
berry, DeGraft, Dennis, Dunn, Edwards, Elmore, Ewing,
Fairfield, Isaac Fletcher, Fillmore, James Garland, Rice
Garland, Gholson, Glascock, Goode, Jas. Graham, Wil-
liam Graham, Grantland, Grant, Graves, Gray, Grennell,
Griffin, Haley, Halsted, Hammond, Harlan, Harrison,
Harper, Hastings, Hawkins, Haynes, Henry, Herod,
Hoffman, Holt, R. M. T. Hunter, Ingham, Jabez Jack-
son Henry Johnson, Joseph Johnson, William C. John-
son, Kilgore, Lawler, Legare, Leadbetter, Lewis, Lincoln,
A. W. Loomis, Lyon, Mallory, Marvin, S. Mason, Martin,
Abra. McClellan, McKim, McKennan, Menesee, Miller,
Montgomery, Morgan, C. Morris, Muhlenberg, Murray,
Noyes, Ogle, Palmer, Parmenter, Patterson, Pickens, Pope,
Potter, Pratt, Rariden, Reily, Rencher, Rhett, Richardson,
Ridgway, Rives, Robertson, Rumsey, Russell, A. H. Shep.
perd, C. Shepard, Shields, Sheplor, Sibley, Slade, Smith,
Southgate, Spencer, Stanly, Stone, Taliaferro, Titus,
Towns, Underwood, Wail, Webster, A. S. White, John
White, E. Whittlesey, L. Williams, S. Williams, Joseph
L. Williams, Wise, Yell—140.
NAxs—Messrs. Adams, Heman Allen, Atherton, Ay-
crigg, Beatty, Bicknell, Biddle, Birdsall, Borden, Brod-
head, Buchanan, W. B. Calhoun, Cambreleng, Cilley,
Coles, Cranston, Curtis, Darlington, Dawson, Davies,
Dromgoole, Duncan, Everett, Farrington, R. Fletcher,
Foster, Fry, Gallup, Hawes, Holsey, Hopkins, Howard,
Hubley, W. H. Hunter, Thomas B. Jackson, N. Jones,
John W. Jones, Kemble, Klingensmith, Logan, A.
Loomis, James M. Mason, Maury, Maxwell, McKay,
R. McClellan, McClure, Mercer, Milligan, Moore, S. W.
Morris, Naylor, Noble, Owens, Parker, Paynter, Pearce,
Pennybacker, Petrikin, Phelps, Phillips, Plumer, Potts,
Prentiss, Reed, Sawyer, Sergeant, Sheffer, Stewart,
Stratton, Taylor, Thomas, Toucey, Turney, Wanderveer,
Wagener, Weeks, Jared W. Williams, Christopher H.
Williams, Worthington, Yorke—81.
So the amendment was agreed to.
Mr. MERCER, moved to amend the amendment by
striking out the word “ten,” before “millions,” and in-
serting “seven;” so as to make the issue of Treasury notes
seven millions.
The motion was negatived by yeas and nays: Yeas 101,
nays 120, as follows:
YEAs—Messrs. Adams, Alexander, Heman Allen, John
W. Allen, Aycrigg, Bell, Biddle, Bond, Bouldin, Briggs,
Wm. B. Calhoun, John Calhoon, Wm. B. Carter, Cham-
bers, Cheatham, Childs, Corwin, Cranston, Crockett, Cur-
tis, Cushing, Darlington, Dawson, Davies, Deberry, Den-
nis, Dunn, Elmore, Everett, Ewing, Fillmore, Richard
Fletcher, Goode, James Graham, Wm. Graham, Graves,
Grennell, Griffin, Halsted, Harlan, Harper, Hastings,
Hawes, Henry, Herod, Robert M. T. Hunter, Jenifer,
Henry"Johnson, Wm. Cost Johnson, Lincoln, Andrew
W. Loomis, Mallory, Marvin, Samson Mason, Maury,
Maxwell, McKennan, Menefee, Mercer, Milligan, Calvary
Morris, Naylor, Noyes, Ogle, Patterson, Pearce, Peck,
Phillips, Pope, Potts, Rariden, Reed, Rencher, Ridgway,
Robertson, Rumsey, Russell, Sawyer, Sergeant, Augustine
H. Shepperd, Charles Shepard, Shields, Sibley, Slade,
Snyder, Southgate, Stanly, Stone, Stratton, Taliaferro,
Thompson, Underwood, Albert S. White, John White,
Elisha Whittlesey, Lewis Williams, Sherrod Williams,
Joseph L. Williams, Christopher H. Williams, Wise, and
Yorke—101.
NAys—Messrs. Anderson, Andrews, Atherton, Beatty,
Beirne, Bicknell, Birdsall, Boon, Borden, Brodhead, Bron-
son, Bruyn, Buchanan, Bynum, Cambreleng, Timothy

