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old age.

hands, in order effectually to urge the neces- day, a day of rest; one in which, with the sity, on the part of those who employ the exception of such acts of necessity as may be poor, to pay them their earnings at such an compared to rescuing a 'sheep fallen into a early hour on the seventh-day, called satur- ditch,' the concerns of this life should unreday, as may do away with the necessity for servedly give place to more important duties. the shop-keepers opening their shops on the “By your thus doing your part, but nothing morning of ihe day called sunday, to supply short of it, towards the general reformation the labouring classes of the people with the which the Lord is expecting from us as a nanecessaries of life, which is in part occasioned tion, it would indeed be, an acceptable day by their not receiving their wages until a late to the Lord,' a fast he would be well pleased hour the night before, and, in some instances with; and it would, I believe, be an offering not until what is called sunday morning. A he would condescend to accept at our hands. care of this sort would facilitate a better at. I would not have it concluded, from what I tendance of both the shop-keeper and the poor have said in favour of setting apart one day at a place of religious worship, and do much in the week more especially for religious purtowards a more appropriate occupation of the poses, that I place so much stress upon it as day.

to think the attending on public worship, on “ And may I earnestly entreat you, O! ye one day, will make amends for the misconduct rulers, no longer to suffer the temptations to of other days; or that the observance of any exist which have produced that unparalleled rites or ceremonies will be available to obtain increase of the sin of drunkenness, which has the favour of heaven, whilst we remain in a of late years taken place in our nation, from state of transgression, and are violating the the reducing of the duty on ardent spirits, and righteous law of God written in our hearts. which has so demoralized the minds and man- Although I have no hesitation in believe ners of the people, in youth, middle-life, and ing, that the day recently set apart professedly

Oh! the drunkenness, poverty, as a day of fasting and humiliation, was destarvation and misery, which this reduction of voutly observed by many pious individuals in the duty on ardent spirits has entailed on our the nation, yet so long as the evils I have nation! The load of national guilt that has enumerated are countenanced by our govern. been accumulated by this means is incalcula- ment, whether by license, or they are suffered ble. In addition to this sin of drunkenness, to go on uncontrolled, and pride and luxury there is another evil attendant upon the in- continue to abound, I very much fear the lancreased distillation of ardent spirits, which is, guage of the Most High, through his prophet, the great destruction of that valuable grain will stand against us as a nation, should the which a beneficent Creator has in his mercy day of the Lord's judgment be yet more aw, bestowed upon us for our support, whilst many fully revealed, and then what will a national of the poor are suffering for want of sufficient decree for a fast, one day of humiliation, food. If this alarming waste is suffered to avail, consider ye! When ye come to appear continue, can we look for any other conse- before me, who hath required this at your quences than that of calamitous national hand, to tread my courts? Bring no more want? Therefore be willing now, even now, vain oblations; incense is an abomination to do your part toward preventing an accu- unto me; the new moons and sabbaths I canmulation of our nation's guilt, that you may not away with ; it is iniquity, even the solemn no longer become sharers therein; but by in- meeting. And when ye spread forth your creasing the duty on this baneful article, may hands, I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, prevent the use of it, except in cases of real when ye make many prayers I will not hear. necessity, and only to be dispensed by medical Wash you, make you clean, put away the practitioners.

evil of your doings from before mine eyes; “ As guardians of the people, and as ma- cease to do evil; learn to do well.' And gistrates, in your various districts, exert your again, “ Ye shall not fast as ye do this day, to authority all in your power, that drunkenness make your voice to be heard on high. Is it in public-houses be prevented, and that none such a fast that I have chosen ? a day for a be allowed to sit in those houses on the day man to afflict his soul ? Is it to bow down his called sunday, except such as are travellers. head as a bulrush, and to spread sackloth and A care of this sort will tend much to better ashes under him ? wilt thou call this a fast the condition of the poor, and be one means and an acceptable day to the Lord? Is not of drawing down a blessing from heaven on this the fast that I have chosen ? to loose the yourselves, by your manifesting a decided de- bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy bur. termination to be found judging and acting dens, and to let the oppressed go free, and righteously in the sight of God; that so the that ye break every yoke? Is it not to deal day called sunday may become as a sabbath. thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor which are cast out to thy house? wise, therefore, O! ye kings: be instructed

