Anarchism in the Chinese Revolution

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University of California Press, 1991年6月19日 - 336 頁
Arif Dirlik's latest offering is a revisionist perspective on Chinese radicalism in the twentieth century. He argues that the history of anarchism is indispensable to understanding crucial themes in Chinese radicalism. And anarchism is particularly significant now as a source of democratic ideals within the history of the socialist movement in China.

Dirlik draws on the most recent scholarship and on materials available only in the last decade to compile the first comprehensive history of his subject available in a Western language. He emphasizes the anarchist contribution to revolutionary discourse and elucidates this theme through detailed analysis of both anarchist polemics and social practice. The changing circumstances of the Chinese revolution provide the immediate context, but throughout his writing the author views Chinese anarchism in relation to anarchism worldwide.

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Without knowing it you would not conclude Anarchism was much to be reckoned with in early 20th century China, but you would be wrong. Arif Dirlik demonstrates using primary Chinese source material ... 閱讀評論全文

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Introduction Anarchism and Revolutionary Discourse
1
Nationalism Utopianism and Revolutionary Politics Anarchist Themes in the Early Chinese Revolutionary Movement
47
Science Morality and Revolution Anarchism and the Origins of Social Revolutionary Thought in China
78
Anarchists against Socialists in Early Republican China
116
Radical Culture and Cultural Revolution Anarchism in the May Fourth Movement
148
The Anarchist Alternative in Chinese Socialism 19211927
197
The Revolution That Never Was Anarchism in the Guomindang
248
Aftermath and Afterthoughts
286
Bibliography
305
Index
317
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第 160 頁 - At this time my mind was a curious mixture of ideas of liberalism, democratic reformism, and Utopian Socialism. I had somewhat vague passions about ' nineteenth-century democracy,' Utopianism and old-fashioned liberalism, and I was definitely anti-militarist and anti-imperialist.
第 159 頁 - Our ideal new era and new society are to be honest, progressive, positive, free, equal, creative, beautiful, kind, peaceful, full of universal love and mutual assistance, and pleasant labour; in short, happiness for the whole society.
第 300 頁 - Of these, the first eight have already been carried out in China, through the adoption of methods suitable to the actual conditions of our country; and the last two, namely "the combination of agriculture with manufacturing industries; the gradual abolition of the distinction between town and country" and "the combination of education with industrial production," are beginning to be carried out.
第 300 頁 - The combination of education with productive labour is required by our country's socialist revolution and socialist construction, by the great goal of building a communist society and by the need to develop our education with greater, faster, better and more economical results. The aim of our socialist revolution is to wipe out all exploiting classes, all systems of exploitation, including their remnants. Basic victory has now been won in the socialist revolution on the economic front. On the political...
第 165 頁 - The effect of the idea of filial piety has been to turn China into a big factory for the manufacturing of obedient subjects.
第 114 頁 - Paris anarchists echoed, now clearly inspired by "mutual aid," but expressed in the vocabulary of Buddhism: "Revolution! Revolution!! Revolution!!! Since the beginning of the world, there has not been a year, a month, a day, an hour, a minute, a second, without revolution.
第 264 頁 - ... been many a special school of agriculture or industry, or industrial and agricultural departments in universities. Such schools were originally intended to combine learning with practice; but once in China, their nature changed. Those who attended them wanted just to read books without any practice, and quickly became learned gentlemen. The children of peasants who went to school returned home to look down on their parents; the same with workers. Hence a proposal was made to establish a labor...
第 184 頁 - Kropotkin had written: The ant, the bird, the marmot, the savage have read neither Kant nor the fathers of the church nor even Moses. And yet all have the same idea of good and evil. And if you reflect for a moment on what lies at the bottom of this idea, you will see directly that what is considered as good among ants, marmots, and...
第 55 頁 - Kang's society of Great Unity represented the final stage of human progress, following stages of familism and nationalism, in that order. The utopia drew its name and virtues from a native Chinese utopian tradition, but already its inspiration came from the future...
第 108 頁 - DWY Kwok, Scientism in Chinese Thought, 1900-1950 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965). 18. Science was loosely defined by the Chinese. Almost any discipline not belonging to the humanities, the social sciences, or law was "science.

關於作者 (1991)

Arif Dirlik is Professor of History at Duke University. He is the author of Revolution and History: Origins of Marxist Historiography in China, 1919-1937 (California, 1978) and The Origins of Chinese Communism (1989).

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