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

J. Carter, Casey, Chaney, Chapman, Cilley, Claiborne, Clark, Cleveland, Coles, Connor, Craig, Crary, Cushman, Davee, DeGraff, Dromgoole, Duncan, Edwards, Farrington, Fairfield, Isaac Fletcher, Foster, Fry, Gallup, James Garland, Rice Garland, Gholson, Glascock, Grantland, Grant, Gray, Haley, Hammond, Harrison, Hawkins, Haynes, Holsey, Holt, Hopkins, Howard, Hubley, Wm. H. Hunter, Ingham, Thomas B. Jackson, Jabez Jackson, Joseph Johnson, Nathaniel Jones, John W. Jones, Kemble, Kilgore, Legare, Leadbetter, Lewis, Logan, Arphaxed Loomis, Lyon, James M. Mason, Martin, Robert McClellan, Abraham McClellan, McClure, McKim, Miller, Montgomery, Moore, Morgan, Samuel W. Morris, Muhlenberg, Murray, Noble, Owens, Palmer, Parker, Parmenter, Pennybacker, Petrikin, Phelps, Plumer, Potter, Pratt, Prentiss, Reily, Rhett, Richardson, Rives, Sheffer, Sheplor, Smith, Spencer, Stewart, Taylor, Thomas, Titus, Toucey, Towns, Turney, Wail, Vanderveer, Wagener, Webster, Weeks, Thomas T. Whittlesey, Jared W. Williams, Worthington, and Yell—120. Mr. LEGARE moved to amend the bill, so as to reduce the maximum of interest upon the Treasury notes from six per cent. to two per cent. This motion was negatived by yeas and nays, as follows: YEAs—Messrs. John W. Allen, Boon, Bouldin, Bruyn, John Campbell, Wm. B. Carter, Chaney, Chapman, Childs, Cilley, Claiborne, Cleveland, Clowney, Connor, Craig, Crary, Crockett, Curtis, Cushing, Dawson, Davee, Dennis, Duncan, Dunn, Elmore, Ewing, Richard Fletcher, Isaac Fletcher, James Garland, Rice Garland, Gholson, Glascock, Goode, James Graham, Wm. Graham, Grennell, Griffin, Hammond, Harlan, Harper, Hastings, Hawes, Hawkins, Haynes, Herod, Hoffman, Hubley, Ingham, Jenifer, Henry Johnson, Joseph Johnson, Wm. Cost Johnson, Nath. Jones, Lawler, Legare, Leadbetter, Lewis, Lyon, Martin, Montgomery, Mathias Moiris, Calvary Morris, Muhlenberg, Noble, Ogle, Patterson, Peck, Petrikin, Phillips, Pickens, Pope, Rhett, Richardson, Ridgway, Rives, Sawyer, Sheffer, August. H. Shepperd, Charles Shepard, Sheplor, Sibley, Smith, Stuart, Stone, Thompson, Towns, Turney, Underwood, Wagener, Webster, Weeks, John White, Elisha Whittlesey, Thomas T. Whittlesey, Lewis Williams, Sherrod Williams, Joseph L. Williams, Wise, and Yell–99. NAYs—Messrs. Adams, Alexander, Heman Allen, Anderson, Andrews, Atherton, Aycrigg, Beatty, Beirne, Bell, Bicknell, Biddle, Birdsall, Bond, Borden, Briggs, Brodhead, Bronson, Buchanan, Bynum, Wm. B. Calhoun, John Calhoon, Cambreleng, Casey, Chambers, Cheatham, Clark, Coles, Corwin, Cranston, Cushman, Darlington, Davies, Deberry, DeGraft, Dromgoole, Edwards, Everett, Farrington, Fairfield, Fillmore, Foster, Fry, Gallup, Grantland, Grant, Graves, Gray, Haley, Halsted, Harrison, Henry, Holsey, Holt, Hopkins, Howard, Wm. H. Hunter, Robert M. T. Hunter, Thomas B. Jackson, Jabez Jackson, John W. Jones, Kemble, Kilgore, Klingensmith, Lincoln, Logan, A. W. Loomis, Mallory, Marvin, James M. Mason, Samson Mason, Maury, Maxwell, McKay, Robert McClellan, Abraham McClellan, McClure, McKim, McKennan, Menefee, Mercer, Milligas, Miller, Moore, Morgan, Samuel W. Morris, Murray, Naylor, Noyes, Owens, Palmer, Parker, Parmenter, Paynter, Pearce, Pennybacker, Plummer, Potts, Potter, Pratt, Prentiss, Rariden, Reed, Reily, Rencher, Runsey, Russell, Sergeant, Shields, Slade, Snyder, Southgate, Spencer, Stanly, Stratton, Taliaferro, Taylor, Thomas, Titus, Toucey, Wail, Wanderveer, Albert S. White, Jared W. Williams, C. H. Williams, Worthington, and Yorke—127. Mr. RHETT offered an amendment combining one formerly offered by him, and rejected with another on which the House had not passed; but it was pronounced out of order.

