Sanctions in Haiti: Human Rights and Democracy Under Assault

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999 - 138 頁
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Gibbons analyzes the ruinous three-year trade embargo imposed on Haiti in response to the September 1991 coup d'etat to President Aristide's return to office in October 1994. She dissects the multidimensional impact of sanctions on Haitian society by examining the economic devastation and social dislocation that they provoked, despite the mitigation of humanitarian exemptions consistently granted by the Security Council. Gibbons also examines the counterproductive, unpredictable effects that sanctions have had on Haiti's nascent democratic institutions and processes.

Drawing on contemporary research of noted academics and international legal experts, this analysis places Haiti's experience of sanctions in a wider context. From the Haiti case, Gibbons draws conclusions about the utility of comprehensive sanctions as an instrument for the advancement of democracy and human rights and recommends measures that policymakers may find better suited to achieving these objectives.

 

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內容

Political Diplomatic and Economic Context
1
Attempts at a Negotiated Return to Democracy
3
The Emerging Right to Democratic Governance
7
Impact of International Sanctions inside Haiti
9
Economic Consequences
10
Strategies of Families for Coping with Economic Hardship
14
Health Effects
22
Impact on Democratization
28
The Sanctions Instrument Contemporary Analyses
74
Undeclared Objectives
77
Morality
80
Answering the Question
86
Conclusions and Policy Recommendations
88
Conclusions
92
Recommendations
100
Some Personal Reflections
110

Mitigating Role of Humanitarian Assistance
47
Politicization of Humanitarian Assistance
48
Child Rights Approach of UNICEF
55
Humanitarian Strategies of Other UN Agencies
67
Specific Measures to Offset Sanctions Impact
68
Consequences of Humanitarian Assistance for Haiti
72
Notes
112
Selected Bibliography
127
Index
133
About the Author
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ELIZABETH D. GIBBONS is Deputy Director of UNICEF's Office of Emergency Programs./e Ms. Gibbons's career in social development and humanitarian affairs has spanned close to 20 years, 15 of which have been spent as an international civil servant with UNICEF.

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