ye when thou seest the naked, that thou cover judges of the earth. Serve the Lord with him; and that thou hide not thyself from fear, and rejoice with trembling. Kiss the thine own flesh? Then shall thy light break Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the forth as the morning, and thy health shall way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. spring forth speedily; and thy righteousness Blessed are all they that put their trust in him: shall go before thee. Then shalt thou call, and allow me to add, that my soul craves, that and the Lord shall answer; thou shalt cry, by observing the fast recommended by the and he shall say, here I am.'

prophet, which we are assured the Lord will “ Every act on our part, as a nation, short accept, we may be enabled, both in a national of this, I dare do no other than say, we have and individual capacity, to say, · Blessed be abundant cause to fear, will be but offering an God, which hath not turned away my prayer, insult to the Majesty of Heaven, and adding nor his mercy from me.' to our national guilt. Suffer me, therefore,

“ THOMAS SHILLITOE. to quote the language of the psalmist, · Be “Tottenham, 7th of Ninth month, 1832."



OUR friend Thomas Shillitoe, after his re- of the near approach of the enemy, and to turn from America, continued to reside at encourage them to be unmoved, and steadfast Tottenham, near London, until the close of in “ the faith once delivered unto the saints.” his life. It does not appear that he left home On one occasion, about this time, whilst enagain with certificate in the work of the min- couraging to faithfulness, and signifying his istry; but he was remarkably diligent in at. intention to attend at his post of duty so long tending our religious meetings, both in his as strength remained, he added in a solemn own village, and, when able, those held in manner these words : “My Master's orders London, on behalf of the Society at large. are— Watchmen, be at your posts. Thus He was an eminent example of perseverance did he endeavour to stir up his brethren to diliin attending meetings for Divine worship, even gence, to strengthen the weak hands amongst when under much bodily suffering, as well as them, and to confirm the feeble-minded, some of punctuality to the time appointed. One of whom can now arise and call him blessed; day, when much worn down by disease, on whilst he did not fail to raise his warning going to meeting, it was observed to him, had voice against the spirit of the world, as well he not better stay at home, as he appeared so as the delusions of the wicked one, by which poorly? He replied, No, I believe it is re- too many have been induced to forsake some quired of me to go, as long as I can; when of those Christian testimonies and principles I cannot walk, my friends must carry me.

.** held amongst us as a Society from the begin. Less than two weeks previous to his decease, ning. His faith was firm and unshaken, ihat he attended, under great weakness, the con- the Lord, in his own time, would be pleased cluding sitting of the Yearly Meeting of min- to cause, not only the recent, but the desolaisters and elders in 1836.

tions of many generations to be repaired; and While our dear friend was diligenıly en- he said, “I believe the latter house will be gaged in his Master's service, in what might greater than the former.” be considered the work of the evening, with Having been favoured to experience, through the sincere desire and endeavour to finish his the good hand of his God upon him, that he day's work in the day, his spirit was often could do all things required of him, through clothed with mourning, on account of the in-Christ, who strengthened him, he was freroads which the enemy of all righteousness quently engaged to press upon others the newas permitted to make within our borders, cessity for, and benefit of, perfect obedience and to overthrow the faith of some. At this to the revealed will of the Most High; that period of trial and of proving, he was often thus all might become, like Caleb and Joshua concerned, as a faithful watchman on the of old, of whom it is recorded, that they had walls, to sound an alarm, to warn his friends “ wholly followed the Lord.”