Mr. R. thereupon moved to recommit the bill to the Committe of Ways and Means, with instructions to report a bill in conformity with the amendments he had proposed; but the motion was rejected without a count. The question then recurring on agreeing with the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union in the whole amendments to the bill as amended, (being a substitution of the House bill, as amended by Mr. Southgate's motion, for the Senate's bill,) it was decided by yeas and nays, as follows: Yeas 123, nays 99. The question being then on ordering the bill to a third reading, it was decided by yeas and nays, as follows: YEAs—Messrs. Anderson, Andrews, Atherton, Beatty, Beirne, Bicknell, Birdsall, Boon, Borden, Bouldin, Brodhead, Bronson, Bruyn, Buchanan, Bynum, John Calhoon, Cambreleng, John Campbell, Timothy J. Carter, Chaney, Chapman, Cilley, Claiborne, Clark, Cleveland, Coles, Connor, Craig, Crary, Cushman, Davee, De Graff, Dromgoole, Duncan, Edwards, Farrington, Fairfield, Foster, James Garland, Rice Garland, Gholson, Glascock, Grantland, Grant, Gray, Haley, Hammond, Harrison, Hawes, Hawkins, Haynes, Holsey, Holt, Howard, Hubley, William H. Hunter, Ingham, Thomas B. Jackson, Jabez Jackson, Henry Johnson, Joseph Johnson, Nathaniel Jones, John W. Jones, Kemble, Kilgore, Klingensmith, Lawler, Legare, Leadbetter, Logan, A. Loomis, Lyon, J. M. Mason, Martin, Maxwell, McKay, Robert McClellan, Abraham McClellan, McClure, McKim, Miller, Montgomery, Moore, S. W. Morris, Muhlenberg, Murray, Noble, Noyes, Owens, Palmer, Parker, Parmenter, Paynter, Pennybacker, Petrikin, Phelps, Plummer, Pope, Potter, Pratt, Prentiss, Rariden, Reily, Rhett, Richardson, Rives, Sheffer, Sheplor, Smith, Spencer, Stewart, Taylor, Thomas, Titus, Toucey, Towns, Turney, Wail, Wanderveer, Wagener, Webster, Weeks, T. T. Whittlesey, Jared W. Williams, Worthington, Yell.–127. NAys—Messrs. Adams, Alexander, Heman Allen, J. W. Allen, Aycrigg, Bell, Biddle, Bond, Briggs, W. B. Calhoun, William B. Carter, Casey, Chambers, Cheatham, Childs, Corwin, Cranston, Crockett, Curtis, Cushing, Darlington, Dawson, Davies, Deberry, Dennis, Dunn, Elmore, Everett, Ewing, R. Fletcher, Fillmore, Fry, Goode, James Graham, W. Graham, Graves, Grennell, Griffin, Halsted, Harlan, Harper, Hastings, Henry, Herod, Hoffman, R. M. T. Hunter, Jenifer, W. C. Johnson, Lewis, Lincoln, A. W. Loomis, Mallory, Marvin, S. Mason, Maury, McKennan, Menefee, Mercer, Milligan, M. Morris, C. Morris, Naylor, Ogle, Patterson, Pearce, Peck, Phillips, Potts, Reed, Rencher, Ridgway, Robertson, Rumsey, Russell, Sawyer, Sergeant, A. H. Shepperd, C. Shepard, Shields, Sibley, Slade, Snyder, Southgate, Stanly, Stone, Stratton, Taliaferro, Thompson, Underwood, Albert S. White, J. White, E. Whittlesey, L. Williams, S. Williams, J. L. Williams, C. H. Williams, Wise, Yorke—98. So the bill was ordered to a third reading. The bill was thereupon read a third time and passed. The House adjourned at half past 8 o'clock.

