Essentials of Neo-Confucianism: Eight Major Philosophers of the Song and Ming Periods

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999 - 261 頁
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Huang's book analyzes the major Neo-Confucian philosophers from the eleventh to the sixteenth centuries. Focusing on metaphysical, epistemological, and ethical philosophical issues, this study presents the historical development of the Neo-Confucian school, an outgrowth of ancient Confucianism, and characterizes its thought, background, and influence. Key concepts--for example DEGREESUtai-ji" (supreme ultimate), DEGREESUxin" (mind), and DEGREESUren" (humanity)--as interpreted by each thinker are discussed in detail. Also examined are the two major schools that developed during this period, Cheng-Zhu, School of Principle, and Lu-Wang, School of Mind. These schools, despite different philosophical orientations, were convinced that their common goal, to bring about a harmonious relationships between man and the universe and between man and man, could be achieved through different ways of philosophizing. To understand the Chinese mind, it is necessary to understand Neo-Confucianism as a reformation of early Confucianism.

This analytical presentation of major Neo-Confucian philosophers, from the eleventh to the sixteenth centuries, examines Zhou Dun-yi (1017-1073), Shao Yong (1011-1077), Zhang Zai (1020-1077), Cheng Hao (1032-1085), Cheng Yi (1033-1107), Zhu Xi (1130-1200), Lu Xiang-shan (1139-1193), and Wang Yang-ming (1427-1529). With its focus on metaphysical, epistemological, and ethical philosophical issues, Huang's study presents the historical development of the Neo-Confucian school, an outgrowth of ancient Confucianism, and characterizes its thought, background, and influence. Key concepts--for example, DEGREESUtai-ji" (supreme ultimate), DEGREESUxin" (mind), and DEGREESUren" (humanity)--as interpreted by each thinker are discussed in detail. The two major schools that developed during these six centuries are examined as well. Lu-Wang, School of Mind, developed in criticism of Cheng-Zhu, School of Principle. The two schools, despite different approaches toward their philosophical pursuits, were convinced that their common goals, to bring about harmonious relationships between man and the universe and between man and man, could be achieved through different ways of philosophizing. To understand the Chinese mind, it is necessary to understand Neo-Confucianism as a reformation of early Confucianism.

Scholars of Eastern religions and philosophy will appreciate the objective interpretations of each thinker's philosophy, for which pertinent passages spoken by each man have been selected and translated by the author from the original Chinese, and the comparisons of the Neo-Confucian philosophies with those of the West. An introduction provides the historical background in which to study the rise of Neo-Confucianism. The study is organized ehronologically and includes a glossary of terms and a bibliography which serves as a helpful guide for further research.

 

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內容

Historical and Philosophical Contexts
1
Northern Song 9601126
17
Zhou Dunyi 10171073
19
Shao Yong 10111077
37
Zhang Zai 10201077
57
Cheng Hao 10321085
85
Cheng Yi 10331107
103
Southern Song 11271279
123
Zhu Xi II
145
Lu Xiangshan 11391193
167
Ming Dynasty 13681643
189
Wang Yangming 14721529
191
Conclusion
213
Glossary
221
Bibliography
241
Index
253

Zhu Xi I 11301200
125

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關於作者 (1999)

Siu-chi Huang is professor emerita of philosophy and former department chair of Beaver College in Pennsylvania. She received her PhD from the University of Pennsylvania and an honorary doctorate of letters from Beaver College. In addition to being a former visiting professor at the University of Hawaii, Xiamen (Amoy) University, and Fudan University (Shanghai), Dr. Huang is also the author of Lu Hsiang-shan: A Twelfth Century Idealist Philosopher (1944) and Zhang Zai (1987). Works Dr. Huang has translated include George Berkeley's Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous and Josiah Royce's Sources of Religious Insight.

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