The afflicted and the poor continued to share * He resided within two or three doors of the in his sympathy, and labours of love; his exmeeting-house.

ertions on behalf of the latter class, in his own village, were conspicuous, even to within he added, “ with truth and sincerity of heart, a short period of his decease. Having raised to say,—Thy will be done. O! that I could a subscription among his wealthier friends and get within the pearl gates—just within the neighbours, to provide more comfortable ar- pearl gates.” rangements for the poor inmates in the alms- Early in the morning of the next day he houses at Tottenham, he attended to the out- became much worse from debility, and his lay, and sometimes personally inspected the breathing being difficult, he said, “It is labour, progress of the work; and shortly before his but not sorrow. Oh! deliver me, if consistdecease, he had the satisfaction of visiting the ent with thy blessed will. I am in the hands houses on the eve of their completion; when of a merciful God :-take me; I can give up he said, the retrospect of his interest therein all in this world. Oh! come, come, blessed was very consoling to his feelings.

Jesus ! if it is consistent with thy blessed will. His partner in life, who was several years Into thy careful keeping-into thy merciful older than himself, survived him nearly two hands—I commit my dear children, and my years. She was remarkably fitted as a com- dear grandchildren,-all-merciful !” panion for him, under his peculiarly exercis. After sleeping comfortably the following ing services; affording a striking instance of night, he said, “Oh! be pleased to preserve the overruling care of his great Lord and me in patience,—waiting, waiting. Oh! Di. Master, in best providing for those who wholly vine mercy, send, O send, if consistent with trust in him, in that important union of mar- thy holy will, send my release. Oh! take me riage. Her exemplary conduct and patient in thy arms, and carry me—bear me hence. acquiescence in their frequent and sometimes I feel getting weaker and weaker;—the thread long separations from each other, were very will presently untwist.” instructive."

“Oh! heavenly Father, be pleased, if conOn one occasion, a few months before his sistent with thy blessed will, to say—. This is departure, at a time when our faithful min- enough. Send, send, oh! merciful Father, isters were exposed to much gainsaying, help, that I may not let go my confidence. and “ perverse things” were spoken unjustly Oh! assist me in your prayers, that I may be against them, he expressed himself with much released from the shackles of mortality. Oh! tenderness of spirit, to a friend who had take me, holy Jesus, I pray thee, to thyself. called upon him, in the following terms; at Oh! have mercy! have mercy.” the same time adding, that such had been his He afterwards said, “ My love is to every sentiments, during the whole course of his re- body—the wicked and all; I love them, but ligious life.—“I feel that I have nothing to de- not their ways. Oh! for patience, for papend upon, but the mercies of God in Christ Je- tience,—no murmuring,-no complainingsus. I do not rely for salvation upon any merits but cheerful submission. Oh! Lord Jesus ! of my own; all my own works are as filthy have mercy on me. Son of David ! have rags :—my faith is in the merits of Christ mercy on me. I truly know sorrow, as to Jesus, and in the offering he made for us. I the body, but not as to the mind. My head trust my past sins are all forgiven me,—that aches, but not my heart. What am I better they have been washed away by the blood of than other men ? But now I shall have to apChrist, who died for my sins. It is mercy I pear, to answer for my precious time; what want, and mercy I have; and notwithstanding have I done that I should not have done, and I thus speak, I am sensible that I must not left undone that I should have done ?presume upon this mercy; but it is only as I To his medical attendant he said: “ Does endeavour, through Divine assistance, to walk there seem any probability of a speedy recircumspectly, that I can hold out to the end." lease? I will take any thing in moderation,

He was taken more alarmingly ill on the that will not affect my intellect. I want to 5th of the sixth month, 1836; and his suffer- go out of the world with a clear head, and a ings from bodily debility became very great. clean heart. Oh! bear with me, if I am imHe supplicated that his faculties might remain patient; the restlesness of the body, but not clear to the very last, and that he might praise of the mind, you can have no conception of. his Maker with his last breath. “I desire,” Perfect obedience to our heavenly Father, as

made known in the secret of the heart,—this * A few weeks previous to her departure, which is the faith contended for. took place at Hitchin, at the advanced age of nine