Tuesday, Oct. 10. MEXICO, TEXAS, &c.

After the presentation of sundry petitions (including sevo,” Alabama) for the establishment of a national bank,

The House proceeded to the unfinished business of yesterday morning, which was the consideration of the resolution of Mr. ELMoRE, of South Carolina, to print ten thousand extra copies of certain documents lately communicated to the House by the President of the United States, relating to negotiations with Mexico concerning a cession of territory, together with the amendment proposed by Mr.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

ADAMs, which was to strike out the particularization, and leave the order general, so as to include the whole series of papers concerning our relations with Mexico. Mr. WHITTLESEY inquired whether it would be in order to divide the question, so as to exclude the reprinting of what had been before printed After explanations by Mr. ADAMS and Mr. ELMORE, Mr. W. perceiving that he had misapprehended the effect of the proposition, withdrew his proposition for a division. Mr. ELMORE said, that from the remarks of the gentleman from Ohio, [Mr. Whittlesex,] as well as those made yesterday by the gentleman from Massachusetts, he perceived that an impression had been made that the portion of the sorrespondence of which he desired an extra number to be printed had been selected by himself. Such was not the fact. The selections were made in the office of the Secretary of State, and all he asked was, that they should be printed precisely as they had been sent to the House. The House had received, and had ordered to be printed, two distinct sets of documents—one contained the correspondence of this Government with the minister of Texas, touching the annexation of Texas to this Union : 10,000 copies of this are ordered to be printed. The other was the correspondence of this Government with that of Mexico, touching the boundary line between Mexico and the United States; and also touching the purchase of Texas, then a part of the Mexican territory. Now Mr. F. did not desire the printing of an additional number of that portion of the correspondence which related to the true boundary line, fixed by treaty with Spain in 1819, and the treaties both in relation to running that line, and also respecting commerce between the two countries; which subjects were kept entirely distinct, both parties agreeing to consider them separately, and make them the subject of distinct negotiations. These constituted nine-tenths of the whole mass of documents, and had nothing whatever to do with the annexation of Texas to the Union. He had wished to exclude this portion of the correspondence from his motion, from no motive connected with the gentleman from Massachusetts, but because its reprint would be a useless expense, would make the document massive and less fit for circulation, and would occasion delay in the printing. If it was true that the South, the North, and the West were to look upon the Texian question as one which, in fact, and as declared by the gentleman from Massachusetts, involved the continuance of this Union, he was desirous that they should be furnished with all the necessary information in relation to the subject contained in the papers he had indicated in his motion, and that as speedily as practicable. If the gentleman from Masschusetts, however, thought the printing of the whole important, Mr. E. had no earthly objections to it, except those he had expressed from the first; but he would readily yield even those objections to the desire expressed by gentlemen to print the whole. He would only repeat, that all which bore on the question of annexation was contained in papers named in the resolution. The gentleman from Massachusetts had said something of a part of the correspondence being suppressed. He (Mr. E.) can only say that the suppression has been made elsewhere, if the gentleman is right. And if the gentleman from Massachusetts desires or expects to have the suppressed portions spread before the public, he must get then into the possession of the House by another call, before this House can have them printed. An order to print what we have not is a nullity. Mr. ADAMS said that the observations of the gentleman from South Carolina had not removed his objections to the printing of garbled extracts from the documents referred to. The gentleman said he had not himself made these selections; but as Mr. A. understood the matter, the gentleman, in his motion to print, excluded just so much of

