Evidence-Based Dentistry: An Introduction
This introduction to Evidence-Based Dentistry provides a much-needed orientation in the subject for students and professionals alike. It is a ground-level book for those seeking to understand evidence-based dentistry and its significance for clinical practice. The book is anchored in the dental literature: the majority of the chapters offer guidance on interpreting a full published paper; where both the subject of the paper and the study design is of relevance to the field of dentistry.
Each chapter is organised in a similar way, providing a structured approach to reading and understanding research articles or commercial product information. In this respect, Evidence-Based Dentistry is designed as an introduction to understanding published research and its implications for the dental surgery; rather than as a guide on undertaking research.
* Incorporates topical published papers in order to rpovide worked examples
* Explains the most6 common forms of research used in dentistry
* Unlocks basic statistical and epidemiological concepts, along with key terms
* Enables the reader to identify the research question, assess aspects of study design, evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of papers and understand their clinical relevance
* Tables, boxes and figures are used extensively to present core information. Useful templates are also provided, which readers may use/adapt for analysis, including study clubs.
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understanding percentages and proportions
Taking measurements on people
Comparing groups of people and examining associations
Assessing the effectiveness of treatments
Determining risk factors for and causes of disease
Study design issues
Reviewing all the evidence
Summary of statistical concepts
acupuncture alcohol consumption alcohol intake analysis area of stain assessment association bias binge drinking blood pressure calculated cancer or precancer cannabis case–control studies Chapter Clinical trials clinically important cohort study compared comparison conﬁdence interval confounding conscious sedation deﬁned Dent dental caries dental school dental treatment dentist diagnostic test DMFS DMFT drinkers drug effect value estimate evidence evidence-based dentistry example exposure false-positive rate females ﬁnd ﬁnding ﬁrst fluoride ﬂuoride toothpastes follow-up Health increase Leukoplakia lichen planus males mean midazolam multiple sclerosis nitrous oxide non-drinkers non-smokers observational studies odds ratio optical density units oral cancer outcome measure oxide plus sevoﬂurane p-value pain paper paragraph patients percentage periodontal disease periodontal index placebo population randomised relative risk reported risk difference risk factors sample screen-positive screening test sevoflurane smoking speciﬁed standard deviation standard error statistically signiﬁcant sufﬁciently surgery systematic reviews Table teeth test sealant true prevalence Whitening