Third-day, addressing his wife, he said : ty-two, she said, with much earnestness, “o! that “I should like us to lie down together, and be I may

be prepared, when my time comes.” Her buried in the same grave. Oh ! let it be last illness was a very short and suffering one; towards the end of which it was evident, from her known, that I contend to the last with unretone of voice, that prayer and praises were the mitting confidence and assurance for the seclosing engagement of her soul.

cond coming of our Lord and Saviour Jesus

me, that

Oh! holy,

Christ to the saving of the soul. Oh! what more highly of me than they ought to think;
should I have been now, if I had not submitted if I have been any thing, it has been of grace,
to his baptism, to the baptism of fire ?" To not of merit.” He many times requested that
Dr. H. he said, “ Am I not weakening fast?" patience might be granted him, and desired a
Dr. H. replied, " I fear thou art.” He replied, Friend who visited him, to be valiant in the
“Oh! do not fear, but rejoice, rejoice, on my earth.
account. Oh,

for me, with


On receiving a message of love from a faith fail not. Oh! good Lord Jesus! cast a friend, he again said, his “ love was to every crumb of help, and deliver me. I earnestly body, all the world over, even the worst sin. pray thee to come; come quickly, if I dare ner, he loved them, but not their deeds ;lay claim to be thy servant.

that his love was universal, to all the human On inquiring the day of the week, and being race;" and added, “if it were not so, how told it was fifth-day, half-past ten o'clock, he miserable indeed should I feel. said, “ Friends are at meeting; I hope they blessed Jesus,” he exclaimed, “ be with me in will be benefitted by being there."

this awful moment. Come! oh! come, and About ten o'clock at night, he said, “I have receive me to thyself; and, of thine own free been helped through many a trying night." mercy, in thine own time, admit me into thy And again, about three o'clock in the morn-heavenly kingdom !" ing, after having had some sleep, “ I have It is believed his supplication, that his facul. passed a better night than I could have ex- ties might remain clear to the last, was mer. pected, but it has been through my dear Re- cisully granted; though he was not able to deemer sustaining me. I hope I am kept articulate for the last two hours. About two from murmuring: I desire cheerful submis- o'clock on first-day morning, he was moved sion, for I cannot help myself, nor can any into a more comfortable position, after which man help me. Oh! the balm-the oil poured he became faint, and from that time gradually into my wounds for my short-comings.-I de sank away; so that those about him could sire to submit, and say, 'thy blessed will be only discover by close watching, when he done.'

ceased to breathe. On being taken worse, he said, “Oh! surely He died on the 12th day of the sixth month, this is death ; I thank thee for it."

1836, aged about eighty-two years; and his Seventh-day morning, on inquiring the day remains were interred in Friends' burying. of the week, and being told the morrow would ground at Tottenham on the 17th of the same, be first-day, he said, “ The whole day to be after a very solemn meeting. devoted to the service of God. I will try to “ Blessed are the dead, which die in the sing for mercy. Mine eyes have seen thy Lord ;-yea, saith the Spirit, that they may salvation, and thy glory; when shall I feel rest from their labours; and their works do thy presence ?-My friends must not think follow them.”





ROBERT SANDHAM, a faithful elder, was too much lost the power of religion which he born at Woodcutt, in Sussex, in the year 1620. first felt among them—his anxious soul panted Being of a pious disposition, he joined in so. after a further manifestation of Truth and a ciety with the strictest Baptists, who at that closer communion with his Maker. He came time were a tender and persecuted people, to Ireland a lieutenant of a regiment of foot, amongst whom he underwent mockings and and arrived at Youghal in the year 1652 ; stoning in the streets. He was very zealous where he married a woman who afterwards in his profession, travelling on foot with the became a faithful Friend. He was convinced ministers; but in process of time, finding that of the Truth by the ministry of Elizabeth whilst this people adhered to forms, they had Fletcher, who preached in the streets of that

town in 1655, and a few years afterwards he of our Lord Jesus Christ in the soul, he rewas imprisoned in Cork for refusing to swear ceived a gist in the ministry of the Gospel of as a juror, and fined five pounds, for which life and salvation, and was zealously engaged they took from him a horse worth more than in visiting the small gatherings of Friends at double the amount.