the entire correspondence as suited his own purpose. Of these extracts he desired to send out to the country ten thousand extra copies, and to exclude the residue. The gentleman would have nothing published which related to the question of boundary, because this had nothing to do with the question of the annexation of Texas. But it had to do with it—much to do with it; so much, that the proposition for the purchase never could have been properly made to the Government of Mexico, had there been no open question of boundary between the two Governments. It was that very question which gave rise to the question of annexation, and which alone could authorize it. The question of boundary ran through all our intercourse with the Government of Mexico, from the moment in which it was first agitated until this day. It entered into our treaties with that Government. We were bound by treaty to appoint commissioners to run the line, (said Mr. A.) but we have not done it, Bills, indeed, had been introduced into Congress for that purpose, and had gone to their se. cond reading, but there had arisen this agitation about the annexation of Texas, and the boundary after that could never be settled. This fact showed the close connexion between the correspondence touching our treaties about boundary, and that of the question of annexation. One of the matters of reproach against us, on the part of the Mexican Government, was our violation of faith in regard to the boundary question. And why had we not complied with our solemn engagement to appoint commissioners to run the boundary line ! What prevented 1 Nothing but that spirit which had taken possession of a certain portion of our population, that sudden and violent impulse, which drove them on to get possession of the whole territory, at any expense, perfas aut nefas, by treaty, by invasion, by any thing that would effect the purpose. [The SPEAKER here interposed, and reminded Mr. A. that his remarks were taking too wide a range. The question was simply on the printing.) Mr. ADAMs said that the gentleman from South Carolina [Mr. El Monr) had taken a similar range in his remarks. [The Cha 1 it said that the remarks of the gentleman from South Carolina had had reference to the printing. There would be no end to the debate, if it were once suffered to extend to the merits of the Texian question and our relations with Mexico.] What, (said Mr. An aws,) am I not, then, to be permitted to show that the argument of the gentleman from South Carolina totally fails him " [The gentleman from Massachusetts (said the Sre Aw En) cannot now discuss the propriety or impropriety of fixing the boundary between Mexico and the United States, or of the annexation of Texas.) Well, (continued Mr. An AMs,) I say, then, that the gentleman is totally mistaken in supposing that the correspondence touching the boundary has nothing to do with that of annexation. It has just as much to do with it as the other portion of the correspondence. I hope, if there is to be any extra printing in the case at all, we shall print the whole. I care not how many copies you order. I an willing that a hundred thousand should be printed, or as many more as the gentleman desires; but let justice be done to all sides, by printing the whole. The gentleman suggests a further call. I propose, sir, to make a further call The call, thus far, has been imperfectly answered. I do propose a further call; for, as far as I know, the most important part of the correspondence may have been withheld—suppressed. The gentleman from South Carolina has the advantage of me; I have not seen these returns. The moment they came into the House, they were laid on the table, and immediately hurried off to the printers. I have not been to the printer's office to ransack them, and to see what portion will suit me. He states the contents of these documents. I certainly have entire confidence in any statement that gentleman may make ; but still I had rather have the advantage

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

of looking at the papers for mysels, and forming my own judgment, especially when he has an interested object in making his statement. I trust the amendment will be adopted, and that we shall get the whole correspondence, and not partial extracts. Mr. OWENS said it was very evident that the object of the gentleman from South Carolina was not to garble the correspondence, or to suppress any thing which had relation to the annexation of Texas to the Union. All he wished was to separate this from the voluminous matter in which it lay. To obviate all objections, he would propose to the gentleman to modify his call, by adding words to this effect: “Together with any other matter relating to the annexation of Texas which may be embraced in this correspondence.” Mr. ELMORE accepted this addition as a modification of his original motion. Mr. HOWARD (chairman of the Committec on Foreign Relations) said that he should not have partaken in this debate, but with a view to the correction of an error, no doubt unintentional, on the part of the gentleman from Massachusetts, [Mr. ADAMs, as every thing which fell from that gentleman, on the subject especially of foreign affairs, was of consequence. Mr. H. begged that gentleman to reflect, and see whether he had not forgotten a provision of law, when he asserted that no steps had been taken on the part of the United States towards running the Mexican boundary line. [Mr. An AMs disclaimed having said that no steps had been taken.] Mr. H. said he only desired to state that commissioners had been appointed according to treaty, and that, if the line had not been run, the fault lay with Mexico, and not with this Government. As to the printing, he was a good deal at a loss; for he had not read the documents, and did not therefore know whether they embraced all that was desirable or not ; or what it was that the gentleman from South Carolina desired to exclude. He was completely in the dark on that matter; but, being compelled to vote, he should, on the whole, rather vote to print the whole correspondence, as requested by the gentleman from Massachubelts. He would, however, observe that this motion of the gentleman from South Carolina was not, in his opinion, calculated to subserve the interests of the cause to which that gentleman was attached. The object was stated to be to spread useful information before the people of the United States, in order that they might form their opinion on the Texian question, more especially within the next two months, previous to coming up at the regular session of Congress. The proposed publication was, in fact, intended as a virtual appeal to the people of the United States

