From Bondage to Contract: Wage Labor, Marriage, and the Market in the Age of Slave Emancipation
Cambridge University Press, 1998年11月13日 - 277 頁
In the era of slave emancipation no ideal of freedom had greater power than that of contract. The antislavery claim was that the negation of chattel status lay in the contracts of wage labor and marriage. Signifying self-ownership, volition, and reciprocal exchange among formally equal individuals, contract became the dominant metaphor for social relations and the very symbol of freedom. This 1999 book explores how a generation of American thinkers and reformers - abolitionists, former slaves, feminists, labor advocates, jurists, moralists, and social scientists - drew on contract to condemn the evils of chattel slavery as well as to measure the virtues of free society. Their arguments over the meaning of slavery and freedom were grounded in changing circumstances of labor and home life on both sides of the Mason-Dixon line. At the heart of these arguments lay the problem of defining which realms of self and social existence could be rendered market commodities and which could not.
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abolitionism abolitionists American Annual Report Boston antislavery argued bargain beggars Black bondage Bureau of Statistics charity reformers chattel slavery Chicago claimed commodity relations Conference of Charities contract freedom contract rights dependence domestic E.L. Godkin Elizabeth Cady Stanton exchange female feminists Foner former slaves Francis Amasa Walker free contract free labor free market freedmen Freedmen's Bureau freedpeople hirelings History household housework husband Industrial Josephine Shaw Lowell Journal of United Labor and Capital labor reform market relations marriage marriage contract married Massachusetts Massachusetts Bureau master moral National Labor Tribune nineteenth century orig ownership Papers persons Police Political Economy poor postbellum Poverty principle prostitution Reconstruction Revolution rules sell sexual slave emancipation social South Stanton Statistics of Labor tenement theory tion tract Tramps Treatise U.S. Congress vagrancy wage contract wage labor wage slavery wife wife's wives Woman Suffrage Woman's Journal women Workingman's Advocate wrote Yankee York City