that early period of the Society; and though In 1662, he was introduced into much seri- he laboured under some natural defect which ous thoughtfulness whether Cork or Youghal impeded in measure the exercise of his gift, should be the place of his residence. The yet he often delivered profound and wholeformer presented a prospect of the greatest some doctrine to the people. About the year advantage as regarded the acquisition of riches, 1667, he proclaimed the necessity of repentbut Youghal appeared to him to be the place ance and amendment of life through the where he would be most useful as a Christian. streets of Cork, having his head covered with The meeting there had become reduced in hair-cloth and ashes, for which he suffered number and strength, whereas that at Cork imprisonment, and was under a like concern was larger and embraced many substantial in the same city in the year 1698. members. Under these considerations he gave In 1710, being the eighty-first year of his up in faith to settle at Youghal, trusting to age, and when almost blind, he gave a singuDivine Providence for a blessing on his efforts lar proof of the fervour and constancy of his to provide a subsistence for his family. The love to the brethren and the cause of Christ, meeting was held at his house, but persecution by performing a religious visit to the greater soon assailed the little company, a centinel part of the families of Friends in Ireland; in was placed at the door to keep them from as- which service it was evident to those who sembling for the reasonable service of Divine were witnesses of it, that he had the spirit of worship, and he with his family was com- discernment, often speaking very pertinently manded by the governor to leave the town. to the conditions of persons, without having Being a freeman he asserted his right and re- received any information respecting them. He fused to obey the unjust command. The go- was a man of an innocent life and conversavernor however, forcibly sent him away with tion, just in his dealings, merciful to the poor a guard of soldiers on foot, to Charleville, and well beloved by his neighbours and friends. twenty-four miles distant, not permitting him He continued his residence at Charleville durto ride his own horse, though his bodily infir- ing the war, through many difficulties and mity required it. He was brought before hazards, and often took opportunities of counRoger Boyle, Lord President of Munster, who selling those who needed the care of their when he read the accusation, and found that it Friends. He was remarkable for his love of charged him with nothing but what related to meditation, spending a portion of every day his religious duty, immediately set him at lib- in retirement. erty and he returned to Youghal, undergoing He was esteemed as having a prophetic with patience and courage the reproaches and gift, of which his religious service gave many sufferings which attended him in the conscien- proofs. While he was performing the family tious observance of the law of his God. He visit, he told one company, there was among was an example of uprightness in his dealings, them a youth upon whom the Lord woulă of a benevolent spirit, ready to do good to all, pour forth his spirit, and he should visit seveespecially those of the household of faith-ral nations, which was accomplished; a young zealous and firm in his testimony for Truth man then present afterwards received a gift in against apostates, backsliders and false bre- the ministry, which he exercised to the edifithren, and particularly against the blasphe-cation of the churches both at home and mous opinions of Muggleton, which deluded abroad. Another instance in which he was some to their utter loss as to their place in the called upon to declare the word of the Lord, Truth. He was a sharp reprover of disor- was at a time when a great company were derly and unfaithful walkers, but a help and convened at the house of the Earl of Orrery, strength to his brethren and the newly con- at Charleville, then a splendid edifice, spendvinced, by administering counsel suited to ing their time in feasting and mirth. He felt their conditions. He died in 1675, in the a religious concern to go to the house and call fifty-fifth year of his age, being sensible of his the people there met to repentance, which he approaching close and favoured with a resigned accordingly did, a crowd following him, and frame of mind.

denounced the Lord's udgments and wo to

that great house, that it should be destroyed, John Exham, of Charleville, Ireland, was and become an habitation for the fowls of the convinced of the principles of Friends while air. Hereupon the earl's servants attempted a soldier, about the year 1658; and yielding to drive him away, but the earl commanded obedience to the manifestations of the grace them to let the honest man speak. Having

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