from the decision of the President. In that view he was

not disposed to oppose it, though he thought the question was to be pressed prematurely—for he was satisfied there could be but one result from such an appeal, and that result would be of a character inauspicious to the gentleman's wishes. This House (said Mr. H.) is divided into three parts upon the Texian question. [Here the Chain again interposed, the debate transcending the limit of the merc question of printing.] Mr. H. said that all those who were friends to the annexation of Texas should consider well before they carried the appeal now contemplated to the people. They should consider whether they would not, as he believed they would, thereby place the admin. istration on impregnable ground. So viewing the matter himself, he thought this appeal to the people injudicious on the part of the mover, nor would it result in the way gentlemen hoped and expected. Mr. H. said he had made up as yet no definite opinion on the Texian question. Neither, he believed, had this House or the nation; and he should be sorry if the question should be presented prematurely to the people. As to the printing, however, he

should not oppose it: he would vote for the printing of a hundred thousand copies if gentlemen desired it. Mr. BIDDLE said he had heard nothing to warrant a departure in this case from the obvious rules of justice and good faith. It would seem as if the object were to enable gentlemen to print and circulate, at the public expense, certain extracts from public documents to form an argumentum ad hominem against the gentleman from Massachusetts; at least with a view to shake his influence with the country on this question, by alleging that on some former occasion he may have adverted to the possibility of annexing Texas to this country. Mr. B. was far from believing that the honorable gentleman from South Carolina had in view to misrepresent or to create a false impression. But he would not trust the opinion of any one whose feelings were plainly enlisted, to say, in presenting what favored his own views, that there remained nothing behind to explain or to qualify. It was impossible for any one safely to make such a general averment. You must see the whole letter—its full scope and drift, in order to ascertain the circumstances under which it was written, and the purpose it had in view, perhaps to operate on the hopes and fears of a foreign Power. A very striking illustration of the facility with which a passage thus introduced for a special purpose may be taken from the context, and convey an impression the reverse of what was intended, may be found in the letter just laid on our tables from Mr. Hunt, the Texian minister, to Mr. Forsyth. I allude to the passage in which he hints broadly at the sympathy with which the “crowned heads” of England and France regarded the Texian revolution. [The Speaken here interposed to say it was out of order, at this time, to discuss the merits of the question. Mr. B. said he had no such purpose. His object was merely to illustrate, by reference to a particular case, how easy it was, by taking up a particular passage, and viewing it apart from the context, to reverse the real purpose of the writer. The Speaken persisted in the call to order.] Mr. B. contended that the matter was of no great moment, as it only enforced what must be admitted to be true. Every one brought from the courts an invincible repugnance to this taking up of detached passages, and it equally violated the popular sense of justice. Mr. B. said it had been remarked that if the gentleman from Massachusetts felt aggrieved, he might hereafter move to print the entire documents. In other words, the accused was to be subjected to the very inconvenience from which the accuser sought to escape. What is the avowed object of circulating these papers in the proposed form 1 That they may be portable and pass rapidly over the country. They may be made the subjects of pungent newspaper paragraphs, and of placards which he who runs may read. And the accused is to come halting behind with a book to ask a patient hearing from those whose minds are preoccupied, and who have no relish for tedious explanations. It might as well be said that there was no harm in casting poison into a spring by the wayside, because there are tests in the chemist's shops by which its presence may be detected. There were so many modes in which partial, one-sided views of a subject could be circulated, that he was anxious, in the deliberate action of the House, to see even the forms of justice held in reverence. Mr. PICKENS said he could not refuse his admiration to the generous sympathy manifested by the gentleman from Pennsylvania who had just taken his seat [Mr. B11plk] for his distinguished friend from Massachusetts, [Mr. ADAMs.] We were told from high authority that “charity covereth a multitude of sins;” but if the gentleman relied on this to cover all the inconsistencies, real or supposed, of the honorable gentleman from Massachusetts * * {Here the SAEAken interposed.] Mr. Pick ENs then said, his friend from South Carolina had not made these “ex

« 上一頁繼續 »